Designed to teach students how to gather, write, and edit news stories, The Complete Reporter discusses the techniques that are used every day in the news business. Through a combination of descriptive text, examples, demonstrations, and exercises, this book makes fundamental concepts clear while instilling task-specific news and feature story writing skills.
Along with introducing students to basic discussions about the field of reporting and basic writing, editing, and design skills, this text provides them with key guidelines and tips for writing general and specialty stories (see Parts IV-VII).
Practical exercises throughout each chapter give students experience with realistic writing situations. Based on actual newspaper articles, the exercises present a series of reporter's notes prepared at the scene of a story. Usable facts, libelous and/or unethical statements, and trivial tidbits are lumped together in order to test and help build students' judgment skills - and their ability to create tightly woven stories from a jumble of information.
- Explores the increasingly important role of technology and offers advice on how to use technology to improve the news product.
- Offers coverage of ethics and libel with citations of current cases of libel and privacy invasion as well as discussions of pivotal nontraditional claims against the media.
- Includes separate chapters on writing for broadcasting, editing, and design.
- Provides separate chapters (Chs. 15-30) on the reporting of numerous types of stories - such asweather, crime, courts, government & politics, educational science, technology, and more!
- Describes in detail how to write photo captions - focusing on the special requirements of photojournalism and the growing visual element in even the smallest newspapers.
New to this Edition
- All chapters have new introductions that reflect current and dramatic developments in the field of reporting.
- Timely, high-profile examples (taken from large and small daily and weekly newspapers) are used to hold students' interest and highlight the vital role of news reporting in today's society.
- All chapters have a complete set of new exercises to reinforce text materials and develop better reporting skills.
- New illustrations throughout the text help demonstrate key concepts and skills.
Table of Contents
All chapters include “Exercises.”
I.REPORTING TODAY. 1.Journalism as a Career.
A Writer on Current Events.
Reporting: Doorway to Many Vocations.
Qualifications of a Reporter.
A Craft or a Profession?2.The Reporter in the News Organization.
Details of Organization.
Sources and Beats.
The Story Process.3.What Is News?
Measuring the Importance of News.
News Sources.4.News Style.
Preparing Copy.5.Ethics and Libel.
Codes of Ethics.
The Pitfalls of Libel.
Invasion of the Right of Privacy.
Nontraditional Claims Against the Media.
Other Legal Aspects of Journalism.
II.WRITING THE NEWS LEAD. 6.The Simple News Lead.
The Five W's.
Playing Up a W.
Testing the Lead.7.The Complex News Lead.
Emphasizing an Outstanding Feature.
Identifying the Features.
Combining Stories.8.Polishing the Lead.
Emphasizing News Values.
III.WRITING THE COMPLETE STORY. 9.The Body and the Story.
Developing the Single-Feature Lead.
Developing the Several-Feature Lead.
Complete Reporting.10.Features and Human-Interest Stories.
Sources of Features.
Writing Feature Articles.
Writing Human-Interest Stories.11.Rewrites and Follow-Ups.
The Developing Story.12.Pictures.
Writing Cutlines.13.News for Radio and Television.
Special Devices in Newscasts.
The Extra Job of Television Writers.
Broadcast Copy.14.Policy in the News.
Devices to Promote Policies.
Slanting the Policy Story.
Justification of Policies in News Stories.
IV.WRITING THE GENERAL STORY. 15.Personals and Briefs.
Fillers.16.Speeches, Publications, Interviews.
The Speech Story Lead.
The Body of the Speech Story.
Personal Interviews.17.Meetings and Special Events.
Types of Meeting Stories.
V.WRITING THE SIMPLE STORY. 18.Illnesses, Deaths, Funerals.
Funerals.19.Fires and Accidents.
Facts and Sources.
Complete Reporting.20.Seasons, Weather, Natural Disasters.
VI.WRITING THE COMPLEX STORY. 22.Courts, Trials, Lawsuits.
The Law and the Courts.
Route of a Criminal Case.
Route of a Civil Case.23.Government and Politics.
Forms of Government.
Specific News Materials.
Budgets.24.Business, Industry, Agriculture, Labor.
Interpreting the News.
The Reporter's Background.
Complete Reporting.25.Education, Research, Science, Technology.
Covering Research and Science.
Technology.26.Religion and Philanthropy.
The Religion Section or Church Page.
VII.WRITING THE SPECIAL STORY. 27.“Lifestyle” Section.
Traditional Social News.
Problems of Social-News Sections.
Engagements and Weddings.
News Values of Sports.
Sports Story Leads.
The Body of the Story.29.The Arts, Entertainment, Criticism.
Reviewing vs. Criticism.
Principles of Criticism.
Subjects of Criticism.30.Editorials and Columns.
VIII. EDITING THE NEWS. 31.Rewriting Faulty Stories.
Serious Errors.32.Copy Editing.
Using Proofreading Symbols.34.Headlines.
Trends in Headlines.
Selecting the Headline.
Principles of Headline Writing.35.Newspaper Design.
Changes in Design.
Types of Inside-Page Design.
General Exercises in Headlining and Makeup.Appendix.
Journalistic Terms.The Internet.
Internet Terms.Selected Readings. Index.