Genetic Analysis: An Integrated Approach with MasteringGenetics, Global Edition

Series
Pearson
Author
Mark F. Sanders / John L. Bowman / Mary Anne Poatsy  
Publisher
Pearson
Cover
Softcover
Edition
2
Language
English
Pub.-date
December 2015
ISBN13
9781292092461
ISBN
1292092467
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Genetic Analysis: An Integrated Approach with MasteringGenetics, Global Edition
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Description

For all introductory genetics courses
This package includes MasteringGenetics

Informed by many years of genetics teaching and research expertise, authors Mark Sanders and John Bowman use an integrated approach that helps contextualize three core challenges of learning genetics: solving problems, understanding evolution, and understanding the connection between traditional genetics models and more modern approaches.

 

Genetic Analysis: An Integrated Approach, 2/e is extensively updated with relevant, cutting-edge coverage of modern genetics and is supported by MasteringGenetics, the most widely-used homework and assessment program in genetics. Featuring expanded assignment options, MasteringGenetics complements the book’s problem-solving approach, engages students, and improves results by helping them master concepts and problem-solving skills.

 

This package includes MasteringGeneticsMasteringGenetics offers additional opportunities for students to master key concepts and practice problem-solving using interactive tutorials with hints and feedback. Instructors may also assign pre-lecture quizzes, end-of-chapter problems, practice problems, and test bank questions that are automatically scored and entered into the Mastering gradebook.

MasteringGenetics should only be purchased when required by an instructor. Please be sure you have the correct ISBN and Course ID. Instructors, contact your Pearson representative for more information. 

Features

This title is a Pearson Global Edition. The Editorial team at Pearson has worked closely with educators around the world to include content which is especially relevant to students outside the United States. 

This package includes MasteringGenetics™, an online homework, tutorial, and assessment program designed to work with this text to personalize learning and improve results. With a wide range of interactive, engaging, and assignable activities, students are encouraged to actively learn and retain tough course concepts.

Improve Results with MasteringGenetics

  • MasteringGenetics offers additional opportunities for students to master key concepts and practice problem-solving using interactive tutorials with hints and feedback. Instructors may also assign pre-lecture quizzes, end-of-chapter problems, practice problems, and test bank questions that are scored and entered into the Mastering gradebook (see “Supplements” for more information).
    • NEW! Approximately 90% of the book’s end-of-chapter problems are assignable in MasteringGenetics.
    • NEW! Bank of approximately 140 new practice problems are available for assignments.  These questions, only available in MasteringGenetics, include coaching and feedback and are not duplicated elsewhere in the end-of-chapter problems sets, test bank, Study Area, or solutions manual.
    • NEW! Learning Catalytics is a “bring your own device” assessment and classroom intelligence system that expands the possibilities for student engagement.  Using Learning Catalytics, genetics professors can deliver a wide range of questions that test content knowledge and build critical thinking skills.  Eighteen different answer types provide great flexibility, including graphical, numerical, textual input, and more.

§  Instructors can create their own questions or draw from community content shared by colleagues. 

§  MasteringGenetics users may also select from Pearson’s new library of questions that explore challenging genetics topics through clusters of 2-5 questions that focus on a single scenario or data set, build in difficulty, and require higher-level thinking.

    • NEW!  More tutorials have been added to the library, including 17 molecular model activities that allow students to manipulate genetic structures and answer questions.
    • More than 120 activities and in-depth tutorials, focused on key genetics concepts, reinforce problem-solving skills with hints and feedback specific to students’ misconceptions and errors. Tutorial topics include pedigree analysis, sex linkage, gene interactions, DNA replication, and more.
    • 24/7 Coaching in Solving Genetics Problems If students working on a tutorial get stuck, they can access hints to get back on track. If an incorrect answer is submitted, MasteringGenetics gives instant feedback specific to the error made, helping students overcome misconceptions and strengthen problem-solving skills.
      • Publisher Pre-built Assignments, curated by experienced MasteringGenetics users, consist of a broad range of high quality content focused on the key ideas of each chapter.  They make it easy to build assignments, and professors can use them as-is or customize them.

 Develop Problem Solving Skills

  • Genetic Analysis worked examples provide unparalleled support for problem solving instruction.  Each Genetic Analysis example guides students with a unique, consistent three-step approach that trains them to EvaluateDeduce, and then Solve problems. Every Genetic Analysis example is presented in a clear, easy-to-follow, two-column format that helps students see the Solution Strategy in one column and its corresponding execution in the Solution Step.
  • NEW! “Break It Down” component has been added to each Genetic Analysis worked example to help students get started with formulating an approach to solving a problem.  “Break It Down” models the concept of breaking down problem solving by deciphering the essential information stated in the problem.
  • End-of-Chapter Problems are divided into separate sections labeled Chapter Concepts and Application and Integration. The book offers a broad range of question types and level of difficulty.  Answers to even-numbered problems appear in the Appendix.

Engage Students in the Process of Science and Genetic Discoveries

  • NEW! Integrated coverage of genomics throughout. Genomic investigations are rapidly expanding and changing what we know about genetics.  Coverage of important techniques and findings are integrated throughout the text, such as a new discussion of the impact of lateral gene transfer on bacterial genomes in Chapter 6; a new Experimental Insight of cancer genomics in Chapter 12; discussions of new genome methods and analyses in Chapter 18; and updated coverage of the human genome, including data on interaction with Neandertals and Denisovans in Chapter 22.
  • NEW! Revised and expanded coverage of epigenetics in Chapters 11 and 15. Coverage in Chapter 15 has been substantially rewritten to expand the discussion of epigenetics, including new information on the histone code and chromatin states, and on epigenetic readers, writers, and erasers.
  • NEW! Expanded coverage of archaea molecular biology  Recent advancements in understanding the genetics and molecular biology of archaea are described where appropriate. These recent findings allow insightful comparisons to the genetics of bacteria and eukaryotes, particularly in relation to molecular genetic processes and to evolution.  New archaea discussions and descriptions appear in Chapters 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, and 14.
  • NEW! Enhanced coverage of molecular evolution The text’s focus on evolution in genetics now includes more coverage of molecular evolution integrated into appropriate chapters. Chapters 7, 8 and 9 have expanded discussions of the evolution of the processes of replication, transcription, and translation.  Chapter 11 discusses the evolution of histone proteins in archaea and eukaryotes.  Chapter 14 describes evolutionary comparisons of regulatory mechanisms in archaea and bacteria.  Chapter 15 contains expanded coverage of the evolution of regulatory functions.  Chapter 22 contains new discussions of evolution at the population, species, and molecular levels.
  • Experimental Insight essays discuss influential experiments, summarize real experimental data derived from the experiments, and explain conclusions drawn from the analysis of results.
  • Research Technique boxes explore important research methods and visually illustrate the results and interpretations of the techniques.
  • Unique Chapter 10: The Integration of Genetic Approaches integrates transmission genetics, molecular analysis, molecular techniques, and evolution in an exploration of human sickle cell disease. 
  • Case Studies are short, real-world examples that appear at the end of every chapter and highlight central ideas or concepts of the chapter with interesting examples that remind students of some practical applications of genetics.  New case studies include:  The Modern Human Family Mystery (Chapter 1); The (Degenerative) Evolution of the Mammalian Y Chromosome (Chapter 3); Mapping the Gene for Cystic Fibrosis (Chapter 5); and Detecting the Major Gene Influencing Crohn’s Disease (Chapter 21).

Help Students Distill the Most Important “Take Home” Lessons

  • NEW! Foundation Figures combine visuals and words to help students grasp pivotal genetics concepts in a concise, easy-to-follow format. Four new Foundation Figures have been added to this edition to help students understand  DNA Replication (Chapter 7), Bacterial Transcription (Chapter 8), Bacterial Translation Elongation (Chapter 9) and the Molecular Model of Meiotic Recombination (Chapter 12).
  • An integrated evolutionary perspective is demonstrated throughout the book, helping students keep sight of important evolutionary principles as they are learning the core genetics concepts. Examples include a discussion of sickle cell evolution in Chapter 10 and evolutionary questions presented by the genetic code in Chapter 11.

Connecting and integrating transmission and molecular genetics helps students understand how today’s geneticists think.  More discussion of the molecular basis of four identified genes Mendel studied has been added.  For instance, Table 2.6 provides a synopsis of the wild-type and mutant functions of the four known genes, Experimental Insight 12.1 describes the base substitutions or deletions responsible for mutations of three of the genes, and Experimental Insight 13.2 describes the transposition event that is the cause of mutation of the fourth gene.

New to this Edition

This package includes MasteringGenetics™, an online homework, tutorial, and assessment program designed to work with this text to personalize learning and improve results. With a wide range of interactive, engaging, and assignable activities, students are encouraged to actively learn and retain tough course concepts.

 Improve Results with MasteringGenetics

  • MasteringGenetics offers additional opportunities for students to master key concepts and practice problem-solving using interactive tutorials with hints and feedback. Instructors may also assign pre-lecture quizzes, end-of-chapter problems, practice problems, and test bank questions that are automatically scored and entered into the Mastering gradebook (see “Supplements” for more information).
    • NEW! Approximately 90% of the book’s end-of-chapter problems are assignable in MasteringGenetics.
    • NEW! Bank of approximately 140 new practice problems are available for assignments.  These questions, only available in MasteringGenetics, include coaching and feedback and are not duplicated elsewhere in the end-of-chapter problems sets, test bank, Study Area, or solutions manual.
    • NEW! Learning Catalytics is a “bring your own device” assessment and classroom intelligence system that expands the possibilities for student engagement.  Using Learning Catalytics, genetics professors can deliver a wide range of questions that test content knowledge and build critical thinking skills.  Eighteen different answer types provide great flexibility, including graphical, numerical, textual input, and more.

§  Instructors can create their own questions or draw from community content shared by colleagues. 

§  MasteringGenetics users may also select from Pearson’s new library of questions that explore challenging genetics topics through clusters of 2-5 questions that focus on a single scenario or data set, build in difficulty, and require higher-level thinking.

    • NEW!  More tutorials have been added to the library, including 17 molecular model activities that allow students to manipulate genetic structures and answer questions.

 Develop Problem Solving Skills

  • NEW! “Break It Down” component has been added to each Genetic Analysis worked example to help students get started with formulating an approach to solving a problem.  “Break It Down” models the concept of breaking down problem solving by deciphering the essential information stated in the problem.

Engage Students in the Process of Science and Genetic Discoveries

  • NEW! Integrated coverage of genomics throughout. Genomic investigations are rapidly expanding and changing what we know about genetics.  Coverage of important techniques and findings are integrated throughout the text, such as a new discussion of the impact of lateral gene transfer on bacterial genomes in Chapter 6; a new Experimental Insight of cancer genomics in Chapter 12; discussions of new genome methods and analyses in Chapter 18; and updated coverage of the human genome, including data on interaction with Neandertals and Denisovans in Chapter 22.
  • NEW! Revised and expanded coverage of epigenetics in Chapters 11 and 15. Coverage in Chapter 15 has been substantially rewritten to expand the discussion of epigenetics, including new information on the histone code and chromatin states, and on epigenetic readers, writers, and erasers.
  • NEW! Expanded coverage of archaea molecular biology  Recent advancements in understanding the genetics and molecular biology of archaea are described where appropriate. These recent findings allow insightful comparisons to the genetics of bacteria and eukaryotes, particularly in relation to molecular genetic processes and to evolution.  New archaea discussions and descriptions appear in Chapters 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, and 14.
  • NEW! Enhanced coverage of molecular evolution The text’s focus on evolution in genetics now includes more coverage of molecular evolution integrated into appropriate chapters. Chapters 7, 8 and 9 have expanded discussions of the evolution of the processes of replication, transcription, and translation.  Chapter 11 discusses the evolution of histone proteins in archaea and eukaryotes.  Chapter 14 describes evolutionary comparisons of regulatory mechanisms in archaea and bacteria.  Chapter 15 contains expanded coverage of the evolution of regulatory functions.  Chapter 22 contains new discussions of evolution at the population, species, and molecular levels.

Help Students Distill the Most Important “Take Home” Lessons

NEW! Foundation Figures combine visuals and words to help students grasp pivotal genetics concepts in a concise, easy-to-follow format. Four new Foundation Figures have been added to this edition to help students understand  DNA Replication (Chapter 7), Bacterial Transcription (Chapter 8), Bacterial Translation Elongation (Chapter 9) and the Molecular Model of Meiotic Recombination (Chapter 12).

Table of Contents

BRIEF CONTENTS

1 The Molecular Basis of Heredity, Variation, and Evolution  

1.1 Modern Genetics Is in Its Second Century  

1.2 The Structure of DNA Suggests a Mechanism for Replication  

1.3 DNA Transcription and Messenger RNA Translation Express Genes  

1.4 Evolution Has a Molecular Basis  

Case Study The Modern Human Family Mystery  

Summary • Keywords  • Problems  

2 Transmission Genetics  

2.1 Gregor Mendel Discovered the Basic Principles of Genetic Transmission

2.2 Monohybrid Crosses Reveal the Segregation of Alleles  

2.3 Dihybrid and Trihybrid Crosses Reveal the Independent Assortment of
   Alleles  

2.4 Probability Theory Predicts Mendelian Ratios  

2.5 Chi-Square Analysis Tests the Fit between Observed Values and
   Expected Outcomes  

2.6 Autosomal Inheritance and Molecular Genetics Parallel the Predictions
   of Mendel’s Hereditary Principles  

Case Study Inheritance of Sickle Cell Disease in Humans  

Summary  • Keywords   • Problems  

3 Cell Division and Chromosome Heredity  

3.1 Mitosis Divides Somatic Cells  

3.2 Meiosis Produces Gametes for Sexual Reproduction  

3.3 The Chromosome Theory of Heredity Proposes That Genes Are
   Carried on Chromosomes  

3.4 Sex Determination Is Chromosomal and Genetic  

3.5 Human Sex-Linked Transmission Follows Distinct Patterns  

3.6 Dosage Compensation Equalizes the Expression of Sex-Linked

 Genes  

Case Study The (Degenerative) Evolution of the Mammalian Y Chromosome  

Summary  • Keywords  • Problems  

4 Inheritance Patterns of Single Genes and Gene Interaction  

4.1 Interactions between Alleles Produce Dominance Relationships  

4.2 Some Genes Produce Variable Phenotypes  

4.3 Gene Interaction Modifies Mendelian Ratios  

4.4 Complementation Analysis Distinguishes Mutations in the Same Gene
   from Mutations in Different Genes  

Case Study  Complementation Groups in a Human Cancer-Prone Disorder  

Summary  • Keywords • Problems  

5 Genetic Linkage and Mapping in Eukaryotes  

5.1 Linked Genes Do Not Assort Independently  

5.2 Genetic Linkage Mapping Is Based on Recombination Frequency
   between Genes  

5.3 Three-Point Test-Cross Analysis Maps Genes  

5.4 Recombination Results from Crossing Over  

5.5 Linked Human Genes Are Mapped Using Lod Score Analysis  

5.6 Recombination Affects Evolution and Genetic Diversity  

5.7 Genetic Linkage in Haploid Eukaryotes Is Identified by Tetrad Analysis    

5.8 Mitotic Crossover Produces Distinctive Phenotypes

Case Study Mapping the Gene for Cystic Fibrosis  

Summary  • Keywords  • Problems  

6 Genetic Analysis and Mapping in Bacteria and Bacteriophages  

6.1 Bacteria Transfer Genes by Conjugation  

6.2 Interrupted Mating Analysis Produces Time-of-Entry Maps  

6.3 Conjugation with F¢ Strains Produces Partial Diploids  

6.4 Bacterial Transformation Produces Genetic Recombination  

6.5 Bacterial Transduction Is Mediated by Bacteriophages  

6.6 Bacteriophage Chromosomes Are Mapped by Fine-Structure Analysis  

6.7 Lateral Gene Transfer Alters Genomes

Case Study The Evolution of Antibiotic Resistance and Change in Medical Practice  

Summary   • Keywords   • Problems

7 DNA Structure and Replication  

7.1 DNA Is the Hereditary Molecule of Life  

7.2 The DNA Double Helix Consists of Two Complementary and
   Antiparallel Strands  

7.3 DNA Replication Is Semiconservative and Bidirectional  

7.4 DNA Replication Precisely Duplicates the Genetic Material  

7.5 Molecular Genetic Analytical Methods Make Use of DNA Replication
   Processes  

Case Study Use of PCR and DNA Sequencing to Analyze Huntington Disease Mutations  

Summary  • Keywords  • Problems  

8 Molecular Biology of Transcription and RNA Processing 

8.1 RNA Transcripts Carry the Messages of Genes  

8.2 Bacterial Transcription Is a Four-Stage Process 

8.3 Archaeal and Eukaryotic Transcription Displays Structural Homology and Common Ancestry  

8.4 Post-Transcriptional Processing Modifies RNA Molecules  

Case Study Sexy Splicing: Alternative mRNA Splicing and Sex Determination in Drosophila  

Summary  • Keywords   • Problems  

9 The Molecular Biology of Translation  

9.1 Polypeptides Are Composed of Amino Acid Chains That Are Assembled at Ribosomes  

9.2 Translation Occurs in Three Phases  

9.3 Translation Is Fast and Efficient  

9.4 The Genetic Code Translates Messenger RNA into Polypeptide 

9.5 Experiments Deciphered the Genetic Code  

9.6   Translation Is Followed by Polypeptide Folding, Processing, and Protein Sorting  

Case Study Antibiotics and Translation Interference  

Summary  • Keywords  • Problems  

10   The Integration of Genetic Approaches: Understanding Sickle Cell
   Disease 

10.1   An Inherited Hemoglobin Variant Causes Sickle Cell Disease  

10.2   Genetic Variation Can Be Detected by Examining DNA, RNA, and
   Proteins  

10.3   Sickle Cell Disease Evolved by Natural Selection in Human Populations  

Case Study Transmission and Molecular Genetic Analysis of Thalassemia  

Summary   • Keywords • Problems  

11   Chromosome Structure  

11.1   Viruses Are Infectious Particles Containing Nucleic Acid Genomes  

11.2   Bacterial Chromosomes Are Organized by Proteins  

11.3   Eukaryotic Chromosomes Are Organized into Chromatin  

11.4   Chromatin Compaction Varies along the Chromosome 

11.5   Chromatin Organizes Archaeal Chromosomes  

Case Study Fishing for Chromosome Abnormalities in Cancer Cells  

Summary  • Keywords • Problems  

12   Gene Mutation, DNA Repair, and Homologous Recombination  

12.1   Mutations Are Rare and Occur at Random  

12.2   Gene Mutations Modify DNA Sequence  

12.3   Gene Mutations May Arise from Spontaneous Events  

12.4   Mutations May Be Induced by Chemicals or Ionizing Radiation  

12.5   Repair Systems Correct Some DNA Damage  

12.6   Proteins Control Translesion DNA Synthesis and the Repair of
   Double-Strand Breaks  

12.7   DNA Double-Strand Breaks Initiate Homologous Recombination  

12.8   Gene Conversion Is Directed Mismatch Repair in Heteroduplex
   DNA  

Case Study Li-Fraumeni Syndrome Is Caused by Inheritance of Mutations of p53  

Summary • Keywords • Problems  

13   Chromosome Aberrations and Transposition  

13.1   Nondisjunction Leads to Changes in Chromosome Number  

13.2   Changes in Euploidy Result in Various Kinds of Polyploidy  

13.3   Chromosome Breakage Causes Mutation by Loss, Gain, and
   Rearrangement of Chromosomes  

13.4   Chromosome Breakage Leads to Inversion and Translocation of
   Chromosomes  

13.5   Transposable Genetic Elements Move throughout the Genome 

13.6   Transposition Modifies Bacterial Genomes  

13.7   Transposition Modifies Eukaryotic Genomes  

Case Study Human Chromosome Evolution  

Summary • Keywords • Problems  

14   Regulation of Gene Expression in Bacteria and Bacteriophage  

14.1   Transcriptional Control of Gene Expression Requires DNA—Protein
   Interaction  

14.2   The lac Operon Is an Inducible Operon System under Negative and
   Positive Control  

14.3   Mutational Analysis Deciphers Genetic Regulation of the lac Operon  

14.4   Transcription from the Tryptophan Operon Is Repressible and
   Attenuated  

14.5   Bacteria Regulate the Transcription of Stress Response Genes and Translation and Archaea Regulate Transcription in a

Bacteria-like Manner     

14.6   Antiterminators and Repressors Control Lambda Phage Infection of
   E. coli  

Case StudyVibrio cholerae–Stress Response Leads to Serious Infection  

Summary • Keywords  • Problems  

15   Regulation of Gene Expression in Eukaryotes  

15.1   Cis-Acting Regulatory Sequences Bind Trans-Acting Regulatory
   Proteins to Control Eukaryotic Transcription  

Transcriptional Regulatory Interactions  

15.2   Chromatin Remodeling and Modification Regulates Eukaryotic Transcription  

15.3   RNA-Mediated Mechanisms Control Gene Expression  

Case Study Environmental Epigenetics  

Summary • Keywords  • Problems

16   Analysis of Gene Function via Forward Genetics and Reverse Genetics  

16.1   Forward Genetic Screens Identify Genes by Their Mutant Phenotypes  

16.2   Genes Identified by Mutant Phenotype Are Cloned Using Recombinant DNA Technology  

16.3   Reverse Genetics Investigates Gene Action by Progressing from Gene Identification to Phenotype 

16.4   Transgenes Provide a Means of Dissecting Gene Function  

 Case Study  Reverse Genetics and Genetic Redundancy in Flower Development  

Summary • Keywords • Problems  

17   Recombinant DNA Technology and Its Applications  

17.1   Specific DNA Sequences Are Identified and Manipulated Using Recombinant DNA Technology  

17.2   Introducing Foreign Genes into Genomes Creates Transgenic Organisms

17.3   Gene Therapy Uses Recombinant DNA Technology

17.4   Cloning of Plants and Animals Produces Genetically Identical
   Individuals  

Case Study Curing Sickle Cell Disease in Mice 

Summary • Keywords  • Problems

18   Genomics: Genetics from a Whole-Genome Perspective  

18.1   Structural Genomics Provides a Catalog of Genes in a Genome  

18.2 Annotation Ascribes Biological Function to DNA Sequences  

18.3   Evolutionary Genomics Traces the History of Genomes  

18.4   Functional Genomics Aids in Elucidating Gene Function  

Case Study Genomic Analysis of Insect Guts May Fuel the World  

Summary   Keywords  Problems  

19   Organelle Inheritance and the Evolution of Organelle Genomes  

19.1   Organelle Inheritance Transmits Genes Carried on Organelle Chromosomes  

19.2   Modes of Organelle Inheritance Depend on the Organism  

19.3   Mitochondria Are the Energy Factories of Eukaryotic Cells  

19.4   Chloroplasts Are the Sites of Photosynthesis  

19.5   The Endosymbiosis Theory Explains Mitochondrial and Chloroplast
   Evolution  

Case Study Ototoxic Deafness: A Mitochondrial Gene—Environment Interaction  

Summary   Keywords   Problems  

20   Developmental Genetics  

20.1   Development Is the Building of a Multicellular Organism  

20.2   Drosophila Development Is a Paradigm for Animal Development 

20.3   Cellular Interactions Specify Cell Fate  

20.4   “Evolution Behaves Like a Tinkerer”  

20.5   Plants Represent an Independent Experiment in Multicellular Evolution  

Case Study Cyclopia and Polydactyly–Different Shh Mutations with Distinctive Phenotypes  

Summary  Keywords  Problems  

21   Genetic Analysis of Quantitative Traits  

21.1   Quantitative Traits Display Continuous Phenotype Variation 

21.2   Quantitative Trait Analysis Is Statistical  

21.3   Heritability Measures the Genetic Component of Phenotypic Variation  

21.4   Quantitative Trait Loci Are the Genes That Contribute to Quantitative
   Traits 

Case Study  GWAS and Crohn’s Disease   

Summary  Keywords  Problems  

22   Population Genetics and Evolution at the Population, Species, and Molecular Levels  

22.1   The Hardy—Weinberg Equilibrium Describes the Relationship of Allele
   and Genotype Frequencies in Populations 

22.2   Natural Selection Operates through Differential Reproductive Fitness
   within a Population  

22.3   Mutation Diversifies Gene Pools  

22.4   Migration Is Movement of Organisms and Genes between
   Populations  

22.5   Genetic Drift Causes Allele Frequency Change by Sampling Error  

22.6   Inbreeding Alters Genotype Frequencies 

22.7   Species and Higher Taxonomic Groups Evolve by the Interplay of Four
   Evolutionary Processes  

22.8   Molecular Evolution Changes Genes and Genomes through Time

Case Study CODIS–Using Population Genetics to Solve Crime and Identify Paternity  

Summary   Keywords  Problems  

 

  Selected References and Readings  

  Answers to Selected Problems  

  Glossary  

  Credits  

  Index