Forty Studies that Changed Psychology, Global Edition

Roger R. Hock  
Total pages
August 2014
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Forty studies that helped shape the field of Psychology

Roger Hock’s Forty Studies provides a glimpse of the science of psychology, unraveling the complexities of human nature. Hock summarises some of the most influential studies in psychological history studies, and guides the reader through a thoughtful interpretation of the results and why the study is considered so important. This book provides a more in-depth look and analyses that cannot be found by reading a textbook or research alone.

Learning Goals

Upon completing this book, readers will:

  • Gain background knowledge of the complexities in the psychology field.
  • Learn about detailed studies in an easy, understandable manner.
  • Understand scientific research, through closer examination of major topics.


Organising Framework – Every chapter is organised to help introduce readers to a topic and explore related studies. Most chapters contain the following framework:

  • Brief Introduction - All chapters begin with a brief introduction summarising the background in the field leading up to the significance of the topics discussed.
  • Theoretical Propositions- Each chapter contains the theories and hypotheses on which the subsequent research drives from.
  • Method- Everystudy details the experimental design and methods used for carrying out the research.
  • Research Study Discussion - Each study is discussed using the researcher’s own words.
  • Results- Each study contains a summary of the results in a clear, understandable language.
  • Criticisms/ Contradictory Research - Contradictory research is presented in most studies, so readers can learn about differing views.
  • Recent applications –All of the excerpt studies contain a look at how the study is applicable in the field, and its implications of the findings.
  • Conclusion- A conclusion at the end of each chapter summarises the main ideas of the chapter

Interpretation- Provides students with an interpretation of the meaning, relevance, and importance of each study's findings based on the researchers' discussions.

Easy-to-follow format and design – The no-jargon language and simple layout of the book helps students put large ideas into a simple framework.

Study references - References to the study are presented along with a detailed account of the experimental design and the methods used to carry out research. They help readers examine complex topics.

Original study references- References supply students with an exact, readily-available reference for locating each study in its original form.

New to this Edition

  • Two new studies- Two newly incorporated studies show our expanded perceptions of human nature and the diversity of the human experience.
    • A revolutionary discovery by Eleanor Rosch’s from 1973, As A Category It’s A Natural allows us to study our brains’ categorization of colors.
    • A comparatively recent report, Watching Your Emotions by Philip Ross, explains how the human brain is now literally visible for research purposed with the use of highly technical instruments, primarily the MRI
  • Recent applications sections — Updated citations are fully referenced near the end of each reading.

Table of Contents



Chapter 1:  Biology And Human Behavior 

Reading 1: One Brain Or Two? 

Reading 2: More Experience = Bigger Brain 

Reading 3: Are You A “Natural?” 

Reading 4: Watch Out For The Visual Cliff! 


Chapter 2:  Perception And Consciousness 

Reading 5: Take A Long Look 

Reading 6: To Sleep, No Doubt To Dream

Reading 7: As A Category, It’s A Natural

Reading 8: Acting As If You Are Hypnotized 


Chapter 3:  Learning And Conditioning 

Reading 9: It’s Not Just About Salivating Dogs! 

Reading 10: Little Emotional Albert 

Reading 11: Knock Wood! 

Reading 12: See Aggression . . . Do Aggression! 


Chapter 4:  Intelligence, Cognition, And Memory 

Reading 13: What You Expect Is What You Get 

Reading 14: Just How Are You Intelligent? 

Reading 15: Maps In Your Mind 

Reading 16: Thanks For The Memories! 


Chapter 5:  Human Development 

Reading 17: Discovering Love 

Reading 18: Out Of Sight, But Not Out Of Mind 

Reading 19: How Moral Are You? 

Reading 20: In Control And Glad Of It! 


Chapter 6:  Emotion And Motivation 

Reading 21: A Sexual Motivation

Reading 22: I Can See It All Over Your Face! 

Reading 23: Watching Your Emotions?

Reading 24: Thoughts Out Of Tune 


Chapter 7: Personality

Reading 25: Are You The Master Of Your Fate? 

Reading 26: Masculine Or Feminine . . . Or Both? 

Reading 27: Racing Against Your Heart 

Reading 28: The One, The Many 


Chapter 8:  Psychopathology 

Reading 29: Who’s Crazy Here, Anyway? 

Reading 30: You’re Getting Defensive Again!

Reading 31: Learning To Be Depressed 

Reading 32: Crowding Into The Behavioral Sink


Chapter 9:  Psychotherapy

Reading 33: Choosing Your Psychotherapist 

Reading 34: Relaxing Your Fears Away 

Reading 35: Projections Of Who You Are 

Reading 36: Picture This! 


Chapter 10:  Social Psychology 

Reading 37: A Prison By Any Other Name

Reading 38: The Power Of Conformity 

Reading 39: To Help Or Not To Help 

Reading 40: Obey At Any Cost?


Roger R. Hock received his Ph.D. from the University of California at San Diego and is currently the Director of the Psychology Program at Mendocino College in northern California. He is the author of several well-known books including two textbooks, Human Sexuality and 40 Studies that Changed Psychology: Explorations into the History of Psychological Research. He is coauthor (with Meg Kennedy Dugan) of, It’s My Life Now: Starting over after an Abusive Relationship or Domestic Violence. He brings over 20 years of teaching experience to the project.