Elementary Statistics in Social Research: Essentials

Series
Pearson
Author
Jack A. Levin / James Alan Fox  
Publisher
Pearson
Cover
Softcover
Edition
3
Language
English
Total pages
360
Pub.-date
November 2013
ISBN13
9781292027180
ISBN
1292027185
Related Titles


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Elementary Statistics in Social Research: Essentials
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Description

This text provides a streamlined and accessible introduction to statistics for students in sociology, criminal justice, political science, social work, and other social sciences.

This edition of the text offers an essential and accessible overview to the introduction to social statistics.  Clearly written with detailed step-by-step illustrations of statistical procedures, the text provides clear and logical explanations for the rationale and use of statistical methods of social research.  Numerous end-of-chapter questions in every chapter reinforce key concepts to students.

Features

Written to be understandable to a broad range of students, including those who may not have a strong background in math.

  • Provides clear and logical explanations for the rationale and use of statistical methods in social research.
  • Detailed step-by-step illustrations of statistical procedures are located throughout the text.
  • Each chapter has End-of-Chapter Problems. Answers are found at the end of the text.
  • "Looking at the Larger Picture" boxes throughout the text illustrate the content from each section of the text through the same research application-- for example, cigarette and alcohol use among high school students.
  • Adapted from Elementary Statistics in Social Research, 10/e by Levin/Fox. Certain non-essential or secondary features and techniques have been eliminated:
    • measures of central tendency and variability from simple and grouped frequency distribution
    • percentile ranks from the normal curve
    • sampling methods
    • one-tailed tests
    • multiple comparison of means
    • multiple regression
  • A review of basic math, statistical tables, and a list of formulas are located in appendixes at the end of the book.
  • Companion Website with Statistics Calculator: www.ablongman.com/levinfox - This web site contains a free Excel spreadsheet that can be downloaded and used to solve many of the exercises in this text, as well as data sets used with exercises in the Student Workbook.
  • MySocLab
    • The accompanying Student Workbook contains exercises and computer applications that utilize both SPSS and an Excel Statistics Calculator.
    • MySocLibrary
    • MySearchLab
    • And more!
  • New to this Edition

    • One-way Chi-Square test now added
    • Discussion of the application of tests of difference between means is included.
    • Worked-out solutions are provided on-line for all end-of-chapter problems.
    • Instructions for Using ABCalc are presented.
    • Selecttables and figures from the previous edition have been updated.

    Table of Contents

    IN THIS SECTION
    1.) BRIEF
    2.) COMPREHENSIVE



    BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Chapter 1 Why the Social Researcher Uses Statistics

     


    Part I Description
    Chapter 2 Organizing the Data

     

    Chapter 3 Measures of Central Tendency
    Chapter 4 Measures of Variability

    Part II From Description to Decision Making

    Chapter 5 Probability and the Normal Curve

     

    Chapter 6  Samples and Populations

     

    Part III Decision Making

    Chapter 7 Testing Differences Between Means

     

     

    Chapter 8 Analysis of Variance

     

    Chapter 9 Nonparametric Tests of Significance

    Part IV From Decision Making to Association

    Chapter 10 Correlation
    Chapter 11 Regression Analysis
    Chapter 12 Nonparametric Measures of Correlation 


     

    COMPREHENSIVE TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Chapter 1 Why the Social Researcher Uses Statistics

     

    The Nature of Social Research
    Why Test Hypotheses?

     

    The Stages of Social Research

     

    Using Series of Numbers to Do Social Research

     

    The Functions of Statistics

    Looking at the Larger Picture: A Student Survey

     

     

     

    Part I  Description


     

    Chapter 2 Organizing the Data

    Frequency Distributions of Nominal Data

    Comparing Distributions

     

    Proportions and Percentages

     

    Simple Frequency Distributions of Ordinal and Interval Data

     

    Grouped Frequency Distributions of Interval Data

     

    Cumulative Distributions

     

    Dealing with Decimal Data

     

    Flexible Class Intervals

     

    Cross-Tabulations

     

    Graphic Presentations

     

     

    Chapter 3 Measures of Central Tendency

    The Mode

    The Median

     

    The Mean

     

    Taking One Step at a Time

      Step-by-Step Illustration: Mode, Median and Mean

     

    Comparing the Mode, Median, and Mean

     

     

    Chapter 4 Measures of Variability

    The Range

    The Variance and Standard Deviation

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Standard deviation

     

    The Raw-Score Formula for Variance and Standard Deviation

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Variance and Standard Deviation Using Raw Scores

     

    The Meaning of the Standard Deviation

     

    Comparing Measures of Variability

    Looking at the Larger Picture: Describing Data

     

     

     

    Part II  From Description to Decision Making

     

    Chapter 5 Probability and the Normal Curve

    Probability

    Probability Distributions

     

    The Normal Curve as a Probability Distribution

     

    Characteristics of the Normal Curve

     

    The Model and the Reality of the Normal Curve

     

    The Area Under the Normal Curve

     

    Finding Probability Under the Normal Curve

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Probability under the Normal Curve


     

    Chapter 6 Samples and Populations

    Random Sampling

     

    Sampling Error

     

    Sampling Distribution of Means

     

    Standard Error of the Mean

     

    Confidence Intervals

     

    The t Distribution

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Confidence Interval Using t

     

    Estimating Proportions

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Confidence Intervals for Proportions

    Looking at the Larger Picture: Generalizing From Samples to Populations

     

     

     

    Part III  Decision Making


    Chapter 7 Testing Differences Between Means

    The Null Hypothesis: No Difference Between Means

    The Research Hypothesis: A Difference Between Means

     

    Sampling Distribution of Differences Between Means

     

    Testing Hypotheses with the Distribution of Differences Between Means

     

    Levels of Significance

     

    Standard Error of the Difference Between Means

     

    Testing the Difference Between Means

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Test of Difference Between Means

     

    Comparing the Same Sample Measured Twice

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Test of Difference between Means for Same Sample Measured Twice

     

    Two Sample Tests of Proportions

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Test of Difference Between Proportions

     

    Requirements for Testing the Difference Between Means

     

     

    Chapter 8 Analysis of Variance.

    The Logic of Analysis of Variance

    The Sum of Squares

     

    Mean Square

     

    The F Ratio

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Analysis of Variance

     

    Requirements for Using the F Ratio

     


     

    Chapter 9 Nonparametric Tests of Significance

    The Chi-Square Test

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Chi-Square Test of Significanc

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Comparin Several groups

    The Median Test

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Median Test

    Looking at the Larger Picture: Testing Differences

     

     

     

    Part IV  From Decision Making to Association


    Chapter 10 Correlation

    Strength of Correlation

    Direction of Correlation

    Curvilinear Correlation

     

    The Correlation Coefficient

     

    Pearson's Correlation Coefficient

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Pearson's Correlation Coefficient

    Chapter 11 Regression Analysis

    The Regression Model

     

    Interpreting the Regression Line

     

    Regression and Pearson's Correlation

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Step-by-Step Illustration: Regression Analysis

     

     

    Chapter 12 Nonparametric Measures of Correlation

    Spearman's Rank-Order Correlation Coefficient

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Spearman's Rank-Order Correlation Coefficient

    Goodman's and Kruskal's Gamma

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Goodman's and Kruskal's Gamma

     

    Correlation Coefficient for Nominal Data Arranged in a 2 x 2 Table

     

    Correlation Coefficients for Nominal Data in Larger Than 2 x 2 Tables

    Looking at the Larger Picture: Measuring Association

     

     

     

    Appendix A. A Review of Some Fundamentals of Mathematics

    Appendix B. Tables

    Appendix C. List of Formulas

    Glossary

    Answers to Selected Problems

    Index