Cultural Landscape, The:An Introduction to Human Geography

Prentice Hall
James M. Rubenstein
April 2007


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For introductory courses in Human Geography or Cultural Geography.


Trusted for its timeliness, readability, and sound pedagogy, this best-selling text introduces geography as a social science by emphasizing the relevance of geographic concepts to human problems. The relationship between globalization and cultural diversity underlies the material. Rubenstein's engaging organization and presentation appeals to the majority of introductory geography students and instructors.


  • Exceptionally clear organization of the material within each chapter: Makes it extremely easy to use for lesson planning and studying. Every chapter features the following pedagogical and organizational features.
  • Chapter-opening Case Study: Illustrates key concepts presented; generally drawn from news events or daily experiences familiar to students.
  • Key Issues: Features 3-5 points around which chapter material is organized; questions reappear as major headings within the chapter and all include one of the "where" or "why" essential to the study of geography.
  • Case Study Revisited: Reinforces the chapter's main points with additional information related to that chapter's case study.
  • "Thinking Geographically" section in each chapter: Offers questions based on the chapter's concepts and themes; helps students apply concepts to explore issues more intensively.
  • Contemporary Geographic Tools section in each chapter: Examines how tools such as geographic information systems, aerial photography, and remotely sensed images help to resolve or understand issues discussed in the chapter.
  • Summary: Repeats key issues of the chapter with a brief review of important concepts.
  • Key Terms: Indicated at the start of each chapter and defined at the end of the book.
  • "On the Internet" section in each chapter: Recommends sites of particular importance to the theme of the chapter; points students and professors to the book's Companion Website (
  • Dedicated Companion Website ( Offers a variety of resources for students and professors, including review exercises, critical-thinking problems, and annotated resources for further exploration.

New to this Edition

Extensive coverage of Hurricane Katrina and its significance, including description, maps, photos (Chapters 1 and 3)


Substantially rewritten chapters on Development (Chapter 9) and Industry (Chapter 11).


Expanded and updated discussion of key issues covered in earlier editions, including:

- Debate in the United States over migration

- Immigration viewed from the Mexican point of view

- Anti-immigration tensions in Europe

- Middle East tensions

- Health care (including updated maps)

- War in Iraq

- Globalization and its critics

- Trade data

- Organic farming.


New maps, including:

1-1: Katrina impact in New Orleans

2-25: Avian Flu

3-15: U.S. net migration by county

4-5: Istanbul gardens

4-15: Internet users by country

5-1.1: Language of online speakers

5-1.2: Language of e-commerce

6-1.1: Cross-section of West Bank barrier

6-1.2: Route of West Bank barrier

8-2.1: Ethnic groups in Baghdad

8-2.2: Tribes in Iraq

9-5: Cell phones

9-10: Private expenditure on health care

10-16: Change in food and population in Africa

10-17: Undernourishment in Africa

11-16: Production of trousers

11-17: Changing location of U.S. manufacturing

11-21: Labor cost per hour, clothing manufacturing

11-22: Declining clothing production in the United States

13-17: Racial change in Chicago

13-24: Stressed school districts around Cincinnati

14-7: Gas prices

14-12: Production of important minerals

14-16: Electricity from hydroelectric

14-17: Wind power by U.S. state




New boxes highlighting key topics, including:

- Chapter 1:  

Mash-ups using Google Maps

Hand-held navigation devices


- Chapter 3:  

Mexican perspectives on undocumented immigration


- Chapter 5:  

Building barriers in the Middle East


- Chapter 8:  

Using air photos to make the case for war

Applying the concept of scale to war in Iraq


- Chapter 9:  

Wal-Mart in China


- Chapter 11:

Locating car parts plants


- Chapter 13:

Market segmentation



New content on timely topics throughout:

- Chapter 1:

Hurricane Katrina

Discussion of electronic navigation devices

Discussion of mash-ups using computer maps

Several maps drawn on air photos, including 1-3, 1-16, 6-10, and 8-3


- Chapter 2:

Coverage of Avian flu


- Chapter 3:

Immigration viewed from the Mexican point of view


- Chapter 4:

Information on diffusion of Internet usage


- Chapter 5:

Information on language used by online users

Language of e-commerce transactions


- Chapter 6:

Updated information on Middle East tensions

Coverage of Israel's West Bank separation wall


- Chapter 7:

Coverage of Darfur conflict in Sudan


- Chapter 8:

Updated information on current war in Iraq

Coverage of post 9/11 terrorist incidents


- Chapter 9

Discussion and maps on use of cell phones

Discussion of Wal-Mart's connection to China

Discussion of fair trade


- Chapter 10:

Plantation agriculture shifted to subsistence agriculture section


- Chapter 11.

New Key Issues

Focus on China as world's leading manufacturing country

Discussion of regional shifts in manufacturing

Importance of changing location factors such as search for cheap labor


- Chapter 12.

Focus on services in India

New outline summarizing types of services


- Chapter 13.

New focus on problems of older suburbs

New perspectives on improved condition in some U.S. inner cities

Use of market segmentation in retailing


- Chapter 14.

Incorporation of recent higher gas prices

Outlook for expanded production of petroleum

Table of Contents

 1. Thinking Geographically

 2. Population

 3. Migration

 4. Folk and Popular Culture

 5. Language

 6. Religion

 7. Ethnicity

 8. Political Geography

 9. Development

10. Agriculture

11. Industry

12. Services

13. Urban Patterns

14. Resource Issues



Dr. James M. Rubenstein received his Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University in 1975. His dissertation on French urban planning was later developed into a book entitled The French New Towns (Johns Hopkins University Press). In 1976 he joined the faculty at Miami University, where he is currently Professor of Geography. Besides teaching courses on Urban and Human Geography and writing textbooks, Dr. Rubenstein also conducts research in the automotive industry and has published two books on the subject entitled The Changing U.S. Auto Industry: A Geographical Analysis (Routledge) and Making and Selling Cars: Innovation and Change in the U.S. Auto Industry (The Johns Hopkins University Press). Originally from Baltimore, he is an avid Orioles fan. Stormy, a lab-pointer mix, takes Dr. Rubenstein for a long walk in the woods every day.