Comparative Criminal Justice Systems:A Topical Approach - Philip Reichel - 9780132392549 - Law and Criminology - Criminology - Pearson Schweiz AG - Der Fachverlag fuer Bildungsmedien - 978-0-1323-9254-9

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Comparative Criminal Justice Systems:A Topical Approach

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Titel:   Comparative Criminal Justice Systems:A Topical Approach
Reihe:   Prentice Hall
Autor:   Philip L. Reichel
Verlag:   Prentice Hall
Einband:   Softcover
Auflage:   5
Sprache:   Englisch
Seiten:   496
Erschienen:   April 2007
ISBN13:   9780132392549
ISBN10:   0-13-239254-2
Status:   Der Titel ist leider nicht mehr lieferbar. Sorry, This title is no longer available. Malheureusement ce titre est épuisé.
 
Ersatztitel:
ISBNTitelAuflageEinbandErscheintVerfügbarPreis
9780132457521 Comparative Criminal Justice Systems:A Topical Approach 6 Softcover 06.2012
ca. 7-9 Tage
119.60

Comparative Criminal Justice Systems:A Topical Approach

Description

For courses in Comparative Criminal Justice Systems, Comparative Criminology, and Comparative Government.

 

Unique in its topical approach, this best-selling text examines systems of law, police, courts, and corrections by using more than 30 different countries to show the diversity in legal systems around the world. The book's organization allows instructors to cover the material in a familiar format (law, police, courts and corrections) and helps students understand the various ways policing, adjudication, and corrections systems can be organized and operated. This edition features more complete coverage of Islamic legal tradition, information on reform in Japan, more use of primary sources and updated material throughout.


Features

For courses in Comparative Criminal Justice Systems, Comparative Criminology, and Comparative Government.

 

Unique in its topical approach, this best-selling text examines systems of law, police, courts, and corrections by using more than 30 different countries to show the diversity in legal systems around the world. The book's organization allows instructors to cover the material in a familiar format (law, police, courts and corrections) and helps students understand the various ways policing, adjudication, and corrections systems can be organized and operated. This edition features more complete coverage of Islamic legal tradition, information on reform in Japan, more use of primary sources and updated material throughout.

 

Hallmark Features

 

Unique topical organization- focuses on the issues of law, policing, courts, and corrections, using more than 30 countries to illustrate the various ways criminal justice systems are organized.

  • Provides a greater understanding of the diversity in legal systems around the world.
  • Categorizes material to make countries easy to compare and contrast. 

Solid coverage of transnational crime (including terrorism)-appears in Chapter 2.

  • Shows crime as a world problem by reviewing types of transnational crime such as computer crime, corruption of public officials, illicit drug trafficking, money laundering, sea piracy etc.
  • Includes coverage of domestic and international terrorism. 

Full chapter on criminal justice in Japan-shows Japan's history of borrowing from other countries and explains what many consider to be a very effective criminal justice system.

  • Gives students a clear example of how comparative criminal justice can be applied to studying a single country.  

Web Projects-are included for each chapter.

  • Encourage students to visit pertinent web sites and complete assignments based on the information they encounter.
  • Gives instructors an additional source of assignment material and gives students access to more information about chapter topics.  

Impact sections-appear in each chapter.

  • Encourage deeper thinking and suggest links between countries, ideas for improving systems, and ways to encourage more global understanding.  

In the News boxes-appear in each chapter.

  • Highlight current topics in international criminal justice such as: the use of torture to combat terrorism, a new plea bargaining system in France, the International Criminal Court, and a comparison of world prison populations.  

You Should Know boxes-appear in each chapter.

  • Provide helpful background information relevant to chapter topics.
  • Include discussion of the European Union, how Islamic law varies depending on schools of thought and local application, the role of the accused under different legal systems, etc.

Need help teaching this courses using the web site that the actual author uses to teach?

http://libguides.unco.edu/content.php?pid=1217&sid=16420

 

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New to this Edition

Fully updated to include more information on:

  • The Patriot Act
  • Sunni and Shia Muslims
  • Substantive and procedural law changes for France, Germany, and Nigeria
  • Inquisitorial and adversarial systems
  • Trial under an inquisitorial process
  • Juvenile justice system changes in China, England and Wales.

New! More complete coverage of Islamic legal tradition-is incorporated into this edition.

  • Gives greater attention to the Islamic legal tradition and includes detailed descriptions of its key aspects. 

New! Reform in Japanboxes-are included within Chapter 10, Japan: Examples of Effectiveness and Borrowing.

  • Reflect up-to-date events in Japanese criminal justice and covers changes that have been officially approved, but are not yet fully implemented.
  • Includes the establishment of a new public defender system and the use of citizens as lay judges. 

New! More use of primary sources-is included in this edition.

  • Increases the accuracy of information provided for a country.
  • References the actual laws of many countries and provides additional information supplied by that country's criminal justice agency.  

New! Discussion questions-now end each chapter.

  • Prompt real discourse and can be used in class or for online discussion boards.

Need help teaching this courses using the web site that the actual author uses to teach?

http://libguides.unco.edu/content.php?pid=1217&sid=16420

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Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1: AN INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVE

WHY STUDY THE LEGAL SYSTEM OF OTHER COUNTRIES?

            Provincial Benefits of an International Perspective

            Universal Benefits of an International Perspective

                        Neighbor Cooperation

                        Multinational Cooperation

APPROACHES TO AN INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVE

            Historical Approach

            Political Approach

            Descriptive Approach

STRATEGIES UNDER THE DESCRIPTIVE APPROACH

            The Functions/Procedures Strategy

            The Institutions/Actors Strategy

COMPARISON THROUGH CLASSIFICATION

            The Need for Classification

            Classification Strategies

            The Role of Classification in This Book

THE STRUCTURE OF THIS BOOK

SUMMARY

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

 

CHAPTER 2: CRIME, TRANSNATIONAL CRIME, AND JUSTICE

COMPARATIVE CRIMINOLOGY AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE

            Comparative Criminology Looks at Crime as a Social Phenomenon

                        Comparing Similar Data

                        Comparing over time

                        Using United Nations crime data

            Comparative Criminology Looks at Crime as Social Behavior

                        Modernization Theories

                        Civilization Theory

                        World System Theory

                        Opportunity Theories

TRANSNATIONAL CRIME

            Transnational Crime Types

                        Computer Crime

                        Corruption and Bribery of Public Officials, Party Officials, and Elected Representatives

                        Illicit Drug Trafficking

                        Money Laundering

                        Sea Piracy

                        Theft of Art and Cultural Objects

                        Trade in Human Body Parts

                        Trafficking in Persons

            Terrorism

                        Domestic and International Terrorism

                        Terrorism Typologies

                        Communist/Socialist

                        Nationalist/Separatist

                        Religious

RESPONSE TO TRANSNATIONAL CRIME

            National Efforts: USA

            International Efforts

                        Interpol Responds to Transnational Crime

                        The United Nations Responds to Transnational Crime

SUMMARY

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

 

CHAPTER 3: AN AMERICAN PERSPECTIVE ON CRIMINAL LAW

ESSENTIAL INGREDIENTS OF JUSTICE SYSTEMS

            Substantive Criminal Law

                        General Characteristics of Criminal Law

                        Major Principles of Criminal Law

            Procedural Criminal Law

                        Constitutional Provisions for the Criminal Process

                        Crime Control Model

                        Due Process Model

LIBERTY, SAFETY, AND FIGHTING TERRORISM

            The USA PATRIOT Act-Substantive Law Issues

                        Section 206

                        Section 215

                        Section 213

            Due Process and Terrorist Suspects-Procedural Law Issues

            Is America's Reaction That Different?

SUMMARY

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

 

CHAPTER 4: LEGAL TRADITIONS

LEGAL SYSTEMS AND LEGAL TRADITIONS

TODAY'S FOUR LEGAL TRADITIONS

            Common Legal Tradition

                        Feudal Practices

                        Custom

                        Equity

            Civil Legal Tradition

                        Roman Law

                        Canon Law

                        Codification

            Socialist Legal Tradition

                        Russian Law

                        Law as Artificial

                        Marxism Leninism

                        Socialist Legal Tradition after the USSR's Demise

            Islamic (Religious/Philosophical) Legal Tradition

                        The Qur'an and Sunna

                        Ijma and qiyas

                        Schools of law

COMPARISON OF THE LEGAL TRADITIONS

            Cultural Component

                        Private and Public Law

                        Balance/Separation of Powers

            Substantive Component

                        Primary Source of Common Law

                        Primary Source of Civil Law

                        Primary Source of Socialist Law

                        Primary Source of Islamic Law

            Procedural Component

                        Flexibility in Common Law

                        Flexibility in Civil Law

                        Flexibility in Socialist Law

                        Flexibility in Islamic Law

SUMMARY

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

 

CHAPTER 5: SUBSTANTIVE LAW AND PROCEDURAL LAW IN THE FOUR LEGAL TRADITIONS

SUBSTANTIVE CRIMINAL LAW

            General Characteristics and Major Principles

            Substantive Law in the Common Legal Tradition

            Substantive Law in the Civil Legal Tradition

            Substantive Law in the Socialist Legal Tradition

            Substantive Law in Islamic Legal Tradition

                        Hudud Crimes

                        Qisas Crimes

                        Tazir Crimes

PROCEDURAL CRIMINAL LAW

            Adjudicatory Processes

                        Inquisitorial Process

                        Adversarial Process

                        Contrasting Adversarial and Inquisitorial Processes

                        Procedural Law in the Islamic Legal Tradition

            Judicial Review

                        Diffuse Model for Judicial Review

                        Concentrated Model for Judicial Review

                        Mixed Model for Judicial Review

                        Judicial Review in the Islamic and Socialist Traditions

SUMMARY

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

 

CHAPTER 6: AN INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVE ON POLICING

CLASSIFICATION OF POLICE STRUCTURES

            Centralized Single Systems: Ghana

            Decentralized Single Systems: Japan

            Centralized Multiple Coordinated Systems: France

                        Gendarmerie Nationale

                        Police Nationale

            Decentralized Multiple Coordinated Systems: Germany

            Centralized Multiple Uncoordinated Systems: Spain

                        Guardia Civil

                        Cuerpo Nacional de Policia

                        Policia Municipal

                        Uncoordinated Policing

            Decentralized Multiple Uncoordinated Systems: Mexico

                        Federal policing

                        State policing

                        Municipal policing

                        Federal District policing

                        Reform attempts

POLICING ISSUES: POLICE MISCONDUCT

POLICING ISSUES: GLOBAL COOPERATION

            International Criminal Police Organization (ICPO)-Interpol

            Europol

            Examples of Harmonization and Approximation in the European Union

                        The Schengen Convention

                        The European Arrest Warrant

SUMMARY

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

 

CHAPTER 7: AN INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVE ON COURTS

PROFESSIONAL ACTORS IN THE JUDICIARY

            Variation in Legal Training

            Variation in Prosecution

                        United States

                        France

                        England and Wales

            Variation in Defense

THE ADJUDICATORS

            Presumption of Innocence

            Professional Judges

                        An Independent Judiciary

                        Becoming a Judge

            Lay Judges and Jurors

                        Juries

                        Lay Judges

            Examples along the Adjudication Continuum

                        Saudi Arabia

                        England

                        Germany

VARIATION IN COURT ORGANIZATION

            France

                        Trial Level: Police Court

                        Trial Level: Correctional Courts

                        Trial Level: Assize Court

                        Appellate Level: Courts of Appeal

                        Appellate Level: Supreme Court of Appeal

            England and Wales

                        Her Majesty's Court Service

                        Trial Level: Magistrates' Court

                        Trial Level: Crown Court

                        Appellate Level: Court of Appeal

                        Appellate Level: House of Lords

            Nigeria

            China

            Saudi Arabia

SUMMARY

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

 

CHAPTER 8: AN INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVE ON CORRECTIONS

COMPARATIVE PENOLOGY

            Typologies for Comparative Penology

PUNISHMENT

            Justifications for Punishment

            International Standards for Corrections

                        International Agreements on Corrections

FINANCIAL PENALTIES

            Fines

                        Day Fines

                        Examples from Sweden and Germany

            Compensation to Victims and Community

                        Donation Penalties in Germany

CORPORAL AND CAPITAL PUNISHMENT

            International Standards

            Corporal Punishment

            Capital Punishment

                        Retention and Abolition Around the World

                        Why the Variation in Acceptance?

                        The Role of Public Opinion

                        The Death Penalty in China

NONCUSTODIAL SANCTIONS

            International Standards

            Community Corrections

            Probation

                        Probation's History Around the World

                        Probation Today

CUSTODIAL SANCTIONS

            International Standards

            Prison Populations

            Prison Systems

                        South Africa

                        Brazil

                        India

            Women in Prison

                        The Small Numbers of Women Prisoners

                        The Impact of Imprisoning Drug Offenders

                        Needs and Problems of Women Prisoners

            Minorities in Prison

                        Disparity Around the World

SUMMARY

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

 

CHAPTER 9: AN INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVE ON JUVENILE JUSTICE

DELINQUENCY AS A WORLDWIDE PROBLEM

            Setting International Standards

            Determining Who Are Juveniles

            Determining the Process

MODELS OF JUVENILE JUSTICE

            Welfare Model

                        New Zealand's version of the welfare model

                        Police response

                        Family Group Conference

                        Youth Court

            Legalistic Model

                        Preliminary investigation

                        Preliminary hearing

                        Trial

            Corporatist Model

                        Key agencies

                        Diversion options

                        Youth Court

            Participatory Model

                        The importance of legal education

                        Other informal efforts

                        Formal procedures

SUMMARY

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

 

CHAPTER 10: JAPAN: EXAMPLES OF EFFECTIVENESS AND BORROWING

WHY STUDY JAPAN?

            Japan's Effective Criminal Justice System

            Borrowing in a Cross Cultural Context

JAPANESE CULTURAL PATTERNS

            Homogeneity

            Contextualism and Harmony

            Collectivism

            Hierarchies and Order

CRIMINAL LAW

            Law by Bureaucratic Informalism

POLICING

            Why Are the Japanese Police Effective?

                        Deployment of Police Officers

                        The Citizen as Partner

                        Policing as Service

JUDICIARY

            Pretrial Activities

                        Police Role

                        Prosecutor Role

                        Defense Attorney Role

            Court Structure and Trial Options

                        Court Structure

                        Adjudication in Summary Courts

                        Adjudication with Modified Public Trials

                        Adjudication with Regular Trials

            Judgments

CORRECTIONS

            Community Corrections

                        Probation and Parole

                        Prison Sentences

COMING FULL CIRCLE

WHAT MIGHT WORK

SUMMARY

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

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