Evaluating Research in Communication Disorders

Series
Pearson
Author
Robert F. Orlikoff / Nicholas E. Schiavetti / Dale Evan Metz  
Publisher
Pearson
Cover
Softcover
Edition
7
Language
English
Total pages
504
Pub.-date
April 2014
ISBN13
9780133352016
ISBN
0133352013
Related Titles


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9780133352016
Evaluating Research in Communication Disorders
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Description

For Research Methods courses (Communication Sciences and Disorders / Audiology Research (Communication Sciences and Disorders)).

 

A carefully organized, engaging, comprehensive guide to analyzing research articles.

 

While maintaining the features that have made it withstand the test of time, the new edition of this classic text addresses contemporary needs and concerns, among the most prominent, the implementation of evidence-based practice. Conceptualized from the outset as guide to help clinicians and students become better consumers of the literature in their discipline–and in keeping with the current emphasis on evidence-based clinical decision making–the authors recognize the importance of the ability to critically evaluate research as an indispensable core competency for any practicing clinician. 

 

With its primary focus on reading, understanding, and evaluating professional literature, and its emphasis on the different research designs and types of publications that can inform all components of evidence-based practice, this text gives readers:

 

  • A logical, highly useful organization reduces redundancy and improves efficiency.
  • Focused study questions help develop critical evaluation skills and guide student projects that involve the evaluation of research literature.
  • Up-to-date references, current research, and new topics are used to keep readers aware of the most contemporary findings in the field.

Features

  • A logical, highly useful organization reduces redundancy and improves efficiency:
    • Using the structure of a research article as a guide, the text takes the reader from the Introduction to the Conclusions, providing copious illustrative excerpts from the research literature along the way.
    • After addressing the critical evaluation of each section of a research article, the text uses this information as the foundation for practical ways to employ evidence-based practice in routine clinical decision-making.
  • Focused study questions help develop critical evaluation skills and guide student projects that involve the evaluation of research literature.
    • NEW! While most of the study questions in the previous edition required the reading of multiple articles, this edition limits each of these items to a single article called Exercises in Critical Reading.
  • Up-to-date references, current research, and new topics are used to keep readers aware of the most contemporary findings in the field.
    • Included are discussions on qualitative and mixed-methods research; technical writing; evaluating arguments; primary vs. secondary sources; pilot studies; biomedical research; animal studies; and physical, conceptual, and computational modeling.

New to this Edition

  • Reorganization of material to aid development of evaluation skills, critical thinking ability, and reinforcement of key concepts
    • Moved the material on evaluating of treatment efficacy research from the final chapter, closer to the discussion of research design.
    • Chapter 5, Experimental Designs for Studying Treatment Efficacy, builds on the descriptions of the basic concepts in qualitative and quantitative research design through a focus on treatment outcome and efficacy studies.
  • Expansion of the text to 10 chapters as a means to improve flow, reinforce concepts, and minimize variation in chapter length.
    • A new final Chapter 10, Best Evidence and Clinical Decision Making, wraps up and reinforces the principles of evidence-based practice, while providing a more useful context for the discussion of qualitative and quantitative systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and evidence-based clinical practice guidelines.
    • The former chapter on research results has been divided: The current Chapter 7, The Results Section of the Research Article: Findings, discusses the organization and description of both qualitative and quantitative results, and the new Chapter 8, The Results Section of the Research Article: Statistical Inference, focuses simply on the statistical analysis of quantitative data to infer differences between experimental variables.
  • New exercises in critical reading for each chapter to facilitate instruction, learning, and application.
  • More information about evidence-based practice in order to provide greater context for the evaluation of research articles (throughout).
  • Study Questions: While most of the study questions in the previous edition required the reading of multiple articles, this edition limits each of these items to a single article called Exercises in Critical Reading.
    • Each exercise directs the reader to the literature and, in as practical a manner as possible, highlights a key concept and/or skill that was addressed in that chapter.
    • The exercises include research articles reflecting the remarkable breadth of speech, language, swallowing, and hearing studies represented in the literature of the profession.
    • The previous eight chapter study questions have been expanded to 12 article-based exercises to facilitate their use with small groups of students who can then present their answers.
  • New material on:
    • The use of person-first language.
    • Reflective practice and cultural competence.
    • Framing and ‘background’ questions, as well as the role of qualitative research studies, literature overviews, and tutorials in supporting evidence-based practice.
    • Retrieving electronic resources, including a discussion of URLs and the digital object identifier system.
  • Expanded discussions of:
    • Research-practice relationships, implementing evidence-based practice, assessing levels of evidence, and using systematic reviews to inform clinical decision-making.
    • The critical evaluation of arguments used in a rationale for a study or in the discussion of results.
    • Qualitative and mixed-methods research designs, including a discussion of the types of data coding used in such designs.
    • Treatment outcome and efficacy studies, including more detailed discussion of the 5-phase model of treatment outcome research.
    • MMMeta-analysis techniques, including a discussion of forest and funnel plots.
  • The phrase “communicative disorders” has been changed to “communication disorders,” a change that recognizes that communication sciences and disorders has now been universally accepted—at least in the US– as the name of the discipline within which speech and hearing professionals practice and produce basic and applied research.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Evidence-based Practice in Communication Disorders

Chapter 2: The Introduction Section of the Research Article

Chapter 3: Research Strategies in Communication Disorders

Chapter 4: Research Design in Communication Disorders

Chapter 5: Experimental Designs for Studying Treatment Efficacy

Chapter 6: The Method Section of the Research Article

Chapter 7: The Results Section of the Research Article: Findings

Chapter 8: The Results Section of the Research Article: Statistical

Chapter 9: The Discussion and Conclusions Section of the Research Article

Chapter 10: Best Evidence and Clinical Decision Making

Appendix A: Complete Evaluation Checklist

Appendix B: A Compendium of Journals in Communication Sciences and Disorders

 

Back Cover

This carefully organized, engaging, comprehensive, and contemporary guide to analyzing research articles has become a classic in the field. With its primary focus on reading, understanding, and evaluating professional literature, and its emphasis on the different research designs and types of publications that can inform all components of evidence-based practice, this text gives readers:

  • Focused study questions that help develop critical evaluation skills and guide student projects involving the evaluation of research literature.
  • Up-to-date references, current research, and new topics are used to keep readers aware of the most contemporary findings in the field.

 

The new edition features:

  • Reorganization of material to aid development of evaluation skills, critical thinking ability, and reinforcement of key concepts.
  • Expansion of the text to 10 chapters as a means to improve flow, reinforce concepts, and minimize variation in chapter length.
  • New exercises in critical reading for each chapter to facilitate instruction, learning, and application.
  • New material on:
    • The use of person-first language.
    • Reflective practice and cultural competence.
    • Framing and ‘background’ questions, as well as the role of qualitative research studies, literature overviews, and tutorials in supporting evidence-based practice.
    • Retrieving electronic resources, including a discussion of URLs and the digital object identifier system.
  • Expanded discussions of:
    • Research-practice relationships, implementing evidence-based practice, assessing levels of evidence, and using systematic reviews to inform clinical decision-making.
    • The critical evaluation of arguments used in a rationale for a study or in the discussion of results.
    • Qualitative and mixed-methods research designs, including a discussion of the types of data coding used in such designs.
    • Treatment outcome and efficacy studies, including more detailed discussion of the 5-phase model of treatment outcome research.
    • MMMeta-analysis techniques, including a discussion of forest and funnel plots.

Author

Robert F. Orlikoff, Ph.D., is Professor and Chair of the Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology at West Virginia University. He has extensive experience as a researcher, clinician, and educator and has served as an associate editor and reviewer for several journals in communicative sciences and disorders.