Exploring Language

Series
Longman
Author
Gary Goshgarian  
Publisher
Pearson
Cover
Softcover
Edition
14
Language
English
Total pages
512
Pub.-date
July 2014
ISBN13
9780321965257
ISBN
0321965256
Related Titles



Description

This market-leading language reader features thought-provoking readings that explore the various interconnections between language and American society.

 

For more than 25 years, this engaging reader has challenged students to critically examine how language affects and constructs culture and how culture constructs and affects language. This thirteenth edition maintains the integrity of past editions while reflecting the new and fascinating language issues that exist in today's culture. Provocative selections are organized around nine major topics, and then broken into stimulating sub-themes like the connections between gender and language differences, hate speech, the language of war, and censorship on campus, inviting students to debate current social and cultural issues that are inseparable from language.

 

Features

  • · All chapter themes reflect the wide spectrum of language issues affecting our contemporary culture.
  • The book also continues to explore enduring issues: how men and women still struggle to understand each other; how politicians are blasted for reducing intricate social issues to sound bites; how we still engage in First Amendment debates over freedom of speech.

  • This revision features a new section, “Language of Change,” containing famous speeches that made historical differences in the world. Other sections have been updated to reflect current events, such as the power of political speech, the influence of technology on the written and spoken word, and language and censorship.

  •   “Exploring the Language of Visuals” sections throughout provide graphics such as photographs, cartoons, posters, print ads, email messages, signs, and a book cover for students to analyze critically and discuss.

  • A headnote containing useful thematic and biographical information precedes each reading, and analytical questions follow each essay, while “Making Connections” exercises, and library and Internet research questions conclude each chapter.

New to this Edition

  • A new Chapter 13, “Language of Change,” includes famous speeches that made historical differences in the world. Other sections have been updated to reflect current events, such as the power of political speech, the influence of technology on the written and spoken word, and language and censorship. We also have new views on advertising and how it influences our consumer desires. The book also continues to explore enduring issues: how men and women still struggle to understand each other; how politicians are blasted for reducing intricate social issues to sound bites; how we still engage in First Amendment debates over freedom of speech.
  • .New coverage of critical writing guides students through the writing process and serves as a companion to the chapter on critical reading.
  • Coverage of research and documentation is now included.
  • Expanded discussion of “Exploring the Language of Visuals” with specific advice about advertisements and editorial cartoons along with new and updated visuals in every chapter.

Table of Contents

 

*Chapter 1: Critical Thinking and Reading  

What Is Critical Thinking?

Why Read Critically?

How to Read Critically

Logical Fallacies—What They Are and How to Avoid Them

Exploring the Language of Visual Arguments

Analyzing Visual Arguments      

  

*Chapter 2: Critical Writing

Finding Topics to Write About

The General Audience

The Writing Process

Developing Your Ideas

Why Essays Need Supporting Evidence

Forms of Evidence

Some Tips About Supporting Evidence

Structuring Your Essay

 

·  

*Chapter 3: Researching Your Papers

Sources of Information

Locating Sources

Evaluating Sources

Drafting Your Paper

Revising and Editing Your Paper

Plagiarism

 

*Chapter 4 Documentation Guide

Where Does the Documentation Go

Documentation Style

A Brief Guide to MLA and APA Style

Sample Student Research Paper

 

Chapter 5: The Evolution of Language: Learning to Communicate 

 From Hand to Mouth, Michael C. Corballis   

Language and Thought, Susanne K. Langer

Horton Heared A Who!, Steven Pinker

*Bilingual Mind: Understanding How the Brain Speaks Two Languages, Jeffrey Kluger

*Visual: Four Letter Words

Chunking, Ben Zimmer   

Another Language for the Deaf, Margalit Fox

 Visual: SignWriting  

 

 

  

Chapter 6: Language Awareness: Personal Recollections

Homemade Education, Malcolm X   

A Word for Everything, Helen Keller

 Visual: American Sign  Language Alphaet

*Coming into Language, Jimmy Santiago Baca

* Living with Dyslexia, Gareth Cook

 Spanish Lessons, Christine Marín 

The Language of Silence, Maxine Hong Kingston

  

Chapter 7: Language Use: What’s Your Language?

 Why the U.S. Needs an Official Language, Mauro E. Mujica

·Visual: Speak American

Do You Speak American? Robert MacNeil

 Everyone Has an Accent but Me, John Esling  

Good English and Bad, Bill Bryson

 Why Good English Is Good For You, John Simon

The Like Virus, David Grambs

Lost in America, Douglas McGray

  

Chapter 8: Language and Technology: Our Digital Discourse

In the Beginning Was the Word, Christine Rosen

*Much ado about blogging, Scott Rosenberg

Texting, David Crystal

 r u online?: The evolving lexicon of wired teens, Kris Axtman   

Visual: I Like Your Hoodie . . . (photograph)

 I Tweet, Therefore I Am, Peggy Orenstein

 *Note to Selfie, John Dickerson,

  

Chapter 9: Language Dynamics: A Failure to Communicate?  

Women Talk Too Much, Janet Holmes

What Language Barrier? Deborah Cameron

Oh, Mom. Oh, Honey, Deborah Tannen

Nonverbal Behavior, Teri Kwal Gamble & Michael W. Gamble

Small-Scale Communication, Jennifer Akin

Some Friends and I Started Talking, Margaret J. Wheatley  

 

Chapter 10: Language Sensitivity: You Can’t Say That   

Hate Speech, Robin Tolmach Lakoff

Hate Speech, Robin Tolmach Lakoff

The Word Police, Michiko Kakutani

*Excised by the Language Police, Dianne Ravich

Hate Speech Cannot Be Tolerated, Richard Delgado

Visual: Free Speech Area

Nigger: The Meaning of a Word, Gloria Naylor

 *There Is No Such Thing as Free Speech, Stanley Fish

 

 

Chapter 11: The Language Advertising: Why We Buy   

The Language of Advertising Claims, Jeffrey Schrank

The Language of Advertising, Charles A O’Neill

Be All That You Can Be: The Company Persona and Language Alignment, Frank Lunt

*I Can’t See Clearly Now, Martin Lindstrom

Visual: Current Advertisements  

 

 

Chapter 12: Language and Government: Political Wordplay   

How to Detect Propaganda, Institute for Propaganda Analysis  

Doubts About Doublespeak, William Lutz   

Politics and the English Language, George Orwell

Fighting Words: The War over Language, Jon Hooten  

Do You Speak Presidential?, Anna Marie Trester

*Writing a Great Campaign Speech, James T. Snyder

Freedom of Speech and the Editorial Cartoon, Doug Marlette

Visual: Political Cartoons

  

Chapter 13: Language of Change: Challenging the Status Quo

Aren’t I a Woman? Sojourner Truth

*Nelson Mandela's Inaugural speech as State President

*Speech at the March on Washington, Josephine Baker

VISUAL: Elizabeth Eckford at Little Rock Central High School

Inaugural Address, John F. Kennedy

*Living the Revolution, Gloria Steinem

Chapter 14: Language and Thought: Shaping the Brain

Does Language Shape How You Think?, Guy Deutscher

Chomsky’s Universal Grammar, Bruno Dubuc  

Nothing Is Missing, Tom Munnecke  

Visual: Calvin and Hobbs (cartoon)

You Say Up, I Say Yesterday, Joan O’C. Hamilton   

Lost in Translation, Lera Boroditsky   

*Is the Internet Changing the Way We Think?, John Naughton

Mind over Mass Media, Steven Pinker