Aphasia and Related Cognitive-Communicative Disorders

Reihe
Pearson
Autor
G. Albyn Davis
Verlag
Pearson
Einband
Softcover
Auflage
1
Sprache
Englisch
Seiten
432
Erschienen
August 2013
ISBN13
9780132614351
ISBN
0132614359
Related Titles


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9780132614351
Aphasia and Related Cognitive-Communicative Disorders
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Description

Designed for a graduate course on aphasia in adults and related cognitive disorders

 

A comprehensive, current foundation for pursuing a clinical career in adult language disorders

 

This comprehensive text presents both theory and practice in a balanced treatment of impairment-based and communication-based disorders. In a relaxed writing style aimed at students, author Albyn Davis uses a single, coherent voice across the chapters to establish a consistent way of thinking about the material, while noting inter-chapter relationships. Explanatory “walk-throughs” help to make challenging topics clear. Special topics cover therapeutic software and other technologies, levels of evidence, neuroplasticity, new medical treatments, quality of life, and primary progressive aphasia.

Features

  • Explanatory “walk-throughs” help make challenging topics clear.
  • Topics are presented in an organized, logical progression to enhance reader comprehension. The book first introduces readers to a disorder, followed by discussions of assessment and diagnosis, and concludes with methods of treatment.
  • The study of aphasia is made interesting through coverage of some fundamentals running through the topics, such as neurological foundations.
  • Research is presented in a manageable, easy-to-understand format. Author Davis offers a wealth of knowledge without overwhelmin the reader by providing suggestions for managing noteworthy information, and simplifying and clarifying various discussions that may otherwise have been baffling.

Table of Contents

1   INTRODUCTION TO ACQUIRED LANGUAGE DISORDERS

Diagnosing aphasia

Describing aphasia

Explaining aphasia

Studying aphasia

Treating aphasia

Summary and conclusions

 

  2   NEUROLOGICAL AND MEDICAL CONSIDERATIONS

Neuroanatomy, neurophysiology

Ischemic stroke

Hemorrhage

Tumor

Focal cortical atrophy

Clinical neurological examination

Clinical brain imaging

Syndromes of aphasia

Exceptional aphasias

Summary and conclusions

 

  3   INVESTIGATING LANGUAGE IMPAIRMENTS

Word processing

Detecting sentence comprehension deficits

Explaining sentence comprehension deficits

Word finding and retrieval

Sentence production and agrammatism

Summary and conclusions

 

  4   INVESTIGATING COMMUNICATION AND PARTICIPATION

Cognitive pragmatics

Prosody

Nonverbal modalities

Discourse and text

Conversation

Communication partners

Life participation

Summary and conclusions

 

  5   CLINICAL ASSESSMENT AND DIAGNOSIS

The first visit

Standardized testing

Administering the formal test

Documenting syndromes:  The Boston Exam

Syndromes quantified:  The WAB-R

Psychometric constraints:  The PICA

United Kingdom:  CAT

Revival:  Eisenson’s Examining for Aphasia

Bedside screening and brief batteries

Diagnostic decisions

Aphasia in bilingual individuals

Summary and conclusions

 

  6   SUPPLEMENTAL AND FUNCTIONAL ASSESSMENTS

Word comprehension

Model-based assessment of reading

Modular impairment: PALPA

Sentence comprehension

Word retrieval

Verbs: Comprehension and production

Speech disorders

Severe aphasia

Functional communication and outcomes

Overall functional outcome

Life satisfaction

Summary in brief

 

 7   RECOVERY AND PROGNOSIS

Stroke

Recovery of language

Approaches to prognosis

Type of stroke

Severity of impairment

Type of impairment

Other factors

Bilingual recovery

The targeted prognosis

Explaining recovery

Summary and conclusions

 

 8   TREATMENT OF LANGUAGE IMPAIRMENT

Rehabilitation team and settings

Getting started

Cognitive stimulation

Measurement and generalization

Word-finding and retrieval

Computer-assisted treatment

Efficacy of impairment-based treatment

The brain with treatment

Health care topics

Summary and conclusion

 

  9   SPECIALIZED TREATMENTS FOR IMPAIRMENTS

Studying individual cases

Sentence production

Asyntactic comprehension

Wernicke’s aphasia

Conduction aphasia

Anomic aphasia

Reading impairments

Spelling impairments

Severe or global aphasia

Medical treatments

Summary and conclusions

 

10   FUNCTIONAL REHABILITATION AND PARTICIPATION

The clinical-functional gap

Functional stimulation

Adaptive language strategies

AAC: Alternative and augmentative communication

Interactive therapies

Life participation

Psychosocial adjustment

Summary and conclusions

 

11   RIGHT HEMISPHERE DISORDERS

Clinical neuropsychology

Primary cognitive impairments

Secondary impairments

Cognitive pragmatics of RHD

Discourse

Conversation

Clinical assessment

Treatment

Recovery and outcomes

Summary and conclusions

 

12   TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY

Head trauma

Neuropsychological assessment

Primary cognitive impairments

Personality and behavior

Insight

Language

Discourse

Cognitive-communicative assessments

Cognitive rehabilitation

Recovery and outcomes

Summary and conclusions

 

13   DEMENTIAS AND PROGRESSIVE APHASIAS

Diagnosis and assessment of dementia

Alzheimer’s disease

Other causes of dementia

Dementia of Alzheimer’s type (DAT)

Language with DAT

Communicative and cognitive rehabilitation

Medical treatments

Primary progressive aphasia

Summary and conclusions

 

Back Cover

A comprehensive, current foundation for pursuing a clinical career in adult language disorders, this new text is ideal for graduate courses on aphasia in adults and related cognitive disorders. The author’s coverage of both theory and research in a balanced treatment of impairment-based and communication-based disorders is written in a relaxed writing style aimed at students. Professor Davis uses a single, coherent voice across the chapters to establish a consistent way of thinking about the material, while noting inter-chapter relationships throughout.

¿

  • Explanatory “walk-throughs” help to make challenging topics clear.
  • The topics follow an organized, logical progression: an understanding of a disorder is provided, followed by discussions of assessment and diagnosis and then treatment.
  • Special topics cover therapeutic software and other technologies, levels of evidence, neuroplasticity, new medical treatments, quality of life, and primary progressive aphasia.
  • Coverage of fundamentals running through the topics makes the study of aphasia interesting: neurological foundations (Chs. 2, 7, 9, 12, and 13), psycholinguistic methodologies (Chs. 3, 8, 9, 11 ad 13), and the pragmatics of linguistic communication (Chs. 4, 6, 10, 11, 12, and 13).
  • Readers are not overwhelmed by research. The author provides suggestions for managing some of the information, and simplifies and clarifies some discussions that may otherwise have been somewhat baffling.

Author

Albyn Davis received his B.A. from Stanford University and his Ph.D. from Ohio University, both in the field of Communication Disorders.  After three years as a speech-language pathologist at the Veterans Administration Medical Center in Pittsburgh, he taught for nine years at the University of Memphis and 23 years at the University of Massachusetts where he retired as professor emeritus in 2007.  Currently he is an adjunct professor at New York University, teaching Language Disorders in Adults.  Dr. Davis co-developed the PACE therapy procedure for aphasia.  He has investigated clinical interactions and discourse production, and his most recent research delved into psycholinguistic processing by people with aphasia.  He has published a series of texts on adult language disorders.  He chaired the Clinical Aphasiology Conference and was an associate editor of the Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research.  He is currently on the Board of Directors for the National Aphasia Association and is a consultant for the Adler Aphasia Center.