Operating Systems: Internals and Design Principles, Global Edition

Series
Pearson
Author
William Stallings  
Publisher
Pearson
Cover
Softcover
Edition
9
Language
English
Total pages
800
Pub.-date
September 2017
ISBN13
9781292214290
ISBN
1292214295
Related Titles


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9781292214290
Operating Systems: Internals and Design Principles, Global Edition
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Description

For one- or two-semester undergraduate courses in operating systems for computer science, computer engineering, and electrical engineering majors

 

An introduction to operating systems with up-to-date and comprehensive coverage

Now in its 9th EditionOperating Systems: Internals and Design Principles provides a comprehensive, unified introduction to operating systems topics aimed at computer science, computer engineering, and electrical engineering majors. Author William Stallings emphasizes both design issues and fundamental principles in contemporary systems, while providing readers with a solid understanding of the key structures and mechanisms of operating systems. He discusses design trade-offs and the practical decisions affecting design, performance and security. The text illustrates and reinforces design concepts, tying them to real-world design choices with case studies in Linux, UNIX, Android, and Windows 10.

 

With an unparalleled degree of support for integrating projects into the course, plus comprehensive coverage of the latest trends and developments in operating systems, including cloud computing and the Internet of Things (IoT), the text provides everything students and instructors need to keep pace with a complex and rapidly changing field. The 9th Edition has been extensively revised and contains new material, new projects, and updated chapters.

 

Features

About the Book

 

Comprehensive and updated coverage on the field operating systems

  • REVISED! This edition was extensively reviewed by a number of professors who teach the subject and by professionals working in the field. As a result, the narrative has been clarified and tightened, and illustrations have been improved.
  • Four operating systems serve as running examples to illustrate the concepts and to tie them to real-world design choices that must be made: Linux, UNIX, Android, and Windows 10.
  • The book includes a number of pedagogic features, including the use of animations and videonotes and numerous figures and tables to clarify the discussion.
    • Each chapter includes a list of keywords, review questions, and homework problems.
  • Design concepts discussed in a given chapter are immediately reinforced with real-world examples.
  • Running case studies, focused on how specific operating systems implement specific concepts, illustrate concepts and are embedded throughout the text, rather than assembled as a single chapter or appendix.
  • Projects: This text provides an unparalleled degree of support for including a projects component in the course. The Instructor’s Resource Center (IRC) not only includes guidance on how to assign and structure the various projects, but also includes a set of user's manuals for various project types plus specific assignments, all written especially for this book. Instructors can assign work in the following areas:
    • OS/161 projects
    • Simulation projects
    • Semaphore projects
    • Kernel projects
    • Linux kernel projects
    • Android kernel projects
    • Programming projects
    • Research projects
    • Reading/report assignments
    • Writing assignments
    • Discussion topics

New to this Edition

About the Book

 

  • This edition was extensively reviewed by a number of professors who teach the subject and by professionals working in the field. As a result, the narrative has been clarified and tightened, and illustrations have been improved.
  • Linux coverage: The Linux material has been updated and expanded to reflect changes in the Linux kernel since the 8th Edition.
  • Android coverage: The Android material has been updated and expanded to reflect changes in the Android kernel since the 8th Edition.
  • Virtualization coverage: The chapter on virtual machines has been completely rewritten to provide better organization and an expanded and more up-to-date treatment. In addition, a new section has been added on the use of containers.
  • Cloud operating systems: New to this edition is the coverage of cloud operating systems, including an overview of cloud computing, a discussion of the principles and requirements for a cloud operating system, and a discussion of a OpenStack, a popular open-source Cloud OS.
  • IoT operating systems: New to this edition is the coverage of operating systems for the Internet of Things. The coverage includes an overview of the IoT, a discussion of the principles and requirements for an IoT operating system, and a discussion of a RIOT, a popular open-source IoT OS.
  • Embedded operating systems: This chapter has been substantially revised and expanded, including:
    • The section on embedded systems has been expanded and now includes discussions of microcontrollers and deeply embedded systems.
    • The overview section on embedded OSs has been expanded and updated.
    • The treatment of embedded Linux has been expanded, and a new discussion of a popular embedded Linux system, µClinux, has been added.
  • Concurrency: New projects have been added to the Projects Manual to better help the student understand the principles of concurrency.

Table of Contents

Online Chapters and Appendices

VideoNotes

Preface

About the Author

 

I. Background

 

1. Computer System Overview

 

1.1. Basic Elements

1.2. Evolution of the Microprocessor

1.3. Instruction Execution

1.4. Interrupts

1.5. The Memory Hierarchy

1.6. Cache Memory

1.7. Direct Memory Access

1.8. Multiprocessor and Multicore Organization

1.9. Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

1A. Performance Characteristics of Two-Level Memories

 

2. Operating System Overview

 

2.1. Operating System Objectives and Functions

2.2. The Evolution of Operating Systems

2.3. Major Achievements

2.4. Developments Leading to Modern Operating Systems

2.5. Fault Tolerance

2.6. Os Design Considerations for Multiprocessor and Multicore

2.7. Microsoft Windows Overview

2.8. Traditional Unix Systems

2.9. Modern Unix Systems

2.10. Linux

2.11. Android

2.12. Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

 

II. Processes

 

3. Process Description and Control

 

3.1. What is a Process?

3.2. Process States

3.3. Process Description

3.4. Process Control

3.5. Execution of the Operating System

3.6. Unix Svr4 Process Management

3.7. Summary

3.8. Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

 

4. Threads

 

4.1. Processes and Threads

4.2. Types of Threads

4.3. Multicore and Multithreading

4.4. Windows Process and Thread Management

4.5. Solaris Thread and Smp Management

4.6. Linux Process and Thread Management

4.7. Android Process and Thread Management

4.8. Mac OS X Grand Central Dispatch

4.9. Summary

4.10. Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

 

5. Concurrency: Mutual Exclusion and Synchronization

 

5.1. Mutual Exclusion: Software Approaches

5.2. Principles of Concurrency

5.3. Mutual Exclusion: Hardware Support

5.4. Semaphores

5.5. Monitors

5.6. Message Passing

5.7. Readers/Writers Problem

5.8. Summary

5.9. Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

 

6. Concurrency: Deadlock and Starvation

 

6.1. Principles of Deadlock

6.2. Deadlock Prevention

6.3. Deadlock Avoidance

6.4. Deadlock Detection

6.5. An Integrated Deadlock Strategy

6.6. Dining Philosophers Problem

6.7. Unix Concurrency Mechanisms

6.8. Linux Kernel Concurrency Mechanisms

6.9. Solaris Thread Synchronization Primitives

6.10. Windows Concurrency Mechanisms

6.11. Android Interprocess Communication

6.12. Summary

6.13. Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

 

III. Memory

 

7. Memory Management

 

7.1. Memory Management Requirements

7.2. Memory Partitioning

7.3. Paging

7.4. Segmentation

7.5. Summary

7.6. Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

7A. Loading and Linking

 

8. Virtual Memory

 

8.1. Hardware and Control Structures

8.2. Operating System Software

8.3. Unix and Solaris Memory Management

8.4. Linux Memory Management

8.5. Windows Memory Management

8.6. Android Memory Management

8.7. Summary

8.8. Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

 

IV. Scheduling

 

9. Uniprocessor Scheduling

 

9.1. Types of Processor Scheduling

9.2. Scheduling Algorithms

9.3. Traditional Unix Scheduling

9.4. Summary

9.5. Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

 

10. Multiprocessor, Multicore, and Real-Time Scheduling

 

10.1. Multiprocessor and Multicore Scheduling

10.2. Real-Time Scheduling

10.3. Linux Scheduling

10.4. Unix Svr4 Scheduling

10.5. Unix Freebsd Scheduling

10.6. Windows Scheduling

10.7. Summary

10.8. Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

 

V. Input/Output and Files

 

11. I/O Management and Disk Scheduling

 

11.1. I/O Devices

11.2. Organization of the I/O Function

11.3. Operating System Design Issues

11.4. I/O Buffering

11.5. Disk Scheduling

11.6. Raid

11.7. Disk Cache

11.8. Unix Svr4 I/O

11.9. Linux I/O

11.10. Windows I/O

11.11. Summary

11.12. Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

 

12. File Management

 

12.1. Overview

12.2. File Organization and Access

12.3. B-Trees

12.4. File Directories

12.5. File Sharing

12.6. Record Blocking

12.7. Secondary Storage Management

12.8. Unix File Management

12.9. Linux Virtual File System

12.10. Windows File System

12.11. Android File Management

12.12. Summary

12.13. Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

 

VI. Embedded Systems

 

13 Embedded Operating Systems

 

13.1. Embedded Systems

13.2. Characteristics of Embedded Operating Systems

13.3. Embedded Linux

13.4. Tinyos

13.5. Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

 

14. Virtual Machines

 

14.1. Virtual Machine Concepts

14.2. Hypervisors

14.3. Container Virtualization

14.4. Processor Issues

14.5. Memory Management

14.6. I/O Management

14.7. Vmware Esxi

14.8. Microsoft Hyper-V and Xen Variants

14.9. Java Vm

14.10. Linux Vserver Virtual Machine Architecture

14.11. Summary

14.12. Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

 

15. Operating System Security

 

15.1. Intruders and Malicious Software

15.2. Buffer Overflow

15.3. Access Control

15.4. Unix Access Control

15.5. Operating Systems Hardening

15.6. Security Maintenance

15.7. Windows Security

15.8. Summary

15.9. Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

 

16. Cloud and IoT Operating Systems

 

16.1. Cloud Computing

16.2. Cloud Operating Systems

16.3. The Internet of Things

16.4. IoT Operating Systems

16.5. Key Terms and Review Questions

 

Appendix A. Topics in Concurrency

Appendix B. Programming and Operating System Projects

 

References

Credits

Index