For introductory-level survey courses in Western Civilization and European History and Civilization.
This authoritative text presents an engaging and balanced narrative of the central developments in Western history, while seamlessly integrating coverage of social, cultural, and political history.
The Tenth Edition provides updated scholarship, expanded coverage of European imperialism prior to World War I, streamlined coverage of the period between the two World Wars, and a brand new feature–Compare & Connect–which presents students with two or more documents that reflect opposing viewpoints on a topic and engages them to become part of the historical discourse.
Engage students and get them excited about history.
- NEW Introductory essay on the Western Heritage—Introduces students to the core values of the West.
- Integrated Social, Cultural, and Political History—throughout every chapter. When appropriate, the text also examines Western Civilization in the context of its relationship with the rest of the world.
- Documents—including selections from sacred books, poems, philosophical tracts, political manifestos, letters, and travel accounts - expose students to the raw material of history by intimately connecting them with peoples of the past.
- Questions accompanying the source documents direct students toward important, thought-provoking issues and help them relate the documents to the main narrative.
- Emphasis on cultural history throughout narrative of textbook—helps students see important cultural developments in the context of Western Civilization.
- Compelling illustrations—to spark student interest and learning.
- Outstanding maps—including maps on European immigration in the 19th century, the Holocaust, and the war in Iraq. Students are given not only the most up-to-date maps but also many specialty maps, enabling them to visualize places and events discussed in the text. Each chapter contains at least one interactive map, prompting students to explore the relationship between geography and history in a dynamic fashion.
- Chapter organization is designed to accommodate a variety of approaches for teaching Western Civilization, allowing teachers to stress what is most important to them and to their students.
- ‘A Closer Look’-One feature per chapter providing in-depth commentary on visual sources in Western Civilization. This feature engages students visually with the textbook and encourages them to look at visuals as sources, not just as pictures. Examples include the image of St. Maurice in the Middle Ages, Martin Schongaver’s engraving of the temptation of St. Anthony, and a photograph of “Bloody Sunday.”
- ‘Encountering the Past’—One essay in each chapter gives a lively account of popular culture, accompanied by an illustration and discussion questions. Subjects featured include medieval games, diets, attitudes towards bathing, religious festivals, gymnastics in 19th and early 20th- century Germany, and the politics of rock music in the late 20th century—interesting historical topics that are certain to stimulate students’ interests.
- ‘The West & the World’-Illustrated essays that compare key Western social or political developments with similar or related developments in cultures outside the West at particular times in history. The essays broaden students’ perspectives beyond the West and examine the role Western Civilization played in developing what we refer to today as a global society
- Chapter Review Questions help students interpret the broad themes of each chapter. These questions can be used for class discussion and essay topics.
New to this Edition
- NEW Introductory essay on the Western Heritage–Introduces students to the core values of the West.
- Attractive new design–The entire text has been set in a lively and engaging new design.
- Updated Suggested Readings—Each chapter concludes with a list of Suggested Readings reflecting current scholarship on the topics discussed within the chapter
- NEW–Chapter 25: The Age of Western Imperialism, focuses exclusively on European imperialism in the second half of the 19th and early 20th centuries, leading up to World War I. The Tenth Edition offers greatly expanded coverage of this important topic, including the following discussions:
- o The Age of British Imperial Dominance
- o India—The Jewel in the Crown of the British Empire
- o Russian Expansion in Mainland Asia
- o Western Powers in Asia
- o Tools of Imperialism (steamboats, conquest of tropical diseases, and firearms)
- o The Missionary Factor
- o Science and Imperialism (botany, zoology, medicine, and anthropology)
- Improved organization–Though the number of chapters remains unchanged in the Tenth Edition, the organization of some chapters has been revised to improve narrative flow and highlight important topics more clearly.
- Chapter 25: NEW chapter focusing exclusively on European imperialism from the mid 19th to early 20th centuries, leading up to World War I
- Chapter 26: Focuses exclusively on World War I
- Chapter 27: Consolidates coverage of the interwar years
- NEW—Chapter 25: The Age of Western Imperialism, focuses exclusively on European imperialism in the second half of the 19th and early 20th centuries, leading up to World War I. The Tenth Edition offers greatly expanded coverage of this important topic, including the following discussions:
- The Age of British Imperial Dominance
- India–The Jewel in the Crown of the British Empire
- Russian Expansion in Mainland Asia
- Western Powers in Asia
- Tools of Imperialism (steamboats, conquest of tropical diseases, and firearms)
- The Missionary Factor
- Science and Imperialism (botany, zoology, medicine, and anthropology)
- NEW—Compare & Connect—Each chapter includes this dynamic new feature which presents students with two or more documents reflecting opposing viewpoints on a controversial topic and engages them to become part of the historical discourse. Each of these features contains three to five questions asking students to comment on each of the documents and to make connections between or among them. The following is a list of the Compare & Connect features in The Western Heritage, Tenth Edition:
- Chapter 9: Who Runs the World: Priests or Princes?—Giles of Rome, philosopher and papal adviser, and John of Paris, French Dominican and Aristotle expert. Quoting ecclesiastical authorities, Giles defends a papal theocracy, while John makes the royal case for secular authority.
- Chapter 10: Is the Renaissance Man a Myth?— Considers the following perspectives in both literature and painting: Pico della Mirandola’s Oration on the Dignity of Man; Albrecht Durer, Self-Portrait and Melencholia; and Martin Luther’s The Bondage of the Will.
- Chapter 11: A Raw Deal for the Common Man, or His Just Desserts?—Martin Luther and Albrecht Durer on the 1525 peasant revolts in southern Germany.
- Chapter 12: A Great Debate over Religious Tolerance—Sebastian Castellio constructs a “debate” betwe
Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION: The West before 1300
Early Humans and Their Culture
The Paleolithic Age
The Neolithic Age
Early Civilizations to about 1000 B.C.E.
Palestine and the Religion of the Israelites
Greek Political Philosophy and the Crisis of the Polis
The Empire of Alexander the Great
The Republic and Expansion in the Mediterranean
From Republic to Empire
The Principate and the Empire
Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
Europe Enters the Middle Ages
The Byzantine Empire
The Rise of Islam
New Importance of the Christian Church
Feudal and Manorial Society
Church and State in the High Middle Ages
The Division of Christendom
The Rise of Towns
The Rise of New Monarchies
Universities and Scholasticism
PART 3: EUROPE IN TRANSITION
CHAPTER 9 The Late Middle Ages: Social and Political Breakdown (1300—1453)
The Black Death
Preconditions and Causes of the Plague
Social and Economic Consequences
New Conflicts and Opportunities
The Hundred Years’ War and the Rise of National Sentiment
The Causes of the War
Progress of the War
Ecclesiastical Breakdown and Revival: The Late Medieval Church
The Thirteenth-Century Papacy
Boniface VIII and Philip the Fair
The Avignon Papacy (1309—1377)
John Wycliffe and John Huss
The Great Schism (1378—1417) and the Conciliar Movement to 1449
Politics and Society
Mongol Rule (1243—1480)
A Closer Look: The Encampment of the Imperial Army
Compare & Connect: Who Runs the World: Priests or Princes?
Encountering the Past: Dealing with Death
CHAPTER 10 Renaissance and Discovery
The Renaissance in Italy (1375–1527)
The Italian City-State
Slavery in the Renaissance
Italy’s Political Decline: The French Invasions (1494–1527)
Charles VIII’s March through Italy
Pope Alexander VI and the Borgia Family
Pope Julius II
Revival of Monarchy in Northern Europe
The Holy Roman Empire
The Northern Renaissance
The Printing Press
Humanism and Reform
Voyages of Discovery and the New Empires in the West and East
The Portuguese Chart the Course
The Spanish Voyages of Columbus
The Spanish Empire in the New World
The Church in Spanish America
The Economy of Exploitation
The Impact on Europe
A Closer Look: Leonardo Plots the Perfect Man
Compare & Connect: Is the Renaissance Man a Myth?
Encountering the Past: The Renaissance Garden
CHAPTER 11 The Age of Reformation
Society and Religion
Social and Political Conflict
Popular Religious Movements and Criticisms of the Church
Martin Luther and German Reformation to 1525
Justification by Faith Alone
The Attack on Indulgences
Election of Charles V