Method and Practice in Biological Anthropology: A Workbook and Laboratory Manual for Introductory Courses

Samantha M. Hens  
Total pages
August 2014
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Method and Practice in Biological Anthropology: A Workbook and Laboratory Manual for Introductory Courses
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A valuable resource for you Biological Anthropology lab


Method and Practice in Biological Anthropology: A Workbook and Laboratory Manual for Introductory Courses complements a wide variety of introductory level laboratory courses in biological anthropology. It easily functions with a well-equipped laboratory, or it may be used as a primary source of photos and/or exercises, providing optimum flexibility to suit most laboratory environments. The book is organized into four sections, to reflect the organization of the typical introductory biological anthropology course: genetics and evolution, the human skeleton, non human primates, and our fossil ancestors.


MySearchLab is a part of the Hens program. Research and writing tools, including access to academic journals, help students explore biological anthropology in even greater depth. To provide students with flexibility, students can download the eText to a tablet using the free Pearson eText app.


This title is available in a variety of formats – digital and print. Pearson offers its titles on the devices students love through Pearson’s MyLab products, CourseSmart, Amazon, and more. To learn more about pricing options and customization, click the Choices tab.


  • Outlines Focus Points - Each chapter begins with an Objective box listing the skills students will learn from the material to follow. These objectives are designed to guide students in learning the information.
  • Prepares Students Prior to Lab - Pre-lab questions are designed to be considered prior to the start of a lab, and are a good way to encourage students to read assigned chapters prior to class. The questions cover basic essential information and can help to supplement lecture notes.
  • Engages Students with Exercises - An array of topical lab exercises throughout the book are designed to be worked on during class time and reviewed prior to the end of the class period.
  • Provides Lab-ending Clouser -  Designed to be answered after the lab is completed, post-lab questions provide students with an opportunity to assimilate the information learned in class and to work additional examples on their own.

New to this Edition

In this Section:

1. Overview of Changes

2. Chapter-by-Chapter Changes


1. Overview of Changes


Throughout text the “Pre-Lab” questions have been changed to “Reading Questions” and placed at the front of each chapter.


2. Chapter-by-Chapter Changes


Chapter 1 – The Scientific Method

  • The explanation of the nature of science and empirical data has been expanded 
  • New definitions of the variables
  • Clarification of some terms and exercises
  • New examples added to the text


Chapter 2 – Cell Biology & DNA

  • Made some corrections
  • New/Re-Drawn Figure 2-4 for cell division
  • New cell division exercise for the microscope
  • Renumbered subsequent exercises

Chapter 3 – Principles of Inheritance

  • Clarifications & corrections throughout
  • New Punnett Square examples
  • New notation and examples of incomplete dominance, dominance and codominance
  • New Punnett Squares examples based on human traits
  • New Punnett Square exercises based on human traits
  • New Post-Lab questions
  • New Figure 3-1 – photo of roan cattle.


Chapter 4 – Human Variation: Blood Groups & Pedigree Analysis

  • Changed title of chapter
  • Major rearrangement of material for better flow between chapters 3 and 4 – blood typing is covered first and then pedigree analysis
  • Two New Figures 4-2a and 4-2b
  • Subsequent renumbering of exercises and post-lab questions


Chapter 5 – The Hardy-Weinberg Principle: Genetics of Populations

  • Only minor modifications & clarifications


Chapter 6 – Introduction to the Human Skeleton

  • New exercise 4
  • New Figure 6-3 – Structure of a cranial bone
  • Subsequent figures renumbered


Chapter 7 – The Axial Skeleton

  • Switched order of chapters 7 and 8 – so all figures etc. renumbered
  • New exercise 6
  • New Figure 7-1 a-d, in color to better differentiate cranial bones
  • Two brand new figures not used before (Fig 7-13, directional terminology for mouth and Fig 7- 16, typical vertebra)
  • All other figures either redrawn or relabeled, with simplification of features for introductory level students
  • New post lab exercise #5


Chapter 8 – The Appendicular Skeleton

  • Switched with chapter 7
  • All redrawn illustrations – with modified landmarks and features
  • 7 new figures/illustrations


Chapter 9 –Forensic Anthropology& Bioarchaeology

  • Deleted entire anthropometry section and moved to (new) Chapter 16
  • New chapter title
  • Added discussion of bioarchaeology with forensics
  • 27 New Figures!!!
  • 3 new tables, plus two modified tables
  • 8 new post-lab questions
  • New pre-lab questions
  • New within chapter exercises (#12, 16)
  • Expanded sex and age estimation sections
  • New sections on trauma analysis and pathological conditions affecting bone


Chapter 10 – Primate Classification

  • 3 new figures
  • Rewritten section on the tarsier
  • 2 new post-lab questions
  • Color photos!


Chapter 11 – Comparative Primate Anatomy

  • 5 New post-lab questions
  • 2 New in class exercises
  • 5 New figures


Chapter 12 – Primate Behavior

  • All New sections on primate communication and ecology
  • 5 New figures
  • New post lab question
  • New essay prompts for supplementary zoo assignment


Chapter 13 – The Bipedal Adaptation & Our Earliest Ancestors

  • 16 NEW Images/Figures
  • New sections on taxonomy, Kenyanthropus, A. sediba and Dikika infant.
  • New references & glossary terms
  • 2 modified exercises
  • 3 new in class exercises


Chapter 14 – The Rise of the Genus Homo

  • 4 new figures
  • New discussion of Flores, Indonesia find – the “Hobbits”
  • Two modified exercises
  • Modified post lab question
  • New in text Exercise


Chapter 15 – Later Homo & Modern Human Origins

  • Modified exercise 1 – new image
  • New section on Neanderthal DNA research
  • New section on models for modern human origins
  • Modified exercise 5
  • Deleted one post lab question
  • New post lab question
  • 3 New figures


Chapter 16 – Anthropometry & Biomedical Anthropology

  • Essentially a new chapter
  • Moved anthropometry section from chapter 9 to chapter 16.
  • Two New tables
  • Five New figures
  • Four New in class exercises
  • All New pre-lab questions
  • New post-lab questions
  • All New section on biomedical anthropology
  • All New section of human adaptation


Glossary, bibliography

  • all updated


Table of Contents

Brief Contents


  • Chapter 1. The Scientific Method
  • Chapter 2. Cell Biology and DNA
  • Chapter 3. Principles of Inheritance
  • Chapter 4. Human Variation
  • Chapter 5. Hardy-Weinberg: Genetics of Populations


  • Chapter 6. Introduction to the Human Skeleton
  • Chapter 7. The Appendicular Skeleton
  • Chapter 8. The Axial Skeleton
  • Chapter 9. Human Variation and Forensic Anthropology


  • Chapter 10. Primate Classification
  • Chapter 11. Comparative Primate Anatomy
  • Chapter 12. Primate Behavior


  • Chapter 13. The Bipedal Adaptation and Our Earliest Ancestors
  • Chapter 14. The Rise of the Genus Homo
  • Chapter 15. Later Homo and Modern Human Origins


Samantha Hens is an associate professor of anthropology at California State University in Sacramento. Her research interests cover an array of topics in biological anthropology including osteology and skeletal biology, skeletal growth and development, morphometrics, functional anatomy, human evolution and forensic anthropology. She has published several journal articles on stature estimation in fossil hominids and sex estimation from the human pelvis and skull. Her most recent area of study has focused on three-dimensional analyses of growth and the development of sexual dimorphism in orangutan crania, and comparisons of sexual dimorphism between the orangutan and the gorilla. Samantha received the Outstanding Teacher Award in her college in 2006. She lives in northern California where she actively enjoys the outdoors and practices yoga.