Automotive Technology

Prentice Hall
James D. Halderman
Juni 2011


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Automotive Technology
5 Februar 2015 146.90


For courses in Automotive Principles, Service and/or Mechanics.


Automotive Technology: Principles, Diagnosis, and Service, Fourth Edition, meets the needs for a comprehensive book that covers all eight areas of automotive service, plus the soft skills and tool knowledge that must also be taught.  Because many automotive systems are intertwined, presenting all systems together in one text makes it easier for the student to see how they are all connected.  Topics are divided into 133 short chapters, which makes it easier for instructors and students to learn and master the content.


For courses in Automotive Principles, Service and/or Mechanics.


Automotive Technology: Principles, Diagnosis, and Service, Fourth Edition, meets the needs for a comprehensive book that covers all eight areas of automotive service, plus the soft skills and tool knowledge that must also be taught.  Because many automotive systems are intertwined, presenting all systems together in one text makes it easier for the student to see how they are all connected.  Topics are divided into 133 short chapters, which makes it easier for instructors and students to learn and master the content.


Hallmark Features:  


Twice as many chapters as the competition.

  • This allows the instructor to assign shorter sections of the text or an entire short chapter, which are supported by chapter features, such as questions and activities supplied as part of the instructor package. 

Spanish translation of the entire text—is available for a free download.

  • This feature allows students with English as their second language to see the text in their native language to help them understand the content material. 

Hundreds of the author’s photos—are used showing the actual parts involved.

  • Not only are many defective parts shown, but seeing the actual component instead of a line drawing helps the student better understand the system and the components involved.

A diagnostic-based textbook.

  • Most chapters include diagnostic procedures and steps needed to troubleshoot faults.  This makes this textbook a very useful tool because not only does it explain how a system works, but how to diagnose faults also. 

This book was written by an automotive instructor—instead of a technical writer.

  • The background of the author is shown throughout the entire book because it not only provides sound explanations of how systems work, but is also explained from the point-of-view of a technician and automotive instructor rather than from an engineer or salesperson. 

Theory and Diagnosis and Service are presented together—in the one book format.

Fully correlated—to NATEF task lists.

  • NATEF task correlation charts are provided in the appendices to help students prepare for their ASE Certification exam.
  • The textbook and workbook page numbers are listed in the NATEF correlation guides to make learning and teaching easier.

Note, Caution, and Warning alerts guide students—through potential harmful situations.

  • Notes provide additional technical information to give students a greater understanding of a specific task.
  • Cautions alert students to potential damage to the vehicle that can occur during a specific service procedure.
  • Warnings alert students to potential harm that may occur to the technician during a specific service procedure.

Each chapter opens with a list of Objectives—based on specific NATEF tasks.

  • Key Terms listed at the beginning of each chapter help students focus on the most important concepts.

Each chapter ends with a Summary, Review Questions, and Quiz—to help students master the material.

  • Answers to chapter questions can be found in the Instructor’s Manual.

Full instructor support package—including a Test Bank and presentation slides.

  • Makes teaching from this text easier for the instructor.
  • There are more questions in the Test Bank than in the textbook, allowing the instructor to customize assessment questions to match the course being taught.
  • Instructors Manual: Contains Sample Syllabus, NATEF Task List, Chapter Outline, Answers to chapter questions, and Transparency Masters).
  • ASE Test Prep Bundle Option:  Each Halderman/Birch title can be bundled with a corresponding ASE Test Prep Guide for $10.00.
  • Work-text/Job Sheet Bundle Option:  NATEF Correlated Work-texts containing “Job Sheet Task List’s” is available for $10.00 with any Prentice Hall Automotive text.

New to this Edition

The new fourth edition has been expanded-by an additional 30 chapters, making teaching and learning easier by breaking the content into smaller segments than is offered by any competitive text.¿ Therefore, a topic or an entire short chapter can be assigned and taught instead of assigning individual page numbers or questions.¿


Chapters increased-from 103 to 133.

  • Many long chapters were split and content reorganized to make teaching and learning easier.
  • New chapters include: 17: Preventive Maintenance and Service Procedures; 19: Diesel Engine Operation and Diagnosis; 20: Coolant; 22: Engine Oil; 27: In-vehicle Engine Service; 36 - Gaskets and Sealants; 37 - Balancing and Blueprinting; 38 - Engine Assembly and Dynamometer Testing; 50 - CAN and Network Communications; 67 - Gasoline; 68 - Alternative Fuels; 69 - Diesel and Biodiesel Fuels; 80 - Gasoline Direct Injection Systems; 81 - Electronic Throttle Control Systems; 92 - First Responder Procedures; 111 - Electronic Stability Control Systems; 113 - Tire Pressure Monitoring Systems; 118 - Electron Suspension Systems; 130 - Automatic Transmission/Transaxle Principles; 131 - Hydraulic Components and Control Systems; 132 - Automatic Transmission/Transaxle Diagnosis and In-Vehicle Service; 133 - Automatic Transmission/Transaxle Unit Repair.¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿¿
A new full-color design-helps bring the subject to life and makes studying easier for students.
  • The interior design has been streamlined to help make studying even easier.
  • Over 300 new color photos and line drawings have been added to help students visualize the concepts.
  • Every chapter was rewritten to include bulleted lists and numbered lists wherever possible.¿
  • The use of the new design for main and sub-headings makes it easier for the instructor and student to grasp the scope of the chapter.

Real world examples-throughout the text help illustrate important concepts.

  • Real World Fix boxes present students with actual service scenarios and show how the problems were diagnosed and repaired.
  • Tech Tips offer real-world advice from ASE-certified master technicians.
  • Safety Tips alert students to possible hazards on the job.
  • Frequently Asked Questions provide answers to questions often asked by students and beginning service technicians and are based on the author's own experience.

Many new step by step photo sequences-have been added to help detail the steps involved in performing a specific task or service procedure.

  • In addition, plenty of new photos and line drawings have been added that help clarify concepts for students.¿

This text is fully integrated with myAutomotivelab-an online resource for instructors and students.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1    Careers in the Automotive Service Industry

Chapter 2    Starting a Career in the Automotive Industry

Chapter 3    Working as a Professional Service Technician

Chapter 4    Technician Certification

Chapter 5    Shop Safety

Chapter 6    Environmental and Hazardous Materials

Chapter 7    Fasteners and Thread Repair

Chapter 8    Hand Tools

Chapter 9 Power Tools and Shop Equipment

Chapter 10 Vehicle Lifting and Hoisting

Chapter 11 Measuring Systems and Tools

Chapter 12 Scientific Principles and Materials

Chapter 13 Math, Charts and Calculations

Chapter 14 Service Information

Chapter 15 Vehicle Identification and Emission Ratings

Chapter 16 Preventive Maintenance and Service Procedures

Chapter 17 Gasoline Engine Operation, Parts and Specifications

Chapter 18 Diesel Engine Operation and Diagnosis

Chapter 19 Coolant

Chapter 20 Cooling System Operation andDiagnosis

Chapter 21 Engine Oil

Chapter 22 Lubrication System Operation and Diagnosis

Chapter 23 Intake and Exhaust Systems

Chapter 24 Turbocharging and Supercharging

Chapter 25 Engine Condition Diagnosis

Chapter 26 In-Vehicle Engine Service

Chapter 27 Engine Removal and Disassembly

Chapter 28 Engine Cleaning and Crack Detection

Chapter 29 Cylinder Head and Valve Guide Service

Chapter 30 Valve and Seat Service

Chapter 31 Camshafts and Valve Trains

Chapter 32 Pistons, Rings, and Connecting Rods

Chapter 33 Engine Blocks

Chapter 34 Crankshafts, Balance Shafts, and Bearings

Chapter 35 Gaskets and Sealants

Chapter 36 Engine Assembly and Dynamometer Testing

Chapter 37 Engine Installation and Break-In

Chapter 38 Electrical Fundamentals

Chapter 39 Electrical Circuits and Ohm’s Law

Chapter 40 Series, Parallel, and Series-Parallel Circuits

Chapter 41 Circuit Testers and Digital Meters

Chapter 42 Oscilloscopes and Graphing Multimeters

Chapter 43 Automotive Wiring and Wire Repair

Chapter 44 Wiring Schematics and Circuit Testing

Chapter 45 Capacitance and Capacitors

Chapter 46 Magnetism and Electromagnetism

Chapter 47 Electronic Fundamentals

Chapter 48 CAN and Network Communications

Chapter 49 Batteries

Chapter 50 Battery Testing and Service

Chapter 51 Cranking Systems

Chapter 52 Cranking System Diagnosis and Service

Chapter 53 Charging Systems

Chapter 54 Charging System Diagnosis and Service

Chapter 55 Lighting and Signaling Circuits

Chapter 56 Driver Information and Navigation Systems

Chapter 57 Horn, Wiper, and Blower Motor Circuits

Chapter 58 Accessory Circuits

Chapter 59 Restraint Systems and Airbags

Chapter 60 Audio System Operation and Diagnosis

Chapter 61 Heating and Air-Conditioning Components and Operation

Chapter 62 Automatic Air-Conditioning System Operation

Chapter 63 Heating and Air-Conditioning System Diagnosis

Chapter 64 Heating and Air-Conditioning System Service

Chapter 65 Gasoline

Chapter 66 Alternative Fuels

Chapter 67 Diesel and Biodiesel Fuels

Chapter 68 Ignition System Components and Operation

Chapter 69 Ignition System Diagnosis and Service

Chapter 70 Computer Fundamentals

Chapter 71 Temperature Sensors

Chapter 72 Throttle Position Sensors

Chapter 73 MAP/BARO Sensors

Chapter 74 Mass Air Flow Sensors

Chapter 75 Oxygen Sensors

Chapter 76 Fuel Pumps, Lines, and Filters

Chapter 77 Fuel Injection Components and Operation

Chapter 78 Gasoline Direct Injection Systems

Chapter 79 Electronic Throttle Control Systems

Chapter 80 Fuel Injection System Diagnosis and Service

Chapter 81 Vehicle Emission Standards and Testing

Chapter 82 Evaporative Emission Control Systems

Chapter 83 Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) Systems

Chapter 84 Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) And Secondary Air Injection (SAI) Systems

Chapter 85 Catalytic Converters

Chapter 86 On-Board Diagnosis

Chapter 87 Scan Tools and Engine Performance Diagnosis

Chapter 88 Introduction to Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Chapter 89 Hybrid Safety and Service Procedures

Chapter 90 Fuel Cells and Advanced Technologies

Chapter 91 Braking System Components and Performance Standards

Chapter 92 Braking System Principles

Chapter 93 Brake Hydraulic Systems

Chapter 94 Hydraulic Valves and Switches

Chapter 95 Brake Fluid and Lines

Chapter 96 Brake Bleeding Methods and Procedures

Chapter 97 Wheel Bearings and Service

Chapter 98 Drum Brakes

Chapter 99   Drum Brake Diagnosis and Service

Chapter 100   Disc Brakes

Chapter 101   Disc Brake Diagnosis and Service

Chapter 102   Parking Brake Operation, Diagnosis, and Service

Chapter 103   Machining Brake Drums and Rotors

Chapter 104   Power Brake Unit Operation, Diagnosis, and Service

Chapter 105   ABS Components and Operation

Chapter 106   ABS Diagnosis and Service

Chapter 107   Electronic Stability Control Systems

Chapter 108   Tires and Wheels

Chapter 109   Tire Pressure Monitoring Systems

Chapter 110   Tire and Wheel Service

Chapter 111   Suspension System Components and Operation

Chapter 112   Front Suspension and Service

Chapter 113   Rear Suspension and Service

Chapter 114   Electronic Suspension Systems

Chapter 115   Steering Columns and Gears

Chapter 116   Steering Linkage and Service

Chapter 117   Power-Assisted Steering Operation and Service

Chapter 118   Wheel Alignment Principles

Chapter 119   Alignment Diagnosis and Service

Chapter 120   Clutches

Chapter 121   Manual Transmissions/Transaxles

Chapter 122   Drive Axle Shafts and CV Joints

Chapter 123   Drive Axle Shafts and CV Joint Service

Chapter 124   Differentials

Chapter 125   Four-Wheel-Drive and All-Wheel Drive

Chapter 126   Automatic Transmission/Transaxle Principles

Chapter 127   Hydraulic Components and Control Systems

Chapter 128   Automatic Transmission/Transaxle Diagnosis and In-Vehicle Service

Chapter 129   Automatic Transmission/Transaxle Unit Repair


James D. Halderman brings a world of experience, knowledge and talent to his work. His automotive service experience includes working as a flat-rate dealership technician, a business owner and a professor of automotive technology at a leading U.S. community college for more than 20 years.

He has a Bachelor of Science Degree from Ohio Northern University and a Master's Degree in Education from Miami University in Oxford, Ohio. Jim also holds a U.S. Patent for an electronic transmission control device used throughout the United States and Canada.

In addition to the numerous automotive technology textbooks he authored for Pearson Jim also writes a weekly newspaper column on automotive service for the Dayton (Ohio) Daily News.