Information Visualization

Reihe
Prentice Hall
Autor
Robert Spence
Verlag
Pearson
Einband
Softcover
Auflage
2
Sprache
Englisch
Seiten
304
Erschienen
Dezember 2006
ISBN13
9780132065504
ISBN
0132065509
Related Titles


Produktdetail

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Description

Fully revised textbook on the rapidly growing field of Information Visualization. Its emphasis is on real-world examples and applications of computer-generated and interactive visualization.  Information visualization deals with representing concepts and data in a meaningful way. Depending on the medium used, information can be visualized in either static (e.g. a graph on a printed page) or dynamic forms. This book is appropriate for courses in information visualization, human-computer interaction, interaction design, and computer graphics.

Features

§         First fully integrated 4-colour text in this field, using real-world examples and applications.

§         This is the only book to concentrate on interactive dynamic information visualization techniques.

§         Readers will learn how to display information to: pick out key information from large data streams; present ideas clearly and effectively; encourage data exploration and decision-making.

§         Clear writing style makes this a widely accessible, non-technical text needing no prior knowledge of mathematics, computing or statistics.

§         Companion Website.

§         Instructor resources including PowerPoint files with a wealth of images and diagrams taken from the book, and a collection of useful short video clips

New to this Edition

Ø       Completely restructured to make it easier to teach and learn the key concepts of representation, presentation, and interaction.  A separate chapter is now devoted to each of these key concepts.

Ø       Many new Case Studies are used to illustrate the craft of interaction design and to emphasize the diversity of applications.

Ø       New material introducing the cognitive issues in human performance needed to understand the visualization process.

Ø       Updated examples and illustrations, all in full colour.

Table of Contents

Information Visualization by Robert Spence

 

Table of Contents

 

Dedication

About the author

Other books by the author

 

Preface

Acknowledgements

 

Chapter 1     What is Visualization?

 

Visualization

Computational support

The Human User

The value of Information Visualization

      Fraud; silicon chips; pharmaceuticals

Questions of Taxonomy

Issues

 

References

Exercises

 

Chapter 2     The Issues

 

The task

Nature of the problem

The data

Table presentation

Bargrams

Interactive object selection

Overview

Multiple attributes

Detail

Significant objects

Interactive attribute selection

Space limitations

Filtering

Taking stock

Navigational guidance

Movement in information space

Perception and interpretation

Summary

 

References

Exercises

 

 

Chapter 3     Representation

 

Data types

Data complexity

Perception and Cognition

 

3.1    Encoding of value

 

Univariate data

      A single number; a collection of numbers

Bivariate data

Trivariate data

     Scatterplot matrix

     Preattentive processing- things that ‘pop out’; choice of encoding

Hypervariate data

Coordinate plots

Scatterplot matrix

Linked histograms

Mosaic plots

Icons

Object and Attribute Visibility

 

3.2    Encoding of relation

 

Lines

        Maps and diagrams

Venn diagrams

InfoCrystal

Cluster Maps

        Tree representations

            Cone tree

            Tree maps

            Hyperbolic browser

 

3.3    Support for design

 

References

         Exercises

 

 

Chapter 4   Presentation

 

A problem

The presentation issue

 

4.1      Space limitations

 

Scrolling

Overview plus detail

Distortion

Application

Generalization

Suppression

Combined distortion and suppression

Historical note

Zoom and Pan

 

4.2      Time limitations

 

Rapid Serial Visual Presentation

Briefly glimpsed images

Space and Time resources

Eye gaze

Presentation modes

Manual control

Models of human visual performance

Interaction design

 

References

Exercises

 

 

Chapter 5     Interaction

 

Scenarios

Spaces, interactions and balance of control

This chapter

 

5.1      Interaction Framework

 

5.2      Continuous interaction

 

Dynamically-triggered ‘pop-out’

 

5.3      Stepped interaction

 

Discrete information spaces

Stages of action

Navigation

Sensitivity

Residue

Scent

Where am I?

Path breadcrumbs; Location breadcrumbs

Guidance for design

 

5.4      Passive interaction

 

Static display

Browsing

Moving displays

 

5.5      Composite interaction

 

Influences

     The prosection

 

5.6      Interaction dynamics

 

Mental models

Blindness

Change blindness; Inattentional blindness; Design to counteract blindness

Visual momentum

 

5.7      Design for interaction

 

References

Exercises

 

 

Chapter 6     Case studies

 

Design

The case studies

 

6.1      Small interactive calendars

 

Planning your time

Design philosophy

Background

Calendar views

Interactive control

Search

Usability study

Observations

Satisfaction and preference

Usability

 

6.2      Selecting one from many

 

The problem

The task

Existing solutions

Bargrams

Affordances

EZChooser

Sensitivity

Related work

Evaluation

Comment

 

6.3      Web browsing through a keyhole

 

The problem

A solution

The RSVP Browser

System design

Evaluation

Discussion

Comment

 

6.4      Communication analysis

 

Command and Control

System requirements

The MIND tool

Exploratory analysis

Scenario

Conclusion

 

6.5      Archival galaxies

 

Large collections of documents

Background and requirements

Earlier work

Design decisions

Interaction and search

Layout

Evaluation

 

 

Exercises

 

 

Glossary

 

 

Video Clips

Back Cover

Information Visualization

Design for Interaction

Second Edition

 

Robert Spence

 

“Spence has completely reorganized the material, creating a significant revision that hinges on the three main concepts of representation, presentation, and interaction. […] He writes with clarity and insight, carefully explaining the important ideas of the field as well as their significance.” 

~ From the Foreword by John Stasko, Georgia Institute of Technology

 

One of the greatest challenges of our time is to make sense of the overwhelming amount of information all around us.  The concepts and techniques of Information Visualization (IV) help us to understand this deluge of data.

 

The second edition of Information Visualization has been completely restructured to focus on core concepts and novel technologies that allow us to interact with information in new and exciting ways.

 

Highlights of the Second Edition include

  • A new structure to enable readers to grasp key concepts more easily;
  • A wealth of new Case Studies showing different applications of IV;
  • New exercises to test your understanding;  
  • A DVD featuring video examples of IV in action.

 

Check out the Companion Website at www.pearsoned.co.uk/spence for additional resources for students and instructors.

 

About the Author

Robert Spence is Professor of Information Engineering at Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine in London.  He is widely recognized to be one of the pioneers of IV, and has taught the subject world-wide to both students and professionals.

 


Companion Website