Fundamentals of Phonetics

Reihe
Pearson
Autor
Larry H. Small
Verlag
Pearson
Einband
Softcover
Auflage
4
Sprache
Englisch
Seiten
432
Erschienen
Februar 2015
ISBN13
9780133895728
ISBN
0133895726
Related Titles


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9780133895728
Fundamentals of Phonetics
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Description

For courses in phonetics and linguistics for speech and hearing students (Communications Sciences and Disorders)

 

Introduce students to the fundamentals of linguistic phonetics, designed to help students become proficient in phonetics and phonetic transcription.

 

This clear, systematic, easy-to-understand text provides speech and hearing students with a thorough understanding of phonetics principles through practice. Fundamentals of Phonetics uses in-text exercises and supplemental audio recordings to teach the practical skills necessary to successfully perform phonetic transcription of individuals using the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). Students learn about the transcription of consonants and vowels, connected speech, and individuals with speech sound disorders. A chapter on speech acoustics introduces spectrograms and the acoustic characteristics of speech sounds. Students also learn how to transcribe individuals who display regional and ethnic dialectal variation of speech, including those who have learned to speak English as a second language. Throughout the text are included chapter objectives, learning exercises, in-class and take-home assignments, online resources, and study questions that will help students learn, process, and practice the material presented in the text.

 

Note: This text does not come with the audio cd. To order the audio CD, use ISBN 013403306X. To order the audio CD packaged with this text, use ISBN 0134204816.

Features

  • Students gain a basic understanding of phonetics and phonetic transcription in an easy-to-follow style, written with the novice in mind.
  • Students become comfortable transcribing speech using the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA).  The wealth of transcription exercises provided form the basic foundation of courses using this text. (Chapters 4, 5, 7, 8, and 9)
  • The differences in speech production focusing on regional and ethnic dialects become clear through an entire chapter (Chapter 9) devoted to dialectal variation.
    • A large section devoted to individuals who are learning English as a second language and the particular differences between their languages and English is included.
  • NEW! Additional information relating to the use of computer fonts in phonetic transcription alerts students to recent advances in computing technology that have benefitted the study of phonetics. (Chapter 1)
  • Students learn by listening to examples of many different speakers to help ensure proficiency in phonetic transcription.
    • NEW! Updated supplemental audio CDs provide additional opportunity for transcription practice. CD icons located throughout the text correspond with the audio exercises. Students are able to listen to various speakers (both children and adults) in helping them hone the skill of phonetic transcription.
      • The 3 CDs (and book) provide many exercises relating to dialectal variation of speech, a topic given little emphasis in other phonetics books. The dialects covered in the text and CDs include Southern American English, Eastern American English, African American English, Spanish-Influenced English, Asian-Influenced English, and a new section on Asian Indian English.
      • The CDs also provide examples of children with speech sound disorders.
      • Note: This text does not come with the audio cd. To order the audio CD, use ISBN 013403306X. To order the audio CD packaged with this text, use ISBN 0134204816.

  • The concepts are presented clearly and then reinforced through additional learning aids:
    • Students are alerted to what they will by studying and what is expected of them through clear learning objectives at the beginning of each chapter.
    • Understanding of the material is promoted and reinforced through:
      • Exercises embedded throughout the text to help promote understanding of the material as students go through the chapters.
      • NEW! New exercises have been added to the chapter on Anatomy and Physiology of the Speech Mechanism.
      • Review Exercises at the ends of chapters to further text comprehension.
      • Assignments for instructors to collect and grade.
      • Study Questions with thought-provoking questions to promote integration of the material.
      • Online Resources provide additional learning opportunities to enhance comprehension of key concepts.
      • An Answer Key at the end of the book for almost all of the exercises, and
      • Bold terms throughout the text and a Glossary of key terms at the end of the text help helps students learn new terminology as they encounter it for the first time.
  • NEW! Students learn and understand the auditory cues necessary for perception of speech sounds in a new chapter on Acoustics of Vowels and Consonants. The chapter provides students with a basic introduction to speech acoustics, including spectrographic analysis of speech. (Chapter 6)

New to this Edition

  • NEW! Additional information relating to the use of computer fonts in phonetic transcription alerts students to recent advances in computing technology that have benefitted the study of phonetics. (Chapter 1)
  • NEW! Updated supplemental three audio CDs provide additional opportunity for transcription practice. CD icons located throughout the text correspond with the audio exercises. Students are able to listen to various speakers (both children and adults) in helping them hone the skill of phonetic transcription.
    • Note: This text does not come with the audio cd. To order the audio CD, use ISBN 013403306X. To order the audio CD packaged with this text, use ISBN 0134204816.

  • NEW! New exercises have been added to the chapter on Anatomy and Physiology of the Speech Mechanism.
  • NEW! Students learn and understand the auditory cues necessary for perception of speech sounds in a new chapter on Acoustics of Vowels and Consonants. The chapter provides students with a basic introduction to speech acoustics, including spectrographic analysis of speech. (Chapter 6)

Table of Contents

Preface    xi

1 Phonetics: A “Sound” Science    1

Learning Objectives    1

Variation in Phonetic Practice    4

The IPA and Unicode Fonts    4

A Note on Pronunciation and Dialect    6

Study Questions    7

Online Resources    7

2 Phonetic Transcription of English    9

Learning Objectives    9

The Difference Between Spelling and Sound    10

Morphemes    12

Phonemes    13

Allophones: Members of a Phoneme Family    18

Syllables    20

Word Stress    24

Broad Versus Narrow Transcription    29

Review Exercises    30

Study Questions    33

Online Resources    34

Assignments    35

3 Anatomy and Physiology of the Speech

Mechanism    39

Learning Objectives    39

The Respiratory System and Respiration    39

The Laryngeal System and Phonation    41

The Supralaryngeal System and Articulation    44

The Vocal Tract and Resonance    48

Review Exercises    49

Study Questions    51

Online Resources    51

4 Vowels    53

Learning Objectives    53

What Is a Vowel?    53

Transcription of the English Vowels    58

Review Exercises    97

Study Questions    102

Online Resources    102

Assignments    103

5 Consonants    111

Learning Objectives    111

What Is a Consonant?    111

Consonants Versus Vowels    111

Manner, Place, and Voicing    113

Transcription of the English Consonants    115

Review Exercises    153

Study Questions    157

Online Resources    158

Assignments    159

6 Acoustic Characteristics of Vowels

and Consonants    173

Learning Objectives    173

Time, Frequency, and Intensity    173

Vowels    177

Consonants    184

Review Exercises    197

Study Questions    201

Online Resources    201

7 Connected Speech    203

Learning Objectives    203

Assimilation    204

Suprasegmental Aspects of Speech    213

Review Exercises    226

Study Questions    232

Online Resources    233

Assignments    235

8 Clinical Phonetics: Transcription of Speech

Sound Disorders    243

Learning Objectives    243

Phonological Processes    244

Children with Phonological Disorders    255

Transcription of Speech Sound Disorders: Diacritics    257

The extIPA and the VoQS    268

Transcription of Speech Sound Disorders:

Non-English Phonemes    269

Suggestions for Transcription    274

Review Exercises    276

Study Questions    279

Online Resource    280

Assignments    281

9 Dialectal Variation    291

Learning Objectives    291

Regional Dialects    294

Southern American English    301

Eastern American English    303

Social and Ethnic Dialects    305

African American English    306

Learning English as a Second Language    309

Spanish-Influenced English    312

Asian-Influenced English I: East Asian Languages    315

Asian-Influenced English II: Asian Indian English    319

Russian- and Arabic-Influenced English    327

Review Exercises    331

Study Questions    340

Online Resources    340

Assignments    343

References    347

Answers to Questions    352

Appendix    407

Glossary    409

Index    417

Back Cover

This clear, systematic, easy-to-understand text provides freshman and sophomore-level speech and hearing students with a good understanding of phonetics principles through practice. Fundamentals of Phonetics uses in-text exercises and supplemental audio recordings to teach the practical skills necessary to successfully perform phonetic transcription of individuals using the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). Students learn about the transcription of consonants and vowels, connected speech, and individuals with speech sound disorders. A chapter on speech acoustics introduces spectrograms and the acoustic characteristics of speech sounds. Students also learn how to transcribe individuals who display regional and ethnic dialectal variation of speech, including those who have learned to speak English as a second language. Throughout the well-organized text, chapter objectives, CD icons, learning exercise with an answer key, in-class and take-home assignments, online resources, and study questions help students learn, process, and practice the material presented in the text. In this new edition:

  • Additional information relating to the use of computer fonts in phonetic transcription alerts students to recent advances in computing technology that have benefitted the study of phonetics. (Chapter 1)
  • Updated supplemental three audio CDs provide additional opportunity for transcription practice. CD icons located throughout the text correspond with the audio exercises. Students are able to listen to various speakers (both children and adults) in helping them hone the skill of phonetic transcription. To order the audio CD, use ISBN 013403306X. To order the audio CD packaged with this text, use ISBN 0134204816.
  • New exercises have been added to the chapter on Anatomy and Physiology of the Speech Mechanism.
  • Students learn and understand the auditory cues necessary for perception of speech sounds in a new chapter on Acoustics of Vowels and Consonants. The chapter provides students with a basic introduction to speech acoustics, including spectrographic analysis of speech. (Chapter 6)

Author

Larry H. Small received both a B.S. in Speech Pathology and Audiology (1977), and an M.A. in Audiology (1977) from Kent State University. He received his Ph.D. in Speech and Hearing Science from Ohio University in 1984. He worked as a clinical audiologist at the University of Nebraska Medical Center in Omaha from 1978 – 1980. Dr. Small joined the faculty of Bowling Green State University (BGSU) in 1984, and remained on the faculty for twenty-four years, prior to his retirement in 2008 when he was named Associate Professor Emeritus. While at BGSU, he served as the Director of the University Honors Program (1991 – 1996). He was also Chair of the Department of Communication Disorders from 2003-2007. Dr. Small was on the Executive Board of the Council of Academic Programs in Communication Sciences and Disorders (CAPCSD) from 2007-2011, serving as President from 2009-2010. He began teaching undergraduate and AuD courses at Ohio State University (OSU) in 2008. For the past thirty years, he has taught courses at the undergraduate and graduate levels in phonetics, hearing science, diagnostic audiology and aural rehabilitation, both at BGSU and OSU. He has authored or co-authored numerous presentations and publications. Dr. Small was named an ASHA Fellow in 2014.