Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Education

Gerald L. Gutek
Februar 2010


Artikel Preis SFr Verfügbar  
Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Education
118.00 unbestimmt



For Historical Foundations of Education and Philosophical Foundations of Education courses.


Structured around major movements in world history, the lives of leading educators, and the philosophies and ideologies that resulted from their ideas, this unique text provides a clear interdisciplinary exploration of the development of educational ideas. The author takes a global perspective on the history and philosophy of education, capturing the essence of educational evolution through the biographies of 23 theorists, philosophers, and educators. This biographical focus, combined with an introductory presentation of the inherent connections between education's major movements and its primary movers, helps students better understand the social and historical conditions that have informed today's educational arena.


·        Includes a consistent four-part chapter organization-Historical Context, Biography, Analysis of the Educational Thinker's Philosophy, and Conclusion- which facilitates optimal understanding and comparison among educators, settings, social contexts, and educational ideas.

·        Presents a global perspective on education-encompassing ancient China, classical Greece and Rome, the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, the Protestant Reformation, the Enlightenment, and continuing through the progressive movement, post-Colonialism, and the rise of African-American consciousness-to link students to what exists outside American education and reveal the transmission, interchange, and relationship of educational ideas in their broadest context.

·        Updates the popular Suggestions for Further Reading, encouraging prospective educators to further explore the contributions of their predecessors and providing avenues for additional study, ideas for research, and topics for discussion.

·       Clear, jargon-free, and highly readable narrative enables students to achieve deep understanding of key ideas.

·         Major updates made to discussion questions, research topics, and bibliographies allow for rich class discussion and lead students to reliable sources.


New to this Edition

  • Chapter 1 - a new section on significance in the history of education.
  • Chapter 2 on Confucius - new sections on legalism and Taoism, teaching in the Chinese school, and Confucianism in a multicultural global society.
  • Chapter 4 on Aristotle - new sections on mentoring, the organization of knowledge, and logic.
  • Chapter 7 on Erasmus - a new project about the European Erasmus Programme.
  • Chpater 8 on Calvin - new sections on nationalism and religious change, comparison of Luther and Calvin, the translation of the Bible and printing, hymnals and psalters, the Protestant ethic and capitalism, and Calvinism related to the American common school movement.
  • Chapter 9 on Comenius - a new section on religious origins of the Church of the Brethren and a new project on the Comesius Program for Lifelong Learning.
  • Chapter 10 on Rousseau - new sections on Rousseau and the Enlightenment and Rousseau's travels, his philosophy of history, and his relationship with David Hume.
  • Chapter 12 on Jefferson - new projects on Monticello and Jefferson's papers.
  • Chapter 14 on Mann - new sections on the age of Jackson, Whig ideology, and transcendentalism.
  • Chapter 15 on Owen - new section on the Marxist critique of utopian socialism and a new project on Owen's Address at the Institute for the Formation of Character.
  • Chapter 16 on Froebel - a new section on Kant, Hegel, and German idealism.
  • Chapter 17 on Mill - new sections on utilitarian educational psychology and Mill's concept of critical thinking.
  • Chapter 18 on Spencer - new sections on Charles Darwin and social Darwinism in light of contemporary economic change.
  • Chapter 21 on Bagley - sec tions on essentialism, normal schools, professionalized subject matter, and the contemporary standards movement.
  • Chapter 22 on Montessori - new project on observing a Montessori class.
  • Chapter 25 on Freire - a new section on his influence on critical theory.
  • NEW! Timelines highlighting key events in each educational philosopher's life at the beginning of every chapter provide a capsule introductory view of the philosopher's career.
  • NEW! URLs integrated within the Projects section of each chapter connect students with appropriate and useful sites and information.

Table of Contents

Part I
CHAPTER 1 Educational Biography and the Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Education    
CHAPTER 2 Confucius: Proponent of Educating for a Harmonious Society    
CHAPTER 3 Plato: Idealist Philosopher and Educator for the Perfect Society    
CHAPTER 4 Aristotle: Founder of Realism    
CHAPTER 5 Quintilian: Rhetorical Educator in Service of the Emperor    
Part II
CHAPTER 6 Thomas Aquinas: Scholastic Theologian and Creator of the Medieval Christian Synthesis    
CHAPTER 7 Desiderius Erasmus: Renaissance Humanist and Cosmopolitan Educator    
CHAPTER 8 John Calvin: Theologian and Educator of the Protestant Reformation    
CHAPTER 9 Johann Amos Comenius: Pansophist Educator and Proponent of International Education    
Part III
CHAPTER 10  Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Prophet of Naturalism   
CHAPTER 11  Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi: Proponent of Educating the Heart and the Senses    
CHAPTER 12  Thomas Jefferson: Advocate of Republican Education    
CHAPTER 13  Mary Wollstonecraft: Proponent of Women's Rights and Education   
CHAPTER 14 Horace Mann: Leader of the Common School Movement    
CHAPTER 15  Robert Owen: Utopian Theorist and Communitarian Educator    
CHAPTER 16  Friedrich Froebel: Founder of the Kindergarten    
CHAPTER 17  John Stuart Mill: Proponent of Liberalism    
CHAPTER 18 Herbert Spencer: Advocate of Individualism, Science, and Social Darwinism    
Part IV
CHAPTER 19  Jane Addams: Advcate of Socialized Education    
CHAPTER 20  John Dewey: Pragmatist Philosopher and Progressive Educator    
CHAPTER 21  Maria Montessori: Proponent of Early Childhood Education   
CHAPTER 22  Mohandas Gandhi: Father of Indian Independence    
CHAPTER 23  W. E. B. Du Bois: Scholar and Activist for African American Rights    
CHAPTER 24  Paulo Freire: Advocate of Liberation Pedagogy