Western Heritage, The

Series
Pearson
Author
Donald M Kagan / Steven Ozment / Frank M. Turner  
Publisher
Pearson
Cover
Softcover
Edition
10
Language
English
Total pages
832
Pub.-date
November 2013
ISBN13
9781292042411
ISBN
1292042419
Related Titles


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9781292042411
Western Heritage, The
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Description

For introductory-level survey courses in Western Civilization and European History and Civilization.

This authoritative text presents an engaging and balanced narrative of the central developments in Western history, while seamlessly integrating coverage of social, cultural, and political history.

The Tenth Edition provides updated scholarship, expanded coverage of European imperialism prior to World War I, streamlined coverage of the period between the two World Wars, and a brand new feature–Compare & Connect–which presents students with two or more documents that reflect opposing viewpoints on a topic and engages them to become part of the historical discourse.

Features

Engage students and get them excited about history.

  • NEW Introductory essay on the Western Heritage—Introduces students to the core values of the West.
  • Integrated Social, Cultural, and Political History—throughout every chapter. When appropriate, the text also examines Western Civilization in the context of its relationship with the rest of the world.
  • Documents—including selections from sacred books, poems, philosophical tracts, political manifestos, letters, and travel accounts - expose students to the raw material of history by intimately connecting them with peoples of the past.
    • Questions accompanying the source documents direct students toward important, thought-provoking issues and help them relate the documents to the main narrative.
  • Emphasis on cultural history throughout narrative of textbook—helps students see important cultural developments in the context of Western Civilization.
  • Compelling illustrations—to spark student interest and learning.
  • Outstanding maps—including maps on European immigration in the 19th century, the Holocaust, and the war in Iraq. Students are given not only the most up-to-date maps but also many specialty maps, enabling them to visualize places and events discussed in the text. Each chapter contains at least one interactive map, prompting students to explore the relationship between geography and history in a dynamic fashion.

Pedagogical Features

  • Chapter organization is designed to accommodate a variety of approaches for teaching Western Civilization, allowing teachers to stress what is most important to them and to their students.
  • ‘A Closer Look’-One feature per chapter providing in-depth commentary on visual sources in Western Civilization. This feature engages students visually with the textbook and encourages them to look at visuals as sources, not just as pictures. Examples include the image of St. Maurice in the Middle Ages, Martin Schongaver’s engraving of the temptation of St. Anthony, and a photograph of “Bloody Sunday.”
  • ‘Encountering the Past’—One essay in each chapter gives a lively account of popular culture, accompanied by an illustration and discussion questions. Subjects featured include medieval games, diets, attitudes towards bathing, religious festivals, gymnastics in 19th and early 20th- century Germany, and the politics of rock music in the late 20th century—interesting historical topics that are certain to stimulate students’ interests.
  • ‘The West & the World’-Illustrated essays that compare key Western social or political developments with similar or related developments in cultures outside the West at particular times in history. The essays broaden students’ perspectives beyond the West and examine the role Western Civilization played in developing what we refer to today as a global society
  • Chapter Review Questions help students interpret the broad themes of each chapter. These questions can be used for class discussion and essay topics.

New to this Edition

  • NEW Introductory essay on the Western Heritage–Introduces students to the core values of the West.
  • Attractive new design–The entire text has been set in a lively and engaging new design.
  • Updated Suggested Readings—Each chapter concludes with a list of Suggested Readings reflecting current scholarship on the topics discussed within the chapter
  • NEWChapter 25: The Age of Western Imperialism, focuses exclusively on European imperialism in the second half of the 19th and early 20th centuries, leading up to World War I. The Tenth Edition offers greatly expanded coverage of this important topic, including the following discussions:
    • o   The Age of British Imperial Dominance
    • o   India—The Jewel in the Crown of the British Empire
    • o   Russian Expansion in Mainland Asia
    • o   Western Powers in Asia
    • o   Tools of Imperialism (steamboats, conquest of tropical diseases, and firearms)
    • o   The Missionary Factor
    • o   Science and Imperialism (botany, zoology, medicine, and anthropology)
  • Improved organization–Though the number of chapters remains unchanged in the Tenth Edition, the organization of some chapters has been revised to improve narrative flow and highlight important topics more clearly.
    • Chapter 25: NEW chapter focusing exclusively on European imperialism from the mid 19th to early 20th centuries, leading up to World War I 
    • Chapter 26: Focuses exclusively on World War I
    • Chapter 27: Consolidates coverage of the interwar years
  • NEW—Chapter 25: The Age of Western Imperialism, focuses exclusively on European imperialism in the second half of the 19th and early 20th centuries, leading up to World War I. The Tenth Edition offers greatly expanded coverage of this important topic, including the following discussions:
    • The Age of British Imperial Dominance
    • India–The Jewel in the Crown of the British Empire
    • Russian Expansion in Mainland Asia
    • Western Powers in Asia
    • Tools of Imperialism (steamboats, conquest of tropical diseases, and firearms)
    • The Missionary Factor
    • Science and Imperialism (botany, zoology, medicine, and anthropology)
  • NEW—Compare & Connect—Each chapter includes this dynamic new feature which presents students with two or more documents reflecting opposing viewpoints on a controversial topic and engages them to become part of the historical discourse. Each of these features contains three to five questions asking students to comment on each of the documents and to make connections between or among them. The following is a list of the Compare & Connect features in The Western Heritage, Tenth Edition:
    • Chapter 9: Who Runs the World: Priests or Princes?—Giles of Rome, philosopher and papal adviser, and John of Paris, French Dominican and Aristotle expert.  Quoting ecclesiastical authorities, Giles defends a papal theocracy, while John makes the royal case for secular authority. 
    • Chapter 10: Is the Renaissance Man a Myth?— Considers the following perspectives in both literature and painting: Pico della Mirandola’s Oration on the Dignity of Man; Albrecht Durer, Self-Portrait and Melencholia; and Martin Luther’s The Bondage of the Will.
    • Chapter 11: A Raw Deal for the Common Man, or His Just Desserts?—Martin Luther and Albrecht Durer on the 1525 peasant revolts in southern Germany.
    • Chapter 12: A Great Debate over Religious Tolerance—Sebastian Castellio constructs a “debate” betwe

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION: The West before 1300
Early Humans and Their Culture
The Paleolithic Age
The Neolithic Age

Early Civilizations to about 1000 B.C.E.
Mesopotamian Civilization
Egyptian Civilization
Palestine and the Religion of the Israelites

The Greeks
The Polis
Greek Political Philosophy and the Crisis of the Polis
The Empire of Alexander the Great

Rome
The Republic and Expansion in the Mediterranean
From Republic to Empire
The Principate and the Empire
Christianity
Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
Europe Enters the Middle Ages
The Byzantine Empire
The Rise of Islam
New Importance of the Christian Church
Charlemagne
Feudal and Manorial Society

Church and State in the High Middle Ages
The Division of Christendom
The Rise of Towns
The Crusades
The Rise of New Monarchies
Universities and Scholasticism

In Perspective

 

 

PART 3: EUROPE IN TRANSITION

 

CHAPTER 9 The Late  Middle Ages: Social and Political Breakdown (1300—1453)

The Black Death

Preconditions and Causes of the Plague

Popular Remedies

Social and Economic Consequences

New Conflicts and Opportunities

The Hundred Years’ War and the Rise of National Sentiment

The Causes of the War

Progress of the War

Ecclesiastical Breakdown and Revival: The Late Medieval Church

The Thirteenth-Century Papacy

Boniface VIII and Philip the Fair

The Avignon Papacy (1309—1377)

John Wycliffe and John Huss

The Great Schism (1378—1417) and the Conciliar Movement to 1449

Medieval Russia

Politics and Society

Mongol Rule (1243—1480)

In Perspective

A Closer Look: The Encampment of the Imperial Army

Compare & Connect: Who Runs the World: Priests or Princes?

Encountering the Past: Dealing with Death

 

CHAPTER 10 Renaissance and Discovery

The Renaissance in Italy (1375–1527)

The Italian City-State

Humanism

Renaissance Art

Slavery in the Renaissance

Italy’s Political Decline: The French Invasions (1494–1527)

Charles VIII’s March through Italy

Pope Alexander VI and the Borgia Family

Pope Julius II

Niccolò Machiavelli

Revival of Monarchy in Northern Europe

France

Spain

England

The Holy Roman Empire

The Northern Renaissance

The Printing Press

Erasmus

Humanism and Reform

Voyages of Discovery and the New Empires in the West and East

The Portuguese Chart the Course

The Spanish Voyages of Columbus

The Spanish Empire in the New World

The Church in Spanish America

The Economy of Exploitation

The Impact on Europe

In Perspective

A Closer Look: Leonardo Plots the Perfect Man

Compare & Connect: Is the Renaissance Man a Myth?

Encountering the Past: The Renaissance Garden

 

CHAPTER 11 The Age of Reformation

Society and Religion

Social and Political Conflict

Popular Religious Movements and Criticisms of the Church

Martin Luther and German Reformation to 1525

Justification by Faith Alone

The Attack on Indulgences

Election of Charles V

Luther’