Dreams and Inward Journeys

Marjorie Ford / Jon Ford  
Total pages
September 2011
Related Titles


This best-selling reader features chapters with unique themes (such as dreams, myths, the reasoning mind) and instruction in a range of rhetorical strategies. 


Supporting a creative approach to the teaching of writing, Dreams and Inward Journeys presents a rich mixture of personal and academic essays, stories, and poems. The readings touch on such topics as memory, myths and fairy tales, obsessions, sexuality, gender roles, technology, popular culture, nature, and spirituality. Readings encourage students to investigate new ways of seeing and understanding themselves and their relationship to important social issues and universal human concerns. Each chapter also provides practical writing advice on a specific rhetorical strategy (from narration to comparison to argument and research), a range of writing assignments, and sample student papers.



  • Notable Authors like Virginia Woolf, Stephen King, Terry Tempest Williams, Mark Strand, Pablo Neruda, David Sedaris, Desmond Tutu, and Linda Hogan make this an impressive, as well as unique, collection of readings.
  • Readings represent a range of genres including argument essays, analytical essays, memoirs, poems, and stories.
  • Chapters open with both rhetorical and thematic introductions—for example, Chapter 4 compares traditional and modern myths and offers writing guidelines for developing a comparison/contrast essay.
  • One or two sample student essays appear at the end of each chapter to demonstrate how a student might explore the chapter’s theme and to model the rhetorical strategy introduced at the beginning of the chapter.
  • “Journal” prompts preceding the reading selections encourage informal and expressive writing.
  • “Questions for Discussion” and “Ideas for Writing” assignments follow each reading and encourage close analytical reading, as well as a variety of written responses to the reading.
  •  “Connection” questions following each reading ask students to find connections among different readings in a chapter and throughout the book.
  • Topic-related “Related Web Sites” URLs offer resources for further reading and research on the topic of that reading.
  • “Topics for Research and Writing” assignments at the end of each chapter offer ideas for longer writing projects, including researched essays.

New to this Edition

Twenty-four new readings continue to develop and update the text’s themes with more particular attention to social, political, and technology-related issues. Notable new professional readings include authors and works such as Sandra Cisneros (“Monkey Garden”) ; Michael Ventura (“The Peril of Memory”); Lan Samantha Chang (“Water Names”); Mary Sykes Wylie, “Sleepless in America: Making it Through the Night in a Wired World”; Michael Kimmel, “A War Against Boys”;  Lawrence C Rubin, “Merchandising Madness”; Rob Walker, “Click”; Steven Johnson (“How Twitter Will Change the World in Which We Live”) ;  and Chris Gill (“Within You, Without You: The Guitarist’s Search for Spiritual Meaning”).


Chapter 1 is thoroughly revised to be a full introduction to the reading and writing process, with examples of student responses to readings and a full draft of a student essay. 

    * Two student readings of a professional essay are included in the chapter, both interpretive and critical. 

    * In order to highlight the process of revising and editing, a draft of a student paper in Chapter 1 links to a final revised and annotated version that appears in Chapter 6.  W

    * Coverage of the writing process also features prewriting stratgies, a number of checklists, and extensive advice on the revising process.

    *  A section on Peer Writing groups with critical thinking questions to ask in peer revising session is also new to this edition.


In this edition, eight student essays now include marginal annotations designed to highlight the rhetorical moves that each writer is making and to link back to the rhetorical strategy on which the chapter is focused.


In Chapters 2-9, the discussion of a particular rhetorical strategy now concludes with new checklists that remind students of the key steps that they should take when composing and making use of that particular rhetorical strategy.  


Updated classical artwork and photography support the theme of each chapter, with related prompts that generate prewriting activities and informal and formal writing projects.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Writing and Reading

A Process View of Writing and Reading

The Reading Process

    Stephen King, “The Symbolic Language of Dreams”

    Prereading/Early Reading         

    Personal and Interpretive Response      

        Example of student response to King

    Critical and Evaluative Response          

        Example of Student  response to King

The Writing Process and Self-Discovery

Stages of the Writing Process   

    Strategies for Prewriting


    Student essay: Leigh Haldeman, “Response to Mary Pipher’s ‘Saplings in the Storm’”

    Revising,  and Final Draft         

Partnership/ Peer Sharing         


Chapter 2: Journeys and Reflections (Description and Reflection)

Thematic Introduction  

Writing Descriptions    


    Words and Images      

    Revising Initial Descriptions      

    Establishing Vantage Point and Tone    

    Thinking About Your Purpose and Audience    

Walt Whitman, From “Song of the Open Road” (poem)

Donovan Webster, “Inside the Volcano”

Andrew Pham, “Viet-Kieu”

Kavita Sreedhar, “Travelling Home” (student essay)

Francine Prose, “Confessions of a Ritual Tourist”

Jane Goodall, “In the Forests of Gombe”

Nadiv Rahman, “On the Bridge” (student essay)

Topics for Research and Writing          


Chapter 3: Journeys in Memory (Narrative)

Thematic Introduction

Narration, Memory, and Self-Awareness         

    Making Associations    

    Focusing and Concentration: The Inner Screen 

    Dialogue and Characters          

    Main Idea or Dominant Impression      

    Drafting and Shaping the Narrative       

    Revising the Narrative: Point of View, Transition, and Style              

Patricia Hampl, “Memory and Imagination”

bell hooks, “Writing Autobiography”

Sandra Cisneros, “Monkey Garden”

Saira Shah, “The Storyteller’s Daughter”

Melissa Burns, “The Best Seat in the House” (student essay)

Michael Ventura, “The Peril of Memory”

Rachel Naomi Remen, “Remembering”

Topics for Research and Writing


Chapter 4: Dreams, Myths, and Fairy Tales (Comparison)   

Thematic Introduction  

Comparing and Contrasting: Strategies for Thinking and Writing

    Prewriting for Comparison       

    Outlining and Transition, Evaluation      

Jorge Luis Borges, “The Circular Ruins”

Joseph Campbell, “The Four Functions of Mythology” 

Marcelo Gleiser, “The Myths of Science—Creation”    

Portfolio of Creation Myths:     

    From the Rig Veda

    “Genesis 1 and 2”

    “The Chameleon Finds” (Yao-Bantu, African)  

    'The Making of the World' (Huron)

    “Spider Woman Creates the Humans” (Hopi, Native American)

    “The Beginning of the World” (Japanese)

    Joshua Groban, “Two Myths” (student essay)  

    Lan Samantha Chang, “Water Names'

Four Versions of Cinderella:    

    The Brothers Grimm, “Aschenputtel” (German)

    “The  Twelve  Months” (Slavic)

    “The Algonquin Cinderella” (Native American)

    “Tam and Cam” (Vietnamese)

Topics for Research and Writing


Chapter 5: Obsessions and Transformation (Definition)     

Thematic Introduction  

Definition: Word Boundaries of the Self

    Public Meanings and Formal Definition 

    Stipulative and Personal Definitions


W.S. Merwin, “Fog-Horn” (poem)      

Andrew Solomon, “Depression”          

Anne Lamott, “Hunger”           

Sharon Slayton, “The Good Girl” (student essay)          

Daniel King, Paul Delfabbro,  and  Mark Griffiths  “Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Video Game Players”

Mary Sykes Wylie, “Sleepless in America:  Making it Through the  Night in a Wired World” Marc Ian Barasch, “What Is a Healing Dream?”    

Topics for Research and Writing          


Chapter 6: Journeys in Gender and Relationships (Causal Analysis) 

Thematic Introduction  

Causality and the Inward Journey         

    Observing and Collecting Information   

    Causal Logical Fallacies           

Pablo Neruda, “The Dream” (poem)    

Sigmund Freud, “Erotic Wishes and Dreams”   

Virginia Woolf, “Professions for Women”         

Mary Pipher, “Saplings in the Storm”   

Leigh  Haldeman, “A Response to ‘Saplings in the Storm’”

Michael Kimmel, “A War Against Boys”

David Sedaris, “I Like Guys”

Topics for Research and Writing          


Chapter 7: The Double / The Other (Argument and Dialogue) 

Thematic Introduction  

Argument and Dialogue

    Traditional Argument   

    Dialogic Argument       

    Dialogue and Prewriting           

    Prewriting and the Audience     

    Defining Key Terms     

    Evaluating Facts           

    Feelings in Argument    

Judith Ortiz Cofer, “The Other” (poem)

Connie Zweig and Jeremiah Abrahms,  “The Shadow Side of   Everyday Life”

Charlotte Perkins Gilman, “The Yellow Wallpaper”

Sara Colvin, 'Lady Gaga as Monster' (student essay)

Fran Peavey (with Myrna Levy and Charles Varon), “Us and Them”   

Desmond Mpilo Tutu, “No Future Without Forgiveness”         

Jessica Rubenstein, “Coed Schools Help Students Excel” (student essay)         

Topics for Research and Writing          


Chapter 8: Pop Dreams (Research)     

Thematic Introduction  

Research Writing         

    Finding a Topic

    Timetable and Process 

    Your Voice and the Voices of Your Sources    

    Purpose and Structure 

    Language and Style      

    The Computer as a Research Partner   

Juliet B. Schor, “Decommercialization of Childhood”    

Henry Jenkins, “Education, Media, and Violence”        

Lawrence C. Rubin, “Merchandising Madness

Rob Walker, “Click ”

Steven Johnson, “How Twitter will Change the World in Which We  Live”

Jonathan Cusick, “Do Benefit Concerts Affect Political Decisions?”      

Anne Ritchie, “Creativity, Drugs, and Rock ’n’ Roll” (student essay)     

Topics for Research and Writing          


Chapter 9: Voyages in Spirituality (Creativity)

Thematic Introduction  

Creativity, Problem Solving, and Synthesis       

    Habit Versus Risk        

    Reason Versus Intuition           

    Developing Self-Confidence: Learning to Trust Your Own Processes    

    Evaluation and Application       


Donna Lovong, “Are You Joining a Cult?”       

Norman Yeung Bik Chung, “A Faithful Taoist” (student essay) 

Chris Gill,  James Rotondi, and Jas Obrecht, “Within You, Without  You: The Guitarist’s Search for Spiritual Meaning”

Jessie van Eerden, “The Soul Has Six Wings”   

Natalie Goldberg, “On the Shores of Lake Biwa”         

Noah Levine, “Death Is Not the End My Friend”         

Martin Luther King, Jr., “A Christmas Sermon on Peace”         

Topics for Research and Writing