Design Concepts for Engineers

Series
Prentice Hall
Author
Mark N. Horenstein  
Publisher
Pearson
Cover
Softcover
Edition
5
Language
English
Total pages
320
Pub.-date
January 2015
ISBN13
9780134001876
ISBN
0134001877
Related Titles



Description

For courses in design engineering

Applying Design Concepts for All Engineers

Design Concepts for Engineers introduces engineering students to the basic concepts and principles of design and their application to engineering disciplines. This general text provides a platform through which all engineering students can understand major concepts, despite their specialty backgrounds. With a focus on the design process rather than the technical details of a specific engineering field, the Eighth Edition connects with a wide range of engineering students.

 

Design Concepts for Engineers is a versatile text that can be taught to both introductory and higher level students as either a comprehensive material or in its distinct chapter modules. With knowledge of basic algebra, any engineering student can explore and understand this enticing text, making it an ideal source material to reach a wide range of student audiences.

 

Features

Design Concepts for Engineers facilitates learning with the following features:

 

An overarching focus on the design process rather than the technical details of any engineering field makes it an engaging and understandable text for all engineering students.


Modular format allows for chapters to be taught as stand-alone units or for the whole book to be taught as a comprehensive text.
  • NEW! Chapter 1 provides a thorough overview of engineering fields as well as an introduction to that discipline’s principal professional society, focusing on the role of engineers in project management and interaction with professionals from various disciplines.
  • NEW! Chapter 2 defines the word “design” and presents students with various versions of the design cycle, with an emphasis on the difference between analysis, design and replication.
NEW! Brainstorming sessions illustrate the skills necessary to generate design ideas.
NEW! Specific examples demonstrate the different approaches one can take to complete a successful design and relate the chapter content to the real world.
  • NEW! Chapter 3 focuses on project management and highlights the importance of teamwork, organization, time management, and documentation.
NEW! Legal issues relating to intellectual properties are briefly discussed in this chapter.
  • NEW! Chapter 4 introduces students to general engineering tools applicable to all engineering disciplines, such as units, dimensioning and tolerance, graphing, prototyping, reverse engineering, troubleshooting, computer analysis, spreadsheets and solid modeling.
  • NEW! Chapter 5 addresses the human-machine interface, discussing topics such as how humans interact with machines, the ergonomics of design, and the concept of cognition.
NEW! Case studies of both good and bad human-machine interfaces allow students to recognize the positive and negative influences of working with machinery.
  • NEW! Chapter 6 provides students with an overview of engineering failures, allowing them an opportunity to learn from past mistakes in the field.
  • NEW! Chapter 7 addresses interpersonal communication and how speaking, writing, and oral communication skills play into the world of engineering.
  • Instructor's Resource Manual helps guide instructors to teach the text by providing:

    • Assignment suggestions.
    • Guidelines for select open-ended design problems.
    • Specific answers for analytical questions.

  • This title is part of the ESource series, Prentice Hall's Introductory Engineering Series.
    • Provides a comprehensive, customizable introductory engineering and computing library.
    • Allows professors to fully customize their textbooks through the ESource website.
    • Professors are not only able to pick and choose complete modules, but also custom-build a freshman engineering text that matches their course content needs and organization exactly!




New to this Edition

Modular format allows for chapters to be taught as stand-alone units or for the whole book to be taught as a comprehensive text.

  • NEW! Chapter 1 provides a thorough overview of engineering fields as well as an introduction to that discipline’s principal professional society, focusing on the role of engineers in project management and interaction with professionals from various disciplines.
  • NEW! Chapter 2 defines the word “design” and presents students with various versions of the design cycle, with an emphasis on the difference between analysis, design and replication.
    • NEW! Brainstorming sessions illustrate the skills necessary to generate design ideas.
    • NEW! Specific examples demonstrate the different approaches one can take to complete a successful design and relate the chapter content to the real world.
  • NEW! Chapter 3 focuses on project management and highlights the importance of teamwork, organization, time management, and documentation.
NEW! Legal issues relating to intellectual properties are briefly discussed in this chapter.
  • NEW! Chapter 4 introduces students to general engineering tools applicable to all engineering disciplines, such as units, dimensioning and tolerance, graphing, prototyping, reverse engineering, troubleshooting, computer analysis, spreadsheets and solid modeling.
  • NEW! Chapter 5 addresses the human-machine interface, discussing topics such as how humans interact with machines, the ergonomics of design, and the concept of cognition.
NEW! Case studies of both good and bad human-machine interfaces allow students to recognize the positive and negative influences of working with machinery.
  • NEW! Chapter 6 provides students with an overview of engineering failures, allowing them an opportunity to learn from past mistakes in the field.
  • NEW! Chapter 7 addresses interpersonal communication and how speaking, writing, and oral communication skills play into the world of engineering.

Table of Contents

ABOUT THIS BOOK   xiii

1   WHAT IS ENGINEERING?   

1.1 Engineering Has Many Fields  

1.1.1 Aeronautical Engineering   

1.1.2 Agricultural Engineering   

1.1.3 Biomedical Engineering 

1.1.4 Chemical Engineering

1.1.5 Civil Engineering

1.1.6 Computer Engineering

1.1.7 Electrical Engineering 

1.1.8 Environmental Engineering  

1.1.9 Industrial Engineering 

1.1.10 Materials Engineering 

1.1.11 Mechanical Engineering

1.1.12 Mechatronics Engineering  

1.1.13 Naval Engineering   

1.1.14 Nuclear Engineering

1.1.15 Petroleum Engineering 

1.1.16 Systems Engineering

1.2 Some Engineering Professional Organizations

1.3 Becoming A Licensed Professional Engineer  

1.4 The Engineer: Central to Project Management

1.5 Engineering: A Set of Skills

1.5.1 Knowledge  

1.5.2 Experience 

1.5.3 Intuition  

Key Terms  

 

2   WHAT IS DESIGN?  

2.1 The Use of The Word Design   

2.2 The Difference Between Analysis, Design, and Replication   

2.2.1 Analysis

2.2.2 Design  

2.2.3 Replication  

2.3 Good Design Versus Bad Design

2.4 The Design Cycle

2.4.1 Define the Overall Objectives

2.4.2 Gather Information  

2.4.3 Identify and Evaluate Possible Design Strategies  

2.4.4 Make a First Cut at the Design  

2.4.5 Model and Analyze  

2.4.6 Build, Document, and Test  

2.4.7 Revise and Revise Again

2.4.8 Test the Product Thoroughly  

2.5 Generating Ideas

2.5.1 Ground Rules for Brainstorming  

2.5.2 Formal Brainstorming  

2.5.3 Informal Brainstorming  

2.6 Design Examples    

2.6.1 Robot Design Competition  

2.6.2 Face Mask Production Facility

2.6.3 Automatic Pipette Machine  

2.6.4 Sailboat Autopilot  

2.6.5 Ocean Energy Harvester  

Summary  

Key Terms

Problems  

 

3   PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND TEAMWORK SKILLS   

3.1 Working in Teams

3.1.1 Building an Effective Team

3.1.2 Organizational Chart

3.1.3 The Job Description  

3.1.4 Team Contact List

3.1.5 Team Meetings  

3.1.6 Working with Other Teams in the Organization

3.2 Managing Tasks: Keeping the Project on Track   

3.2.1 Checklist  

3.2.2 Time Line  

3.2.3 Gantt Chart

3.2.4 PERT Chart 

3.3 Documentation: The Key to Project Success  

3.3.1 Paper versus Electronic Documentation  

3.3.2 The EngineerRs Logbook (Notebook)  

3.3.3 Logbook Format

3.3.4 Using Your EngineerRs Logbook

3.3.5 Technical Reports

3.3.6 Software Documentation and the Role of the Engineering Logbook

3.3.7 The Importance of Logbooks: Case Study # 

3.3.8 The Importance of Logbooks: Case Study # 

3.4 Legal Issues: Intellectual Property, Patents, and Trade Secrets  

3.4.1 Patents

3.4.2 Patent Jargon

Key Terms

Problems  

 

4   ENGINEERING TOOLS  

4.1 Estimation

4.2 Working With Numbers   

4.2.1 International System of Units (SI) 

4.2.2 Reconciling Units

4.2.3 Significant Figures  

4.2.4 Dimensioning and Tolerance

4.3 Types of Graphs  

4.3.1 Semilog Plots  

4.3.2 Log-Log Plots  

4.3.3 Polar Plots

4.3.4 Three-Dimensional Graphs   

4.4 Prototyping  

4.5 Reverse Engineering

4.6 Computer Analysis  

4.7 Specification Sheets   

4.8 The Internet 

4.9 Spreadsheets in Engineering Design

4.10 Solid Modeling and Computer-Aided Drafting

4.10.1 Why an Engineering Drawing? 

4.10.2 Types of Drawings   

4.11 System Simulation 

4.12 Electronic Circuit Simulation 

4.13 Graphical Programming

4.14 Microprocessors: The eOtherYComputer

Key Terms  

Problems

 

5   THE HUMANhMACHINE INTERFACE  

5.1 How People Interact With Machines  

5.2 Ergonomics

5.2.1 Putting Ergonomics to Work

5.3 Cognition  

5.4 The HumanhMachine Interface: Case Studies  

Key Terms  

Problems

 

6   ENGINEERS AND THE REAL WORLD

6.1 Societys View of Engineering

6.2 How Engineers Learn From Mistakes  

6.3 The Role of Failure in Engineering Design: Case Studies

6.3.1 Case : Tacoma Narrows Bridge  

6.3.2 Case : Hartford Civic Center

6.3.3 Case : Space Shuttle Challenger  

6.3.4 Case : Kansas City Hyatt

6.3.5 Case : Three Mile Island

6.3.6 Case : USS Vincennes

6.3.7 Case : Hubble Telescope  

6.3.8 Case : De Havilland Comet

6.3.9 Case : The Collapsing Roof Panels

6.3.10 Case : Citicorp Center  

6.3.11 Case : Ford Pinto  

6.4 Preparing for Failure in Your Own Design   Key Terms

Further Readings  

Problems  

 

7   LEARNING TO SPEAK, WRITE, AND MAKE PRESENTATIONS 

7.1 The Importance of Good Communication Skills

7.2 Preparing for Meetings, Presentations, and Conferences 

7.3 Preparing for A Formal Presentation  

7.4 Writing E-Mails, Letters, and Memoranda  

7.4.1 Writing E-mail Messages

7.4.2 Header for Formal E-mail   

7.4.3 First Sentence

7.4.4 Body 

7.4.5 Writing Formal Memos and Letters

7.5 Writing Technical Reports, Proposals, and Journal Articles

7.5.1 Technical Report 

7.5.2 Journal Paper  

7.5.3 Proposal

7.6 Preparing an Instruction Manual

7.6.1 Introduction   

7.6.2 Setup

7.6.3 Operation  

7.6.4 Safety   

7.6.5 Troubleshooting  

7.6.6 Appendices 

7.6.7 Repetition 

7.7 Producing Good Technical Documents: A Strategy

7.7.1 Plan the Writing Task  

7.7.2 Find a Place to Work

7.7.3 Define the Reader

7.7.4 Make Notes 

7.7.5 Create Topic Headings  

7.7.6 Take a Break   

7.7.7 Write the First Draft  

7.7.8 Read the Draft  

7.7.9 Revise the Draft  

7.7.10 Revise, Revise, and Revise Again

7.7.11 Review the Final Draft

7.7.12 Common Writing Errors

Key Terms

Problems  

INDEX

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Author

Mark N. Horenstein is a professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Boston University. He has degrees in Electrical Engineering from M.I.T. and U.C.  Berkeley and has been involved in teaching engineering design for the greater part of his academic career. He frequently teaches first-year engineering courses, and he also devised and developed the departmental senior capstone design course. In the latter, students work for a virtual engineering company developing products and systems for real-world engineering and social-service clients. Professor Horenstein does research work in the areas of electromechanical design and applied electromagnetics.