Philosopher's Way, The: Pearson New International Edition

Series
Pearson
Author
John Chaffee  
Publisher
Pearson
Cover
Softcover
Edition
1
Language
English
Total pages
581
Pub.-date
July 2013
ISBN13
9781292022604
ISBN
1292022604
Related Titles


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9781292022604
Philosopher's Way, The: Pearson New International Edition
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Description

Students learn to critically think about philosophy.

 

The Philosopher’s Way inspires students to think like a philosopher, helping them become more accomplished critical thinkers and develop the analytical tools needed to think philosophically about important issues.

 

This text features readings from major philosophical texts and commentary to guide students in their understanding of the topics. It is organized by questions central to the main branches of philosophy and examines the ideas of philosophers past and present.

 

A better teaching and learning experience
This program will provide a better teaching and learning experience—for you and your students. Here’s how:

  • Personalize Learning – MySearchLab delivers proven results in helping students succeed, provides engaging experiences that personalize learning, and comes from a trusted partner with educational expertise and a deep commitment to helping students and instructors achieve their goals.
  • Improve Critical Thinking – Critical thinking features challenge students to go beyond their reading and explore the connections philosophy has in their everyday lives.
  • Engage Students – Full-color visuals bring topics to life, and writing examples give students a foundation for their own philosophical exploration.
  • Support Instructors – MySearchLab, Instructor’s Manual, Test Bank, MyTest, and PowerPoint slides are available.

Features

STUDENTS LEARN TO CRITICALLY THINK ABOUT PHILOSOPHY.

 

  • The Philosopher’s Way is organized around questions central to the main branches of philosophy. (ex. p. 101)
  • Each chapter offers a historically-organized survey of perspectives on the chapter question. (ex. p. 102)
  • Students are encouraged to use the perspectives presented to develop their own philosophical answers. (ex. p. 111)

PERSONALIZE LEARNING WITH MYSEARCHLAB

MySearchLab with eText can be packaged with this text.

  • MySearchLab provides engaging experiences that personalize learning, and comes from a trusted partner with educational expertise and a deep commitment to helping students and instructors achieve their goals.
  • eText — Just like the printed text, you can highlight and add notes to the eText or download it to your iPad.
  • Assessment — Chapter quizzes and flashcards offer immediate feedback and report directly to the gradebook.
  • Writing and Research — A wide range of writing, grammar and research tools and access to a variety of academic journals, census data, Associated Press newsfeeds, and discipline-specific readings help you hone your writing and research skills.

IMPROVE CRITICAL THINKING

  • “Reading Critically” boxes offer questions that challenge students to think deeply about a philosopher’s writing. Each question helps students to do one of the following (ex. p. 61):
    • Critically evaluate a philosopher’s claim
    • Improve comprehension of difficult passages
    • Compare ideas of philosophers
    • Apply philosophers’ ideas to different situations
  • “Thinking Philosophically” boxes challenge students to critically examine their own beliefs and assumptions while applying the ideas of philosophers to their experiences. (ex. p. 238)
  • A Concept Map opens each chapter and shows how the ideas and thinkers in the chapter relate to one another. (ex. p 351)
  • The following resources are at the end of each chapter:
    • Visual Summaries provide a round-up of the chapter. (ex. p. 424)
    • An annotated list of Film and Literature offers ways to further explore the chapter’s concepts. (ex. p. 425)
    • Making Connections essays suggest how the chapter themes apply to students’ lives. (ex. p. 161)
  • Key terms are defined in the text and margin glossaries. (ex. p. 63)

ENGAGE STUDENTS

  • The full-color visuals in the text add another layer of meaning to the study of philosophy. Selected from the world of art and journalism, the images supplement the readings and concepts in the chapter by offering a “visual philosophy” or posing questions for thought. (ex. p. 175)
  • Portraits of classic and contemporary philosophers are included. (ex. p. 110)
  • “Writing About Philosophy” sections challenge students to express their ideas about philosophy in writing. These sections include (ex. p. 92):
    • An assignment
    • Suggestions for approaching the topic
    • A sample student response

SUPPORT INSTRUCTORS

  • The Instructor’s Manual and Test Bank includes suggestions for teaching every chapter of the text, including chapter summaries, activities, and hundreds of sample test questions. Available within the instructor account of MySearchLab and at www.pearsonhighered.com.
  • MyTest is computerized software that allows instructors to create personalized exams. Existing test questions from the Test Bank can be edited and new questions can be added. Other special features include random generation of test questions, creation of alternate versions of the same test, scrambling question sequence, and test preview before printing. Available within the instructor account in MySearchLab and at www.pearsonmytest.com.
  • PowerPoint slides contain chapter outlines, selected images from the text, and critical thinking and philosophical statements to use for classroom discussion. Available within the instructor account in MySearchLab and at www.pearsonhighered.com.
  • Common Philosophical Terms is a reference guide of important terms and definitions instructors may give to their students.
  • Create a Custom Text: For enrollments of at least 25, create your own textbook by combining chapters from best-selling Pearson textbooks and/or reading selections in the sequence you want. To begin building your custom text, visit www.pearsoncustomlibrary.com. You may also work with a dedicated Pearson Custom editor to create your ideal text–publishing your own original content or mixing and matching Pearson content. Contact your Pearson Publisher’s Representative to get started.

 

New to this Edition

Found in this Section:

1. Overview of Changes

2. Chapter-by-Chapter Changes

 

1. Overview of Changes

 

STUDENTS LEARN TO CRITICALLY THINK ABOUT PHILOSOPHY.

  • For the 4th edition, contemporary work in philosophy has been highlighted. (ex. p. 583)
  • Essays such as “The Mind/Body Problem” and “Contemporary Issues in Philosophy of Mind” introduce students to current trends and controversies in philosophy today. (ex. p. 144)

PERSONALIZE LEARNING WITH MYSEARCHLAB

MySearchLab with eText can be packaged with this text.

  • MySearchLab provides engaging experiences that personalize learning, and comes from a trusted partner with educational expertise and a deep commitment to helping students and instructors achieve their goals.
  • eText – Just like the printed text, you can highlight and add notes to the eText or download it to your iPad.
  • Assessment – Chapter quizzes and flashcards offer immediate feedback and report directly to the gradebook.
  • Writing and Research – A wide range of writing, grammar and research tools and access to a variety of academic journals, census data, Associated Press newsfeeds, and discipline-specific readings help you hone your writing and research skills.

SUPPORT INSTRUCTORS

  • The Instructor’s Manual and Test Bank have been revised to reflect changes in the 4th edition.
  • Create a Custom Text: For enrollments of at least 25, create your own textbook by combining chapters from best-selling Pearson textbooks and/or reading selections in the sequence you want. To begin building your custom text, visit www.pearsoncustomlibrary.com. You may also work with a dedicated Pearson Custom editor to create your ideal text—publishing your own original content or mixing and matching Pearson content. Contact your Pearson Publisher’s Representative to get started.

2. Chapter-by-Chapter Changes

 

Chapter 1: What is Philosophy?

  • The section called Stages in Critical Thinking was added to guide students toward becoming sophisticated critical thinkers.

Chapter 2: What is the Philosopher’s Way?

  • The section called Hesiod, Homer, and the Birth of Philosophy is new.
  • The reading “The Axial Period” has been added to provide students with a historical context for the development of philosophical thought.

Chapter 3: Who are You?

  • The thinking and writing of St. Augustine, Sigmund Freud, and Gilbert Ryle have been added.

Chapter 5: How Can We Know the Nature of Reality?

  • Treatment of the Pre-Socratic thinkers has been expanded.

Chapter 7: Is There a Spiritual Reality?

  • The treatment of the problem of evil in religion has been expanded by the inclusion of the following readings:
    • “Evil Shows There is No God” by J.L. Mackie
    • “A Critique of Hick’s Theodicy” by Edward Madden and Peter Hare

Table of Contents

1. BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Chapter 1What is Philosophy? Thinking Philosophically About Life

Chapter 2 What is the Philosopher’s Way? Socrates and the Examined Life

Chapter 3 Who are You? Consciousness, Identity, and the Self

Chapter 4 Are You Free? Freedom and Determinism

Chapter 5 How Can We Know the Nature of Reality? Philosophical Foundations

Chapter 6 What is Real? What is True? Further Explorations

Chapter 7 Is there a Spiritual Reality? Exploring the Philosophy of Religion

Chapter 8 Are there Moral Truths?Thinking About Ethics

Chapter 9 What are Right Actions? Constructing an Ethical Theory

 

 

2. FULL TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Preface

 

Chapter 1: What is Philosophy? Thinking Philosophically About Life

1.1 Why Study Philosophy?

1.2 Defining Philosophy 

Philosophy Is the Pursuit of Wisdom

Philosophy Begins with Wonder 

Philosophy Is a Dynamic Process 

The Ultimate Aim of Philosophy 

1.3 Thinking Philosophically: Becoming a Critical Thinker 

Thinking Philosophically What Is Your Philosophy of Life? 

Qualities of a Critical Thinker 

Thinking Philosophically Who Are Your Models of Critical Thinking? 

The Process of Critical Thinking 

Thinking Philosophically Applying the Critical Thinking Model

Stages in Critical Thinking

1.4 Understanding Arguments 

The Structure of Arguments 

Evaluating Arguments 

Deductive Arguments 

Inductive Arguments 

Informal Fallacies 

Thinking Philosophically Evaluating Arguments 

1.5 Branches of Philosophy 

Metaphysics 

Thinking Philosophically Are You Willing to Question Your Beliefs? 

Thinking Philosophically How Do You Know What Is True? 

Epistemology 

Ethics 

Thinking Philosophically Do You Have a Moral Philosophy? 

Political and Social Philosophy 

Aesthetics 

1.6 Reading Critically: Working with Primary Sources 

Bertrand Russell, from The Value of Philosophy 

Reading Critically Analyzing Russell on the Value of Philosophy 

1.7 Making Connections: The Search for a Meaningful Life 

Thinking Philosophically What Do You Hope to Learn? 

Writing About Philosophy Analyzing Your Beliefs 

visual summary 

chapter review 

for further reading, viewing & research 

 

Chapter 2: What is the Philosopher’s Way? Socrates and the Examined Life

2.1 Socrates: A Model for Humanity 

Hesiod, Homer, and the Birth of Philosophy

Karl Jaspers, The Axial Period

A Man of Greece 

A Midwife of Ideas 

The Wisest of Men? 

Plato, from The Apology 

Reading Critically Analyzing Socrates on Wisdom and Humility 

2.2 The Socratic Method 

Plato, from The Republic 

Reading Critically Analyzing a Socratic Dialogue 

2.3 Socrates’ Central Concern: The Soul 

Plato, from The Apology 

Reading Critically Analyzing the Core Teachings of Socrates 

2.4 The Trial and Death of Socrates 

Plato, from The Apology 

Thinking Philosophically Countering Personal Attacks 

Reading Critically Analyzing Socrates on Trial 

2.5 Making Connections: Socrates’ Legacy 

Thinking Philosophically Is Socrates Relevant Today? 

Writing About Philosophy A Socratic Dialogue 

visual summary 

chapter review 

for further reading, viewing & research 

 

Chapter 3: Who are You? Consciousness, Identity, and the Self

3.1 Know Thyself? 

Thinking Philosophically Do You Know Yourself? 

3.2 The Soul Is Immortal: Socrates and Plato 

Plato, from Phaedo 

Reading Critically Analyzing Socrates on the Self 

Plato, from Phaedrus, The Chariot Analogy 

3.3 St. Augustine’s Synthesis of Plato and Christianity

Thinking Philosophically Do you believe in an immortal soul?

3.4 Descartes’ Modern Perspective on the Self

Rene Descartes, from Meditations on First Philosophy

Thinking Philosophically Are you a Seeker After Truth?

Reading Critically  Analyzing Descartes on the Mind/Body Problem

3.5 The Self Is Consciousness: Locke 

John Locke, from On Personal Identity 

Thinking Philosophically Applying Locke’s Ideas 

Reading Critically Analyzing Locke on the Conscious Self 

3.6 There Is No Self: Hume 

David Hume, from On Personal Identity 

Reading Critically Analyzing Hume on the Absence of Self 

3.7 We Construct the Self: Kant 

Immanuel Kant, from Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics 

Immanuel Kant, from Critique of Pure Reason 

Thinking Philosophically Sense, Perception, and Your Self 

Reading Critically Analyzing Kant’s Unity of Consciousness 

3.8 The Self Is Multi-Layered:  Freud

Sigmund Freud, from An Outline of Psychoanalysis

Reading Critically Analyzing Freud’s Ideas about Mind

3.9 The Self Is How You Behave:  Ryle

Gilbert Ryle, from The Concept of Mind

Reading Critically Analyzing Ryle’s View of Self as Behavior

3.10 The Self Is the Brain: Materialism 

Churchland, from On Eliminative Materialism 

Reading Critically Analyzing Churchland’s Materialism 

3.11 The Self is Embodied Subjectivity:  Husserl and Merleau-Ponty

Marcel Proust, from In Search of Time Lost

Thinking Philosophically Applying Phenomenology

Marcel Proust, from Within a Budding Grove

3.12 Buddhist Concepts of Self

Milindaphanha, The Simile of the Chariot

Reading Critically Analyzing the Buddhist Chariot Analogy

3.13 Making Connections: In Search of the Self 

Thinking Philosophically What Is Your Concept of the Self? 

Writing About Philosophy Defining the Self 

visual summary 

chapter review 

for further reading, viewing & research 

 

Chapter 4: Are You Free? Freedom and Determinism

4.1 Are You the Master of Your Fate? 

Thinking Philosophically What Are Your Assumptions About Freedom? 

4.2 Determinism 

Baron d’Holbach, from The System of Nature 

Thinking Philosophically Do You Choose Freely? 

Reading Critically Analyzing Baron d’Holbach on the Illusion of Freedom 

4.3 Compatibilism 

External Constraints May Limit Freedom: Stace 

W. T. Stace, from Religion and the Modern Mind

Internal Constraints May Also Limit Freedom: Schlick 

Free Will Is a Human Creation: Dennett 

Reading Critically Evaluating Compatibilism 

4.4 Indeterminism and Libertarianism 

We Live in a World of Possibilities: James 

William James, from The Will to Believe 

Reading Critically Analyzing James on Free Will 

We Create Ourselves Through Our Choices: Sartre 

Jean-Paul Sartre, from Existentialism Is a Humanism 

Reading Critically Analyzing Sartre on Freedom, Choice, and Responsibility 

4.5 A Feminist Analysis of Freedom 

Jean Grimshaw, from Autonomy and Identity in Feminist Thinking 

Reading Critically Analyzing Jean Grimshaw on Autonomy 

4.6 Making Connections: Creating a Synthesis 

Overcoming Limitations to Your Freedom 

Confronting External Constraints 

Confronting Internal Constraints 

Thinking Philosophically What Are the Limitations to Your Freedom? 

Writing About Philosophy Understanding Personal Freedom 

visual summary 

chapter review 

for further reading, viewing & research 

 

Chapter 5: How Can We Know the Nature of Reality? Philosophical Foundations
5.1 What Is the Nature of Reality? 

Thinking Philosophically What Is Your Concept of Reality? 

5.2 Reality Is the Eternal Realm of the Forms: Plato 

The Divided Line 

The Theory of Innate Ideas 

Plato, from Meno 

Reading Critically Analyzing Plato’s Theory of Innate Ideas 

The Path to Knowledge of Reality: The Cave Allegory 

Plato, from The Republic 

Reading Critically Analyzing Plato’s Allegory of the Cave 

5.3 Reality Is the Natural World: Aristotle 

Aristotle’s Two Categories: Matter and Form 

Entelechy 

The Four Causes 

Aristotle, from Metaphysics 

Reading Critically Analyzing Aristotle’s Concept of Reality 

5.4 Can Reality Be Known? Descartes 

René Descartes, from Meditations on First Philosophy 

Reading Critically Analyzing Descartes’ Radical Doubt 

5.5 Making Connections: Your Beliefs About the World 

Thinking Philosophically Evaluating the Accuracy of Your Beliefs 

Writing About Philosophy Analyzing Philosophical Themes in a Fictional Work 

visual summary 

chapter review 

for further reading, viewing & research 

 

Chapter 6: What is Real? What is True? Further Explorations

6.1 Questioning Independent Reality 

Bertrand Russell, from Appearance and Reality 

Reading Critically How Do You Know What Is “Real”? 

6.2 All Knowledge Comes from Experience: Locke 

Locke’s Critique of “Universality” 

John Locke, from An Essay Concerning Human Understanding 

Leibniz’s Case Against Locke 

Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz, from New Essays Concerning Human Understanding 

Locke’s Causal Theory of Perception 

John Locke, from An Essay Concerning Human Understanding 

Reading Critically Analyzing Locke’s Empirical View 

6.3 Reality Depends on Perception: Berkeley 

George Berkeley, from A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge 

Reading Critically Analyzing Berkeley’s Subjective Idealism 

6.4 Understanding Reality Demands Skepticism: Hume 

David Hume, from An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding 

Reading Critically Analyzing Hume’s Case for Skepticism 

6.5 We Constitute Our World: Kant 

Immanuel Kant, from Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics 

Hume’s Challenge to Philosophy 

Kant’s Solution: Transcendental Idealism 

Immanuel Kant, from Critique of Pure Reason 

Two Realities: Phenomenal and Noumenal 

Reading Critically Analyzing Kant’s Synthesizing Project 

Applying Kant’s Theory 

Three Accounts of the Assassination of Malcolm X 

Reading Critically How Is Knowledge Constructed? 

6.6 Emotions Shape Our Understanding: Jaggar 

Alison M. Jaggar, from Love and Knowledge: Emotion in Epistemology 

Reading Critically Analyzing Jaggar on the Role of Emotions 

6.7 Making Connections: Developing Informed Beliefs 

Thinking Philosophically What Are the Limits of Your Knowledge? 

Writing About Philosophy Constructing Knowledge 

visual summary 

chapter review 

for further reading, viewing & research 

 

Chapter 7: Is there a Spiritual Reality? Exploring the Philosophy of Religion

7.1 Thinking Philosophically About Religious Beliefs 

Thinking Philosophically What Are Your Religious Beliefs? 

7.2 What Is Religion? 

Ways of Defining Religion 

Frederick Streng, from What Is Religion? 

Reading Critically Analyzing Streng on Definitions of Religion 

God Is a Human Projection: Feuerbach 

Ludwig Feuerbach, from The Essence of Christianity 

Reading Critically Analyzing Feuerbach on Religion as Anthropomorphism 

Religion Is Vital Quest: Nishitani 

Keiji Nishitani, from Religion and Nothingness 

Reading Critically Analyzing Nishitani on the Religious Quest 

7.3 A Brief Survey of World Religions 

Hinduism 

Buddhism 

Daoism (Taoism) 

Judaism 

Christianity 

Islam 

Indigenous Sacred Ways 

Thinking Philosophically Expanding Your Religious Understanding 

7.4 Can We Prove the Existence of God? 

The Ontological Argument 

Saint Anselm and Gaunilo, from The Ontological Argument 

Reading Critically Analyzing the Ontological Argument 

The Cosmological Argument 

Saint Thomas Aquinas, from Summa Theologica 

Reading Critically Analyzing the Cosmological Argument 

The Argument from Gradations of Perfection 

The Argument from Design 

William Paley, from Natural Theology 

Reading Critically Analyzing the Argument from Design 

The Argument from Morality 

Immanuel Kant, from Critique of Practical Reason 

Reading Critically Analyzing the Argument from Morality 

7.5 The Problem of Evil 

J.L. Mackie, from Evil and Omnipotence

Reading Critically Analyzing Mackie on the Problem of Evil

John Hick, from Philosophy of Religion 

Reading Critically Analyzing Hick on the Problem of Evil 

Edward H. Madden and Peter H. Hare, A Critique of Hick’s Theodicy

Reading Critically Analyzing Madden and Hare’s Critique of John Hick’s Theodicy

7.6 Faith and Religious Experience 

Religious Faith as a Wager: Pascal 

Blaise Pascal, “A Wager” from Thoughts on Religion 

Reading Critically Analyzing “Pascal’s Wager” 

Religious Beliefs Require Sufficient Evidence: Clifford 

W. K. Clifford, from The Ethics of Belief 

Reading Critically Analyzing Clifford on the Ethics of Belief 

Religious Belief Is Legitimate and Compelling: James 

William James, from The Will to Believe 

Reading Critically Analyzing James on the Will to Believe 

Subjective Knowing: The Leap of Faith 

Søren Kierkegaard, from The Leap of Faith and the Limits of Reason 

Søren Kierkegaard, from Concluding Unscientific Postscript 

Reading Critically Analyzing Kierkegaard on Faith and Reason 

7.7 Making Connections: Reflections on the Philosophy of Religion 

visual summary 

chapter review 

for further reading, viewing & research 

 

Chapter 8: Are there Moral Truths? Thinking About Ethics

8.1 Your Moral Compass 

Ethics and Values    

Thinking Philosophically What Are Your Moral Values? 

Thinking Critically About Ethics

Thinking Philosophically Making Moral Decisions 

8.2 Ethical Relativism 

Ethical Subjectivism: Each Person Determines What Is Morally Right 

Thinking Philosophically How Subjective Are Your Ethics? 

Cultural Relativism: Each Culture Determines What Is Morally Right 

Ruth Benedict, from Anthropology and the Abnormal 

Thinking Philosophically Cultural Relativism and Your Moral Perspective 

Reading Critically Analyzing Benedict on Culture and Values 

8.3 Ethical Absolutism: Some Moral Values Are Universal 

Thinking Philosophically Do You Believe in Universal Values? 

W. T. Stace, from The Concept of Morals 

Reading Critically Analyzing Stace’s Critique of Ethical Relativism 

8.4 Egoism as a Universal Principle 

Arguments for Egoism 

Plato, from The Republic, “The Myth of Gyges” 

Reading Critically Analyzing “The Myth of Gyges” 

Ayn Rand, from The Virtue of Selfishness 

Reading Critically Analyzing Rand on the Virtue of Selfishness 

Arguments Against Egoism 

James Rachels, from Egoism and Moral Skepticism 

Reading Critically Analyzing Rachels’s Critique of Egoism 

8.5 Religion and Universal Values 

Divine Command Theory 

Thinking Philosophically Religion and Your Ethical Values 

The Story of Abraham and Isaac, from the Bible 

Natural Law Theory 

Thinking Philosophically Do You Believe in Natural Laws? 

Martin Luther King Jr., from Letter from a Birmingham Jail 

Reading Critically Analyzing King on Universal Values 

8.6 Making Connections: On Becoming an Ethical Person 

Robert Coles, from The Disparity Between Intellect and Character 

Thinking Philosophically Can Morality Be Learned in College? 

visual summary 

chapter review 

for further reading, viewing & research 

 

Chapter 9: What are Right Actions? Constructing an Ethical Theory

9.1 Expanding Your Knowledge of Moral Philosophy 

9.2 Character: Virtue Ethics 

Thinking Philosophically What Is Your Moral Character? 

Aristotle, from The Nicomachean Ethics 

Reading Critically Analyzing Aristotle’s Virtue Ethics 

9.3 Maxims: Duty to Moral Laws 

Immanuel Kant, from Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals 

Thinking Philosophically The Categorical Imperative and Your Moral Compass 

Immanuel Kant, from Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals 

Reading Critically Analyzing Kant on Duty and Reason 

9.4 Consequences: Utilitarianism 

The Greatest Happiness for the Greatest Number: Bentham

Jeremy Bentham, from An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation 

Thinking Philosophically Applying the Hedonistic Calculus 

Higher Pleasures Have Greater Worth: Mill 

John Stuart Mill, from Utilitarianism 

Reading Critically Analyzing Utilitarianism 

Consider the Interests of Animals: Singer 

Peter Singer, from Animal Liberation 

Reading Critically Analyzing Singer on Animal Rights 

9.5 Authenticity: Existentialist Ethics 

“The Crowd Is Untruth”: Kierkegaard 

Søren Kierkegaard, from On the Dedication to ‘That Single Individual’ 

Søren Kierkegaard, from The Present Age 

Reading Critically Analyzing Kierkegaard on Authenticity 

Beyond Good and Evil: Nietzsche 

Friedrich Nietzsche, from The Gay Science 

Friedrich Nietzsche, from Beyond Good and Evil 

Reading Critically Analyzing Nietzsche on Morality 

Authenticity and Ethical Responsibility: Sartre 

Jean-Paul Sartre, from Existentialism Is a Humanism 

Reading Critically Analyzing Sartre on Moral Responsibility 

Our Interplay with Others Defines Us: de Beauvoir 

Simone de Beauvoir, from Ethics of Ambiguity 

Reading Critically Analyzing de Beauvoir on Moral Choices 

Courage Is the Highest Value: Camus 

Camus, from The Myth of Sisyphus 

Reading Critically Analyzing the Myth of Sisyphus 

9.6 Empathy: The Ethics of Care 

Nel Noddings, from Caring: A Feminine Approach to Ethics and Moral Education 

Reading Critically Analyzing Noddings on the Ethics of Care 

9.7 Making Connections: Your Moral Compass Revisited 

Thinking Philosophically Constructing an Ethical Theory 

Writing About Philosophy Analyzing Moral Choices in a Film or Novel 

visual summary 

chapter review 

for further reading, viewing & research 

 

 

 

Credits 

Index