Ethics: Pearson New International Edition

Series
Pearson
Author
Jacques P. Thiroux / Keith W. Krasemann  
Publisher
Pearson
Cover
Softcover
Edition
11
Language
English
Total pages
487
Pub.-date
August 2013
ISBN13
9781292022833
ISBN
1292022833
Related Titles


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9781292022833
Ethics: Pearson New International Edition
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Description

Make Ethical Ideas Accessible to Students

 

With a clear presentation, Ethics: Theory and Practice educates readers about ethical theory and has them apply what they learn to specific classic and contemporary moral problems (lying, cheating, establishing ethical business practices, honoring ethical obligations in medicine, etc.).

 

Jacques P. Thiroux first wrote this text 1977 in order to educate readers about ethical theory and its applications in a way that beginning students could understand.  The result was an accessible text that isn't too technical and doesn't plunge into complex readings without sufficient background.  The text is fully updated with global issues and non-Western ethical views. Keith W. Krasemann now continues Thiroux's efforts of making ethical ideas accessible to students.  Besides updating the foundations of the text, Krasemann incorporates new and relevant material, most of which is often unique only to this text. 

 

 

Teaching and Learning Experience

 

Personalize Learning - MyThinkingLab delivers proven results in helping students succeed, provides engaging experiences that personalize learning, and comes from a trusted partner with educational expertise and a deep commitment to helping students and instructors achieve their goals.

 

Improve Critical Thinking - Outstanding student content - including cases for study and discussion, a chapter on how to set up an ethical system, eight appendices, supplementary reading lists, and more! - encourage students to examine their assumptions, discern hidden values, evaluate evidence, assess their conclusions, and more!

 

Engage Students - Ethics: Theory and Practice provides chapter objectives, exercises for review, discussion questions, ethics problems and more! All features which encourage students to learn how ethical theories can be applied to their everyday lives.

 

Support Instructors - Teaching your course just got easier!  You can create a Customized Text or use our Instructor’s Manual, Electronic “MyTest” Test Bank or PowerPoint Presentation Slides.

 

 

 

 

NEW! Pearson's Reading Hour Program for Instructors

Interested in reviewing new and updated texts in Philosophy?

Click on the below link to choose an electronic chapter to preview…

Settle back, read, and receive a Penguin paperback for your time!

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Features

MAKING ETHICAL IDEAS ACCESSIBLE TO STUDENTS!

  • The application of theories to real world problems (i.e. taking a human life; lying, cheating; stealing; establishing ethical practices in business; honoring ethical obligations in medicine) provides students with a solid foundation in understanding classic and contemporary moral problems. (ex. p. 7)
  • A clear presentation of complex ideasEthics: Theory and Practice is written at the perfect level for students new to the study of ethics.  It isn't too technical, and it avoids plunging into complex readings without any background.  The descriptions of theory and the applications are clear and complete. This ensures that students will easily understand difficult concepts. 

PERSONALIZE LEARNING

  • MyThinkingLab is an online resource that contains book-specific practice tests, chapter summaries, learning objectives, flashcards, weblinks, MySearchLab, a complete E-book and media-rich activities that enhance topics covered in Ethics: Theory and Practice 11/e.
  • The Pearson eText lets students access their textbook anytime, anywhere, and any way they want–including listening online or downloading to iPad.
  • A personalized study plan for each student promotes better critical-thinking skills, and helps students succeed in the course and beyond.
  • Assessment tied to every video, application, and chapter enables both instructors and students to track progress and get immediate feedback. With results feeding into a powerful gradebook, the assessment program helps instructors identify student challenges early–and find the best resources with which to help students.
  • Class Prep collects the very best class presentation resources in one convenient online destination, so instructors can keep students engaged throughout every class.

IMPROVE CRITICAL THINKING 

  • Cases for study and discussion illustrate for students how ethical theory and discussion can be specifically applied.  Each case is open-ended and encourages the student to examine his or her own ethics and views on how the situation should be handled. (ex. p. 76)
  • A chapter on how to set up an ethical system.  Chapter Eight contains guidelines on how to establish and apply a personal ethical theory to a range of specific moral issues, while also covering traditional ethical theories.  It directs students on how to ponder and develop their own ethical ideas, while educating them on traditional theories. (ex. p. 138)
  • Appendices one through eight discuss moral problems in business, medicine, the environment, and more.  Each appendix contains a general discussion of the problem and discussions of specific cases.  These appendices contain the author's own views on how the various moral issues in the book might be dealt with and resolved.  Instructors may assign each appendix with its respective chapter, posing various discussion questions for students to deal with.  They may also hold off assigning the appendices until after students have formed their own theories and solutions to the issues and problems discussed.  These appendices help students analyze and critically evaluate a series of ethical solutions and serves as a catalyst for exciting and profound discussion. (ex. p. 380)
  • Supplementary Reading Lists supply resources that make the material more tangible and stimulate further exploration.  (ex. p. 90)

ENGAGE STUDENTS
 

  • Chapter Objectives at the chapter openings provide students with a summary of complex issues and outline what they can expect to learn in the chapter. (ex. p. 1)
  • Chapter summaries at the end of each chapter help students to review the concepts discussed in the chapter. (ex. p. 25)
  • Exercises for Review, Discussion Questions and Ethics Problems urge students to apply what they have learned to specific problems, such as taking a human life, lying, cheating, stealing, and breaking promises. (ex. p. 28)

SUPPORT INSTRUCTORS
 

  • Instructor's Manual with Tests (0205053521):  For each chapter in the text, this resource provides a detailed outline, list of objectives, discussion questions, and suggested readings.  In addition, test questions in multiple-choice, true/ false, fill-in-the-blank, and short answer formats are available for each chapter; the answers are page-referenced to the text.  For easy access, this manual is available within the instructor section of MyReligionLab for Ethics: Theory and Practice 11/e, or at www.pearsonhighered.com/irc.
  • PowerPoint Presentation Slides (0-205-05360-2): These PowerPoint slides help you convey anthropology principles in a clear and engaging way. For easy access, they are available within the instructor section of MyReligionLab for Ethics: Theory and Practice 11/e, or at www.pearsonhighered.com/irc.
  • MyTest Test Generator (0-205-05353-X): This computerized software will allow you to create your own personalized exams, edit any or all of the existing test questions, and add new questions. Other special features of the program include random generation of test questions, creation of alternate versions of the same test, scrambling question sequence, and test preview before printing. For easy access, this software is available at www.pearsonhighered.com/irc.
  • A flexible organization offers a wide spectrum of theories and issues from which to choose.  This allows you the freedom and flexibility of a broad range of topics to choose from.

New to this Edition

Found in this section:

 

1. Overview of Changes
2. Chapter-by-Chapter Changes


1. Overview of changes

 

MAKING ETHICAL IDEAS ACCESSIBLE TO STUDENTS!

  • 20 New Exercises & Ethics Problems! For example, Ethics: Theory and Practice now includes the famous trolley problem. (ex. p. 45)
  • Extensively Updated! Ethics: Theory and Practice now reflects the current language of today’s modern college student.
  • New! Coverage of consequentialist, nonconsequentialist and rights based ethical theories through engaging exercises and problems. (ex.p. 30)

PERSONALIZE LEARNING

  • New! MyThinkingLab is an online resource that contains book-specific practice tests, chapter summaries, learning objectives, flashcards, weblinks, MySearchLab, a complete E-book and media-rich activities that enhance topics covered in Ethics: Theory and Practice 11/e.
  • The Pearson eText lets students access their textbook anytime, anywhere, and any way they want—including listening online or downloading to iPad.
  • A personalized study plan for each student promotes better critical-thinking skills, and helps students succeed in the course and beyond.
  • Assessment tied to every video, application, and chapter enables both instructors and students to track progress and get immediate feedback. With results feeding into a powerful gradebook, the assessment program helps instructors identify student challenges early—and find the best resources with which to help students.
  • New! Class Prep collects the very best class presentation resources in one convenient online destination, so instructors can keep students engaged throughout every class.

IMPROVE CRITICAL THINKING

  • New! Discussion on the compatibility or incompatibility of freedom and human happiness. (ex. p. 105)
  • New! Material on rationalizations in business contexts and obligations to the environment. (ex. p. 352)


ENGAGE STUDENTS

  • New! The exploration of the ethics of human experimentation, selling body parts on Craigslist and Euthanasia in the wake of Hurricane Katrina.  (ex. p. 223)
  • New! Additional material on the ethical problems of bullying, cheating, and suicide is included.  (ex. p. 178)

SUPPORT INSTRUCTORS

New! Create a Custom Text: For enrollments of at least 25, create your own textbook by combining chapters from best-selling Pearson textbooks and/or reading selections in the sequence you want.  To begin building your custom text, visit www.pearsoncustomlibrary.com. You may also work with a dedicated Pearson Custom editor to create your ideal text—publishing your own original content or mixing and matching Pearson content. Contact your Pearson Publisher’s Representative to get started.


Chapter by Chapter Changes:

 

Chapter 1:   The Nature of Morality

  • Ethics problem ‘Why be Moral?’ added, suggested readings added, language updated.

Chapter 2:   Consequentialist (Teleological) Theories of Morality

  • Exercises and problems that test the limits of consequentialist, nonconsequentialist and rights based ethical theories added, updated language, ethics problem on the trolley problem ‘Would you Throw the Switch?’ added, suggested readings added.

Chapter 3:   Nonconsequentialist (Deontological) Theories of Morality

  • Exercises and problems that test the limits of nonconsequentialist based ethical theories, ethics problem ‘Would you Kill for the Sake of Duty?’ added, language updated, suggested readings added.

Chapter 4:   Virtue Ethics

  • Ethics problem ‘Bullying – What Should you Do?’ added, language updated, suggested readings added.

Chapter 5:   Absolutism Versus Relativism

  • Ethics problem ‘A Slice of Samurai Culture – Are Ethics Relative?’ added, updated language, suggested readings added.

Chapter 6:   Freedom Versus Determinism

  • Ethics problem ‘Freedom and Control: Are freedom and human happiness incomparable?’ language updated, suggested readings added.

Chapter 7:   Reward and Punishment

  • Ethics problem ‘Who gets to Stay on the Lifeboat?’ added, language updated, suggested readings added.

Chapter 8:   Setting Up a Moral System: Basic Assumptions and Basic Principles  

  • Enhanced explanation of Thiroux’s own ethical system with updated language and suggested readings.

Chapter 9:   The Taking of Human Life  

  • Ethics problem ‘Is Suicide Wrong?’, additional material on suicide, language updated, suggested readings added.

Chapter 10:   Allowing Someone to Die, Mercy Death, and Mercy Killing  

  • Ethics problem ‘Did Medical Personnel Kill Patients in the Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina?’ language updated, suggested readings added.

Chapter 11:   Abortion  

  • Further exploration on the topic of abortion, ethics problem ‘Frictional Counter-Examples and Abortion’ added, language updated, suggested readings added.

Chapter 12:   Lying, Cheating, Breaking Promises, and Stealing  

  • Expanded section on the problem of cheating, ethics problem ‘Cheating, Kinda Cheating, Collaboration or Creative Ethical Problem Solving?’ added, language updated, suggested readings added.

Chapter 13:   Morality, Marriage, and Human Sexuality  

  • Ethics problem ‘How Much can we Love our Animals?’ added, language updated, suggested readings added.

Chapter 14:   Bioethics—Ethical Issues in Medicine  

  • Exploration of human experimentation added along with the ethics problem ‘Kidney for Sale on Craigslist’, language updated, suggested readings added.

Chapter 15:   Business and Media Ethics  

  • New material on rationalizations in business contexts added, ethics problem ‘What’s Wrong with These Rationalizations?’ added, language updated, suggested readings added.

Chapter 16:  Environmental Ethics  

  • New material on obligations to the environment and an ethics problem ‘How can we understand an obligation to the environment added, language updated, suggested readings added.

Table of Contents

BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS:

 

 

Contents


Preface  


Chapter 1   The Nature of Morality

Chapter 2  Consequentialist (Teleological) Theories of Morality
Chapter 3   Nonconsequentialist (Deontological) Theories of Morality
Chapter 4   Virtue Ethics
Chapter 5   Absolutism Versus Relativism
Chapter 6   Freedom Versus Determinism
Chapter 7   Reward and Punishment

Chapter 8   Setting Up a Moral System: Basic Assumptions and Basic Principles    

 

 

Chapter 9   The Taking of Human Life    

Chapter 10   Allowing Someone to Die, Mercy Death, and Mercy Killing

 

 

Chapter 11   Abortion

 

 

Chapter 12   Lying, Cheating, Breaking Promises, and Stealing

 

 

Chapter 13   Morality, Marriage, and Human Sexuality

 

 

Chapter 14   Bioethics—Ethical Issues in Medicine

 

 

Chapter 15   Environmental Ethics

 

Chapter 16   Business and Media Ethics

 

Appendixes 

 

Introduction 

 

Appendix 1:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of the Taking of Human Life
Appendix 2:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Allowing Someone to Die, Mercy Death, and Mercy Killing  
Appendix 3:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Abortion  
Appendix 4:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Lying, Cheating, Breaking Promises, and Stealing  
Appendix 5:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Human Sexuality 

Appendix 6:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to Moral Problems in Medicine (Bioethics) 

Appendix 7:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to Moral Problems in Business (Business and Media Ethics) 

Appendix 8:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to Environmental Ethics  

 


 

 

Supplementary Reading  

Glossary  

Index  

 

 

 

COMPREHENSIVE TABLE OF CONTENTS:

 

Contents


Preface  


Chapter 1   The Nature of Morality

 Objectives
 What is Philosophy and Ethics’ Relationship to It?
 Definition of Key Terms
 Approaches to the Study of Morality
 Morality and Its Applications
 Where Does Morality Come From?
 Customary or Traditional and Reflective Morality
 Morality, Law, and Religion
 Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development
 Why Should Human Beings Be Moral?
 Chapter Summary
 Exercises for Review
 Discussion Questions
 Suggested Readings
 Ethics Problem  
 Notes


 

Chapter 2  Consequentialist (Teleological) Theories of Morality
 Objectives
 Psychological Egoism
 Ethical Egoism
 Utilitarianism
 Difficulty with Consequentialist Theories in General
 Care Ethics
 Chapter Summary
 Exercises for Review
 Discussion Questions
 Suggested Readings
 Ethics Problem 

 Notes

 

Chapter 3   Nonconsequentialist (Deontological) Theories of Morality
 Objectives
 Act Nonconsequentialist Theories
 Rule Nonconsequentialist Theories
 General Criticisms of Nonconsequentialist Theories
 Conclusions
 Chapter Summary
 Exercises for Review
 Discussion Questions
 Suggested Readings
 Ethics Problem 

 Notes

 

Chapter 4   Virtue Ethics
 Objectives
 Definition of Terms
 Aristotle’s Nichomachean Ethics
 Confucian Moral Self-Cultivation
 Confucian Role Ethics
 Contemporary Analysis of Virtue Ethics
 Who Is the Ideal Virtuous Person?
 Vice and Virtue
 Conclusions
 Chapter Summary
 Exercises for Review
 Discussion Questions

 Suggested Readings
 Ethics Problem

 Notes

Chapter 5   Absolutism Versus Relativism
 Objectives
 The Meanings of Absolute
 The Meaning of Relative
 Cultural Relativism and Cultural Absolutism
 Propositions and Truth
 Conclusion
 Chapter Summary
 Exercises for Review
 Discussion Questions
 Suggested Readings
 Ethics Problem

 Notes

 

Chapter 6   Freedom Versus Determinism
 Objectives
 The Meaning of Determinism
 Types and Theories of Determinism
 Fatalism and Hard and Soft Determinism
 Indeterminism
 Criticisms of Hard Determinism and Arguments for Freedom
 Conclusion: Soft Determinism
 Chapter Summary
 Exercises for Review
 Discussion Questions
 Suggested Readings
 Ethics Problem

 Notes

 

Chapter 7   Reward and Punishment
 Objectives
 Definition of Key Terms
 Reward and Punishment in Relationship to Justice
 Elements of Justice
 Reward
 Theories of How to Reward
 John Rawls and His Theory of Justice
 Punishment
 Theories of Punishment
 Is a Synthesis Possible?
 Human Rights
 Chapter Summary
 Exercises for Review
 Discussion Questions
 Suggested Readings
 Ethics Problem 

 Notes

 

Chapter 8   Setting Up a Moral System: Basic Assumptions and Basic Principles  

 Objectives  

 Conflicting General Moral Issues  

 Basic Assumptions  

 Basic Principles, Individual Freedom, and Their Justification  

 Priority of the Basic Principles  

 A General Way of Determining Priority—Two Categories  

 How the System of Humanitarian Ethics Works  

 Conclusion  

 Chapter Summary  

 Exercises for Review  

 Discussion Questions 

 Suggested Readings

 Notes

  

 

 

Chapter 9   The Taking of Human Life  

 Objectives  

 The Taking of Human Life  

 Suicide  

 Defense of the Innocent (The Self Included)  

 Cases for Study and Discussion  

 War  

 Terrorism  

 Cases for Study and Discussion 

 Capital Punishment  

 Cases for Study and Discussion  

 Chapter Summary 

 Exercises for Review  

 Views of the Major Ethical Theories on the Taking of Human Life  

 Suicide  

 Defense of the Innocent  

 War and Terrorism  

 Capital Punishment  

 Reader Reactions  

 Suggested Readings  

 Ethics Problem 

 Notes

  

Chapter 10   Allowing Someone to Die, Mercy Death, and Mercy Killing  

 Objectives  

 Definition of Terms  

 Current Legal Status of Mercy Death and Mercy Killing  

 Allowing Someone to Die  

 Cases for Study and Discussion  

 Mercy Death  

 Cases for Study and Discussion  

 Mercy Killing  

 Cases for Study and Discussion  

 Chapter Summary  

 Exercises for Review  

 Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Allowing Someone to Die, Mercy Death, and Mercy Killing  

 Suggested Readings  

 Ethics Problem 

 Notes  

 

 

 

Chapter 11   Abortion  

 Objectives  

 Introduction to the Abortion Issue  

 When Does Human Life Begin?  

 Arguments Against Abortion  

 Arguments For Abortion  

 The More Moderate Positions on Abortion  

 Cases for Study and Discussion  

 Chapter Summary 

 Exercises for Review  

 Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Abortion  

 Suggested Readings  

 Ethics Problem 

 Notes  

 

 

 

Chapter 12   Lying, Cheating, Breaking Promises, and Stealing  

 Objectives 

 Definition of Key Terms  

 Nonconsequentialist and Consequentialist Views 

 Lying  

 Cases for Study and Discussion 

 Cheating  

 Cases for Study and Discussion  

 Breaking Promises  

 Cases for Study and Discussion  

 Stealing  

 Cases for Study and Discussion  

 Chapter Summary  

 Exercises for Review  

 Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Lying, Cheating, Breaking Promises, and Stealing  

 Suggested Readings  

 Ethics Problem 

 Notes  

 

 

 

Chapter 13   Morality, Marriage, and Human Sexuality  

 Objectives  

 Major Aspects of Human Sexuality  

 The Meaning and Purposes of Human Sexuality  

 Premarital Sex  

 Sex in Marriage-Type Relationships (Including Nonlegal)  

 Masturbation  

 Pornography  

 Prostitution  

 Sexual Perversion or “Unnatural” Sexual Activity  

 Cases for Study and Discussion  

 Chapter Summary 

 Exercises for Review  

 Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Morality, Marriage, and Human Sexuality  

 Suggested Readings  

 Ethics Problem 

 Notes  

 

 

 

Chapter 14   Bioethics—Ethical Issues in Medicine  

    Objectives  

 What Is Bioethics?  

 Health Care Professionals and Patients and Their Families—Rights and Obligations  

 Truth Telling and Informed Consent  

 Confidentiality  

 Guilt and Innocence in Treating Patients  

 Ethical Issues in Medicine  

 Stem Cell Research  

 Cases for Study and Discussion  

 Chapter Summary  

 Exercises for Review  

 Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Bioethical Issues  

 Suggested Readings  

 Ethics Problem 

 Notes  

 

Chapter 15   Environmental Ethics  

 Objectives  

 Definition of Key Terms 

 Nature and Morality  

 Environmental Ethical Issues  

 Our Attitude Toward Nature and What Lies Behind It  

 Arguments for Use and Exploitation of the Natural Environment  

 Arguments Against the Use and Exploitation of Nature  

 Moderate Position  

 Criteria for Animal Rights  

 Ways of Dealing with Animal Rights  

 Use of Animals for Food  

 Use of Animals for Experimentation  

 Killing Animals for Sport  

 Protection of Endangered Species  

 Non-Western Perspectives on Environmental Issues  

 Conclusion  

 Cases for Study and Discussion  

 Chapter Summary  

 Exercises for Review  

 Suggested Readings  

 Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Environmental Ethics  

 Ethics Problem 

 Notes  

 

 

 

Chapter 16   Business and Media Ethics  

 Objectives 

 Introduction  

 Rights and Obligations in Business  

 Two Ways of Approaching Rights and Obligations in Business  

 The Moderate Position  

 Justice, Truth Telling, and Honesty in Business  

 Ethical Issues in Business  

 Sexual Harassment  

 The New Global Economy and the International Business Scene  

 Media Ethics  

 Corporate Greed—Enron  

 Cases for Study and Discussion 

 Chapter Summary  

 Exercises for Review  

 Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Business and Media Ethics 

 Suggested Readings  

 Ethics Problem 

 Notes  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Appendixes 

 

Introduction 

 

Appendix 1:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of the Taking of Human Life
Appendix 2:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Allowing Someone to Die, Mercy Death, and Mercy Killing  
Appendix 3:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Abortion  
Appendix 4:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Lying, Cheating, Breaking Promises, and Stealing  
Appendix 5:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Human Sexuality 

Appendix 6:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to Moral Problems in Medicine (Bioethics) 

Appendix 7:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to Moral Problems in Business (Business and Media Ethics) 

Appendix 8:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to Environmental Ethics  

 


 

 

Supplementary Reading  

Glossary  

Index