Primary Sources Western Civilization, Volume 2 for Primary Sources Western Civilization, Volume 2

Prentice Hall
. Pearson Education / PEARSON EDUCATION  
Total pages
September 2008
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Primary Sources Western Civilization, Volume 2 for Primary Sources Western Civilization, Volume 2
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Courses in Western Civilization I and II; historiography courses primarily European.


Now that almost all sources are available on the web, a new kind of source book is needed.  Older source books cannot compete with the free (and easily chosen) sources on the web.  This book really makes students think through problems.  As a professor for over 20 years, the author has used and discarded most source books that 'bundle' sources with a short intro and a few questions.   This book integrates sources within thematic chapters.


Questions are placed directly within the text after sources and groups of sources, so there is no need for students to go back and forth trying to remember what they have read. 

  • Makes students stop and think about what they have read.

In each chapter there is an anonymous source marked with an encircled X (available to the instructor in the manual).

  • Encourages students from an early stage in their college careers to engage in increasingly sophisticated and interdisciplinary historical analysis using a full range of sources.

Table of Contents

Part 3: The West in Transformation (1350-1700)

Chapter 9: The Renaissance
Petrarch: Rules for a Successful Ruler, c. 1350
Advice to Lorenzo de Medici: On Wifely Duties, 1416
Lorenzo Valla Skewers the Supposed 'Donation of Constantine', c. 1440
Marriage in the Renaissance: A Serious Business, 1464-1465
Niccolo Machiavelli: From the Discourses on Livy, 1513-1517
Benvenuto Cellini: The Life of an Artist, 1558-1562

Chapter 10: Reformations and Counter-Reformations
The Act of Supremacy, 1534
The Council of Trent, 1545-1563
Anonymous, 'The Execution of Archbishop Cranmer', 1556
Catherine Zell, 'Letter to Ludwig Rabus', 1556-1558
Acts of Uniformity, 1559
Anonymous Government Agent, 'Arrest of Edmund Campion and his Associates', 1581
The Edict of Nantes, 1598

Chapter 11: The Development of Early-Modern States and Societies
Jean Bodin, Six Books of the Commonwealth, 'The True Attributes of Sovreignty.'
Hugo Grotius, selections from On the Law of War and Peace
Thomas Hobbes, The Leviathan
The Treaty of Westphalia, 1743
The Poor Laws
La Colonie, 'The Battle of Schellenberg'
Peter the Great, 'Correspondence with Alexis'

Chapter 12: Expanding Worlds
Letter from the Kings of Portugal to the King of the Kongo
Bartolome de Las Casas, Very Brief Report on the Destruction of the Indians
Jamestown Charter
Richard Frethorne, 'Letter to Father and Mother'
Christopher Columbus, 'The Letters of Columbis to Ferdinand and Isabel'
Cieza de Leon, 'The Chronicle of Peru'
Anonymous, 'The English Describe Pawatah's People'
'The Code Noir'

Chapter 13: Thought and Culture in Early Modern Europe
Francis Bacon, from Novum Organum
William Harvey, Address to the Royal College of Physicians
Rene Descartes, The Discourse on Method and Metaphysical Meditations, 'I Think, Therefore I  Am'
Charles Perrault, Little Red Riding Hood
Isaac Newtown, from Optiks
John Bunyan, Pilgrim's Progress

Part 4: Enlightenments and Revolutions (1700-1850)

Chapter 14: Economy and Society in  the Eighteenth Century

Wortley Montagu, 'Letter Regarding The Small Pox Vaccination'

Auguste Tissot, 'Midwives'

Hannah More, 'The Carpenter'

Leeds Woolen Workers, 'Petition'

James Lind, from A Treastise of the Scurvy, 1753

Richard Guest, The Creation of the Steam Loom

David Ricardo, excerpt from Principles of Political Economy and Taxation

David Ricardo, On Wages, 'The Law of Iron Wages'

Daniel Defoe, selection from The Complete English Tradesman

Chapter 15: Europe and the World in the Eighteenth Century

Willem Bosman, from A New and Accurate Description of the Coast of Guinea Divided into the Gold, the Slave, and the Ivory Coasts

Phillis Wheatley, 'To the Right and Honourable William, Early of Dartmouth...'

Thomas Paine, 'Common Sense'

Olaudah Equiano, Excerpt from The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano 

Benjamin Franklin and the British Parliament, 'Proceedings Regarding the Stamp Act'

Five African American Spirituals

Bryan Edwards, excerpt from 'Observations of the ... Maroon Negroes of the Island of Jamaica'

Alexander Telfair, Instructions to the Overseer of a Cotton Plantation

John Adams, Thought on Government

Chapter 16: The Enlightenment

Baron de Montesquieu, excerpt from The Spirit of the Laws 

Marquis de Condorcet, passage from Sketch for a Historical Picture of the Progress of the Human Mind

Catherine the Great, 'Instructions for a New Law Code'

Cesare Beccaria, On Crimes and Punishments

Abu Taleb Khan, A Muslim Indian's Reactions to the West

Chapter 17: Revolutions in the Atlantic World

The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen

Thomas Paine, Rights of Man

Olympe de Gouges, Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen

The Haitian Declaration of Independence, January 1, 1804

Chapter 18: Napoleon and the Age of Romanticism

Sir Harry Smith, Autobiography

Mary Shelley, excerpt from Frankenstein

Louis Antoine Fauvelet de Bourrienne, Memoirs of Napolean Bonaparte

Part 5: The West Ascendant (1800-1914)

Chapter 19: Nationalism and State-Building in  the West

Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America

Thomas Babington Macaulay, from Minute on Education, 1835

Jose Maria Morelos, Sentiments of the Nation

Karl con Clausewitz, On War, Arming the Nation

Joseph Mazzini, Life and Writings of Joseph Mazzini

Simon Bolivar, 'Address to Second National Congress'

Chapter 20: Industrialization in the Nineteenth Century

Andrew Ure, from The Philosophy of Manufactures

The Sadler Report: Child Labor in the United Kingdom, 1832

Karl Marx and Friederich Engels, from The Communist Manifesto

Edwin Chadwick, Summary from the Poor Law Commissioners

Chartist Movement: The People's Petition of 1838

British Parliament: 'Inquiry: Labor in Mines'

British Parliament: 'Inquiry: Child Labor'

Michael Bakunin, 'Principles and Organization of the International Brotherhood'

Chapter 21: Society and Social Change in the Nineteenth Century

John Stuart Mill, excerpts from On Liberty

W.E.B. Du Bois, Souls of Black Folk, 'Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others'

George Bernard Shaw, Mrs. Warren's Profession

Seneca Falls Convention, 'Declaration of Sentiments'

Adelheid Popp, 'Finding Work: Women Factory Workers'

Pope Leo XIII, Rerum Movarum (Of New Things)

John Stuart Mill, the Subjection of Women

George Eliot, 'Review: Margaret Fuller and Mary Wollstonecraft'

Booker T. Washington's, 'Industrial Education for the Negro'

Chapter 22: Nineteenth-Century Culture and Thought

William James, from Pragmatism

Thorstein Veblen, excerpt from The Theory of Leisure Class

Friederich Nietzsche, Beyond Good and Evil

Frederick Winslow Taylor, 'A Piece Rate System'

Charles Darwin, Autobiography

Chapter 23: European Imperialism

Cecil Rhodes, 'Confession of Faith'

Carl Peters, 'A Manifesto of German Colonization'

Edward D. Morel, The Black Man's Burden

Lin Zexu, Letter to Queen Victoria, 1839

Mary Kingsley, Travels in West Africa

Raden Ayu Kartini, Letters of a Javanese Princess

Jules Ferry, from Le Tonkin et La Mere-Patrie

Part 6: The Modern World (1914-Present)

Chapter 24: World War I

The Balfour Declaration

Sir Henry McMahon, Letter to Ali ibn Husain, 1915

Siegfried Sassoon, They

Isaac Resenberg, 'Dead Man's Dump'

Woodrow Wilson, The Fourteen Points, 1918

International Congress of Women, 'Manifesto'

Chapter 25: The West Between Wars

Soviet Union, 'Law Code on Marriage' and 'Law Code on Motherhood'

Joseph Stalin, Five Year Plan

Chicago Commission on Race Relations, 'The Negro in Chicago: A Study of Race Relations and a Race Riot'

Transcript of the Rape of Nanjing Sentencing, 1947

Adolf Hitler, 'The Obersalzberg Speech', 1939

Chapter 26: World War II

Winston Churchill, 'Their Finest Hour'

Heinrich Himmler, 'Speech to SS Officers'

Franklin D. Roosevelt, 'Call for Sacrifice'

Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill, 'The Atlantic Charter'

American Investigators, from The Effects of Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

The Charter for the United Nations, 1945

Chapter 27: The Cold War

Winston Churchill, from 'The Iron Curtain Speech'

George C. Marshall, 'The Marshall Plan', 1947

Harry S. Truman, 'The Truman Doctrine', 1947

Robert Schuman, 'The Schuman Declaration'

Mikhail Gorbachev, Speech to the 27th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

Nikita S. Krushchev, 'Address to the Twentieth Congress'

Joseph Stalin, excerpts from 'The Soviet Victory' Speech, 1946

John F. Kennedy, Address before the General Assembly of the United Nations, 1961

Chapter 28: Identity and Power in a Decolonizing World

The United Nations, 'Universal Declaration of Human Rights,' 1948

The United Nations, 'Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples'

Jomo Kenyatta, from Facing Mt. Kenya: The Tribal Life of the Gokuyu

Gamal Abdel Nasser, Speech on the Suez Canal

Chapter 29: Freedom, Conflict, and New Directions

Treaty on European Union

George W. Bush, Addresses

A Constitution for Europe