Campbell Essential Biology plus Pearson Modified Mastering Biology with Pearson eText, Global Edition

Series
Pearson
Author
Eric J. Simon / Jane B. Reece / Rebecca A. Burton / Jean L. Dickey  
Publisher
Pearson
Cover
Softcover
Edition
7
Language
English
Pub.-date
November 2019
ISBN13
9781292307220
ISBN
1292307226
Related Titles


Product detail

Product Price CHF Available  
9781292307220
Campbell Essential Biology plus Pearson Modified Mastering Biology with Pearson eText, Global Edition
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Free evaluation copy for lecturers


Description

This title is a Pearson Global Edition. The Editorial team at Pearson has worked closely with educators around the world to include content which is especially relevant to students outside the United States.

 

This package includes Modified Mastering Biology.

 

Develop and Practice Science Literacy Skills

Teach students to view their world using scientific reasoning with Campbell Essential Biology with Physiology. The authors’ approach equips your students to become better informed citizens, relate concepts from class to their everyday lives, and understand and apply real data, making biology relevant and meaningful to their world and futures.

 

The new edition incorporates instructor feedback on what key skills to highlight in new Process of Science essays and uses striking infographic figures in conveying real data to help students see and better understand how science actually works. New author-narrated Figure Walkthrough Videos appear in each chapter and guide students through key biology concepts and processes.

 

New topics in Why It Matters inspire curiosity and provide real-world examples to convey why abstract concepts like cell respiration or photosynthesis matter to students. This edition’s unmatched offering of author-created media supports students in the toughest topics with 24/7 access through the enhanced Pearson eText, embedded QR codes in the print text, and Modified Mastering Biology.

 

 

Reach every student by pairing this text with Modified Mastering Biology

Mastering™ is the teaching and learning platform that empowers you to reach every student. By combining trusted author content with digital tools and a flexible platform, Mastering personalizes the learning experience and improves results for each student.


Modified Mastering Biology should only be purchased when required by an instructor. Please be sure you have the correct ISBN and Course ID. Instructors, contact your Pearson representative for more information.

Features

About the Book

Features in the textbook and Modified Mastering Biology work together, creating a seamless learning suite to support student learning. Key concepts in the text are reinforced through assignments in Modified Mastering Biology, bringing learning full circle for students.

 

Provide students with the opportunity to develop scientific literacy skills

  • UPDATED! Process of Science essays present the material in a non-linear and highly visual format, aligning with widely accepted models of how science actually works.
    • Ch 13: Did Natural Selection Shape the Beaks of Darwin's Finches?
    • Ch 14: Do Human Activities Facilitate Speciation?
    • Ch 16: What Killed the Pines?
    • Ch 20: Does Biodiversity Protect Human Health?
    • Ch 27: Can Botulism Toxin Prevent Headaches?
  • Heavily revised Chapter 1 focuses on science literacy skills to introduce students to the process of science right from the start.
  • NEW! Visualizing the Data figures illustrate data in an infographic format and provide students with a fresh approach to understanding concepts. These 14 figures appear throughout the text with icons flagging where they appear.   

Guide students through complex biological processes with engaging visuals

  • NEW! Figure Walkthroughs, written and narrated by the author team, include a QR Code to an accompanying short video that explains the concept or process. The videos are assignable in Modified Mastering Biology.
  • UPDATED! “Why It Matters” photo collages have been updated to increase student curiosity about biology and give students real-world examples to convey why abstract concepts like cell respiration or photosynthesis matter. The authors have made improvements and updates based on reviewer feedback.
  • Select chapters have new Chapter Threads, and all Chapter Thread essays have been updated for currency and relevancy. Each Chapter Thread weaves a compelling topic throughout the chapter, highlighted in the Biology and Society, The Process of Science, and Evolution Connection essays.  New Chapter Threads include:
    • Chapter 13: Evolution in Action
    • Chapter 14: Evolution in the Human Dominated World
    • Chapter 18: Biodiversity in Decline
    • Chapter 20: Importance of Biodiversity
    • Chapter 27: Neurotoxins

Innovative approaches to teaching and learning

  • NEW! Two Biology and Society essays have been added, and the Biology and Society essays relating biology to students’ lives are either new or updated. New Biology and Society Essays include:
    • Chapter  7: A Solar Revolution
    • Chapter 10: The Global Threat of Zika Virus
    • Chapter 14: Humanity’s Footprint
    • Chapter 17 Evolving Adaptability
  • “Major Themes in Biology” — Evolution, Structure/Function, Information Flow, Energy Transformations, and Interconnections within Systems — help students see the interconnectedness of concepts and help instructors focus on the big picture ideas in biology. Introduced in Chapter 1, themes appear throughout the text with icons flagging headings where they appear.   
    • NEW! Assessment questions reinforce the five major biological themes, are located at the end of each chapter, and are assignable in Modified Mastering Biology.
  • Evolution Connection essays further explore a consistent evolution theme in depth in each chapter.
  • Interpreting Data end-of-chapter questions help students learn to use quantitative material by analyzing graphs and interacting with other data. Interpreting Data activities in Modified Mastering Biology help students continue to practice their graph-analysis skills.

This package includes Modified Mastering Biology, the teaching and learning platform that empowers you to reach every student. By combining trusted author content with digital tools and a flexible platform, Mastering personalizes the learning experience and often improves results for each student.

 

Provide students with the opportunity to develop scientific literacy skills

  • Evaluating Science in the Media activities teach students to recognize validity, bias, purpose, and authority in everyday sources of information.
  • Scientific Thinking Activities help students develop an understanding of how scientific research is conducted. Featured topics include:  
    • What Is the Role of Peer Review in the Process of Science?
    • How Does “Citizen Science” Affect Scientific Data Collection
    • Can Scientists Use Gene Expression Data to Personalize Cancer Treatment
    • Is There a Genetic Basis for Adapting to Life at High Altitudes
    • Do the Microorganisms in Our Digestive Tract Play a Role in Obesity?

Guide students through complex biological processes with engaging visuals

  • NEW! Figure Walkthrough Videos, created and narrated by the authors, give students short, clear, and concise explanations of key figures in the chapters. The videos are accessible through QR codes in the print text, and assignable in Modified Mastering Biology.
  • Assignable author-created content:
    • 12 Topic Overview Videos introduce students to key concepts and vocabulary and are narrated by author Eric Simon and contributor Kelly Hogan. Instructors can assign these brief, engaging videos outside of class for students to familiarize themselves with topics that will be explored in greater depth in class. Topics include:
      • Macromolecules
      • Ecological Organization
      • Mechanisms of Evolution
      • An Introduction to Structure and Function
      • Interactions between the respiratory and circulatory system
      • DNA Structure and Function, and more!
    • Video Tutors, BioFlix® 3D animations, and MP3 audio tutors support key concept areas covered in the text and coach students using personalized feedback on common wrong answers.
  • Visualizing the Data coaching activities bring the infographic figures in the book to life and are assignable in Mastering.
  • BioInteractive HHMI Short Films created by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute explore topics such as the discovery of the double helix and evolution, using a movie-quality format and include assignable questions.

Innovative approaches to teaching and learning 

  • NEW! Ready-to-Go Teaching Modules make use of teaching tools for before, during, and after class, including new ideas for in-class activities. The modules incorporate the best that the text, Modified Mastering Biology, and Learning Catalytics have to offer and can be accessed through the Instructor Resources area of Modified Mastering Biology.
  • NEW! Pearson eText integrates the electronic text with over 85 rich media assets created by the author team, including Videos, Animations, New Figure Walkthroughs, Video Tutors, Topic Overview Videos, BioFlix, and also MP3 Audio Tutors—all in customizable formats that students can use on smartphones, tablets, and computers.
    • Pearson eText, optimized for mobile, gives students access to their textbook anytime, anywhere. The Pearson eText mobile app offers:
  • Dynamic Study Modules help students study effectively on their own and provides quick access for learning the information they need to be more successful on quizzes and exams.
  • Learning Catalytics helps generate class discussion, customize lectures, and promote peer-to-peer learning with real-time analytics. Learning Catalytics acts as a student response tool ath uses students’ smartphones, tablets, or laptops to engage them in more interactive tasks and thinking.
    • Help your students develop critical thinking skills.
    • Monitor responses to find out where your students are struggling.
    • Rely on real-time data to adjust your teaching strategy.
    • Automatically group students for discussion, teamwork, and peer-to-peer learning. Team names are no longer case sensitive.
    • NEW! Upload a full PowerPoint® deck for easy creation of slide questions.
More resources to teach using the “Vision and Change” biological themes: New Mastering activities and in-text assessments relate to the V&C themes throughout the text, and instructor lecture slides incorporate examples in the chapter to offer guidance on including these in your classroom.

New to this Edition

About the Book

Features in the textbook and Modified Mastering Biology work together, creating a seamless learning suite to support student learning. Key concepts in the text are reinforced through assignments in Modified Mastering Biology, bringing learning full circle for students.

 

Provide students with the opportunity to develop scientific literacy skills

  • UPDATED! Process of Science essays present the material in a non-linear and highly visual format, aligning with widely accepted models of how science actually works.
    • Ch 13: Did Natural Selection Shape the Beaks of Darwin's Finches?
    • Ch 14: Do Human Activities Facilitate Speciation?
    • Ch 16: What Killed the Pines?
    • Ch 20: Does Biodiversity Protect Human Health?
    • Ch 27: Can Botulism Toxin Prevent Headaches?
  • Visualizing the Data figures illustrate data in an infographic format and provide students with a fresh approach to understanding concepts. These 14 figures appear throughout the text with icons flagging where they appear.   

Guide students through complex biological processes with engaging visuals

  • Figure Walkthroughs, written and narrated by the author team, include a QR Code to an accompanying short video that explains the concept or process. The videos are assignable in Modified Mastering Biology.
  • UPDATED! “Why It Matters” photo collages have been updated to increase student curiosity about biology and give students real-world examples to convey why abstract concepts like cell respiration or photosynthesis matter. The authors have made improvements and updates based on reviewer feedback.
  • Select chapters have new Chapter Threads, and all Chapter Thread essays have been updated for currency and relevancy. Each Chapter Thread weaves a compelling topic throughout the chapter, highlighted in the Biology and Society, The Process of Science, and Evolution Connection essays.  New Chapter Threads include:
    • Chapter 13: Evolution in Action
    • Chapter 14: Evolution in the Human Dominated World
    • Chapter 18: Biodiversity in Decline
    • Chapter 20: Importance of Biodiversity
    • Chapter 27: Neurotoxins

Innovative approaches to teaching and learning

  • Two Biology and Society essays have been added, and the Biology and Society essays relating biology to students’ lives are either new or updated. New Biology and Society Essays include:
    • Chapter  7: A Solar Revolution
    • Chapter 10: The Global Threat of Zika Virus
    • Chapter 14: Humanity’s Footprint
    • Chapter 17 Evolving Adaptability
  • Assessment questions reinforce the five major biological themes, are located at the end of each chapter, and are assignable in Modified Mastering Biology.

 

 

This package includes Modified Mastering Biology, the teaching and learning platform that empowers you to reach every student. By combining trusted author content with digital tools and a flexible platform, Mastering personalizes the learning experience and often improves results for each student.

 

 

Guide students through complex biological processes with engaging visuals

  • Figure Walkthrough Videos, created and narrated by the authors, give students short, clear, and concise explanations of key figures in the chapters. The videos are accessible through QR codes in the print text, and assignable in Modified Mastering Biology.

 

Innovative approaches to teaching and learning

  • Ready-to-Go Teaching Modules make use of teaching tools for before, during, and after class, including new ideas for in-class activities. The modules incorporate the best that the text, Modified Mastering Biology, and Learning Catalytics have to offer and can be accessed through the Instructor Resources area of Modified Mastering Biology.
  • Pearson eText integrates the electronic text with over 85 rich media assets created by the author team, including Videos, Animations, New Figure Walkthroughs, Video Tutors, Topic Overview Videos, BioFlix, and also  MP3 Audio Tutors–all in customizable formats that students can use on smartphones, tablets, and computers.
  • Learning Catalytics helps generate class discussion, customize lectures, and promote peer-to-peer learning with real-time analytics. Learning Catalytics acts as a student response tool ath uses students’ smartphones, tablets, or laptops to engage them in more interactive tasks and thinking.
    • NEW! Upload a full PowerPoint® deck for easy creation of slide questions.
More resources to teach using the “Vision and Change” biological themes: New Mastering activities and in-text assessments relate to the V&C themes throughout the text, and instructor lecture slides incorporate examples in the chapter to offer guidance on including these in your classroom.

Table of Contents

1 Learning About Life

 CHAPTER THREAD

Swimming with the Turtles  

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY A Passion for Life

The Scientific Study of Life

An Overview of the Process of Science

Hypotheses, Theories, and Facts   

Controlled Experiments  

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE Do Baby Turtles Swim?  

Evaluating Scientific Claims

The Properties of Life

Major Themes in Biology

The Relationship of Structure to Function

Information Flow  

Pathways That Transform Energy and Matter

Interactions within Biological Systems  

Evolution   

EVOLUTION CONNECTION Turtles in the Tree of Life

 

UNIT 1 CELLS

2 Essential Chemistry for Biology   

 CHAPTER THREAD

Helpful Radiation  

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY Nuclear Medicine   

Some Basic Chemistry   

Matter: Elements and Compounds   

Atoms

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE How Effective Is Radiation in Treating Prostate Cancer?

Chemical Bonding and Molecules

Chemical Reactions  

Water and Life

Water  

Acids, Bases, and pH 

EVOLUTION CONNECTION Radioactivity as an Evolutionary Clock  

 

3 The Molecules of Life    

 CHAPTER THREAD

Lactose Intolerance   

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY Got Lactose?

Organic Compounds  

Carbon Chemistry

Giant Molecules from Smaller Building Blocks

Large Biological Molecules  

Carbohydrates

Lipids 

Proteins  

Nucleic Acids 

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE Does Lactose Intolerance Have a Genetic Basis?    

EVOLUTION CONNECTION The Evolution of Lactose Intolerance in Humans

 

4 A Tour of the Cell

 CHAPTER THREAD

Humans Versus Bacteria   

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY Antibiotics: Drugs That Target Bacterial Cells

The Microscopic World of Cells   

The Two Major Categories of Cells

An Overview of Eukaryotic Cells

Membrane Structure

The Plasma Membrane   

Cell Surfaces  

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE How Was the First 21st-Century Antibiotic Discovered?

The Nucleus and Ribosomes: Genetic Control of the Cell   

The Nucleus

Ribosomes   

How DNA Directs Protein Production  

The Endomembrane System: Manufacturing and Distributing Cellular Products

The Endoplasmic Reticulum

The Golgi Apparatus  

Lysosomes   

Vacuoles   

Chloroplasts and Mitochondria: Providing Cellular Energy

Chloroplasts

Mitochondria  

The Cytoskeleton: Cell Shape and Movement

Maintaining Cell Shape  

Flagella and Cilia   

EVOLUTION CONNECTION The Evolution of Bacterial Resistance in Humans   

 

5 The Working Cell  

 CHAPTER THREAD

Nanotechnology

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY Harnessing Cellular Structures   

Some Basic Energy Concepts

Conservation of Energy

Heat  

Chemical Energy   

Food Calories 

ATP and Cellular Work

The Structure of ATP 

Phosphate Transfer  

The ATP Cycle  

Enzymes

Activation Energy

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE Can Enzymes Be Engineered?   

Enzyme Activity

Enzyme Inhibitors

Membrane Function

Passive Transport: Diffusion across Membranes  

Osmosis and Water Balance

Active Transport: The Pumping of Molecules across Membranes   

Exocytosis and Endocytosis: Traffic of Large Molecules

EVOLUTION CONNECTION The Origin of Membranes   

 

6 Cellular Respiration: Obtaining Energy from Food 

 CHAPTER THREAD

Exercise Science

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY Getting the Most Out of Your Muscles  

Energy Flow and Chemical Cycling in the Biosphere

Producers and Consumers   

Chemical Cycling between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration 

Cellular Respiration: Aerobic Harvest of Food Energy     

An Overview of Cellular Respiration 

The Three Stages of Cellular Respiration  

The Results of Cellular Respiration  

Fermentation: Anaerobic Harvest of Food Energy   

Fermentation in Human Muscle Cells

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE What Causes Muscle Burn?

Fermentation in Microorganisms  

EVOLUTION CONNECTION The Importance of Oxygen  

 

7 Photosynthesis: Using Light to Make Food

 CHAPTER THREAD

Solar Energy  

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY A Solar Revolution  

The Basics of Photosynthesis

Chloroplasts: Sites of Photosynthesis

An Overview of Photosynthesis   

The Light Reactions: Converting Solar Energy to Chemical Energy  

The Nature of Sunlight   

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE What Colors of Light Drive Photosynthesis?

Chloroplast Pigments 

How Photosystems Harvest Light Energy   

How the Light Reactions Generate ATP and NADPH  

The Calvin Cycle: Making Sugar from Carbon Dioxide   

EVOLUTION CONNECTION Creating a Better Biofuel Factory

 

UNIT 2 GENETICS  

8 Cellular Reproduction: Cells from Cells

 CHAPTER THREAD

Life with and without Sex

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY Virgin Birth of a Shark   

What Cell Reproduction Accomplishes  

The Cell Cycle and Mitosis  

Eukaryotic Chromosomes

Duplicating Chromosomes   

The Cell Cycle

Mitosis and Cytokinesis

Cancer Cells: Dividing Out of Control   

Meiosis, the Basis of Sexual Reproduction  

Homologous Chromosomes  

Gametes and the Life Cycle of a Sexual Organism  

The Process of Meiosis  

Review: Comparing Mitosis and Meiosis

The Origins of Genetic Variation  

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE Do All Animals Have Sex?

When Meiosis Goes Wrong

EVOLUTION CONNECTION The Advantages of Sex

 

9 Patterns of Inheritance

 CHAPTER THREAD

Dog Breeding 

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY Darwin’s Dogs   

Genetics and Heredity

In an Abbey Garden

Mendel’s Law of Segregation

Mendel’s Law of Independent Assortment  

Using a Testcross to Determine an Unknown Genotype  

The Rules of Probability   

Family Pedigrees   

Human Traits Controlled by a Single Gene  

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE What Is the Genetic Basis of Short Legs in Dogs?  

Variations on Mendel’s Laws

Incomplete Dominance in Plants and People  

ABO Blood Groups: An Example of Multiple Alleles and Codominance   

Pleiotropy and Sickle-Cell Disease  

Polygenic Inheritance 

Epigenetics and the Role of Environment  

The Chromosomal Basis of Inheritance

Linked Genes 

Sex Determination in Humans

Sex-Linked Genes

EVOLUTION CONNECTION Barking Up the Evolutionary Tree   

 

10 The Structure and Function of DNA

 CHAPTER THREAD

Deadly Viruses  

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY The Global Threat of Zika Virus

DNA: Structure and Replication   

DNA and RNA Structure

Watson and Crick’s Discovery of the Double Helix  

DNA Replication  

From DNA to RNA to Protein  

How an Organism’s Genotype Determines Its Phenotype   

From Nucleotides to Amino Acids: An Overview   

The Genetic Code  

Transcription: From DNA to RNA  

The Processing of Eukaryotic RNA

Translation: The Players

Translation: The Process   

Review: DNA S RNA S Protein  

Mutations  

Viruses and Other Noncellular Infectious Agents

Bacteriophages   

Plant Viruses  

Animal Viruses  

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE Can DNA and RNA Vaccines Protect Against Viruses?

HIV, the AIDS Virus

Prions 

EVOLUTION CONNECTION Emerging Viruses

 

11 How Genes Are Controlled  

 CHAPTER THREAD

Cancer

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY Breast Cancer and Chemotherapy  

How and Why Genes Are Regulated 

Gene Regulation in Bacteria

Gene Regulation in Eukaryotic Cells  

Cell Signaling 

Homeotic Genes

Visualizing Gene Expression 

Cloning Plants and Animals

The Genetic Potential of Cells

Reproductive Cloning of Animals

Therapeutic Cloning and Stem Cells  

The Genetic Basis of Cancer  

Genes That Cause Cancer

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE Can Avatars Improve Cancer Treatment?

Cancer Risk and Prevention

EVOLUTION CONNECTION The Evolution of Cancer in the Body

 

12 DNA Technology 

 CHAPTER THREAD

DNA Profiling   

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY Using DNA to Establish Guilt and Innocence

Genetic Engineering

Recombinant DNA Techniques

Gene Editing  

Medical Applications 

Genetically Modified Organisms in Agriculture   

Human Gene Therapy

DNA Profiling and Forensic Science 

DNA Profiling Techniques  

Investigating Murder, Paternity, and Ancient DNA

Bioinformatics

DNA Sequencing  

Genomics  

Genome-Mapping Techniques   

The Human Genome  

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE Did Nic Have a Deadly Gene?   

Applied Genomics   

Systems Biology   

Safety and Ethical Issues   

The Controversy over Genetically Modified Foods

Ethical Questions Raised by Human DNA Technologies

EVOLUTION CONNECTION The Y Chromosome as a Window on History  

 

UNIT 3 EVOLUTION AND DIVERSITY

13 How Populations Evolve  

 CHAPTER THREAD

Evolution in Action  

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY Mosquitoes and Evolution

The Diversity of Life  

Naming and Classifying the Diversity of Life

Explaining the Diversity of Life

Charles Darwin and The Origin of Species  

Darwin’s Journey

Darwin’s Theory   

Evidence of Evolution

Evidence from Fossils

Evidence from Homologies  

Evolutionary Trees   

Natural Selection as the Mechanism for Evolution   

Natural Selection in Action  

Key Points about Natural Selection  

The Evolution of Populations 

Sources of Genetic Variation 

Populations as the Units of Evolution

Analyzing Gene Pools

Population Genetics and Health Science   

Microevolution as Change in a Gene Pool   

Mechanisms of Evolution

Natural Selection   

Genetic Drift  

Gene Flow   

Natural Selection: A Closer Look

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE Did Natural Selection Shape the Beaks of Darwin’s Finches?  

EVOLUTION CONNECTION The Rising Threat of Antibiotic Resistance

 

14 How Biological Diversity Evolves

 CHAPTER THREAD

Evolution in the Human-Dominated World  

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY Humanity’s Footprint  

The Origin of Species

What Is a Species?   

Reproductive Barriers between Species

Mechanisms of Speciation   

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE Do Human Activities Facilitate Speciation?

Earth History and Macroevolution   

The Fossil Record

Plate Tectonics and Biogeography   

Mass Extinctions and Explosive Diversifications of Life  

Mechanisms of Macroevolution

Large Effects from Small Genetic Changes  

The Evolution of Biological Novelty  

Classifying the Diversity of Life   

Classification and Phylogeny 

Classification: A Work in Progress  

EVOLUTION CONNECTION Evolution in the Anthropocene  

 

15 The Evolution of Microbial Life  

 CHAPTER THREAD

Human Microbiota   

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY Our Invisible Inhabitants   

Major Episodes in the History of Life

The Origin of Life

A Four-Stage Hypothesis for the Origin of Life   

From Chemical Evolution to Darwinian Evolution  

Prokaryotes  

They’re Everywhere! 

The Structure and Function of Prokaryotes  

The Ecological Impact of Prokaryotes

The Two Main Branches of Prokaryotic Evolution: Bacteria and Archaea  

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE Are Intestinal Microbiota to Blame for Obesity? 

Protists   

Protozoans   

Slime Molds

Unicellular and Colonial Algae  

Seaweeds  

EVOLUTION CONNECTION The Sweet Life of Streptococcus mutans 

 

16 The Evolution of Plants and Fungi

 CHAPTER THREAD

Plant-Fungus Interactions

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY The Diamond of the Kitchen

Colonizing Land

Terrestrial Adaptations of Plants   

The Origin of Plants from Green Algae

Plant Diversity

Highlights of Plant Evolution 

Bryophytes   

Ferns  

Gymnosperms

Angiosperms  

Plant Diversity as a Nonrenewable Resource 

Fungi  

Characteristics of Fungi

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE What Killed the Pines?   

The Ecological Impact of Fungi

Commercial Uses of Fungi  

EVOLUTION CONNECTION A Pioneering Partnership

 

17 The Evolution of Animals 

 CHAPTER THREAD

Human Evolution  

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY Evolving Adaptability  

The Origins of Animal Diversity  

What Is an Animal?  

Early Animals and the Cambrian Explosion

Animal Phylogeny   

Major Invertebrate Phyla   

Sponges

Cnidarians

Molluscs   

Flatworms

Annelids

Roundworms 

Arthropods   

Echinoderms  

Vertebrate Evolution and Diversity  

Characteristics of Chordates

Fishes 

Amphibians  

Reptiles  

Mammals  

The Human Ancestry 

The Evolution of Primates

The Emergence of Humankind   

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE What Can Lice Tell Us About Ancient Humans?

EVOLUTION CONNECTION Are We Still Evolving?  

 

UNIT 4 ECOLOGY

18 An Introduction to Ecology and the Biosphere  

 CHAPTER THREAD

Climate Change  

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY Penguins, Polar Bears, and People in Peril  

An Overview of Ecology  

Ecology and Environmentalism  

A Hierarchy of Interactions  

Living in Earth’s Diverse Environments   

Abiotic Factors of the Biosphere   

The Evolutionary Adaptations of Organisms 

Adjusting to Environmental Variability  

Biomes   

Freshwater Biomes  

Marine Biomes   

How Climate Affects Terrestrial Biome Distribution 

Terrestrial Biomes

The Water Cycle

Human Impact on Biomes

Climate Change  

The Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming 

The Accumulation of Greenhouse Gases  

Effects of Climate Change on Ecosystems   

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE How Does Climate Change Affect Species Distribution?

Looking to Our Future   

EVOLUTION CONNECTION Climate Change as an Agent of Natural Selection

 

19 Population Ecology   

 CHAPTER THREAD

Biological Invasions

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY Invasion of the Lionfish  

An Overview of Population Ecology 

Population Density   

Population Age Structure  

Life Tables and Survivorship Curves 

Life History Traits as Adaptations   

Population Growth Models  

The Exponential Population Growth Model: The Ideal of an Unlimited Environment   

The Logistic Population Growth Model: The Reality of a Limited
Environment

Regulation of Population Growth

Applications of Population Ecology

Conservation of Endangered Species 

Sustainable Resource Management  

Invasive Species

Biological Control of Pests  

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE Can Fences Stop Cane Toads?   

Integrated Pest Management  

Human Population Growth  

The History of Human Population Growth  

Age Structures

Our Ecological Footprint   

EVOLUTION CONNECTION Humans as an Invasive Species

 

20 Communities and Ecosystems  

 CHAPTER THREAD

Importance of Biodiversity   

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY Why Biodiversity Matters  

Biodiversity  

Genetic Diversity  

Species Diversity  

Ecosystem Diversity  

Causes of Declining Biodiversity  

Community Ecology     

Interspecific Interactions   

Trophic Structure  

Species Diversity in Communities   

Disturbances and Succession in Communities   

Ecological Succession

Ecosystem Ecology  

Energy Flow in Ecosystems

Chemical Cycling in Ecosystems  

Conservation and Restoration Biology   

Biodiversity “Hot Spots”  

Conservation at the Ecosystem Level 

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE Does Biodiversity Protect Human Health?  

Restoring Ecosystems

The Goal of Sustainable Development   

EVOLUTION CONNECTION Saving the Hot Spots  

 

UNIT 5  ANIMAL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION

21 Unifying Concepts of Animal Structure and Function

 CHAPTER THREAD

Controlling Body Temperature   

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY An Avoidable Tragedy   

The Structural Organization of Animals

Anatomy and Physiology  

Tissues   

Organs and Organ Systems

Exchanges with the External Environment   

Regulating the Internal Environment  

Homeostasis

Negative and Positive Feedback

Thermoregulation  

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE How Does a Python Warm Her Eggs?  

Osmoregulation  

Homeostasis in the Urinary System

EVOLUTION CONNECTION Adaptations for Thermoregulation   

 

22 Nutrition and Digestion   

 CHAPTER THREAD

Controlling Your Weight  

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY The “Secret” to Shedding Pounds  

An Overview of Animal Nutrition   

Animal Diets  

The Four Stages of Food Processing 

Digestive Compartments   

A Tour of the Human Digestive System   

System Map

The Mouth   

The Pharynx

The Esophagus   

The Stomach  

The Small Intestine   

The Human Microbiome   

The Large Intestine   

Human Nutritional Requirements  

Food as Fuel  

Food as Building Material

Decoding Food Labels   

Nutritional Disorders 

Malnutrition

Eating Disorders   

Obesity   

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE Can a Gene Make You Fat?

EVOLUTION CONNECTION Fat and Sugar Cravings

 

23 Circulation and Respiration   

 CHAPTER THREAD

Athletic Endurance   

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY Avoiding “The Wall”   

Unifying Concepts of Animal Circulation

The Human Cardiovascular System

The Path of Blood

How the Heart Works

Blood Vessels

Blood 

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE Live High, Train Low?  

Cardiovascular Disease  

Unifying Concepts of Animal Respiration   

The Human Respiratory System   

The Path of Air  

The Brain’s Control over Breathing

The Role of Hemoglobin in Gas Transport  

The Toll of Smoking on the Lungs  

EVOLUTION CONNECTION Evolving Endurance   

 

24 The Body’s Defenses   

 Chapter Thread

Vaccines

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY Herd Immunity   

An Overview of the Immune System    

Innate Immunity

External Innate Defenses   

Internal Innate Defenses

The Lymphatic System   

Circulatory Function  

Immune Function  

Adaptive Immunity  

Step 1: Recognizing the Invaders  

Step 2: Cloning the Responders

Step 3: Responding to Invaders

Step 4: Remembering Invaders  

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE How Do We Know Vaccines Work?

Immune Disorders   

Allergies

Autoimmune Diseases

Immuno­deficiency Diseases 

AIDS 

EVOLUTION CONNECTION Viral Evolution versus the Flu Vaccine

 

25 Hormones 

 CHAPTER THREAD

Steroid Abuse

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY Baseball’s Ongoing Steroid Problem   

Hormones: An Overview  

The Human Endocrine System   

The Hypothalamus and Pituitary Gland

The Thyroid and Metabolism 

The Pancreas and Blood Glucose  

The Adrenal Glands and Stress  

The Gonads and Sex Hormones   

Mimicking Sex Hormones   

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE Do ’Roids Cause Rage?

EVOLUTION CONNECTION Steroids and Male Aggression  

 

26 Reproduction and Development  

 CHAPTER THREAD

High-Tech Babies

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY New Ways of Making Babies  

Unifying Concepts of Animal Reproduction  

Asexual Reproduction

Sexual Reproduction  

Human Reproduction 

Male Reproductive Anatomy 

Female Reproductive Anatomy  

Gametogenesis   

The Female Reproductive Cycle

Reproductive Health

Contraception 

Sexually Transmitted Infections

Human Development 

Fertilization by Sperm

Basic Concepts of Embryonic Development  

Pregnancy and Early Development  

The Stages of Pregnancy   

Childbirth  

Reproductive Technologies  

Infertility   

In Vitro Fertilization

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE Are Babies Conceived through In Vitro Fertilization as

Healthy as Babies Conceived Naturally?   

The Ethics of IVF

EVOLUTION CONNECTION The “Grandmother Hypothesis”  

 

27 Nervous, Sensory, and Locomotor Systems

 CHAPTER THREAD

Neurotoxins

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY Medicinal Poisons

An Overview of Animal Nervous Systems

Neurons

Organization of Nervous Systems   

Sending a Signal through a Neuron

Passing a Signal from a Neuron to a Receiving Cell  

The Human Nervous System: A Closer Look

The Central Nervous System 

The Peripheral Nervous System

The Human Brain  

The Senses   

Sensory Input 

Vision

Hearing  

Locomotor Systems

The Skeletal System

The Muscular System

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE Can Botulism Toxin Prevent Headaches?

Stimulus and Response: Putting It All Together   

EVOLUTION CONNECTION A Neurotoxin Arms Race

 

UNIT 6  PLANT STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION

28 The Life of a Flowering Plant  

 CHAPTER THREAD

Agriculture   

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY The Buzz on Coffee Plants  

The Structure and Function of a Flowering Plant  

Monocots and Eudicots     

Roots, Stems, and Leaves

Plant Tissues and Tissue Systems

Plant Cells

Plant Growth  

Primary Growth: Lengthening

Secondary Growth: Thickening

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE What Happened to the Lost Colony of Roanoke?

The Life Cycle of a Flowering Plant  

The Flower   

Overview of the Flowering Plant Life Cycle  

Pollination and Fertilization  

Seed Formation  

Fruit Formation  

Seed Germination  

EVOLUTION CONNECTION The Problem of the Disappearing Bees

 

29 The Working Plant

 CHAPTER THREAD

The Interdependence of Organisms  

BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY Planting Hope in the Wake of Disaster   

How Plants Acquire and Transport Nutrients

Plant Nutrition

From the Soil into the Roots  

The Role of Bacteria in Nitrogen Nutrition  

The Transport of Water  

The Transport of Sugars   

THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE Can the Pressure Flow Mechanism Be Directly Measured?   

Economic Uses of Plant Transport Products  

Plant Hormones

Auxins

Cytokinins

Ethylene

Gibberellins  

Abscisic Acid 

Response to Stimuli

Tropisms   

Photoperiodism  

EVOLUTION CONNECTION Plants, Bugs, and People 

 

Appendices

A Metric Conversion Table

B The Periodic Table 

C Credits  

D Selected Answers