Applied Petroleum Reservoir Engineering

Prentice Hall
Ronald E. Terry / J. Brandon Rogers  
Total pages
August 2014
Related Titles

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Applied Petroleum Reservoir Engineering
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This book presents many real field examples demonstrating the use of material balance and history matching to predict reservoir performance. For the first time, this edition uses Microsoft Excel with VBA as its calculation tool, making calculations far easier and more intuitive for today's readers. Beginning with an introduction of key terms, detailed coverage of the material balance approach, and progressing through the principles of fluid flow, water influx, and advanced recovery techniques, this book will be an asset to students without prior exposure to petroleum engineering with this text updated to reflect modern industrial practice.


  • Covers reservoir fluid behavior, material balance concepts, fluid flow, mathematical techniques for predicting future oil well production, and more
  • Updated throughout, and includes new water flooding and EOR techniques
  • Includes real field examples demonstrating the use of the material balance and history matching to predict reservoir performance
  • Contains example problems with actual well data, updated end-of-chapter practice problems, and a complete case study combining concepts taught throughout the book
  • Uses the widely available Microsoft Excel with VBA for examples and problems

New to this Edition

This book has been extensively updated to reflect modern practices and technology, and to improve reader-friendliness with more extensive introductions to vocabulary and concepts.

Especially extensive content updates appear in sections on gas condensate reservoirs, water flooding, and enhanced oil recovery; a brief introduction to hydrofracturing has also been added.

All examples now utilize Microsoft Excel with VBA as the computational tool, making them more accessible to contemporary students.

Table of Contents

Preface   xiii

Preface to the Second Edition xv

About the Authors   xvii

Nomenclature xix


Chapter 1: Introduction to Petroleum Reservoirs and Reservoir Engineering   1

1.1 Introduction to Petroleum Reservoirs   1

1.2 History of Reservoir Engineering   4

1.3 Introduction to Terminology   7

1.4 Reservoir Types Defined with Reference to Phase Diagrams   9

1.5 Production from Petroleum Reservoirs   13

1.6 Peak Oil   14

Problems   18

References   19


Chapter 2: Review of Rock and Fluid Properties  21

2.1 Introduction   21

2.2 Review of Rock Properties   21

2.3 Review of Gas Properties   24

2.4 Review of Crude Oil Properties   44

2.5 Review of Reservoir Water Properties   61

2.6 Summary   64

Problems   64

References   69


Chapter 3: The General Material Balance Equation   73

3.1 Introduction   73

3.2 Derivation of the Material Balance Equation   73

3.3 Uses and Limitations of the Material Balance Method   81

3.4 The Havlena and Odeh Method of Applying the Material Balance Equation   83

References   85


Chapter 4: Single-Phase Gas Reservoirs 87

4.1 Introduction   87

4.2 Calculating Hydrocarbon in Place Using Geological, Geophysical, and Fluid Property Data   88

4.3 Calculating Gas in Place Using Material Balance   98

4.4 The Gas Equivalent of Produced Condensate and Water   105

4.5 Gas Reservoirs as Storage Reservoirs   107

4.6 Abnormally Pressured Gas Reservoirs   110

4.7 Limitations of Equations and Errors   112

Problems   113

References   118


Chapter 5: Gas-Condensate Reservoirs   121

5.1 Introduction   121

5.2 Calculating Initial Gas and Oil   124

5.3 The Performance of Volumetric Reservoirs   131

5.4 Use of Material Balance   140

5.5 Comparison between the Predicted and Actual Production Histories of Volumetric Reservoirs   143

5.6 Lean Gas Cycling and Water Drive   147

5.7 Use of Nitrogen for Pressure Maintenance   152

Problems   153

References   157


Chapter 6: Undersaturated Oil Reservoirs   159

6.1 Introduction   159

6.2 Calculating Oil in Place and Oil Recoveries Using Geological, Geophysical, and Fluid Property Data   162

6.3 Material Balance in Undersaturated Reservoirs   167

6.4 Kelly-Snyder Field, Canyon Reef Reservoir   171

6.5 The Gloyd-Mitchell Zone of the Rodessa Field   177

6.6 Calculations, Including Formation and Water Compressibilities   184

Problems   191

References   197


Chapter 7: Saturated Oil Reservoirs    199

7.1 Introduction   199

7.2 Material Balance in Saturated Reservoirs   200

7.3 Material Balance as a Straight Line   206

7.4 The Effect of Flash and Differential Gas Liberation Techniques and Surface Separator Operating Conditions on Fluid Properties   209

7.5 The Calculation of Formation Volume Factor and Solution Gas-Oil Ratio from Differential Vaporization and Separator Tests   215

7.6 Volatile Oil Reservoirs   217

7.7 Maximum Efficient Rate (MER)   218

Problems   220

References   224


Chapter 8: Single-Phase Fluid Flow in Reservoirs    227

8.1 Introduction   227

8.2 Darcy’s Law and Permeability   227

8.3 The Classification of Reservoir Flow Systems   232

8.4 Steady-State Flow   236

8.5 Development of the Radial Diffusivity Equation   251

8.6 Transient Flow   253

8.7 Pseudosteady-State Flow   261

8.8 Productivity Index (PI)   264

8.9 Superposition   267

8.10 Introduction to Pressure Transient Testing   272

Problems   282

References   292


Chapter 9: Water Influx   295

9.1 Introduction   295

9.2 Steady-State Models   297

9.3 Unsteady-State Models   302

9.4 Pseudosteady-State Models   346

Problems   350

References   356


Chapter 10: The Displacement of Oil and Gas 357

10.1 Introduction   357

10.2 Recovery Efficiency   357

10.3 Immiscible Displacement Processes   369

10.4 Summary   399

Problems   399

References   402


Chapter 11: Enhanced Oil Recovery   405

11.1 Introduction   405

11.2 Secondary Oil Recovery   406

11.3 Tertiary Oil Recovery   412

11.4 Summary   433

Problems   434

References   434


Chapter 12: History Matching   437

12.1 Introduction   437

12.2 History Matching with Decline-Curve Analysis   438

12.3 History Matching with the Zero-Dimensional Schilthuis Material Balance Equation   441

Problems   466

References   471


Glossary   473


Index   481



Ronald E. Terry has taught chemical and petroleum engineering at the University of Kansas; petroleum engineering at the University of Wyoming; and chemical engineering and technology and engineering education at Brigham Young University, earning teaching awards at each university. He has served as acting department chair, associate dean, and in BYU’s central administration. He researched enhanced oil recovery processes at Phillips Petroleum and is past president of the American Society for Engineering Education’s Rocky Mountain Section.


J. Brandon Rogers, project engineer at Murphy Oil Corporation, holds a degree in chemical engineering from Brigham Young University. There, he studied reservoir engineering using this text’s second edition.