Materials for Civil and Construction Engineers in SI Units

Series
Pearson
Author
Michael S. Mamlouk / John P. Zaniewski  
Publisher
Pearson
Cover
Softcover
Edition
4
Language
English
Total pages
656
Pub.-date
September 2017
ISBN13
9781292154404
ISBN
1292154403
Related Titles


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9781292154404
Materials for Civil and Construction Engineers in SI Units
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Description

For courses in Civil Engineering Materials, Construction Materials, and Construction Methods & Materials offered in Civil, Environmental, or Construction engineering departments.

 

Civil and Construction Engineering Materials: Properties, Uses, and Evaluations

Materials for Civil and Construction Engineers helps students understand and select the materials involved in supporting the infrastructure needs of society--from buildings, to water and treatment distribution systems, to dams, highways, and airport pavements. By gaining a deep understanding of material behavior and the material selection process, students can begin to understand how to create and maintain civil and construction engineering systems crucial to society.
 

The primary focus of the updates presented in this fourth edition was on the sustainability of materials used in civil and construction engineering. The information on sustainability was updated and expanded to include the most recent information.  In addition, sections were added describing the sustainability considerations of each material. The problem set for each chapter was updated and increased to provide some fresh exercises.  References were updated and increased in all chapters to provide students with additional reading on current issues related to different materials.

Features

Materials for Civil and Construction Engineers contains the following features to facilitate learning:

 

The text is organized into three parts to help students digest the vast amount of information available on this topic

  • Part one provides an introduction to materials and engineering, including discussions on the basic mechanistic properties of materials, their environmental influences, and basic material classes, as well as methods for quality control.
  • Part two provides detailed introductions to the primary material types used in civil and construction engineering, including:
    • Steel
    • Aluminum
    • Concrete
    • Masonry
    • Asphalt
    • Wood
    • Composites
  • Part three offers laboratory methods for material evaluation.

 

UPDATED! The second edition refines and updates the first with notable additions

  • UPDATED! Description of heat treatments, phase diagram, and the heat-treating effects of welding have been improved with new sections.
  • NEW! Section on stainless steel has been added with updates to the current information on the structural uses of steel.  
  • UPDATED! Chapters on cement and concrete have new sections on hydration-control admixtures, recycled wash water, silica fume, self-consolidating concrete, and flowable fill.
  • REVISED! The asphalt chapter has been rewritten to include a discussion on Superpave, as well as to accommodate the current methods and procedures for performance grading of asphalt binders.
  • REVISED! The wood chapter now includes recent information on new manufactured wood products.
  • NEW! The composites chapter offers examples of fiber-reinforced polymer to reflect its growing use in retrofitting old or partially damaged structures.
  • NEW! Laboratory manual features a new experiment on dry-rodded unit weight of aggregate used in portland cement concrete.

 

NEW! A focus on sustainability has been woven throughout the text

  • UPDATED! Chapter 1 has been expanded to include information on sustainability.
  • NEW! Chapters 3-11 include new sections describing the sustainability considerations of each material.  

 

Pedagogical features help students relate and engage with the text

  • NEW! Over 100 figures have been added to help display core concepts and equipment.
  • NEW! Sample and homework problems have been added to the end of each chapter to help students retain key information.
  • UPDATED! References in each chapter have been brought up to date to provide students with additional reading on current issues related to different materials.

 

UPDATED! Changes in each chapter reflect the most current information on civil and construction engineering materials

  • UPDATED! Chapter 1 includes a more detailed discussion of viscoelastic material behavior, along with a sample problem.
  • UPDATED! Chapter 3 reflects more current information on the production of steel.
  • NEW! Chapter 5 includes a new sample problem about water absorbed by aggregate in order to highlight that absorbed water cannot hydrate cement or improve the workability of plastic concrete.
  • NEW! Chapter 6 now features two sample problems to help students determine the appropriate amount of mixing water to clarify the effect of water reducer on the properties of concrete.
  • NEW! Chapter 7 includes new sections on concrete mixing water and pervious concrete, along with a sample problem.
  • UPDATED! Chapter 9 discusses the multiple stress creep recovery test. Information about the immersion compression test was replaced with the tensile strength ratio method to reflect current practices. The section on the binder was refined to incorporate the effect of load and speed, and the section on diameteral tensile resilient has been removed.
  • NEW! Chapter 10 now dives into greater detail on wood deterioration and preservation. The first two sample problems have been revised to provide more accurate information.
  • UPDATED! Chapter 11 reflects information on the effective length of fibers and the ductility of FRP. Several new figures have been added to incorporate fibers, fabrics, laminates, and composites used in civil engineering applications.
  • UPDATED! The laboratory manual offers two new experiments and updates on the experiment on polymers and composites.

New to this Edition

UPDATED! The second edition refines and updates the first with notable additions

  • UPDATED! Description of heat treatments, phase diagram, and the heat-treating effects of welding have been improved with new sections.
  • Section on stainless steel has been added with updates to the current information on the structural uses of steel.  
  • UPDATED! Chapters on cement and concrete have new sections on hydration-control admixtures, recycled wash water, silica fume, self-consolidating concrete, and flowable fill.
  • REVISED! The asphalt chapter has been rewritten to include a discussion on Superpave, as well as to accommodate the current methods and procedures for performance grading of asphalt binders.
  • REVISED! The wood chapter now includes recent information on new manufactured wood products.
  • The composites chapter offers examples of fiber-reinforced polymer to reflect its growing use in retrofitting old or partially damaged structures.
  • Laboratory manual features a new experiment on dry-rodded unit weight of aggregate used in portland cement concrete.

A focus on sustainability has been woven throughout the text

  • UPDATED! Chapter 1 has been expanded to include information on sustainability.
  • Chapters 3-11 include new sections describing the sustainability considerations of each material.  

Pedagogical features help students relate and engage with the text

  • Over 100 figures have been added to help display core concepts and equipment.
  • Sample and homework problems have been added to the end of each chapter to help students retain key information.
  • UPDATED! References in each chapter have been brought up to date to provide students with additional reading on current issues related to different materials.

UPDATED! Changes in each chapter reflect the most current information on civil and construction engineering materials

  • UPDATED! Chapter 1 includes a more detailed discussion of viscoelastic material behavior, along with a sample problem.
  • UPDATED! Chapter 3 reflects more current information on the production of steel.
  • Chapter 5 includes a new sample problem about water absorbed by aggregate in order to highlight that absorbed water cannot hydrate cement or improve the workability of plastic concrete.
  • Chapter 6 now features two sample problems to help students determine the appropriate amount of mixing water to clarify the effect of water reducer on the properties of concrete.
  • Chapter 7 includes new sections on concrete mixing water and pervious concrete, along with a sample problem.
  • UPDATED! Chapter 9 discusses the multiple stress creep recovery test. Information about the immersion compression test was replaced with the tensile strength ratio method to reflect current practices. The section on the binder was refined to incorporate the effect of load and speed, and the section on diameteral tensile resilient has been removed.
  • Chapter 10 now dives into greater detail on wood deterioration and preservation. The first two sample problems have been revised to provide more accurate information.
  • UPDATED! Chapter 11 reflects information on the effective length of fibers and the ductility of FRP. Several new figures have been added to incorporate fibers, fabrics, laminates, and composites used in civil engineering applications.
  • UPDATED! The laboratory manual offers two new experiments and updates on the experiment on polymers and composites.

Table of Contents

ONE Materials Engineering Concepts
1.1 Economic Factors
1.2 Mechanical Properties
1.2.1 Strain Relations
1.2.3 1.2.6 hetic Characteristics
1.6 Sustainable Design
1.7 Material Variability
1.7.1 ential Transformer (LVDT)
1.8.3

 

TWO Nature of Materials

2.1 Basic Materials Concepts
2.1.1 Electron Configuration
2.1.2 3 Inorganic Solids
2.4 Organic Solids
2.4.1

 

THREE Steel

3.1 Steel Production
3.2 IronCarbon Phase Diagram
3.3 Heat Treatment of Steel
3.3.1 5.2 8 Reinforcing Steel
3.8.1 Ultrasonic Testing
3.10 Welding
3.11 Steel Corrosion
3.11.1

3.12 Steel Sustainability

3.12.1

3.12.2

Summary

Questions and Problems

3.13 References

 

FOUR Aluminum

4.1 Aluminum Production
4.2 Aluminum Metallurgy
4.2.1 4.3 Aluminum Testing and Properties
4.4 Welding and Fastening
4.5 Corrosion

4.6 Aluminum Sustainability

4.6.1 s

4.6.2 Summary
Questions and Problems
4.7 References

 

FIVE Aggregates

5.1 Aggregate Sources
5.1 Aggregate Sources
5.2 Geological Classification
5.3 Evaluation of Aggregate Sources
5.4 Aggregate Uses
5.5 Aggregate Properties
5.5.1 le Shape and Surface Texture
5.5.2 s and Durability
5.5.3 ess, and Abrasion Resistance
5.5.4 5.5.6 eight and Voids in Aggregate
5.5.7 ength and Modulus
5.5.8 5.5.9 nd Deleterious Materials
5.5.10 AlkaliAggregate Reactivity
5.5.11 5.7 Aggregates Sustainability

5.7.1 rations

5.7.2

Summary

Questions and Problems
5.8 References

 

SIX Portland Cement, Mixing Water, and Admixtures

6.1 Portland Cement Production
6.2 Chemical Composition of Portland Cement
6.3 Fineness of Portland Cement
6.4 Specific Gravity of Portland Cement
6.5 Hydration of Portland Cement
6.5.1 Development in Cement Paste
6.5.2 uation of Hydration Progress
6.6 Voids in Hydrated Cement
6.7 Properties of Hydrated Cement
6.7.1 6.7.3 mpressive Strength of Mortar
6.8 WaterCement Ratio
6.9 Types of Portland Cement
6.9.1 6.9.2 6.10.1 6.10.2 Reuse of Concrete Wash Water
6.11 Admixtures for Concrete
6.11.1 6.11.4 Hydration-Control Admixtures
6.11.5 6.11.6 6.12 Supplementary Cementitious Materials
6.13 Cement Sustainability

6.13.1

6.13.2

Summary
Questions and Problems
6.14 References


 

SEVEN Portland Cement Concrete

7.1 Proportioning of Concrete Mixes
7.1.1 Basic Steps for Weight and Absolute Volume Methods
7.1.2 xing Concrete for Small Jobs
7.2 Mixing, Placing, and Handling Fresh Concrete
7.2.1 7.2.2 e
7.2.3 Concrete
7.2.5 7.2.6 Precautions for Mixing Water
7.2.7 ir Content in Fresh Concrete
7.2.8 ading and Finishing Concrete
7.3 Curing Concrete
7.3.1 gging
7.3.3 7.3.4 ous Papers or Plastic Sheets
7.3.5 Membrane-Forming Compounds
7.3.6 7.3.8 nsulating Blankets or Covers
7.3.9 Hot Oil, and Infrared Curing
7.3.10 7.4 Properties of Hardened Concrete
7.4.1 7.4.4 ressStrain Relationship
7.5 Testing of Hardened Concrete
7.5.1 -Tension Test
7.5.3 7.5.5 Penetration Resistance Test
7.5.6 nic Pulse Velocity Test
7.5.7 .6.2 Compacted Concrete
7.6.11

7.6.12

7.7 Concrete Sustainability

7.7.1

7.7.2
Summary
Questions and Problems
7.8 References

 

EIGHT Masonry
8.1 Masonry Units
8.1.1 8.4 Plaster

8.5 Masonary Sustainability

8.5.1

8.5.2
Summary
Questions and Problems
8.6 References

 

NINE Asphalt Binders and Asphalt Mixtures
9.1 Types of Asphalt Cement Products
9.2 Uses of Asphalt
9.3 Temperature Susceptibility of Asphalt
9.4 Chemical Properties of Asphalt
9.5 Superpave and Performance Grade Binders
9.6 Characterization of Asphalt Cement
9.6.1 halt Emulsions
9.8 Asphalt Concrete
9.9 Asphalt Concrete Mix Design
9.9.1 9.6 9.10.2

9.11 Hot-Mix Asphalt Concrete Production and Construction

9.11.1 terials

9.11.2

9.11.3

9.12 Recycling of Asphalt Concrete

9.12.1

9.12.2

9.12.3

9.13 Additives

9.13.1

9.13.2 s

9.13.3

9.13.4

9.13.5

9.14 W arm Mix

9.15 Asphalt Sustainability

9.15.1

9.15.2

Summary

Questions and Problems

9.16 References

 

TEN Wood

10.1 Structure of Wood
10.1.1 des
10.5.2 gth Properties
10.8.3 ions
10.11 Organisms that Degrade Wood
10.11.1 10.12.4 10.14 Wood Sustainability

10.14.1

10.14.2 ility Considerations

Summary
Questions and Problems
10.15 References

 

ELEVEN Composites

11.1 Microscopic Composites
11.1.1 il Engineering Applications
11.2 Macroscopic Composites
11.2.1 11.3 Properties of Composites
11.3.1 ngth of Composite

11.3.2

11.4 Composites Sustainability

11.4.1

11.4.2 Summary
Questions and Problems
11.5 References
Appendix

 

Laboratory Manual

  1. Introduction to Measuring Devices

     

  2. Tension Test of Steel and Aluminum

     

  3. Torsion Test of Steel and Aluminum

     

  4. Impact Test of Steel

     

  5. Microscopic Inspection of Materials

     

  6. Creep in Polymers

     

  7. Sieve Analysis of Aggregates

     

  8. Specific Gravity and Absorption of Coarse Aggregate

     

  9. Specific Gravity and Absorption of Fine Aggregate

     

  10. Bulk Unit Weight and Voids in Aggregate

     

  11. Slump of Freshly Mixed Portland Cement Concrete

     

  12. Unit Weight and Yield of Freshly Mixed Concrete

     

  13. Air Content of Freshly Mixed Concrete by Pressure Method

     

  14. Air Content of Freshly Mixed Concrete by Volumetric Method

     

  15. Making and Curing Concrete Cylinders and Beams

     

  16. Capping Cylindrical Concrete Specimens with Sulfur or Capping Compound

     

  17. Compressive Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens

     

  18. Flexural Strength of Concrete

     

  19. Rebound Number of Hardened Concrete

     

  20. Penetration Resistance of Hardened Concrete

     

  21. Testing of Concrete Masonry Units

     

  22. Viscosity of Asphalt Binder by Rotational Viscometer

     

  23. Dynamic Shear Rheometer Test of Asphalt Binder

     

  24. Penetration Test of Asphalt Cement

     

  25. Absolute Viscosity Test of Asphalt

     

  26. Preparing and Determining the Density of Hot-Mix Asphalt (HMA) Specimens by Means of the Superpave Gyratory Compactor

     

  27. Preparation of Asphalt Concrete Specimens Using the Marshall Compactor

     

  28. Bulk Specific Gravity of Compacted Bituminous Mixtures

     

  29. Marshall Stability and Flow of Asphalt Concrete

     

  30. Bending (Flexure) Test of Wood

     

  31. Tensile Properties of Composites

     

  • Effect of Fiber Orientation on the Elastic Modulus of Fiber Reinforced Composites

  • Index