Industrial Safety and Health Management:International Edition

Prentice Hall
C. Ray Asfahl / David W Rieske
September 2009
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Industrial Safety and Health Management
6 September 2009 177.40


For senior/graduate-level courses in Industrial Safety, Industrial Engineering, Industrial Technology, and Operations Management.


Unique in approach, Industrial Safety and Health Management, 6th Edition combines - in one volume - an exploration of the time-tested concepts and techniques of safety and health management, a modern perspective on compliance with mandatory standards for workplace safety and health, and a variety of solved problems, case studies, and exercises. It provides reasons, explanations, and illustrations of the hazard mechanisms that form the underlying basis for the volumes of detailed standards for workplace safety and health.

The new edition focuses on more of the real issues future safety and health practitioners will encounter, such as dealing with enforcement, protecting workers from ergonomic hazards, and accommodating the latest advances in process technology.


Free CD with text-Comprehensive database of nationwide OSHA inspection statistics. Shows revealing inspection statistics on individual OSHA standards using a searchable database. This proprietary database is not available on the OSHA website or anywhere else-it is for the exclusive use of students and instructors using this text.


Strong fundamentals. Provides students with an understanding of the entire realm of industrial safety and health, and gives them the tools and understanding they'll need as professionals. Management essentials for the safety professional are covered early on, followed by coverage of the complete spectrum of safety and health hazards. The organization of the text around the most highly cited issues in industrial safety and health allows readers to focus not on thousands of pages of standards but on key information that will allow them to succeed.

Current, relevant content. Holds students' interest with discussions of real-life problems rather than academic theory.The authors add new content every edition to make this one of the most current texts available. The new edition focuses on more of the real issues future safety and health practitioners will encounter, such as dealing with enforcement, protecting workers from ergonomic hazards, and accommodating the latest advances in process technology.


Case studies. Numerous case studies demonstrate the rationale behind the standards with example scenarios.

Chapter-opening pie charts. Shows the percent of OSHA citations addressed by the topics covered in that particular chapter.

Comprehensive, chapter-end exercises-Over 600 in total. Gives students practice and familiarity with the principles covered.


Detailed enforcement statistics. Supplies students with all the technical data and specific information available-at a level of detail not usually found-on government standards and the system of enforcement needed to deal with the most important problems-e.g., welding fumes and gases, press safeguarding, etc.


Discusses and draws from the new and readily available sources of information now accessible to the Safety and Health Manager-e.g., the OSHA CD-ROM computer database, the Internet, in addition to conventional library resources.


Empowers students to readily find their own answers to questions on safety and health management.


Provides “Research Exercises” which require students to go beyond the text for answers-to the Internet, the OSHA CD-ROM, or comprehensive conventional libraries.


Extensive use of diagrams and figures. Clearly illustrates concepts that are confusing as detailed wording of federal standards-e.g., alternative guarding methods for punch presses.


Easy-to-read, informal writing style-Incorporates humorous anecdotes.  Enlivens what is typically considered dull reading, and enlightens students as to the history of controversial issues such as OSHA inspections, remarkable oversights, and the evolution of standards. In addition to its down-to-earth writing style, the text features vivid pictures and real-life case studies-all of which work together to bring the subject matter to life.


Broad appeal. Appeals to both technical and non-technical audiences. Difficult technical concepts are explained in a down-to-earth, readable style, and vivid examples and case studies show the “why” behind safety and health standards.


Several appendices. Gives students easy access to tables of information commonly used in professional practice.


Exercises and quiz questions. Learning is reinforced with hundreds of student exercises and a quiz bank of over 1000 questions that instructors can assign, keyed to page numbers of the text.


New to this Edition

A totally revised chapter on ergonomics (Chapter 8). This chapter now provides more insight into this timely and controversial topic, specifically ergonomic hazards and how they can be mitigated. A new section entitled Ergonomic Risk Analysis identifies the various risk factors associated with ergonomics, uses an analysis tool to quantify several of them, and gives real examples of a variety of problems and their solutions.


An extensively revised database of OSHA citations. The database now gives users access in a hierarchical fashion, and a view of the associated standard verbiage.

For an example of use of the revised database of OSHA enforcement statistics, see example Exercise 16.44.


Expanded Chapter 4 - Impact of Federal Regulation. Additional information on the standards development process, the manner in which OSHA deals with new hazards, and in-depth information on the inspection and citation process.


Expanded Chapter 15 - Machine Guarding. Now includes modern concepts of industrial robots and heat processes for sealing and joining of components.


New images and case studies from the authors' own experience:


New pictures show real world applications of the principles in this text.

See Figures 7.3, 7.4, 8.6, 8.8, 8.13, 8.13, 10.9, 14.4, 14.6, 15.2


New potential hazards from nanotechnology are covered.

See Figure 9.9


New Case Studies. Offer students even more up-to-date and engaging illustrations of the concepts discussed in the book.

See Case Study 6.2 - Hydrogen Sulfide Poisoning - Fatal Accident


New Problems. Over 15% of problems are new.

Table of Contents



CHAPTER 1 The Safety and Health Manager 1

A Reasonable Objective 2

Safety versus Health 4

Role in the Corporate Structure 5

Resources at Hand 6

Summary 11

Exercises and Study Questions 12

Research Exercises 13


CHAPTER 2 Development of the Safety and Health Function 14

Workers' Compensation 15

Recordkeeping 19

Accident Cause Analysis 33

Organization of Committees 34

Safety and Health Economics 35

Training 40

Job Placement Testing 42

The Smoke-Free Workplace 42

Bloodborne Pathogens 44

Workplace Violence 45

Summary 46

Exercises and Study Questions 47

Research Exercises 51


CHAPTER 3 Concepts of Hazard Avoidance 52

The Enforcement Approach 53

The Psychological Approach 55

The Engineering Approach 57

The Analytical Approach 65

Hazard-Classification Scale 76

Summary 83

Exercises and Study Questions 83

Research Exercises 86

Standards Research Questions 87


CHAPTER 4 Impact of Federal Regulation 88

Standards 88


Enforcement 94

Public Uproar 100

Role of the States 101

Political Trends 103

Immigrant Workers 110

Summary 111

Exercises and Study Questions 111

Research Exercises 112

Standards Research Questions 113


CHAPTER 5 Information Systems 114

Hazard Communication 115

International Standards 120

Environmental Protection Agency 121

Department of Homeland Security 126

Computer Information Systems 126

Summary 128

Exercises and Study Questions 129

Research Exercises 130

Standards Research Questions 130


CHAPTER 6 Process Safety and Disaster Preparedness 131

Process Information 132

Process Analysis 136

Operating Procedures 137

Training 137

Contractor Personnel 138

Acts of Terrorism 139

Workplace Security 142

Summary 143

Exercises and Study Questions 143

Research Exercises 144

Standards Research Questions 144


CHAPTER 7 Buildings and Facilities 145

Walking and Working Surfaces 146

Exits 157

Illumination 158

Miscellaneous Facilities 160

Sanitation 163

Summary 164

Exercises and Study Questions 164

Research Exercises 166

Standards Research Questions 166


CHAPTER 8 Ergonomics 167

Facets of Ergonomics 167

Workplace Musculoskeletal Disorders 171

Affected Industries 174

Ergonomics Standards 174

WMSD Management Programs 177

Ergonomic Risk Analysis 179

NIOSH Lifting Equation 180

Sources of Ergonomic Hazards 188

Summary 197

Exercises and Study Questions 198

Research Exercises 199

Standards Research Question 199


CHAPTER 9 Health and Toxic Substances 200

Baseline Examinations 200

Toxic Substances 201

Measures of Exposure 211

Standards Completion Project 215

Detecting Contaminants 215

Summary 224

Exercises and Study Questions 225

Research Exercises 229

Standards Research Questions 230


CHAPTER 10 Environmental Control and Noise 231

Ventilation 231

ASHRAE Standards and Indoor Air Quality 240

Industrial Noise 242

Radiation 256

Summary 257

Exercises and Study Questions 258

Research Exercises 261

Standards Research Questions 262


CHAPTER 11 Flammable and Explosive Materials 263

Flammable Liquids 263

Sources of Ignition 268

Standards Compliance 270

Combustible Liquids 272

Spray Finishing 274

Dip Tanks 277

Explosives 277

Liquefied Petroleum Gas 279

Conclusion 281

Exercises and Study Questions 281

Research Exercises 282

Standards Research Questions 283


CHAPTER 12 Personal Protection and First Aid 284

Protection Need Assessment 285

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Training 286

Hearing Protection 286

Eye and Face Protection 288

Respiratory Protection 290

Confined Space Entry 303

Head Protection 306

Miscellaneous Personal Protective Equipment 306

First Aid 309

Conclusion 310

Exercises and Study Questions 310

Research Exercises 312

Standards Research Questions 313


CHAPTER 13 Fire Protection 314

Mechanics of Fire 315

Industrial Fires 315

Fire Prevention 316

Dust Explosions 317

Emergency Evacuation 317

Fire Brigades 319

Fire Extinguishers 320

Standpipe and Hose Systems 322

Automatic Sprinkler Systems 323

Fixed Extinguishing Systems 323

Summary 325

Exercises and Study Questions 325

Research Exercises 327

Standards Research Questions 327


CHAPTER 14 Materials Handling and Storage 328

Materials Storage 329

Industrial Trucks 330

Passengers 335

Cranes 337

Slings 351

Conveyors 355

Lifting 356

Summary 358

Exercises and Study Questions 358

Research Exercise 361


CHAPTER 15 Machine Guarding 362

General Machine Guarding 362

Safeguarding the Point of Operation 372

Power Presses 379

Heat Processes 399

Grinding Machines 399

Saws 401

Miscellaneous Machine Guarding 406

Miscellaneous Machines and Processes 409

Industrial Robots 410

Summary 413

Exercises and Study Questions 414

Standards Research Questions 417


CHAPTER 16 Welding 418

Process Terminology 418

Gas Welding Hazards 422

Arc Welding Hazards 429

Resistance Welding Hazards 430

Fires and Explosions 431

Eye Protection 433

Protective Clothing 434

Gases and Fumes 435

Summary 438

Exercises and Study Questions 439

Research Exercises 441

Standards Research Questions 441


CHAPTER 17 Electrical Hazards 443

Electrocution Hazards 443

Fire Hazards 456

Arc Flash 461

Test Equipment 463

Frequent Violations 465

Summary 466

Exercises and Study Questions 467

Research Exercises 470

Standards Research Questions 470


CHAPTER 18 Construction 471

General Facilities 472

Personal Protective Equipment 474

Fire Protection 478

Tools 478

Electrical 480

Ladders and Scaffolds 481

Floors and Stairways 485

Cranes and Hoists 485

Heavy Vehicles and Equipment 490

ROPS 490

Trenching and Excavations 493

Concrete Work 497

Steel Erection 499

Demolition 499

Explosive Blasting 500

Electric Utilities 502

Summary 503

Exercises and Study Questions 503

Research Exercises 506




A OSHA Permissible Exposure Limits 507

B Medical Treatment 525

C First-Aid Treatment 526

D Classification of Medical Treatment 528

E Highly Hazardous Chemicals, Toxics, and Reactives 530

F Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Code 534

G States Having Federally Approved State Plans for Occupational

Safety and Health Standards and Enforcement 536

Bibliography 537

Glossary 546

Index 554


David Rieske is an industrial engineer and has worked in manufacturing in the areas of production and health and safety.  During this time, he gained valuable experience in the identification and reduction/elimination of hazards through engineering applications.  David teaches at the University of Arkansas while also working in the pharmaceutical industry.


Dr. C. Ray Asfahl is Emeritus Professor of Industrial Engineering at University of Arkansas. He is a Registered Professional Engineer and a Certified Safety Professional. With over 35 years experience in Industrial Safety he has served as Industrial Consultant in most of the 50 states. He has served on the Standards Development Committee of the American Society of Safety Engineers. His books, in seven editions in English, are in use throughout the world. Some editions of his books have been translated into Spanish, Portuguese, Russian, and Korean.

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