- Series
- Pearson
- Author
- S.A. Reza Zekavat
- Publisher
- Pearson
- Cover
- Softcover
- Edition
- 1
- Language
- English
- Total pages
- 720
- Pub.-date
- March 2012
- ISBN13
- 9780273752073
- ISBN
- 0273752073
- Related Titles

ISBN | Product | Product | Price CHF | Available | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Electrical Engineering: Concepts and Applications |
9780273752073 Electrical Engineering: Concepts and Applications |
78.60 | approx. 7-9 days |

For non-electrical engineering majors taking the introduction to electrical engineering course.

** Electrical Engineering: Concepts and Applications** is the result of a multi-disciplinary effort at Michigan Technological University to create a new curriculum that is attractive, motivational, and relevant to students by creating many application-based problems; and provide the optimal level of both range and depth of coverage of EE topics in a curriculum package.

**Curriculum for non-EE majors:**A multi-disciplinary effort at Michigan Technological University, with support from the U.S. National Science Foundation’s Engineering Education division, aimed to create a curriculum that (1) encourages students to pursue the life-long learning necessary to keep pace with the rapidly-evolving engineering industry and emerging interdisciplinary technologies, (2) maintains sufficient connection between the students’ chosen engineering fields and class content; and (3) motivates and excites the students about the importance of EE concepts to their discipline and career. The group’s curriculum reform efforts were informed by a nationwide survey of engineering schools. The survey outcomes were analyzed to fine tune different curriculum options for this course for different engineering disciplines, and then used as a layout to create a new textbook. This book’s diverse topics address the mixed survey response and allow it to address the needs of lecturers in different institutions worldwide.**Application-based examples:**A large number of application-based examples selected from different engineering fields are included in each chapter. They aim to bridge EE and diverse non-EE areas. These examples help address the question: “why should I take this course?” Non-EE students will better understand: (1) why they should learn how to solve circuits; and; (2) the applications of solving circuits in mechanical, chemical, and civil engineering areas.**PSpice lectures, examples, and problems:**The text offers a distributed approach for learning PSpice. Chapter 2 provides an initial PSpice tutorial, and new skills are added in Chapters 3 - 11. This part includes lectures that teach students how to use PSpice and can be considered as an embedded PC-based lab for the course. PSpice-specific examples and end-of-chapter PSpice problems help students better understand the process of building a circuit and getting the desired results.**Innovative chapters:**Based on a nationwide survey, the topics in these chapters have been highlighted by many professionals as important for this course. Each instructor has the liberty to include or exclude some of these topics from his/her curriculum. Some topics include:**Chapter 1-Case Study**uses real life mechanical, chemical, and civil engineering scenarios to present the applications of electrical engineering and better motivate students in their chosen fields of study. These case studies are reintroduced as topics are covered later in the book.**Chapter 7-Frequency Response with MATLAB and PSpice**discusses the frequency response of circuits, introduces different types of filters and uses MATLAB and PSpice examples and end-of chapter problems. This chapter creates an opportunity for students to learn some features of MATLAB software through an integrated study using both PSpice and MATLAB.**Power Coverage-Chapters 9, 12, 13**: Based on the nationwide survey, and motivated by concerns about global warming and the need for clean energy, industry respondents requested a more thorough treatment of power.- Chapter 9 introduces the concept of three phase systems, transmission lines, their equivalent circuits, and power transfer.
- Chapter 12 studies another important topic of energy transfer - transformers.
- Chapter 13 studies the topic of motors and generators and introduces many applications of both.

**Chapter 15-Electrical Safety**discusses interesting electric safety topics useful in the daily life of consumers or engineers working in the field.

**Examples and sorted end-of-chapter problems:**The book features more than 1100 examples and end-of-chapter problems (solutions included). End-of-chapter problems are sorted to help instructors select basic, average, and difficult problems.**A complete solutions manual:**A complete solution for all problems is available to download for all adopting professors.

Table of ContentsPreface xv

Acknowledgements xix**Chapter 1 Why Electrical Engineering? 1**

1.1 Introduction 1

1.2 Electrical Engineering and a Successful Career 2

1.3 What Do You Need to Know about EE? 2

1.4 Real Career Success Stories 3

1.5 Typical Situations Encountered on the Job 4

1.5.1 On-the-Job Situation 1: Active Structural Control 4

1.5.2 On-the-Job Situation 2: Chemical Process Control 6

1.5.3 On-the-Job Situation 3: Performance of an Off-Road Vehicle Prototype 8

Further Reading 12**Chapter 2 Fundamentals of Electric Circuits 13**

2.1 Introduction 13

2.2 Charge and Current 15

2.3 Voltage 17

2.4 Respective Direction of Voltage and Current 18

2.5 KirchhoffΥ¯s Current Law 18

2.6 KirchhoffΥ¯s Voltage Law 22

2.7 OhmΥ¯s Law and Resistors 27

2.7.1 Resistivity of a Resistor 29

2.7.2 Nonlinear Resistors 32

2.7.3 Time-Varying Resistors 32

2.8 Power and Energy 32

2.8.1 Resistor-Consumed Power 36

2.9 Independent and Dependent Sources 38

2.10 Analysis of Circuits Using PSpice 42

Bias Point Analysis 45

Time Domain (Transient) Analysis 46

Copy the Simulation Plot to the Clipboard to Submit Electronically 47

2.11 What Did You Learn? 53

Problems 54**Chapter 3 Resistive Circuits 61**

3.1 Introduction 61

3.2 Resistors in Parallel and Series and Equivalent Resistance 62

3.3 Voltage and Current Division/Divider Rules 71

3.3.1 Voltage Division 71

3.3.2 Current Division 74

3.4 Nodal and Mesh Analysis 81

3.4.1 Nodal Analysis 81

3.4.2 Mesh Analysis 88

3.5 Special Conditions: Super Node 92

3.6 Th¨¦venin/Norton Equivalent Circuits 99

3.6.1 Source Transformation 108

3.7 Superposition Principle 112

3.8 Maximum Power Transfer 118

3.9 Analysis of Circuits Using PSpice 122

3.10 What Did You Learn? 125

Problems 126**Chapter 4 Capacitance and Inductance 135**

4.1 Introduction 135

4.2 Capacitors 136

4.2.1 The Relationship Between Charge, Voltage, and Current 138

4.2.2 Power 140

4.2.3 Energy 140

4.3 Capacitors in Series and Parallel 141

4.3.1 Series Capacitors 141

4.3.2 Parallel Capacitance 142

4.4 Inductors 147

4.4.1 The Relationship Between Voltage and Current 147

4.4.2 Power and Stored Energy 148

4.5 Inductors in Series and Parallel 149

4.5.1 Inductors in Series 150

4.5.2 Inductors in Parallel 150

4.6 Applications of Capacitors and Inductors 152

4.6.1 Fuel Sensors 152

4.6.2 Vibration Sensors 153

4.7 Analysis of Capacitive and Inductive Circuits Using PSpice 156

4.8 What Did You Learn? 158

Problems 159**Chapter 5 Transient Analysis 164**

5.1 Introduction 164

5.2 First-Order Circuits 165

5.2.1 RC Circuits 165

5.2.2 RL Circuits 179

5.3 DC Steady State 186

5.4 DC Steady State for Capacitive¨CInductive Circuits 188

5.5 Second-Order Circuits 189

5.5.1 Series RLC Circuits with a DC Voltage Source 189

5.5.2 Parallel RLC Circuits with a DC Voltage Source 196

5.6 Transient Analysis with Sinusoid Forcing Functions 198

5.7 Using PSpice to Investigate the Transient Behavior of RL and RC Circuits 201

5.8 What Did You Learn? 207

Problems 208**Chapter 6 Steady-State AC Analysis 215**

6.1 Introduction: Sinusoidal Voltages and Currents 215

6.1.1 Root-Mean-Square (rms) Values (Effective Values) 220

6.1.2 Instantaneous and Average Power 221

6.2 Phasors 222

6.2.1 Phasors in Additive or (Subtractive) Sinusoids 224

6.3 Complex Impedances 225

6.3.1 The Impedance of a Resistor 225

6.3.2 The Impedance of an Inductor 225

6.3.3 The Impedance of a Capacitor 226

6.3.4 Series Connection of Impedances 228

6.3.5 Parallel Connection of Impedances 229

6.4 Steady-State Circuit Analysis Using Phasors 231

6.5 Th¨¦venin and Norton Equivalent Circuits with Phasors 239

6.5.1 Th¨¦venin Equivalent Circuits with Phasors 239

6.5.2 Norton Equivalent Circuits with Phasors 240

6.6 AC Steady-State Power 243

6.6.1 Average Power 245

6.6.2 Power Factor 246

6.6.3 Reactive Power 246

6.6.4 Complex Power 247

6.6.5 Apparent Power 249

6.6.6 Maximum Average Power Transfer 252

6.6.7 Power Factor Correction 254

6.7 Steady-State Circuit Analysis Using PSpice 259

6.8 What Did You Learn? 265

Problems 267**Chapter 7 Frequency Analysis 274**

7.1 Introduction 274

7.2 First-Order Filters 276

7.2.1 Transfer Functions 276

7.3 Low-Pass Filters 276

7.3.1 Magnitude and Phase Plots 280

7.3.2 Decibels 280

7.3.3 Bode Plot 282

7.4 High-Pass Filters 285

7.4.1 Cascaded Networks 287

7.5 Second-Order Filters 289

7.5.1 Band-Pass Filters 289

7.5.2 Band-Stop Filters 291

7.6 MATLAB Applications 293

7.7 Frequency Response Analysis Using PSpice 300

7.8 What Did You Learn? 309

Problems 310**Chapter 8 Electronic Circuits 316**

8.1 Introduction 316

8.2 P-Type and N-Type Semiconductors 317

8.3 Diodes 319

8.3.1 Diode Applications 323

8.3.2 Different Types of Diodes 329

8.3.3 AC-to-DC Converter 335

8.4 Transistors 338

8.4.1 Bipolar Junction Transistor 338

8.4.2 Transistor as an Amplifier 339

8.4.3 Transistors as Switches 356

8.4.4 Field-Effect Transistors 357

8.4.5 Design of NOT Gates Using NMOS Only for High-Density Integration 367

8.4.6 Design of a Logic Gate Using CMOS 369

8.5 Operational Amplifiers 371

8.6 Using PSpice to Study Diodes and Transistors 377

8.7 What Did You Learn? 385

Further Reading 385

Problems 386**Chapter 9 Power Systems and Transmission Lines 395**

9.1 Introduction 395

9.2 Three-Phase Systems 396

9.2.1 Introduction 396

9.2.2 Phase Sequence 398

9.2.3 Y-Connected Generators 398

9.2.4 Y-Connected Loads 398

9.2.5 ¦¤-Connected Loads 401

9.2.6 ¦¤-Star and Star-¦¤ Transformations 404

9.2.7 Power in Three-Phase Systems 406

9.2.8 Comparison of Star and ¦¤ Load Connections 411

9.2.9 Advantages of Three-Phase Systems 411

9.3 Transmission Lines 412

9.3.1 Introduction 412

9.3.2 Resistance (R) 414

9.3.3 Different Types of Conductors 415

9.3.4 Inductance (L) 416

9.3.5 Capacitance 421

9.3.6 Transmission Line Equivalent Circuits 424

9.4 Using PSpice to Study Three-Phase Systems 432

9.5 What Did You Learn? 435

Further Reading 435

Problems 436**Chapter 10 Fundamentals of Logic Circuits 440**

10.1 Introduction 440

10.2 Number Systems 442

10.2.1 Binary Numbers 442

10.2.2 Hexadecimal Numbers 449

10.2.3 Octal Numbers 450

10.3 Boolean Algebra 451

10.3.1 Boolean Inversion 451

10.3.2 Boolean AND Operation 451

10.3.3 Boolean OR Operation 452

10.3.4 Boolean NAND Operation 452

10.3.5 Boolean NOR Operation 452

10.3.6 Boolean XOR Operation 452

10.3.7 Summary of Boolean Operations 452

10.3.8 Rules Used in Boolean Algebra 452

10.3.9 De MorganΥ¯s Theorems 453

10.3.10 Commutativity Rule 454

10.3.11 Associativity Rule 454

10.3.12 Distributivity Rule 454

10.4 Basic Logic Gates 459

10.4.1 The NOT Gate 459

10.4.2 The AND Gate 460

10.4.3 The OR Gate 460

10.4.4 The NAND Gate 460

10.4.5 The NOR Gate 461

10.4.6 The XOR Gate 463

10.4.7 The XNOR Gate 463

10.5 Sequential Logic Circuits 466

10.5.1 Flip-Flops 466

10.5.2 Counter 470

10.6 Using PSpice to Analyze Digital Logic Circuits 474

10.7 What Did You Learn? 481

Reference 482

Problems 483**Chapter 11 Computer-Based Instrumentation Systems 488**

11.1 Introduction 488

11.2 Sensors 489

11.2.1 Pressure Sensors 490

11.2.2 Temperature Sensors 491

11.2.3 Accelerometers 497

11.2.4 Strain-Gauges/Load Cells 498

11.2.5 Acoustic Sensors 500

11.2.6 Linear Variable Differential Transformers (LVDT) 503

11.3 Signal Conditioniner 511

11.4.2 Analog-to-Digital Conversion 511

11.5 Grounding Issues 514

11.5.1 Ground Loops 514

11.6 Using PSpice to Demonstrate a Computer-Based Instrument 516

11.7 What Did You Learn? 519

Further Reading 519

Problems 519**Chapter 12 Principles of Electromechanics 524**

12.1 Introduction 524

12.2 Magnetic Fields 525

12.2.1 Magnetic Flux and Flux Intensity 526

12.2.2 Magnetic Field Intensity 527

12.2.3 The Right-Hand Rule 527

12.2.4 Forces on Charges by Magnetic Fields 528

12.2.5 Forces on Current-Carrying Wires 528

12.2.6 Flux Linkages 530

12.2.7 FaradayΥ¯s Law and LenzΥ¯s Law 530

12.3 Magnetic Circuits 530

12.3.1 Magnetomotive Force 531

12.3.2 Reluctance 532

12.4 Mutual Inductance and Transformers 538

12.4.1 Mutual Inductance 539

12.4.2 Transformers 542

12.5 Different Types of Transformers 547

12.6 Using PSpice to Simulate Mutual Inductance and Transformers 547

12.7 What Did You Learn? 552

Problems 552**Chapter 13 Electric Machines 557**

13.1 Introduction 557

13.1.1 Features of Electric Machines 558

13.1.2 Classification of Motors 558

13.2 DC Motors 559

13.2.1 Principle of Operation 559

13.2.2 Assembly of a Typical DC Motor 559

13.2.3 Operation of a DC Motor 560

13.2.4 Losses in DC Machines 561

13.3 Different Types of DC Motors 563

13.3.1 Analysis of a DC Motor 563

13.3.2 Shunt-Connected DC Motor 566

13.3.3 Separately Excited DC Motors 567

13.3.4 Permanent Magnet (PM) DC Motor 568

13.3.5 Series-Connected DC Motor 571

13.3.6 Summary of DC Motors 573

13.4 Speed Control Methods 573

13.4.1 Speed Control by Varying the Field Current 573

13.4.2 Speed Control by Varying the Armature Current 575

13.5 DC Generators 576

13.5.1 The Architecture and Principle of Operation of a DC Generator 576

13.5.2 emf Equation 577

13.6 Different Types of DC Generators 578

13.6.1 Load Regulation Characteristics of DC Generators 578

13.6.2 Separately Excited DC Generator 579

13.6.3 Shunt-Connected DC Generator 580

13.7 AC Motors 580

13.7.1 Three-Phase Synchronous Motors 581

13.7.2 Three-Phase Induction Motor 584

13.7.3 Losses in AC Machines 591

13.7.4 Power Flow Diagram for an AC Motor 591

13.8 AC Generators 592

13.8.1 Construction and Working 593

13.8.2 Winding Terminologies for the Alternator 593

13.8.3 The emf Equation of an Alternator 595

13.9 Special Types of Motors 597

13.9.1 Single-Phase Induction Motors 597

13.9.2 Stepper Motors 597

13.9.3 Brushless DC Motors 599

13.9.4 Universal Motors 600

13.10 How Is the Most Suitable Motor Selected? 602

13.11 Setup of a Simple DC Motor Circuit Using PSpice 603

13.12 What Did You Learn? 610

Further Reading 611

Problems 611**Chapter 14 Electrical Measurement Instruments 615**

14.1 Introduction 615

14.2 Measurement Errors 616

14.3 Basic Measurement Instruments 619

14.3.1 An Ammeter Built Using a Galvanometer 619

14.3.2 A Voltmeter Built Using a Galvanometer 620

14.3.3 An Ohmmeter Built Using a Galvanometer 621

14.3.4 Multi-Meters 621

14.4 Time Domain and Frequency Domain 625

14.4.1 The Time Domain 625

14.4.2 The Frequency Domain 626

14.4.3 Time Domain Versus Frequency Domain 627

14.5 The Oscilloscope 628

14.6 The Spectrum Analyzer 633

14.6.1 Adjusting the Spectrum AnalyzerΥ¯s Display Window 633

14.7 The Function Generator 639

14.8 What Did You Learn? 640

Problems 641**Chapter 15 Electrical Safety 646**

15.1 Introduction 646

15.2 Electric Shock 646

15.2.1 Shock Effects 647

15.2.2 Shock Prevention 649

15.3 Electromagnetic Hazards 649

15.3.1 High-Frequency Hazards 649

15.3.2 Low-Frequency Hazards 651

15.3.3 Avoiding Radio Frequency Hazards 655

15.4 Arcs and Explosions 655

15.4.1 Arcs 655

15.4.2 Blasts 657

15.4.3 Explosion Prevention 657

15.5 The National Electric Code 658

15.5.1 Shock Prevention 658

15.5.2 Fire Prevention 663

15.6 What Did You Learn? 665

References 665

Problems 666

Appendix A: Solving Linear Equations 671

Appendix B: Laplace Transform 673

Appendix C: Complex Numbers 677

Selected Solutions 683

Index 687