Literature for Composition, MLA Update

Literature for Composition, MLA Update - Sylvan Barnet - 9780134678702 - English Composition - Freshman Composition (115)
Series
Pearson
Author
Sylvan Barnet / William Burto / William E. Cain / Cheryl Nixon  
Publisher
Pearson
Cover
Softcover
Edition
11
Language
English
Total pages
1472
Pub.-date
January 2017
ISBN13
9780134678702
ISBN
0134678702
Related Titles



Description

For courses in Literature for Composition, Writing About Literature, and Introduction to Literature.

This version of Literature for Composition has been updated to reflect the 8th Edition of the MLA Handbook (April 2016)*
 
The definitive source for composition and introduction to literature courses
With an emphasis on critical thinking and argument, Literature for Composition offers superior coverage of reading, writing, and arguing about literature along with an anthology organized around eight thought-provoking themes. Throughout, the authors demonstrate that the skills emphasized in their discussions of communication are relevant not only to literature courses, but to all courses in which students analyze texts or write arguments.

* The 8th Edition introduces sweeping changes to the philosophy and details of MLA works cited entries. Responding to the “increasing mobility of texts,” MLA now encourages writers to focus on the process of crafting the citation, beginning with the same questions for any source. These changes, then, align with current best practices in the teaching of writing which privilege inquiry and critical thinking over rote recall and rule-following.

Features

  • Extensive instruction in composition: Students are guided through the entire process of writing (especially writing arguments), beginning with generating ideas (for instance, by listing or by annotating a text), developing a thesis, supporting the thesis with evidence, and on through the final stages of documenting and editing.
    • Twenty-four sample student essays are included; most are prefaced with the students’ preliminary notes, some include first and revised drafts, and some are annotated or otherwise analyzed. 
    • Each literary genre chapter includes a new “Student Writing Portfolio” that collects sample materials generated by each step of the writing process, demonstrating how a paper evolves from initial note taking to a final draft.
  • Strategies for writing effective arguments: The Eleventh Edition focuses on argument and evaluation, not only in the case studies, but also in the discussion topics that follow every reading (headed “Joining the Conversation: Critical Thinking and Writing”). We emphasize the importance of questioning one’s own assumptions—a key principle in critical thinking—and we also emphasize the importance of providing evidence in the course of setting forth coherent, readable arguments.
  • Wide range of literary selections: The book includes some three hundred selections, ranging from ancient classics such as Sophocles’s Antigone to works written in the twenty-first century by authors such as Junot Diaz and Jhumpa Lahiri.
  • Abundant visual material, with suggestions about visual analysis: The book is rich in photographs. The images are chosen to enhance the student’s understanding of particular works of literature. 
    • For example, we include photos of Buffalo Bill and a facsimile of a draft of E. E. Cummings’s poem about Buffalo Bill. Similarly, we include previously unpublished typescript pages of Faulkner’s “A Rose for Emily,” thereby helping students to think about the kinds of choices and changes that a serious writer makes. 
    • This edition also remains strong in its representation of graphic fiction.
  • Introductory genre anthology: After preliminary chapters on generating ideas and thinking critically, students encounter chapters devoted to essays, fiction, drama, and poetry.
  • Thematic anthology: The chapters in Part 4 are arranged under eight themes: The World around Us; Technology and Human Identity; Love and Hate, Men and Women; Innocence and Experience; All in a Day’s Work; American Dreams and Nightmares; Law and Disorder; and Journeys.
  • Case studies: The three case studies presented in this book (“An Author in Depth”) give a variety of perspectives for writing arguments and organizing research: Flannery O’Connor, William Shakespeare, and Robert Frost.
  • NEW! New essays, short stories, poems, and plays:
    • Essays by Nicholas Carr (“Is Google Making Us Stupid?) and George Saunders (“Commencement Speech on Kindness”).
    • Short stories by Haruki Murakami (“On Seeing the 100% Perfect Girl…”), Junot Diaz (“How to Date a Browngirl, Blackgirl, Whitegirl, or Halfie”), Jhumpa Lahiri (“This Blessed House”), Dagoberto Gilb (“Love in L.A.”), Dorothy Parker (“A Telephone Call,”) and Lan Samantha Chang (“Water Names”), among others.  
    • Poems by Lisel Mueller (“The End of Science Fiction”), Walt Whitman (“To a Locomotive in Winter”), Thylias Moss (“Tornados”), Sylvia Plath (“Blackberrying”), Seamus Heaney (“Blackberry-Picking”), Alberto Rios (“Nani”), and Helen Chasin (“The Word Plum”), among others
    • A play by Michael Golamco (“The Heartbreaker”)
  • NEW! New thematic chapter on Technology and Human Identity:
    • A new chapter in Part 4, comprising selections from a mix of classic and contemporary authors, provides a lens through which students can see how technology both informs and impedes our lives.
    • Several stories use science fiction elements to imagine utopian and dystopian futures. Authors in this chapter include Mark Twain, Stephen King, Maria Semple, Ray Bradbury, John Cheever, and Amy Sterling Casil.
  • NEW! Reimagined thematic chapters:
    • Thematic chapters have been collapsed and combined to promote ease of use and to avoid repetition.
    • Each theme has been carefully cultivated to feature the most representative selections for that theme.
  • NEW! New chapter on Research:
    • An extensive new chapter on research walks students step-by-step through the process, from creating a research plan and selecting a topic to locating and evaluating sources and avoiding plagiarism.
    • Woven throughout the chapter is one student’s writing process, culminating with a paper on Emily Dickinson’s use of nature imagery. 
  • NEW! New chapter on Critical Thinking about Literature: A streamlined chapter provides an overview of critical thinking early in the text, defining the term and discussing the importance of close reading, analysis, and synthesis.
  • NEW! New chapter on Close Reading: Now includes discussions of both paraphrasing and summarizing, complete with new student samples.
  • NEW! New chapter on the Pleasures of Reading, Writing, and Thinking about Literature: Designed to help students think productively about their writing, this material has been updated to reflect contemporary writing (such as blogging and texting), and now contains examples from each of the genres presented in the text, complete with a new personal response essay and new selections.
  • NEW! New chapter on Comparison and Synthesis: Walks students through drafting and revising to final production of this type of paper, with student samples throughout.
  • NEW! New student writing portfolios:
    • Part 3 contains four unique, genre-specific student writing portfolios. These self-contained portfolios each present one student’s writing process step by step, from assignment to finished product.
    • Every portfolio is framed with a brief description of the paper "type," a short assignment that defines the writing, and helpful marginal annotations next to each step of the student’s writing process, which highlight notable structures and provide guidance for readers to emulate in their own writing.
  • NEW! New Checklists: Designed to help students produce successful writing, even more checklists are now included in the text at key points in the writing process, including ideas for generating a draft, revising a comparison essay, and evaluating sources for topic “fit.”
  • NEW! More student samples of works-in-progress: Throughout the text, every part of the writing process is demonstrated through student models. In addition, Part 3 contains four self-contained, genre-specific student writing portfolios that each showcase one student’s writing process for a particular assignment. 

New to this Edition

  • New essays, short stories, poems, and plays:
    • Essays by Nicholas Carr (“Is Google Making Us Stupid?) and George Saunders (“Commencement Speech on Kindness”).
    • Short stories by Haruki Murakami (“On Seeing the 100% Perfect Girl…”), Junot Diaz (“How to Date a Browngirl, Blackgirl, Whitegirl, or Halfie”), Jhumpa Lahiri (“This Blessed House”), Dagoberto Gilb (“Love in L.A.”), Dorothy Parker (“A Telephone Call,”) and Lan Samantha Chang (“Water Names”), among others.  
    • Poems by Lisel Mueller (“The End of Science Fiction”), Walt Whitman (“To a Locomotive in Winter”), Thylias Moss (“Tornados”), Sylvia Plath (“Blackberrying”), Seamus Heaney (“Blackberry-Picking”), Alberto Rios (“Nani”), and Helen Chasin (“The Word Plum”), among others
    • A play by Michael Golamco (“The Heartbreaker”)
  • New thematic chapter on Technology and Human Identity:
    • A new chapter in Part 4, comprising selections from a mix of classic and contemporary authors, provides a lens through which students can see how technology both informs and impedes our lives.
    • Several stories use science fiction elements to imagine utopian and dystopian futures. Authors in this chapter include Mark Twain, Stephen King, Maria Semple, Ray Bradbury, John Cheever, and Amy Sterling Casil.
  • Reimagined thematic chapters:
    • Thematic chapters have been collapsed and combined to promote ease of use and to avoid repetition.
    • Each theme has been carefully cultivated to feature the most representative selections for that theme.
  • New chapter on Research:
    • An extensive new chapter on research walks students step-by-step through the process, from creating a research plan and selecting a topic to locating and evaluating sources and avoiding plagiarism.
    • Woven throughout the chapter is one student’s writing process, culminating with a paper on Emily Dickinson’s use of nature imagery.
  • New chapter on Critical Thinking about Literature: A streamlined chapter provides an overview of critical thinking early in the text, defining the term and discussing the importance of close reading, analysis, and synthesis.
  • New chapter on Close Reading: Now includes discussions of both paraphrasing and summarizing, complete with new student samples.
  • New chapter on the Pleasures of Reading, Writing, and Thinking about Literature: Designed to help students think productively about their writing, this material has been updated to reflect contemporary writing (such as blogging and texting), and now contains examples from each of the genres presented in the text, complete with a new personal response essay and new selections.
  • New chapter on Comparison and Synthesis: Walks students through drafting and revising to final production of this type of paper, with student samples throughout.
  • New student writing portfolios:
    • Part 3 contains four unique, genre-specific student writing portfolios. These self-contained portfolios each present one student’s writing process step by step, from assignment to finished product.
    • Every portfolio is framed with a brief description of the paper "type," a short assignment that defines the writing, and helpful marginal annotations next to each step of the student’s writing process, which highlight notable structures and provide guidance for readers to emulate in their own writing. 
  • New Checklists: Designed to help students produce successful writing, even more checklists are now included in the text at key points in the writing process, including ideas for generating a draft, revising a comparison essay, and evaluating sources for topic “fit.”  
  • More student samples of works-in-progress: Throughout the text, every part of the writing process is demonstrated through student models. In addition, Part 3 contains four self-contained, genre-specific student writing portfolios that each showcase one student’s writing process for a particular assignment.

Table of Contents

NOTE: Brief and Comprehensive Tables of Contents follow.

BRIEF CONTENTS  


I. THINKING CRITICALLY ABOUT LITERATURE
1. How to Write an Effective Essay about Literature: A Crash Course
2. What is Critical Thinking about Literature? A Crash Course
3. The Writer as Reader
4. The Reader as Writer
5. The Pleasures of Reading, Writing and Thinking about Literature

II. WRITING ARGUMENTS ABOUT LITERATURE
6. Close Reading: Paraphrase, Summary, and Explication
7. Analysis: Inquiry, Interpretation and Argument
8. Pushing Analysis Further: Re-Interpreting and Revision
9. Comparison and Synthesis
10. Research: Writing with Sources

III. ANALYZING LITERARY FORMS AND ELEMENTS
11. Reading and Writing about Essays
12. Reading and Writing about Stories
13. Reading and Writing about Graphic Fiction
14. Reading and Writing about Plays
15. Reading and Writing about Poems

IV. ENJOYING LITERARY THEMES: A THEMATIC ANTHOLOGY
16. The World Around Us
17. Technology and Human Identity
18. Love and Hate, Men and Women
19. Innocence and Experience
20. All in a Day’s Work
21. American Dreams and Nightmares
22. Law and Disorder
23. Journeys

Appendix A: Writing About Literature: An Overview of Critical Strategies
Appendix B: Remarks about Manuscript Form
Literary Credits
Photo Credits
Index of Authors, Titles, and First Lines
Index of Terms


COMPREHENSIVE CONTENTS

Contents by Genre

Preface to Instructors


 I: THINKING CRITICALLY ABOUT LITERATURE 

 1: How to Write an Effective Essay about Literature: A Crash Course

The Basic Strategy  

Reading Closely: Approaching a First Draft

  Checklist: Generating Ideas for a Draft 

Writing and Revising: Achieving a Readable Draft

Checklist: Writing and Revising a Draft

Revising: Working with Peer Review

Preparing the Final Draft

 

 2: What is Critical Thinking about Literature?: A Crash Course 

The Basic Strategy 

What Is Critical Thinking? 

How Do We Engage in Critical Thinking?

Close Reading  

  Checklist: Close Reading 

Analysis:  Inquiry, Interpretation, Argument 

  Checklist:   Inquiry and Question-Asking 

  Checklist:  Interpretation 

  Checklist:  Argument 

Comparison and Synthesis 

  Checklist:  Comparison and Synthesis 

Revision and Self-Awareness 

Standing Back: Kinds of Writing 

Non-Analytic vs. Analytic Writing 

 

 3: The Writer as Reader  

Reading and Responding  

KATE CHOPIN • Ripe Figs  

Reading as Re-creation  

Reading for Understanding: Collecting Evidence and Making Reasonable Inferences  

Reading with Pen in Hand: Close Reading and Annotation 

 Sample Student Work: Annotation 

  Reading for Response: Recording First Reactions  

Sample Student Work: Response Writing 

  Reading for Inquiry: Ask Questions and Brainstorm Ideas 

Sample Student Work: Inquiry Notes 

  Reading in Context: Identifying Your Audience and Purpose 

From Reading to Writing: Developing an Analytical Essay with an Argumentative Thesis 

Sample Student Analytical Essay: “Images of Ripening in Kate Chopin’s ‘Ripe Figs’”  

The Analytical Essay: Argument and Structure Analyzed  

The Writing Process: From First Responses to Final Essay 

Other Possibilities for Writing  

From Reading to Writing: Moving from Brainstorming to an Analytical Essay 

BRUCE HOLLAND ROGERS • Three Soldiers

The Writing Process: From Response Writing to Final Essay

Sample Student Work: Response Writing 

Sample Student Analytical Essay: “Thinking about Three Soldiers Thinking”  

The Analytical Essay: The Development of Ideas Analyzed  

From Reading to Writing: Moving from a Preliminary Outline to an Analytical Essay 

RAY BRADBURY • August 2026: There Will Come Soft Rains  

The Writing Process: From Outlining to Final Essay  

Sample Student Work: Outlining

Sample Student Analytical Essay: “The Lesson of ‘August 2026’”  

 

Your Turn:  Additional Stories for Analysis  

MICHELE SERROS • Senior Picture Day  

HARUKI MURAKAMI • On Seeing the 100% Perfect Girl One Beautiful April Morning 

JOHN UPDIKE  •  A & P 

 

 4: The Reader as Writer  

Developing Ideas through Close Reading and Inquiry 

  Getting Ideas

Annotating a Text

KATE CHOPIN • The Story of an Hour  

Brainstorming Ideas  

Focused Freewriting 

Sample Student Work: Freewriting 

Listing  

Sample Student Work: Listing 

Asking Questions  

Sample Student Work: Inquiry Notes 

Keeping a Journal  

Sample Student Work: Journal-writing 

Developing a Thesis through Critical Thinking

Arguing with Yourself 

Arguing a Thesis  

Checklist: Thesis Sentence  

From Reading to Writing to Revising: Drafting an Argument in an Analytical Essay

Sample Preliminary Draft of Student’s Analytical Essay: “Ironies in an Hour”

Revising an Argument  

Outlining an Argument  

Soliciting Peer Review, Thinking about Counterarguments  

From Reading to Writing to Revising: Finalizing an Analytical Essay 

Sample Final Draft of a Student’s Analytical Essay: “Ironies of Life in Kate Chopin’s ‘The Story of an Hour’”  

The Analytical Essay: The Final Draft Analyzed 

From Reading to Writing to Revising: Finalizing an Analytical Essay 

KATE CHOPIN • Désirée’s Baby  

Sample Student Analytical Essay: “Race and Identity in ‘Désirée’s Baby’”  

From Reading to Writing to Revising: Drafting a Comparison Essay 

KATE CHOPIN • The Storm  

Sample Student Work: Comparison Notes 

Sample Student Comparison Essay: “Two New Women”  

The Comparison Essay: Organization Analyzed

Your Turn: Additional Stories for Analysis  

DAGOBERTO GILB • Love in L.A. 

ELIZABETH TALLENT  No One’s a Mystery  

JUNOT DIAZ    How to Date a Browngirl, Blackgirl, Whitegirl, or Halfie 

T. CORAGHESSAN BOYLE • Greasy Lake

MARY ANNE HOOD  •  How Far She Went 

 

 5:  The Pleasures of Reading, Writing and Thinking about Literature  

The Pleasures of Literature 

ALLEN WOODMAN • Wallet  

The Pleasures of Analyzing the Texts that Surround Us  

The Pleasures of Authoring Texts   

The Pleasures of Interacting with Texts   

Interacting with Fiction: Literature as Connection   

JAMAICA KINCAID • Girl  

Sample Student Personal Response Essay: “The Narrator in Jamaica Kincaid’s ‘Girl’: Questioning the Power of Voice” 

Interacting with Graphic Fiction: Literature as (Making and Breaking) Rules 

   LYNDA BARRY • Before You Write  

Interacting with Poetry: Literature as Language 

JULIA BIRD • 14: a txt msg pom.  

Interacting with Drama: Literature as Performance

 OSCAR WILDE• excerpt from The Importance of Being Ernest  

Interacting with Essays: Literature as Discovery 

ANNA LISA RAYA • It’s Hard Enough Being Me  

 

Your Turn:  Additional Stories, Poems, Plays and Essays for Pleasurable Analysis  

Poems

ALBERTO RIOS  •  Nani 

JIMMY SANTIAGO BACA  •  Green Chili 

HELEN CHASIN  •  The Word Plum 

WILLIAM CARLOS WILLIAMS • This Is Just to Say 

GARY SOTO •  Oranges 

SARAH N. CLEGHORN • The Golf Links  

STEVIE SMITH  •  Not Waving but Drowning 

Stories

MARGARET ATWOOD •  Happy Endings 

AMBROSE BIERCE • An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge

Play

MICHAEL GOLAMCO  • The Heartbreaker 

Essay

GEORGE SAUNDERS Commencement Speech on Kindness  

 

 II: WRITING ARGUMENTS ABOUT LITERATURE

 6  Close Reading: Paraphrase, Summary, and

   Explication

 

What Is Literature?  

Literature and Form  

Form and Meaning  

ROBERT FROST • The Span of Life  

Close Reading: Reading in Slow Motion  

Exploring a Poem and Its Meaning

LANGSTON HUGHES • Harlem  

Paraphrase

Sample Student Work: Paraphrase 

Summary 

Sample Student Work: Summary 

Explication  

Working Toward an Explication

Sample Student Work: Annotation

Sample Student Work: Journal Entries

Sample Student Work: Listing

Sample Student Explication Essay: “Langston Hughes’s ‘Harlem’”  

Explication as Argument  

CATHY SONG • Stamp Collecting

Sample Student Argumentative Explication Essay: “Giving Stamps Personality in ‘Stamp Collecting’”

Checklist: Drafting an Explication

 

Your Turn:  Additional Poems for Explication  

WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE  •  Sonnet 73

JOHN DONNE • Holy Sonnet XIV

EMILY BRONT⊄ • Spellbound  

LI-YOUNG LEE • I Ask My Mother to Sing  

RANDALL JARRELL • The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner  

 

 7 Analysis: Inquiry, Interpretation and Argument  

Analysis  

Understanding Analysis as a Process of Inquiry, Interpretation, Argument

Analyzing a Story from the Hebrew Bible: The Judgment of Solomon  

The Judgment of Solomon  

Developing an Analysis of the Story  

Opening Up Additional Ways to Analyze the Story  

Analyzing a Story from the New Testament: The Parable of the Prodigal Son  

The Parable of the Prodigal Son  

Asking Questions that Trigger an Analysis of the Story 

From Inquiry to Interpretation to Argument: Developing an Analytical Paper  

ERNEST HEMINGWAY • Cat in the Rain

Close Reading

Sample Student Work: Annotations

Inquiry Questions  

  Sample Student Work: Inquiry Notes

Interpretation Brainstorming

Sample Student Work: Journal Writing

  The Argument-Centered Paper

    Sample Student Argument Paper: “Hemingway’s American Wife”

   From Inquiry to an Analytical Paper: A Second Example

    Sample Student Work: Inquiry Notes

Sample Student Work: Journal Writing

JAMES JOYCE • Araby

Sample Student Analytical Essay: “‘Araby’s’ Everyday and Imagined Setting”

From Inquiry to Interpretation to Argument: Maintaining an Interpretation in an Analytical Paper

 APHRA BEHN • Song: Love Armed  

   Maintaining Interpretive Interest

Sample Student Work: Inquiry Notes

    Sample Student Work: Journal Writing

Sample Student Essay: “The Double Nature of Love”

Checklist: Editing a Draft  

 

Your Turn:  Additional Short Stories and Poems for Analysis  

EDGAR ALLAN POE • The Cask of Amontillado  

LESLIE MARMON SILKO • The Man to Send Rain Clouds  

BILLY COLLINS  •  Introduction to Poetry

ROBERT FROST • The Road Not Taken  

JOHN KEATS  •  Ode on a Grecian Urn

MARTIN ESPADA  •  Bully

 

 8  Pushing Analysis Further: Re-Interpreting and

Revision

Interpretation and Meaning  

Is the Author’s Intention a Guide to Meaning?  

What Characterizes a Sound Interpretation?  

Interpreting Pat Mora’s “Immigrants”  

PAT MORA • Immigrants  

Checklist: Writing an Interpretation  

Strategy #1: Pushing Analysis by Rethinking First Responses

JEFFREY WHITMORE • Bedtime Story  

Sample Student Work: Response Writing Revisited

DOUGLAS L. HASKINS • Hide and Seek 

Sample Student Work: Response Writing Revisited

MARK PLANTS • Equal Rites  

Sample Student Work: Response Writing Revisited

Strategy #2: Pushing Analysis by Exploring Literary Form

LANGSTON HUGHES • Mother to Son

Sample Student Work: Annotation Exploring Form

   Sample Student Work: Inquiry Notes Exploring Form

  Sample Student Analytical Essay: “Accepting the Challenge of a Difficult Climb in Langston Hughes’ ‘Mother to Son’”

Strategy #3: Pushing Analysis by Emphasizing Concepts and Insights

  ROBERT FROST • Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening  

Sample Student Analytical Essay: “Stopping by Woods—and Going On”  

Analyzing the Analytical Essay’s Development of a Conceptual Interpretation

Sample Student Analytical Essay: “ ‘Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening’ as a Short Story”  

Strategy #4: Pushing Analysis Through Revision

Revising for Ideas vs. Mechanics

Revising Using Instructor Feedback, Peer Feedback, and Self-Critique

Examining a Preliminary Draft with Revision in Mind

HA JIN •  Saboteur

Sample Student Preliminary Draft of an Analytical Essay: “Individual and Social Morals in Ha 

   Jin’s ‘Saboteur’”

   Developing a Revision Strategy: Thesis, Ideas, Evidence, Organization, Correctness

Sample Student Final Draft of an Analytical Essay: “Individual and Social Morals in Ha 

   Jin’s ‘Saboteur’”

 

Your Turn: Additional Poems and Stories for Interpretation  

T. S. ELIOT • The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock  

JOHN KEATS • Ode on a Grecian Urn  

THOMAS HARDY  •  The Man He Killed

ANNE BRADSTREET • Before the Birth of One of Her Children

CHRISTINA ROSSETTI • After Death

FRED CHAPELLE •  Narcissus and Echo

JOYCE CAROL OATES • Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?  

RAYMOND CARVER • Cathedral  

 

 

 9   Comparison and Synthesis  

Comparison and Critical Thinking

Organizing a Comparison Paper

Comparison and Close Reading

Comparison and Asking Questions

Comparison and Analyzing Evidence

  Sample Student Work: Comparison Arguments

Comparison and Arguing with Yourself

E. E. CUMMINGS • Buffalo Bill ’s  

  Checklist: Developing a Comparison

Synthesis Through Close Reading: Analyzing a Revised Short Story

RAYMOND CARVER • Mine  

RAYMOND CARVER • Little Things  

  Sample Student Writing: Innovative Listing

Synthesis Through Building a Concept Bridge: Connecting Two Poems

THYLIAS MOSS • Tornadoes

KWAME DAWES • Tornado Child

Sample Student Writing: Innovative Response Writing

Synthesis Using Theme

SANDRA CISNEROS •  Barbie-Q

MARYANNE O’HARA •Diverging Paths and All That

JAYNE ANNE PHILLIPS •  Sweethearts

Sample Student Writing:  Innovative Mapping

Synthesis Using Form

WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE • Sonnet 18:Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day?

HOWARD MOSS • Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day

Sample Student Comparison Essay: “A Comic Re-Writing of a Shakespeare Sonnet”

Checklist: Revising a Comparison

  

Your Turn:  Additional Poems and Stories for Comparison and Synthesis

Poetry

“Carpe diem” poems

ROBERT HERRICK • To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time  

CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE • The Passionate Shepherd to His Love  

SIR WALTER RALEIGH • The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd  

ANDREW MARVELL • To His Coy Mistress  

JOHN DONNE • The Bait  

 

“blackberry” poems

GALWAY KINELL •Blackberry Eating

SYLVIA PLATH • Blackberrying

SEAMUS HEANEY •Blackeberry-Picking

YUSEF KOMUNYAKAA •Blackberries

 

“America” poems

WALT WHITMAN • I Hear America Singing

LANGSTON HUGHES •  I, Too [Sing America]

 

Stories

Stories about reading and writing

JULIO CORTAZAR •  Continuity of Parks

A.M. HOMES • Things You Should Know

 

Stories about grandmothers

LAN SAMANTHA CHANG •  Water Names

KATHERINE ANNE PORTER • The Jilting of Granny Weatherall  

 

 10:  Research: Writing with Sources

Creating a Research Plan

  Enter Research with a Plan of Action

  What Does Your Own Institution Offer?

  Plan the Type of Research You Want to Do

Selecting a Research Topic and Generating Research Questions

  Use Close Reading as Your Starting Point

  Select Your Topic

  Skim Resources Through Preliminary Research

  Narrow Your Topic and Form a Working Thesis

  Sample Student Work: Digital Research Folder Assignment and Research Plan Notes

  Sample Student Work: Digital Research Folder “Working Thesis” Notes

  Generate Key Concepts as Keywords

  Create Inquiry Questions

  Sample Student Work: Digital Research Folder “Research Keywords” and “Inquiry Questions” Notes

Locating Materials Through Productive Searches

Generate Meaningful Keywords

Checklist:  Creating Meaningful Keywords for a Successful Search

Using Academic Databases to Locate Materials

  Search Full-Text Academic Databases

  Search the MLA Database

  Perform Advanced Keyword Searches

Sample Student Work: Searching the Academic Database

Using the Library Catalog to Locate Materials

  Locate Books and Additional Resources

  Sample Student Work: Searching the Library Catalog

Using the Internet to Perform Meaningful Research

 Sample Student Work: Searching the Internet

Evaluating Sources for Academic Quality

 Checklist: Evaluating Web Sites for Quality

  Sample Student Work: Evaluating Sources for Academic Quality

Evaluate Sources for Topic “Fit”

  Checklist: Evaluating Sources for Topic “Fit”

  Sample Student Work: Evaluating Sources for Topic “Fit”

Taking Notes on Secondary Sources

  A Guide to Note-Taking

  Sample Student Work: Annotation of Research Sources

  Sample Student Work: Digital Research Folder Critical Thinking Notes

Drafting the Paper

Focus on Primary Sources

Integrate Secondary Sources  

Create a Relationship Between Your Writing and the Source

Surround the Source with Your Writing

Agree with a Source in Order to Develop Your Ideas

Sample Student Work: Source Integration

Avoiding Plagiarism  

Sample Student Research Essay: “Dickinson’s Representation of Changing Seasons and Changing Emotions”


 III: ANALYZING LITERARY FORMS AND ELEMENTS  

 11: Reading and Writing about Essays

Types of Essays  

Elements of Essays

The Essayist’s Persona  

Voice  

Tone  

Topic and Thesis  

BRENT STAPLES • Black Men and Public Space

Checklist: Getting Ideas for Writing about Essays  

Student Writing Portfolio (summary paper): Brent Staples “Black Men and

Public Space”

Your Turn: Additional Essays for Analysis  

LANGSTON HUGHES • Salvation  

LAURA VANDERKAM • Hookups Starve the Soul  

STEVEN DOLOFF • The Opposite Sex  

GRETEL EHRLICH • About Men  

 

 12: Reading and Writing about Stories

Stories True and False  

GRACE PALEY • Samuel  

Elements of Fiction  

Character  

Plot

Foreshadowing  

Setting and Atmosphere  

Symbolism  

Narrative Point of View  

Style and Point of View  

Theme  

WILLIAM FAULKNER • A Rose for Emily  

Checklist: Getting Ideas for Writing about Stories  

Student Writing Portfolio (analysis paper):  William Faulkner “A Rose for

Emily”  

 

Your Turn: Additional Stories for Analysis  

KATHERINE MANSFIELD   •  Miss Brill

TIM O’BRIEN • The Things They Carried  

Gabriel García Márquez • A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings: A Tale for Children  

An Author In Depth:  Flannery O’Connor

FLANNERY O’CONNOR • A Good Man Is Hard to Find  

Remarks from Essays and Letters  

From “The Fiction Writer and His Country”  

From “Some Aspects of the Grotesque in Southern Fiction”  

From “The Nature and Aim of Fiction”  

From “Writing Short Stories”  

On Interpreting “A Good Man Is Hard to Find”  

  “A Reasonable Use of the Unreasonable”  

 

 

 13: Reading and Writing about Graphic Fiction   

Letters and Pictures, Words and Images

GRANT WOOD • Death on the Ridge Road  

Reading an Image: A Short Story Told in One Panel  

TONY CARRILLO • F Minus  

Elements of Graphic Fiction

  Visual Elements

  Narrative and Graphic Jumps

  Graphic Style

Reading a Series of Images: A Story Told in Sequential Panels  

ART SPIEGELMAN • Nature vs. Nurture  

Checklist: Getting Ideas for Writing Arguments about Graphic Fiction

Your Turn: Additional Graphic Fiction for Analysis

WILL EISNER • Hamlet on a Rooftop  

An Example of a Graphic Adaptation

R. CRUMB and DAVID ZANE MAIROWITZ • A Hunger Artist  

 

 14:  Reading and Writing about Plays  

Types of Plays  

Tragedy  

Comedy  

Elements of Drama  

Theme  

Plot  

Gestures  

Setting  

Characterization and Motivation  

Checklist: Getting Ideas for Writing Arguments about Plays  

Thinking about a Filmed Version of a Play  

Getting Ready to Write about a Filmed Play

Checklist: Writing about a Filmed Play  

Student Writing Portfolio (comparison paper): Susan Glaspell “Trifles” and “A Jury of Her Peers”

Susan Glaspell • Trifles  

Susan Glaspell • A Jury of Her Peers (short story version of play)  

 

Your Turn: Additional Plays for Analysis

A Modern Comedy  

DAVID IVES • Sure Thing  

A Note on Greek Tragedy

Sophocles • Antigone

 

An Author In Depth:  WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE

A Note on the Elizabethan Theater  

A Note on Hamlet on the Stage  

A Note on the Text of Hamlet  

WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE • The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark  

ANNE BARTON • The Promulgation of Confusion  

STANLEY WELLS • On the First Soliloquy  

ELAINE SHOWALTER • Representing Ophelia  

BERNICE W. KLIMAN • The BBC Hamlet: A Television Production  

WILL SARETTA • Branagh’s Film of Hamlet  

 

 15: Reading and Writing about Poems

Elements of Poetry  

The Speaker and the Poet  

EMILY DICKINSON • I’m Nobody! Who are you?  

EMILY DICKINSON • Wild Nights—Wild Nights  

The Language of Poetry: Diction and Tone  

  WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE • Sonnet 146  

  Figurative Language

  WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE • Sonnet 130

  Imagery and Symbolism

  EDMUND WALLER • Song (Go, lovely rose)

  WILLIAM BLAKE • The Sick Rose  

  Verbal Irony and Paradox

  Structure

Rhythm and Versification: A Glossary for Reference

  Meter

  Patterns of Sound

  Stanzaic Patterns

  BILLY COLLINS • Sonnet

Blank Verse and Free Verse  

  Checklist: Getting Ideas for Writing Arguments about Poems

Student Writing Portfolio (explication paper): Gwendolyn Brooks “kitchenette building”

GWENDOLYN BROOKS  •  kitchenette building

 

Your Turn: Additional Poems for Analysis

ROBERT BROWNING • My Last Duchess  

E. E. CUMMINGS • anyone lived in a pretty how town  

SYLVIA PLATH • Daddy  

GWENDOLYN BROOKS • We Real Cool  

ETHERIDGE KNIGHT • For Malcolm, a Year After  

ANNE SEXTON • Her Kind  

JAMES WRIGHT • Lying in a Hammock at William Duffy’s Farm in Pine Island, Minnesota  

An Author in Depth: Robert Frost  

Robert Frost on Poetry: The Figure a Poem Makes

ROBERT FROST • The Pasture  

ROBERT FROST • Mowing  

ROBERT FROST • The Wood-Pile  

ROBERT FROST • The Oven Bird  

ROBERT FROST • The Need of Being Versed in Country Things  

ROBERT FROST • The Most of It  

ROBERT FROST • Design  

PART IV: ENJOYING LITERARY THEMES: A THEMATIC ANTHOLOGY

 

 16: The World around Us   

Essays  

HENRY DAVID THOREAU   •   From Walden

BILL McKIBBEN • Now or Never  

Stories  

AESOP • The Ant and the Grasshopper  

AESOP • The North Wind and the Sun  

JACK LONDON • To Build a Fire  

SARAH ORNE JEWETT • A White Heron  

PATRICIA GRACE • Butterflies  

Poems  

MATTHEW ARNOLD • In Harmony with Nature 

THOMAS HARDY • Transformations 

GERARD MANLEY HOPKINS • God’s Grandeur  

WALT WHITMAN • A Noiseless Patient Spider  

EMILY DICKINSON • A Narrow Fellow in the Grass  

EMILY DICKINSON • There’s a certain Slant of light

EMILY DICKINSON  • The name—of it—is “Autumn”

JOY HARJO • Vision  

MARY OLIVER • The Black Walnut Tree  

KAY RYAN • Turtle  

Chapter Overview: Looking Backward/Looking Forward  

  

 

 17:  Technology and Human Identity

Essay

NICHOLAS CARR •  Is Google Making Us Stupid?

 

Stories

KURT VONNEGUT JR. • Harrison Bergeron  

AMY STERLING CASIL • Perfect Stranger  

MARK TWAIN • A Telephonic Conversation

DOROTHY PARKER  • A Telephone Call

MARIA SEMPLE • Dear Mountain Room Parents

ROBIN HEMLEY  •  Reply All

JOHN CHEEVER  •  The Enormous Radio

RAY BRADBURY  •  The Veldt

STEPHEN KING  •  Word Processor of the Gods

KIT REED  •  The New You

Poems

  WALT WHITMAN • To a Locomotive in Winter (from Leaves of Grass)

  EMILY DICKINSON  •  I Like to see it lap the Miles

  LISEL MUELLER  The End of Science Fiction

  DANIEL NYIKOS  Potato Soup

  A. E. STALLINGS  Sestina: Like

  PHILIP NIKOLAYEV  Dodging 1985

  MARCUS WICKER  Ode to Browsing the Web

Play

LUIS VALDEZ • Los Vendidos  

Chapter Overview: Looking Backward/Looking Forward  

 

 18:  Love and Hate, Men and Women

Essay  

JUDITH ORTIZ COFER • I Fell in Love, or My Hormones Awakened  

Stories  

ZORA NEALE HURSTON • Sweat  

JHUMPA LAHIRI, This Blessed House

Poems  

ANONYMOUS • Western Wind  

WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE • Sonnet 116 (Let me not to the marriage of true minds)  

JOHN DONNE • A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning  

EDNA ST. VINCENT MILLAY • Love Is Not All: It Is Not Meat nor Drink  

ROBERT BROWNING, Porphyria’s Lover

NIKKI GIOVANNI • Love in Place  

ANONYMOUS  •  Higamus, Hogamus

DOROTHY PARKER • General Review of the Sex Situation  

FRANK O’HARA • Homosexuality  

MARGE PIERCY • Barbie Doll  

Play  

TERRENCE McNALLY • Andre’s Mother  

Chapter Overview: Looking Backward/Looking Forward  

 

 19: Innocence and Experience     

Essay  

GEORGE ORWELL • Shooting an Elephant  

Stories  

HANS CHRISTIAN ANDERSEN • The Emperor’s New Clothes  

CHARLOTTE PERKINS GILMAN • The Yellow Wallpaper  

JOHN STEINBECK • The Chrysanthemums  

ALICE WALKER • Everyday Use  

 

Poems  

WILLIAM BLAKE • Infant Joy  

WILLIAM BLAKE • Infant Sorrow  

WILLIAM BLAKE • The Echoing Green  

WILLIAM BLAKE • The Lamb  

WILLIAM BLAKE • The Tyger  

THOMAS HARDY, The Ruined Maid

E. E. CUMMINGS • in Just-  

LOUISE GLÜCK • The School Children  

LINDA PASTAN • Ethics  

THEODORE ROETHKE • My Papa’s Waltz  

SHARON OLDS • Rites of Passage  

NATASHA TRETHEWEY   •  White Lies

 

 

 20: All in a Day’s Work

Essay  

Barbara Ehrenreich • Wal-Mart Orientation Program  

Stories  

Jacob Grimm and Wilhelm Grimm • Mother Holle  

WILLIAM CARLOS WILLIAMS • The Use of Force  

Will Eisner • The Day I Became a Professional  

Daniel Orozco • Orientation  

Lorrie Moore • How to Become a Writer 

Poems  

William Wordsworth • The Solitary Reaper 

Carl Sandburg • Chicago  

Gary Snyder • Hay for the Horses  

Robert Hayden • Those Winter Sundays  

Seamus Heaney • Digging  

JULIA ALVAREZ • Woman’s Work  

Marge Piercy • To be of use  

JIMMY SANTIAGO BACA • So Mexicans Are Taking Jobs from Americans  

Plays  

Jane Martin • Rodeo  

Arthur Miller • Death of a Salesman  

Chapter Overview: Looking Backward/Looking Forward  

 

 21: American Dreams and Nightmares    

Essays  

CHIEF SEATTLE • My People 

ELIZABETH CADY STANTON • Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions  

ABRAHAM LINCOLN • Address at the Dedication of the Gettysburg National Cemetery  

STUDS TERKEL • Arnold Schwarzenegger’s Dream  

ANDREW LAM • Who Will Light Incense When Mother’s Gone?  

Stories  

SHERMAN ALEXIE • The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven  

RALPH ELLISON • Battle Royal  

TONI CADE BAMBARA • The Lesson 

AMY TAN • Two Kinds 

Poems  

ROBERT HAYDEN • Frederick Douglass  

LORNA DEE CERVANTES • Refugee Ship  

EDWIN ARLINGTON ROBINSON • Richard Cory  

W. H. AUDEN • The Unknown Citizen  

EMMA LAZARUS • The New Colossus  

THOMAS BAILEY ALDRICH • The Unguarded Gates 

JOSEPH BRUCHAC III • Ellis Island  

AURORA LEVINS MORALES • Child of the Americas  

GLORIA ANZALDÚA • To Live in the Borderlands Means You  

MITSUYE YAMADA • To the Lady 

NILA NORTHSUN • Moving Camp Too Far  

YUSEF KOMUNYAKAA • Facing It  

BILLY COLLINS • The Names  

Play

LORRAINE HANSBERRY • A Raisin in the Sun  

Chapter Overview: Looking Backward/Looking Forward  

 

 22: Law and Disorder   

Essay 

MARTIN LUTHER KING JR. •  Letter from Birmingham Jail  

Stories  

ELIZABETH BISHOP • The Hanging of the Mouse  

URSULA K. LE GUIN • The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas 

SHIRLEY JACKSON • The Lottery  

WILLIAM FAULKNER • Barn Burning  

TOBIAS WOLFF • Powder  

Poems  

ANONYMOUS • Birmingham Jail  

A. E. HOUSMAN • The Carpenter’s Son  

A. E. HOUSMAN • Oh who is that young sinner  

DOROTHY PARKER • Résumé  

CLAUDE McKAY • If We Must Die  

JIMMY SANTIAGO BACA • Cloudy Day  

CAROLYN FORCHÉ • The Colonel  

HAKI MADHUBUTI, The B Network

JILL McDONOUGH, Three a.m.

Plays  

BILLY GODA • No Crime  

Chapter Overview: Looking Backward/Looking Forward 

 

 23:  Journeys   

Essays  

JOAN DIDION • On Going Home  

MONTESQUIEU • Persian Letters  

Stories  

NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE • Young Goodman Brown  

EUDORA WELTY • A Worn Path  

AMY HEMPEL • Today Will Be a Quiet Day  

JAMES JOYCE • Eveline 

Poems  

JOHN KEATS • On First Looking into Chapman’s Homer 

PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY • Ozymandias  

ALFRED, LORD TENNYSON • Ulysses  

COUNTEE CULLEN •  Incident  

WILLIAM STAFFORD • Traveling through the Dark  

DEREK WALCOTT • A Far Cry from Africa  

SHERMAN ALEXIE • On the Amtrak from Boston to New York City  

WILLIAM BUTLER YEATS • Sailing to Byzantium  

CHRISTINA ROSSETTI • Uphill  

A Note on Spirituals 

Anonymous • Swing Low, Sweet Chariot  

Anonymous • Didn’t My Lord Deliver Daniel  

Play

HENRIK IBSEN • A Doll’s House  

Chapter Overview: Looking Backward/Looking Forward  

 

APPENDIX A: Writing about Literature: An Overview of Critical Strategies       

Author

Sylvan Barnet, is a former Fletcher Professor of English Emeritus and director of writing at Tufts University. Barnet is the author of numerous books and articles on Shakespeare. He was the general editor of the Signet Classics Shakespeare, the author of A Short Guide for Writing about Art, and has written many textbooks about literature and drama. He is the co-author with William Burto of occasional essays on aspects of Japanese art. He has also written books about the art of writing.

 

William Burto is a former Professor of English at the University of Massachusetts, where he served as chair of the Department of English. Burto is the co-author of several highly successful college textbooks on literature, drama, and composition. He was also the editor of the Signet Classic Edition of Shakespeare's sonnets and of Shakespeare's narrative poems. 

 

William E. Cain is Mary Jewett Gaiser Professor of English at Wellesley College. Among his many publications is a monograph on American literary and cultural criticism, 1900-1945, in The Cambridge History of American Literature, vol. 5 (2003). He is a co-editor of the Norton Anthology of Literary Theory and Criticism (2nd ed., 2010), and, with Sylvan Barnet, he co-authored a wide variety of books on literature and composition. His recent publications include essays on Ralph Ellison, Ernest Hemingway, George Orwell, Shakespeare, Edith Wharton, and Willa Cather.

 

Cheryl Nixon is an Associate Professor of English and Chair of the English Department at UMass-Boston. In addition to her undergraduate courses, she teaches graduate Teaching of Literature courses and works with a staff of teaching interns to design and deliver general-education literature courses. Her courses feature project-based assignments and she often uses out-of-classroom learning to spark curiosity about literature. For example, she has worked with students to create rare books exhibitions for the Boston Public Library, including “Crooks, Rogues, and Maids Less than Virtuous: Books in the Streets of 18th-Century London.” Her research focuses on literary and legal representations of the family, and her recent works include The Orphan in Eighteenth-Century Law and Literature: Estate, Blood, and Body and Novel Definitions: An Anthology of Commentary on the Novel, 1688-1815.