|Research in Education||
Research in Education
This text provides comprehensive coverage of research methods and statistics in a readable and student-friendly format.
A wide variety of methodologies—including descriptive, experimental and quasi-experimental research, historical studies, qualitative methods, and single subject designs—are covered. A complete range of research tools as well as descriptive and inferential statistics are also included, making this text the definitive resource for introductory research courses.
Research in Education is divided into three parts: Part I, “Introduction to Educational Research,” focuses on the purpose of research, hypotheses, ethics in research, developing a research problem, and writing proposals and reports; Part II, “Research Methods,” is unique in that it integrates chapters on qualitative research methods, historical research, and single-subject methods with the more typical chapters on experimental methods; and Part III, “Data Analysis,” includes both descriptive and inferential statistics, as well as examples of analyses using a computer.
Each chapter concludes with 'Summary,' 'Exercises' and 'References.'
I. INTRODUCTION TO EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH: DEFINITIONS, RESEARCH PROBLEMS, PROPOSALS, AND REPORT WRITING.
1. The Meaning of Research.
Why Should I Study Research?
The Search for Knowledge
The Role of Theory
Operational Definitions of Variables
The Research Hypothesis
The Null Hypothesis (Ho)
The Simple Random Sample
The Systematic Sample
The Stratified Random Sample
The Area or Cluster Sample
Purposes of Research
Fundamental or Basic Research
Assessment, Evaluation, and Descriptive Research
Types of Educational Research
2. Selecting a Problem and Preparing a Research Proposal.
The Academic Research Problem
Levels of Research Projects
Sources of Problems
Evaluating the Problem
Using the Library
Finding Related Literature
References and Bibliography
Fair Use of Copyrighted Materials
The Research Proposal
The First Research Project
Submitting a Research Proposal to a Funding Agency
Ethics in Human Experimentation
History of Research Ethics
From Regulations to Practice.
3. The Research Report.
Format of the Research Report
Main Body of the Report
References and Appendices
The Thesis or Dissertation
Style of Writing
The Line Graph
The Bar Graph or Chart
The Circle, Pie, or Sector Chart
Evaluating a Research Report
II. RESEARCH METHODS.
4. Historical Research.
Purpose of Histroical Reseach on American Education
History and Science
The Historical Hypothesis
Hypotheses in Educational Historical Research
Difficulties Encountered in Historical Research
Sources of Data
Primary Sources of Data
Primary Sources of Educational Data
Secondary Sources of Data
Examples of Topics for Educational Historical Study
Writing the Historical Report
5. Descriptive Studies: Assessment, Evaluation, and Research.
Public Opinion Surveys
National Center for Education Statistics
Assessment and Evaluation in Problem Solving
Causal Comparative Research
Other Descriptive Research
Replication and Secondary Analysis
The Post Hoc Fallacy
6. Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Research.
Experimental and Control Groups
Independent and Dependent Variables
Controlling Extraneous Variables
Threats to Internal Experimental Validity
Threats to External Experimental Validity
True Experimental Designs
7. Single-Subject Exp