|Introductory Digital Image Processing: A Remote Sensing Perspective||
Introductory Digital Image Processing: A Remote Sensing Perspective
|238.00||approx. 7-9 days|
For junior/graduate-level courses in Remote Sensing in Geography, Geology, Forestry, and Biology.
Introductory Digital Image Processing: A Remote Sensing Perspective focuses on digital image processing of aircraft- and satellite-derived, remotely sensed data for Earth resource management applications. Extensively illustrated, it explains how to extract biophysical information from remote sensor data for almost all multidisciplinary land-based environmental projects.
Now in full colour, the 4th Edition provides up-to-date information on analytical methods used to analyse digital remote sensing data. Each chapter contains a substantive reference list that can be used by students and scientists as a starting place for their digital image processing project or research. A new appendix provides sources of imagery and other geospatial information.
Keep your course current and relevant
Chapter 1: Introduction
Greater emphasis is now placed on the importance of ground reference information that can be used to calibrate remote sensor data and assess the accuracy of remote sensing-derived products such as thematic maps. The “Remote Sensing Process” has been updated to reflect recent innovations in digital image processing. Greater emphasis is now placed on the use of remote sensing to solve local, high-spatial resolution problems as well as for use in global climate change research. This chapter now includes detailed information about the increasing demand for people trained in remote sensing digital image processing. Information is provided from a) the NRC (2013) Future U.S. Workforce for Geospatial Intelligence study, and b) U.S. Department of Labor Employment and Training Administration (USDOLETA, 2014) data about the 39,900 “Remote Sensing Scientists and Technologists” and “Remote Sensing Technicians” job openings projected from 2012–2022. Most of these occupations require training in remote sensing digital image processing.
Chapter 2: Remote Sensing Data
This chapter provides information about historical, current, and projected sources of remotely sensed data.
Detailed information about new and proposed satellite remote sensing systems (e.g., Astrium’s Pleiades and
SPOT 6; DigitalGlobe’s GeoEye-1, GeoEye-2, World-View-1, WorldView-2, WorldView-3; India’s CartoSat
and ResourceSat; Israel’s EROS A2; Korea’s KOMPSAT; NASA’s Landsat 8; NOAA’s NPOESS;
RapidEye, etc.) and airborne remote sensing systems (e.g., PICTOMETRY, Microsoft’s UltraCAM, Leica’s
Airborne Digital System 80) are included in the fourth edition. Technical details about decommissioned (e.g.,
SPOT 1, 2; Landsat 5), degraded (e.g., Landsat 7 ETM+) or failed (e.g., European Space Agency Envisat)
sensor systems are provided.
Chapter 3: Digital Image
Processing Hardware and
As expected, the computer hardware (e.g., CPUs, RAM, mass storage, digitization technology, displays,
transfer/storage technology) and software [e.g., multispectral, hyperspectral, per-pixel, object-based image
analysis (OBIA)] necessary to perform digital image processing have progressed significantly since the last
edition. Improvements in computer hardware often used to perform digital image processing are discussed.
The most important functions, characteristics and sources of the major digital image processing software
Chapter 4: Image Quality
Basic digital image processing mathematical notation is reviewed along with the significance of the histogram.
The importance of metadata is introduced. Visual methods of assessing image quality are presented including three-dimensional representation. Univariate and multivariate methods of assessing the initial quality of digital remote sensor data are refreshed. A new section on geostatistical analysis, autocorrelation and kriging interpolation is provided.
Chapter 5: Display Alternatives
and Scientific Visualization
New information is provided on: liquid crystal displays (LCD), image compression alternatives, color coordinate
systems (RGB, Intensity-Hue-Saturation, and Chromaticity), the use of 8- and 24-bit color look-up tables, and new methods of merging (fusing) different types of imagery (e.g., Gram-Schmidt, regression Kriging). Additional information is provided about measuring distance, perimeter, shape and polygon area using digital imagery.
Chapter 6: Radiometric Correction
Additional information is provided about electromagnetic radiation principles (e.g., Fraunhofer absorption
features) and the spectral reflectance characteristics of selected natural and human-made materials. Updated
information about the most important radiometric correction algorithms is provided, including: a) those
that perform absolute radiometric correction (e.g., MODTRAN 4, ACORN, FLAASH, QUAC, ATCOR,
empirical line calibration) and, b) those that perform relative radiometric correction (e.g., single and multiple-
date image normalization).
Chapter 7: Geometric Correction
Traditional as well as improved methods of image-to map rectification and image-to-image registration are
provided. In addition, this edition contains an expanded discussion on developable surfaces and the properties
and advantages/disadvantages of several of the most heavily used cylindrical, azimuthal, and conical map projections. MODIS satellite imagery is projected using selected map projections (e.g., Mercator, Lambert
Azimuthal Equal-area). The image mosaicking section contains new examples and demonstrates the characteristics of the USGS annual mosaic of Landsat ETM+ data (i.e., the WELD: Web-enabled Landsat Data project).
Chapter 8: Image Enhancement
The image magnification and reduction sections are revised. In addition, the following image enhancement
techniques are updated: band ratioing, neighborhood raster operations, spatial convolution filtering and
edge enhancement, frequency filtering, texture extraction, and Principal Components Analysis (PCA). The
vegetation indices (VI) section has been significantly revised to include new information on the dominant
factors controlling leaf reflectance and the introduction of numerous new indices with graphic examples.
Several new texture transforms are introduced (e.g., Moran’s I Spatial Autocorrelation) and new information
is provided on the extraction of texture from images using Grey-level Co-occurrence Matrices (GLCM).
The chapter concludes with a new discussion on landscape ecology metrics that can be extracted from remotely
Chapter 9: Information Extraction Using Pattern Recognition
Updated information on the American Planning Association Land-Based Classification Standard (NLCS),
the U.S. National Land Cover Database (NLCD) Classification System, NOAA’s Coastal Change Analysis
Program (C-CAP) Classification Scheme, and the IGBP Land-Cover Classification System is included.
New methods of feature (band) selection are introduced (e.g., Correlation Matrix Feature Selection). Additional
information is provided on Object-based Image Analysis (OBIA) classification methods, including
new OBIA application examples.
Chapter 10: Information Extraction Using Artificial Intelligence
New information is provided on image classification using machine-learning decision trees, regression trees,
Random Forest (trees), and Support Vector Machines (SVM). Detailed information is now provided on a
number of machine-learning, data-mining decision tree/regression tree programs that can be used to develop
production rules (e.g., CART, S-Plus, R Development Core Team, C4.5, C5.0, Cubist). New information about advances in neural network analysis of remote sensor data is included for Multi-layer Perceptrons, Kohonen’s Self-Organizing Map, and fuzzy ARTMAP neural networks. A new discussion about the advantages and disadvantages of artificial neural networks is provided.
Chapter 11: Information Extraction Using Imaging Spectroscopy
Advances in airborne and satellite hyperspectral data collection are discussed. Advances in the methods used
to process and analyze hyperspectral imagery are provided, including: end-member selection and analysis, mapping algorithms, Spectral Mixture Analysis (SMA), continuum removal, spectroscopic library matching techniques, machine-learning hyperspectral analysis techniques, new hyperspectral indices, and derivative spectroscopy.
Chapter 12: Change Detection
This book has always contained detailed digital change detection information. New information is provided on
the impact of sensor system look angle and amount of tree or building obscuration. Advances in binary “change/no-change” algorithms are provided including new analytical methods used to identify the change thresholds and new commercial change detection products such as ESRI’s Change Matters and MDA’s National Urban Change Indicator. Significant advances in thematic “from-to” change detection algorithms are discussed including photogrammetric and LiDARgrammetric change detection, OBIA post-classification comparison change detection, and Neighborhood Correlation Image (NCI) change detection.
Chapter 13: Remote Sensing derived Thematic Map Accuracy Assessment
There is a significant amount of literature and debate about the best method(s) to use to determine the accuracy
of remote sensing-derived thematic map produced from a single date of imagery or a thematic map derived
from multiple dates of imagery (i.e., change detection). The accuracy assessment alternatives and
characteristics of the debate are discussed more thoroughly.
Appendix: Sources of Imagery and other Geospatial Information
A new appendix is provided that contains a list of selected geospatial datasets that can be evaluated and/
or downloaded via the Internet, including: digital elevation information, hydrology, land use/land cover and
biodiversity/habitat, road network and population demographic data, and several types of publicly- and
commercially-available remote sensor-data. Map or image examples of the datasets are presented where appropriate.
John R. Jensen received a BA in geography from California State University at Fullerton, an MS from Brigham Young University (BYU), and a PhD from the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA). He is a Carolina Distinguished Professor Emeritus in the Department of Geography at the University of SouthCarolina. He is a certified photogrammetrist and a past president of the American Society for Photogrammetry & Remote Sensing (ASP&RS): The Geospatial Information Society. He has conducted more than 50 remote sensing-related projects sponsored by NASA, DOE, NOAA, and the Nature Conservancy and published more than 120 refereed journal articles. He mentored 34 PhD and 62 master’s students. He received the SAIC/ASP&RS John E. Estes Memorial Teaching Award for education, mentoring, and training in remote sensing and GIS. He received the U.S. Geological Survey/National Aeronautics & Space Administration (NASA) William T. Pecora Award for his remote sensing research contributions. He received the Association of American Geographers (AAG) Lifetime Achievement Award for research and education in remote sensing and GIScience. He was the Editor-in-chief of the journal GIScience & Remote Sensing published by Taylor & Francis. He is co-author of Introductory Geographic Information Systems and author of Remote Sensing of the Environment: An Earth Resource Perspective, 2nd edition, also published by Pearson. He has been associated with eight National Research Council (NRC) remote sensing-related committees and subsequent National Academy Press publications. He became an Honorary Member of ASP&RS in 2013, the highest award bestowed by ASP&RS.