Language Development From Theory to Practice

Reihe
Allyn & Bacon
Autor
Khara L. Pence Turnbull / Laura M. Justice
Verlag
Pearson
Einband
Softcover
Auflage
2
Sprache
Englisch
Seiten
432
Erschienen
Februar 2011
ISBN13
9780137073474
ISBN
013707347X
Related Titles


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Language Development From Theory to Practice
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Description

For students taking introductory language development courses.

 

A balanced and multidimensional survey of language development rich in learning tools and features.

 

Language Development from Theory to Practice provides students with a user-friendly approach to key topics in language development, including research methods, theoretical perspectives, major language milestones from birth to adolescence, and language diversity and language disorders. The research based and theoretical foundation found in this engaging text is designed to prepare students for advanced study in subjects associated with language development by summarizing the various theoretical orientations that have guided research and practice. With an emphasis on the relevance of the material to students' current and future experiences in clinical, educational, and research settings, this text also focuses on individual differences in language development, including those of children who are developing language in diverse cultures or who are developing language atypically. </INST> </P></ITEM></BL></P>

Features

·        A balance of theory and practice provides students with a theoretical and scientific foundation to the study of language development and prepares them for advanced study in language development and related fields.

·        A multidisciplinary focus allows readers to best understand the constantly evolving and diverse world of language development study.

·        Multicultural considerations in understanding language development promotes students' awareness of the way culture interacts with language development for children from diverse backgrounds within and beyond North American communities.

·        An emphasis on research familiarize students with the use of evidence-based practices as well as the most current empirical findings in children's language achievements.

·        A reader-friendly format and style promotes student learning with boldfaced terms, helpful figures and graphs, discussion questions, and an engaging writing style.

·        Learning tools and features, include focus questions, chapter summaries, resource lists, boxed inserts.

·        A companion website located at www.pearsonhighered.com/pence2e, offers students reflection questions, study items, and helpful website links to related sites of interest for further study.

·        A CD-ROM that contains language samples of children from birth through 13 years of age and video clips of research paradigms used to learn about language development gives students an opportunity to hear and visualize language development and language development concepts.

New to this Edition

·        Beyond the Book boxed features allow students to witness and appreciate the language development achievements happening around them by observing and analyzing others' language, speech, and communication.

·        Preparing for the Praxis boxed features include case studies followed by three essay-type questions, giving readers an opportunity to think critically and develop solutions to problems similar to those found on the Praxis exam.

·        A more conversational tone and less technical terminology makes it easier for students to enter the world of language development without being overwhelmed or confused by more advanced topics.

·        New and expanded discussions of the Child Language Data Exchange System (CHILDES), language in aging adults, cochlear implants, sociocultural variation in children's narratives, and infants' use of gestures, among other topics.

·        Reorganized content within each chapter gives the information throughout the text a more logical sequence and makes it easier for students to better understand all facets of language development.

Table of Contents

Glossary 

 

Brief Contents

Chapter 1 Language Development: An Introduction

Chapter 2The Science and Theory of Language Development

Chapter 3Building Blocks of Language

Chapter 4  Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology of Language

Chapter 5Infancy: Let the Language Achievements Begin  

Chapter 6Toddlerhood: Exploring the World and Experimenting with Language

Chapter 7Preschool: Building Literacy on Language

Chapter 8 School-Age Years and Beyond: Developing Later Language

Chapter 9 Language Differences and Disorders

Glossary   

References

Subject and Name index   


Contents

1  Language Development: An Introduction  

Focus Questions

Important Terms  

What Is Language?

Language Defined

Language as a Module of Human Cognition

How Does Language Relate to Speech, Hearing, and Communication?

Speech  

Hearing  

Communication

What Are the Major Domains of Language?

Form, Content, and Use

Components of Form, Content, and Use

What Are Some Remarkable Features of Language?  

Acquisition Rate

Universality

Species Specificity 

Semanticity

Productivity  

What Are Language Differences and Language Disorders?

Language Differences

Language Disorders

Summary

2  The Science and Theory of Language Development

Focus Questions

Important Terms

Who Studies Language Development and Why?

Basic Research

Applied Research 

What Are Some Major Approaches to Studying Language Development?

Approaches to Studying Speech Perception

Approaches to Studying Language Production

Approaches to Studying Language Comprehension  

What Are Some Major Language Development Theories?  

Questions That Should Be Answered by Language Theories 

Major Language Development Theories  

How Do Language Development Theories Influence Practice? 

Linkage of Theory to Practice

Instruction in English as a Second Language: Theory and Practice  

Practices Informed by Language Theories

Evidence-Based Practice: Linking Theory, Science, and Practice  

Summary


 

3  Building Blocks of Language

Focus Questions

Important Terms

What Is Phonological Development?  

Phonological Building Blocks

Influences on Phonological Development  

What Is Morphological Development?

Morphological Building Blocks

Influences on Morphological Development

What Is Syntactic Development?

Syntactic Building Blocks

Influences on Syntactic Development  

Influences on Syntactic Development

What Is Semantic Development?  

Semantic Building Blocks

Influences on Semantic Development

What Is Pragmatic Development?

Pragmatic Building Blocks

Influences on Pragmatic Development  

Summary


4  Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology of Language  

Focus Questions

Important Terms 

What Are Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology?  

Terminology

Neuroscience Basics

What Are The Major Structures And Functions Of The Human Brain?

Cerebrum

Brainstem

Cerebellum

How Does the Human Brain Process and Produce Language? 

Semantics

Syntax and Morphology

Phonology

Pragmatics

What Are Neurophysiological and Neuroanatomical Sensitive Periods?

Sensitive Periods Defined

Neuroanatomical and Neurophysiological Concepts Related to Sensitive Periods

Sensitive Periods and Language Acquisition

Summary


5  Infancy: Let the Language Achievements Begin

Focus Questions

Important Terms

What Major Language Development Milestones Occur in Infancy?

Infant Speech Perception

Awareness of Actions and Intentions  

Category Formation

Early Vocalizations

Additional Milestones

What Are Some of the Early Foundations for Language Development?

Infant-Directed Speech

Joint Reference and Attention  

Daily Routines of Infancy 

Caregiver Responsiveness

What Major Achievements in Language Form, Content, and Use Characterize Infancy?

Language Form

Language Content  

Language Use

What Factors Influence Infants’ Individual Achievements in Language?

Intraindividual Differences

Interindividual Differences

How Do Researchers and Clinicians Measure Language Development in Infancy?

Researchers

Clinicians

Summary 


6   Toddlerhood: Exploring the World and Experimenting with Language  

Focus Questions

Important Terms

What Major Language Development Milestones Occur in Toddlerhood?

First Words

Gestures

What Major Achievements in Language Form, CONTENT, and Use Characterize Toddlerhood?

Language Form

Language Content

Language Use

What Factors Influence Toddlers’ Individual Achievements in Language?  

Intraindividual Differences

Interindividual Differences

How Do Resesarchers and Clinicians Measure Language Development in Toddlerhood?

Researchers

Clinicians

Summary


7    Preschool: Building Literacy on Language  

Focus Questions  

Important Terms

What Major Language Development Milestones Occur in the Preschool Period?  

Decontextualized Language

Emergent Literacy

What Major Achievements in Language Content, Form, and Use Characterize the Preschool Period?

Language Form

Language Content

Language Use 

What Factors Influence Preschoolers’ Individual Achievements in Language?

Intraindividual Differences

Interindividual Differences

How Do Researchers and Clinicians Measure Language Development in the Preschool Period?

Researchers

Clinicians

Summary


8  School-Age Years and Beyond: Developing Later Language  

Focus Questions

Important Terms

What Major Language Development Milestones Occur in the School-Age Years and Beyond?

Shifting Sources of Language Input

Acquisition of Metalinguistic Competence

What Major Achievements in Language Content, Form, and Use Characterize the School-Age Years and Beyond?

Language Form  

Language Content

Language Use

What Factors Influence School-Age Children’s, Adolescents’, and Adults’ Individual Competencies in Language?

Language and Gender

Language and Aging  

How Do Researchers and Clinicians Measure Language Development in the School-Age Years and Beyond?

Assessment Types

Assessment of Language Form

Assessment of Language Content 

Assessment of Language Use

Summary  


9  Language Diffrences and Disorders   

Focus Questions

important terms

WHAT ARE DIALECTSWhat are?

Dialects

Pidgins

Creoles

What Are Bilingualism and Second Language Acquisition?

Bilingualism and Multilingualism

Second Language Acquisition

What Is a Language Disorder?

Distinguishing Between Language Disorders and Language Differences

Prevalence

What Are The Major Types of Child Language Disorders?

Specific Language Impairment

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Intellectual Disability

Traumatic Brain Injury

Hearing Loss  

Identification and Treatment of Language Disorders 

Summary

References  

Subject and name Index

Back Cover

With a focus on individual differences in language development, this second edition provides readers with a multidisciplinary survey of language development from birth to adulthood that balances research and theory with practice. Supplemented with both a Companion Website and a CD-ROM, this text emphasizes evidence-based practice, highlights multicultural considerations, and describes research methodology in language development.

 

The second edition of this text builds on the strengths of the first edition while making a number of enhancements. Now with a more conversational tone and a greater emphasis on student learning opportunities, the newest edition of Language Development from Theory to Practice has been reorganized to enhance student learning and contains a number of new and expanded topics, such as the Child Language Data Exchange System (CHILDES), language in aging adults, cochlear implants, sociocultural variation in children's narratives, and infants' use of gestures. In addition, this revised text contains two new boxed features--one that asks students to observe and analyze each other's speech and development and one that helps prepare students to take a Praxis exam.

 

Highlights of the Second Edition

 

·        A balance of theory and practice provides students with a theoretical and scientific foundation in the study of language development and prepares them for advanced study in language development and related fields.

·        A multidisciplinary focus allows readers to best understand the constantly evolving and diverse world of language development study.

·        Multicultural considerations in understanding language development promote students' awareness of the way culture interacts with language development for children from diverse backgrounds within and beyond North American communities.

·        An emphasis on research familiarizes students with the use of evidence-based practices as well as the most current empirical findings in children's language achievements.

·        A reader-friendly format and style promotes student learning with boldfaced terms, helpful figures and graphs, discussion questions, and an engaging writing style.

·        A wealth of learning tools and features, include focus questions, chapter summaries, resource lists, and boxed inserts.

·        A Companion Website, located at www.pearsonhighered.com/pence2e, offers students reflection questions, study items, and helpful website links to related sites of interest for further study.

·        A CD-ROM that contains language samples of children from birth through 13 years of age and video clips of research paradigms used to learn about language development gives students an opportunity to hear and visualize language development and language development concepts.