Part 1. 1776-1815.
Changes in History Painting.
Crossing the Atlantic: Anglo-American.
Connections and the Wooing of John Singleton Copley.
Challenging Apollo: David and the Martyrdom of Jean-Paul Marat.
Francisco de Goya y Lucientes Goya and the Imaging of Royalty in Spain.
The Rise of Romanticism in England.
The NeoclassicRomantic Dilemma.
Painting in France after David.
The Primitifs: An Early Artistic Brotherhood in the Nineteenth Century.
The Image of the Ruler.
Varieties of Landscape Painting.
The Nazarenes: German Romantics in Rome.
Romantic Meditations in Germany and France.
A `Pedestrian Statue': Houdon, Jefferson, and Washington.
The Early Thorvaldsen.
Austria and Germany.
Part 2. 1815-1848.
Retrospection and Introspection: The Congress of Vienna and Late Goya.
Ge´ricault and The Raft of the Medusa.
Delacroix, Ingres, and the Romantic-Classic Conflict in France.
Turner and Romantic Visionaries.
Turner and his Champion, John Ruskin: The Snowstorm at Sea and the Oscillating Critic.
Constable and Romantic Naturalism.
From History Painting to Biedermeier.
Caspar David Friedrich's Woman by the Window.
The Mature Thorvaldsen.
The United States.
Baudelaire and the Challenge for Sculpture in the Mid-Nineteenth Century.
The Romantic Theory of Sculpture.
Part 3. 1848-1870.
The 1848 Revolution: Some Pictorial Responses.
Jean-François Millet and Peasant Painters.
Rosa Bonheur: Painting in the Nivernais.
Materialism versus Idealism.
Courbet, the Pavillion du Re´alisme, and The Painter's Studio in 1855.
Poverty and Piety.
The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.
Cross-cultural Reactions to the Pre Raphaelites: John Ruskin and Eugène Delacroix.
Menzel, Modernity and Realism in Germany.
Escapist Modes in Figure and Landscape Painting.
Frederic Edwin Church, Cotopaxi, and the American Sublime.
The 1860s: Manet and Painting in Paris.
Painting Out-of Doors: Toward Impressionism.
Silvestro Lega and the Macchiaioli.
Carpeaux and La Danse: The Tribulations of Public Art.
The United States Germany and Austria.
Part 4. 1870-1900.
Reflections of the Franco-Prussian War.
1874: The First Impressionist Exhibition.
1874: At the Paris Salon and the Royal Academy.
The 1870s: From Realism to Aestheticism.
Interiors: Domestic and Erotic.
Changes in History Painting and Portraiture.
Sargent's "Broken Realism": The Bolt Sisters.
Georges Seurat and Neo-Impressionism.
Seurat and Pointillism: The Dot as Marxist Matrix.
Vincent van Gogh.
Ensor, Klinger, Redon.
Paul Gauguin and the Origins of Symbolism.
Gauguin, Reprised Romanticism, and Christian Symbolism.
The 1890s: Postscript and Prologue.
Leighton's Athlete Wrestling with a Python: A Restless Modernity.
The United States.
Postscript: The Fin de Sie`cle.