Anthropology:A Global Perspective
For one semester/quarter introductory courses in General Anthropology (Four Fields).
Anthropology: A Global Perspective introduces students to the four fields of anthropology. This text integrates historical, biological, archaeological, and global approaches with ethnographic data available from around the world. Information is drawn from both classic and recent research in the field and reflects the current state-of-the-art understanding of social and cultural changes. Using an applied perspective, Anthropology: A Global Perspective demonstrates how anthropologists use research techniques and methods to help solve practical problems, thus showing students how anthropology is relevant to improving human societies.
|Hallmark features ofAnthropology: A Global Perspective are:
- Thematic emphasis on both sciences and humanities demonstrates how both scientific and humanistic approaches are used in anthropology and how the two complement one another.
- Applied Perspective- demonstrates how anthropologists use research techniques and methods to help solve practical problems, thus showing students how anthropology is relevant to improving human societies
- Focus on using anthropology in the real world:
- Applying Anthropology show students that anthropological research helps solve problems that faced by modern societies.
- Critical Perspective boxes ask students to step into an anthropologists shoes and use their own reasoning and judgment to approach and analyze problems that often arise in research situations.
- Anthropologists at Work boxes profile prominent anthropologists, providing real life examples of many issues covered in the chapters. They demonstrate the personal and professional development of some of today's leading anthropologists.
- Global Approach
- Five chapters on devoted to globalization and culture change (PART III). No other anthropology book on the market offers as much coverage.
New to this Edition
New in the physical anthropology section:
- NEW- reorganization of table of contents, including moving Prestae and State Societies under one section, Part 5- Studying Different Societies
- NEW- Updated information on recent fossils and archaeological evidence of human evolution that can be found in Chapter 3, Evolution.
- NEW- Section on genetics and paleoanthropology covering up-to-date findings on migrations of humans during prehistory
- NEW- Research findings included in the chapters on evolution, primatology, and the hominid fossil record (chapters 4 & 5).
New in the cultural anthropology section:
- NEW- Reorganization of table of contents, including moving the chapter onglobalization and culture to the beginning on Part III with the rest of the globalization chapters.
- NEW- Chapter 16, Race, Ethnicity, & Globalization included in Part III
- NEW- Chapter 6 on Anthropological Explanations
- NEW- Section on genetics and paleoanthropology to highlight the new finding on migrations of humans during prehistory
- NEW- Updated information on recent fossils and archaeological evidence of human evolution that can be found in Chapter 2, Human Evolution.
- NEW- Updated research on foragers, tribes, chiefdoms and agricultural and industrial states.
Chapter by Chapter changes of
Anthropology: A Global Perspective 6th Edition
- New: Anthropologist at Work Box, Mark Spencer: Physical Anthropologist
- New: Anthropologist at Work Box, Kelly Hays-Gilpin: Archaeologist
- New:Anthropologist at Work box, A. Peter Castro: Applied Anthropologist to highlight this important field of research
- Cynthia Beall's new research on evolution in action in the Himalayan mountains of Tibet.
- Discussion of the Genographic Project sponsored by the National Geographic Society and IBM to demonstrate how anthropologists are involved in genetic mapping.
- Minor revision and updated references throughout
- Revision of the art program
- Expanded and extensively revised discussions of the scientific revolution, Gregor Mendel, and Molecular Genetics
- Revised boxes on Nemesis Theory (Planetary Level Extinctions) and a new and expanded box focusing on creationism and intelligent design
- Expanded and extensively revised discussion of primate evolution (especially with regard to the emergence of the hominoids) and modern primates.
- Expanded discussion on primate behavior.
- Expanded and extensively revised discussion of hominid evolution, including recent finds.
- Discussion was reshaped to focus more on phylogeny and different species than on individual finds.
- Revised and updates section on race
- New: Thinking Box on the Human Genome Project, which resonates with the discussion of race.
- Ten new pages of text. New material includes:
- In particular, the discussion of Lower, Middle and Upper Paleolithic lifeways was expanded.
- Substantial revision and expansion of the discussion of the settlement of the Americas.
- Expansion of the discussion of the Epipaleolithic, Mesolithic, and Archaic sections. The previous edition had discussed these transformations in terms of the Mesolithic and Archaic - as do most general books. The revised discussion underscores variation in specific local traditions.
- Substantial expansion of some of the discussions, particularly:
- The regional sections on civilization in different world areas (There has recently been a great deal of material coming out on China).
- New: Discussion of how aspects of “culture” are contested within every society
- New: Discussion of how the concept of “worldview” concept is questionable
- New: Section on how ethnocentrism tends to be universal
- New: Comparison of Mary Douglas and Marvin Harris on pig taboos
- Expanded and clarified discussion of instincts, intuitions, and innate predispositions
- Added discussion of anthropologist Meredith Small in her two books: Our Babies, Ourselves: How Biology and Culture Shape the Way We Parent (1998) and Kids: How Biology and Culture Shape the Way We Raise Our Children (2001). This demonstrates how both biological factors interact with learning in enculturation processes.
- Refined box on anthropology of the self, with Dorinne Kondo research on Japanese self
- Most recent research on incest taboo issues
- Discusses the use of Vygotsky and Piaget by anthropologists
- Refined discussion of cognitive anthropology and evolutionary psychology
- Refined discussion of emotions with Dan Fessler's research compared with Catherine Lutz's work
- Refined discussion of primate communication drawing on research of Roger Fouts, Sue Savage-Rumbaugh and colleagues. Also provided are criticisms of these approaches.
- Refined discussion of the evolution of physical anatomy enabling linguistic capacities for hominids
- New: Discussion of Patricia Kuhl's research on phonemes of l and r in Japanese infants
- New: Discussion of Chomsky, I and E language differences
- New: Study of deaf children in Nicaragua conducted by linguistic anthropologists Ann Senghas and colleagues
- New: Additions to discussion of century unilineal evolution, historical particularism, functionalism, neo-evolutionism, cultural materialism, symbolic anthropology, Marxist anthropology, feminist and postmodernist anthropology. Discussions of strengths and limitations of each approach.
- New: Discussions of etic/emic perspectives
- New: Discussion of game theory use by anthropologists in economic decision-making
- Added Scott Atran to discussion of religion and cognition in addition to Boyer
- Updated discussion of bands by drawing on Diamond's Guns, Germs, and Steel
- Added Robert Kelly's research on hunting-gathering warfare to Bruce Knauft's discussion
- Updated discussion of tribes by drawing on Diamond's Guns, Germs, and Steel
- Updated discussion of pastoralists by drawing on Phil Salzman's work
- Elaborated on the tradition of polyandry with reference to Nancy Levine's evolutionary psychology hypothesis
- Additional material on pastoral politics with reference to Salzman and Lindholm
- New: Research on egalitarianism of gender in New Guinea big man systems
- Updated discussion of chiefdoms by drawing on Diamond's Guns, Germs, and Steel
- Added Boyd and Richerson to elaborate discussion on the moral economy
- Added Linda Stone's work on kinship and marriage among the Nayar, Romans, polygyny in medieval Europe, etc.
- Added Old, New Testament, and Quranic references to patriarchal views in agricultural societies
- Added Penny Van Esterik on egalitarianism in gender roles in Southeast Asia
- Added Peggy Reeves Sanday on egalitarianism in gender roles in Southeast Asia
- Updated discussion of the industrial revolution by drawing on Diamond's Guns, Germs, and Steel
- New: References to McCreery's research on post-industrial Japan
- New: Jean Esminger's research on economic decision-making to Soviet economy material
- New: Richard Wilk's research on capitalist consumer societies and its impact
- New: Linda Stone's research on kinship and marriage in industrial societies
- Added McCreery and McCreery's 2006 writings on kinship, marriage, patriarchy, social mobility, aging, and religion in Japan
- Added Charles Lindholm, Victor DeMunck, and Linda Stone on the development of romantic love in Western Europe
- Expansion on Michael Herzfeld's discussion of nationalism in Greece
- Updated critical discussion of globalization and how it is evaluated by different anthropologists
- Extended discussion: How globalization is visible to every student today in sports, classrooms, technology, outsourcing, and economic issues
- Modernization theory approach to globalization developed with reference to Max Weber
- Dependency theory approach to globalization developed with reference to Marx
- Refined World Systems approach, with an emphasis on interconnected core, periphery, and semi-periphery
- Refined discussion of globalization building on Eric Wolf's global/local approach
- New: Discussion of neo-liberalism as the dominant strategy of capitalist development
- Expanded discussion of McWorld/Jihad and Huntington's “Clash of Civilization thesis” to demonstrate why anthropologists criticize these political science approaches as they are too simplistic based on generalities
- Refined the discussion of pro and anti globalization perspectives
- Updated discussions of political developments in Latin America, Africa, and the Caribbean with current references
- Introduces monocultural dependency (coffee, tea, sugar, oil) with respect to globalization
- Introduces how neoliberalism was developed in these regions
- New: Section on how maquiladoras were moving from Mexico to China
- New: Section on ethnography of Jewish Mexicans to pluralism in Latin America
- New: Insights on how the Mayan Zapitista movement went global
- Notes how Solomon Katz, the editor of the important reference work The Encyclopedia of Food and Culture (2003) has contributed to the discussion of famine problems in Africa and elsewhere
- Expanded discussion of the Rwanda tragedy, how Jennie Burnet has been doing current ethnographic work on women and other communities in Rwanda to gain an understanding of the traumatic consequences of the genocide and ethnic tensions within this African country (2006)
- New: Chapter opening on how anthropologists do research differently from religious scholars or political scientists on the Middle East and Asia, especially since 9/11 when a raft of books have appeared on Islam and Asia
- Updated discussion of globalization and colonialism in the Middle East and Asia with current references
- Up to date discussion about religious traditions in the Middle East and Asia and how they changed with colonialism with current references
- Refined discussion of gender in the Middle East and Asia with current references such as Anne Hargrove on India
- Draws on work of Pamela DeVoe, Susan Brownell and D. Wasserstrom to discuss women and gender in China
- Updated section on Kurds in Iraq with respect to current events in Iraq
- Refined section on Tibet and its relationship with China and the Dalai Lama
- Up to date section on Islamic fundamentalism with Gregory Starrett and other current anthropological research
- Updated section on Iranian revolution through the election of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and his impact on Iranian society
- Updated section on the Afghan situation and the Taliban movement as studied by H. Sidky and David Edwards
- Refined discussion of ancient classifications of race, including the biblical classifications
- Refined discussion of how modern racism developed in Europe from Linneaus to Gobineau and Aryan theories
- Refined discussion of the one-drop rule for African Americans and blood quanta for Native American Indians as culturally-based folk beliefs in U.S. society
- Up to date discussions of different ethnic groups in U.S. society with current population statistics
- Refined discussion of globalization and ethnonationalist movements around the world
- New: Added Glen Stone's ethnographic work on genetically modified foods
- New: Added a new fifteen-year ethnographic study called Slaughterhouse Blues: The Meat and Poultry Industry in North America by Donald D. Stull and Michael J. Broadway on corporate agriculture
- New: Section on Carbon dioxide emissions in China and its impact
- Expanded section on the One Child policy in China and its impact
- New: Sections on neoliberalism and its impact on the global economy with reference to the research of Aihwa Ong, Michael Blim, et al.
- Refined Applying Anthropology box on refugees with current references
- Expanded critique of the Clash of Civilization thesis by anthropologists
- New: Discussions of applied anthropology in all four fields of anthropology, including linguistic anthropology
- New: Added Anthropologist at Work box on an International Business anthropologist, Amber Chand
- New: Section on Amazonian archaeology and attempts to preserve the sites as well as the rain forest
- Expanded section on Honor killings, FGM, anthropology, the problems of relativism, and human rights
- Refined the critical perspectives box on the El Dorado Controversy and the Yanomamo with reference to Robert Borofsky's new book on the topic
Table of Contents
Part I: Basic Concepts in Anthropology
Chapter 1: Introduction to Anthropology
Chapter 2: Record of the Past
Chapter 3: Evolution
Part II:Physical Anthropology
Chapter 4: The Primates
Chapter 5: Hominid Evolution
Chapter 6: Human Variation
Part III: Archaeology
Chapter 7: Paleolithic Cultures
Chapter 8: The Origins of Domestication and Settled Life
Chapter 9: The Rise of the State and Complex Society
Part IV: Basic Concepts of Culture and Society
Chapter 10: Culture
Chapter 11: The Process of Enculturation
Chapter 12: Language
Chapter 13. Anthropological Explanations
Chapter 14: Analyzing Sociocultural Systems
Part V: Studying Different Societies
Chapter 15: Band Societies
Chapter 16: Tribes
Chapter 17: Chiefdoms
Chapter 18: Agricultural States
Chapter 19: Industrial States
Part VI: Consequences of Globalization
Chapter 20. Globalization,Culture, and Indigenous Societies
Chapter 21. Globalization in Latin America, Africa, and the Caribbean
Chapter 22. Globalization in the Middle East and Asia
Part VII: Anthropology and the Global Future
Chapter 23. Race and Ethnicity
Chapter 24. Contemporary Global Trends
Chapter 25. Applied Anthropology