Essential University Physics: Volume 1, Global Edition

Series
Pearson
Author
Richard Wolfson  
Publisher
Pearson
Edition
4
Language
English
Total pages
432
Pub.-date
June 2020
ISBN13
9781292350141
ISBN
1292350148
Related Titles


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9781292350141
Essential University Physics: Volume 1, Global Edition
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Description

Focus on the fundamentals and help students see connections between problem types

Richard Wolfson’s Essential University Physics is a concise and progressive calculus-based physics textbook that offers clear writing, great problems, and relevant real-life applications in an affordable and streamlined text. The book teaches sound problem-solving strategies and emphasizes conceptual understanding, using features such as annotated figures and step-by-step problem-solving strategies. Realizing students have changed a great deal over time while the fundamentals of physics have changed very little, Wolfson makes physics relevant and alive for students by sharing the latest physics applications in a succinct and captivating style.

 

The 4th Edition, Global Edition, incorporates research from instructors, reviewers, and thousands of students to expand the book’s  problem sets and consistent problem-solving strategy. A new problem type guides students to see patterns, make connections between problems that can be solved using similar steps, and apply those steps when working problems on homework and exams. New digital tools and the interactive Pearson eText increase student interactivity to help them develop confidence in solving problems, deepen their conceptual understanding, and strengthen quantitative-reasoning skills.

 

Essential University Physics is offered as two paperback volumes available together or for sale individually.

 

Also available with Mastering Physics

Mastering™ is the teaching and learning platform that empowers you to reach every student. By combining trusted author content with digital tools developed to engage students and emulate the office-hour experience, Mastering personalizes learning and improves results for each student. Now providing a fully integrated experience, the eText is linked to every problem within Mastering for seamless integration between homework problems, practice problems, textbook, worked examples, and more.

Features

Build problem-solving skills using updated and refined problem sets

·    New - Example Variation Problems build in difficulty by changing scenarios, changing the knowns vs. unknowns, and adding complexity and a step of reasoning to provide the most helpful range of related problems that use the same basic approach to find their solutions. These scaffolded problem sets help students see patterns and make connections between problems that can be solved using similar steps and help them to be less surprised by variations on problems when exam time comes. Assignable in Mastering Physics.

·    Every worked example uses the IDEA (Interpret, Develop, Evaluate, and Assess) framework which begins with a problem’s key ideas, stresses the importance of planning a solution and drawing a diagram, works through the math, checks for reasonable answers, and relates the problem’s content to a broader understanding of physics.

o Problem-Solving Strategy boxes follow the IDEA framework and provide detailed guidance for specific classes of physics problems.

·    Tactics boxes reinforce specific essential skills such as differentiation, setting up integrals, vector products, drawing free-body diagrams, simplifying series and parallel circuits, or ray tracing.

·    Tips provide helpful problem-solving hints or warn against common pitfalls and misconceptions.

·    Got It? boxes provide quick checks for students to test their conceptual understanding. These multiple-choice and ranking task problems are also available as clicker system questions.

Guide student learning with clearly stated learning goals for each chapter

·    New - Learning Outcomes succinctly state goals for each chapter, identifying for students what they should be learning and aiding in metacognition.

·    New - Each end-of-chapter problem is correlated with one or more learning outcomes.

·    New - Learning Outcomes Table at the start of each end-of-chapter problem set relates problems and helps students target what they don’t know and prove what they do.

Explore physics in the real world through applications

·    Every chapter includes Applications that explore modern examples of physics in the real world.

·    Engineering applications prepare engineering students for the field.

·    MCAT-style Passage Problems appear in each chapter and follow the format used in the MCAT exam. These problems require students to investigate multiple aspects of a real-life physical situation, typically biological in nature, as described in a reading passage.

 

Also available with Mastering Physics

Mastering™ is the teaching and learning platform that empowers you to reach every student. By combining trusted author content with digital tools developed to engage students and emulate the office-hour experience, Mastering personalizes learning and improves results for each student.

 

Reach every student with Mastering

Teach your course your way: Your course is unique. So whether you’d like to build your own auto-graded assignments, foster student engagement during class, or give students anytime, anywhere access, Mastering gives you the flexibility to easily create your course to fit your needs.

·    With Learning Catalytics, you’ll hear from every student when it matters most. You pose a variety of questions that help students recall ideas, apply concepts, and develop critical-thinking skills. Your students respond using their own smartphones, tablets, or laptops.  You can monitor responses with real-time analytics and find out what your students do – and don’t – understand. Then, you can adjust your teaching accordingly, and even facilitate peer-to-peer learning, helping students stay motivated and engaged.

·    Interactive Prelecture Videos provide an introduction to key topics to help students prepare before lecture and to help professors identify student misconceptions.

·    New - Quantitative Pre-lecture Videos now complement the conceptual Interactive Pre-lecture Videos designed to expose students to concepts before class and help them learn how problems for a specific concept are worked.

Empower each learner: Each student learns at a different pace. Personalized learning, including adaptive tools and wrong-answer feedback, pinpoints the precise areas where each student needs practice and gives all students the support they need – when and where they need it – to be successful.

·    New - Direct Measurement Videos are short videos that show real situations of physical phenomena. Grids, rulers, and frame counters appear as overlays, helping students to make precise measurements of quantities such as position and time. Students then apply these quantities along with physics concepts to solve problems and answer questions about the motion of the objects in the video. The problems are assignable in Mastering and can be used to replace or supplement traditional word problems; they can also serve as open-ended questions to help develop problem-solving skills.

·    New - The Physics Primer relies on videos, hints, and feedback to refresh students’ math skills in the context of physics and prepares them for success in the course. These tutorials can be assigned before the course begins or throughout the course as just-in-time remediation. They ensure students practice and maintain their math skills, while tying together mathematical operations and physics analysis.

·    Dynamic Study Modules help students study effectively–and at their own pace. How? By keeping them motivated and engaged. The assignable modules rely on the latest research in cognitive science, using methods–such as adaptivity, gamification, and intermittent rewards–to stimulate learning and improve retention. Each module poses a series of questions about a course topic. These question sets adapt to each student’s performance and offer personalized, targeted feedback to help them master key concepts.

Deliver trusted content: We partner with highly respected authors to develop interactive content and course-specific resources that keep students on track and engaged.

·    Video Tutor Demonstrations tie directly to relevant content in the textbook and can be accessed through MasteringPhysics or from QR codes in the textbook.

·    Video Tutor Demonstrations (VTDs) feature "pause-and-predict" demonstrations of key physics concepts and incorporate assessment to engage students in understanding key concepts. New VTDs build on the existing collection, adding new topics for a more robust set of demonstrations.

·    New - Example Variation Problems build in difficulty by changing scenarios, changing the knowns vs. unknowns, and adding complexity and a step of reasoning to provide the most helpful range of related problems that use the same basic approach to find their solutions. Assignable in Mastering Physics.

Improve student results: When you teach with Mastering, student performance often improves. That’s why instructors have chosen Mastering for over 15 years, touching the lives of over 20 million students. 

New to this Edition

Build problem-solving skills using updated and refined problem sets

·    Example Variation Problems build in difficulty by changing scenarios, changing the knowns vs. unknowns, and adding complexity and a step of reasoning to provide the most helpful range of related problems that use the same basic approach to find their solutions. These scaffolded problem sets help students see patterns and make connections between problems that can be solved using similar steps and help them to be less surprised by variations on problems when exam time comes. Assignable in Mastering Physics.

Guide student learning with clearly stated learning goals for each chapter

·    Learning Outcomes succinctly state goals for each chapter, identifying for students what they should be learning and aiding in metacognition.

·    Each end-of-chapter problem is correlated with one or more learning outcomes.

·    Learning Outcomes Table at the start of each end-of-chapter problem set relates problems and helps students target what they don’t know and prove what they do.

Also available with Mastering Physics

·    Quantitative Pre-lecture Videos now complement the conceptual Interactive Pre-lecture Videos designed to expose students to concepts before class and help them learn how problems for a specific concept are worked.

·    Direct Measurement Videos are short videos that show real situations of physical phenomena. Grids, rulers, and frame counters appear as overlays, helping students to make precise measurements of quantities such as position and time. Students then apply these quantities along with physics concepts to solve problems and answer questions about the motion of the objects in the video. The problems are assignable in Mastering and can be used to replace or supplement traditional word problems; they can also serve as open-ended questions to help develop problem-solving skills.

·    The Physics Primer relies on videos, hints, and feedback to refresh students’ math skills in the context of physics and prepares them for success in the course. These tutorials can be assigned before the course begins or throughout the course as just-in-time remediation. They ensure students practice and maintain their math skills, while tying together mathematical operations and physics analysis.

·    Example Variation Problems build in difficulty by changing scenarios, changing the knowns vs. unknowns, and adding complexity and a step of reasoning to provide the most helpful range of related problems that use the same basic approach to find their solutions. Assignable in Mastering Physics.

Table of Contents

Volume 1 contains Chapters 1—19

Volume 2 contains Chapters 20—39

 

1 Doing Physics  

1.1    Realms of Physics  

1.2    Measurements and Units  

1.3    Working with Numbers  

1.4    Strategies for Learning Physics  

Part One

Mechanics  

2 Motion in a Straight Line  

2.1    Average Motion  

2.2    Instantaneous Velocity  

2.3    Acceleration  

2.4    Constant Acceleration  

2.5    The Acceleration of Gravity  

2.6    When Acceleration Isn’t Constant  

Chapter 3 Motion in Two and Three Dimensions  

3.1    Vectors  

3.2    Velocity and Acceleration Vectors  

3.3    Relative Motion  

3.4    Constant Acceleration  

3.5    Projectile Motion  

3.6    Uniform Circular Motion  

4 Force and Motion  

4.1    The Wrong Question  

4.2    Newton’s First and Second Laws  

4.3    Forces  

4.4    The Force of Gravity  

4.5    Using Newton’s Second Law  

4.6    Newton’s Third Law  

5 Using Newton’s Laws  

5.1    Using Newton’s Second Law  

5.2    Multiple Objects  

5.3    Circular Motion  

5.4    Friction  

5.5    Drag Forces  

6 Energy, Work, and Power  

6.1    Energy  

6.2    Work  

6.3    Forces That Vary  

6.4    Kinetic Energy  

6.5    Power  

7 Conservation of Energy  

7.1    Conservative and Nonconservative Forces  

7.2    Potential Energy  

7.3    Conservation of Mechanical Energy  

7.4    Nonconservative Forces  

7.5    Conservation of Energy  

7.6    Potential-Energy Curves  

8 Gravity  

8.1    Toward a Law of Gravity  

8.2    Universal Gravitation  

8.3    Orbital Motion  

8.4    Gravitational Energy  

8.5    The Gravitational Field  

9 Systems of Particles  

9.1    Center of Mass  

9.2    Momentum  

9.3    Kinetic Energy of a System  

9.4    Collisions  

9.5    Totally Inelastic Collisions  

9.6    Elastic Collisions  

10 Rotational Motion  

10.1 Angular Velocity and Acceleration  

10.2 Torque  

10.3 Rotational Inertia and the Analog of Newton’s Law  

10.4 Rotational Energy  

10.5 Rolling Motion  

11 Rotational Vectors and Angular Momentum  

11.1 Angular Velocity and Acceleration Vectors  

11.2 Torque and the Vector Cross Product  

11.3 Angular Momentum  

11.4 Conservation of Angular Momentum  

11.5 Gyroscopes and Precession  

12 Static Equilibrium  

12.1 Conditions for Equilibrium  

12.2 Center of Gravity  

12.3 Examples of Static Equilibrium  

12.4 Stability  

Part Two

Oscillations, Waves, and Fluids  

13 Oscillatory Motion  

13.1 Describing Oscillatory Motion  

13.2 Simple Harmonic Motion  

13.3 Applications of Simple Harmonic Motion  

13.4 Circular Motion and Harmonic Motion  

13.5 Energy in Simple Harmonic Motion  

13.6 Damped Harmonic Motion  

13.7 Driven Oscillations and Resonance  

14 Wave Motion  

14.1 Waves and Their Properties  

14.2 Wave Math  

14.3 Waves on a String  

14.4 Wave Energy

14.54   Sound Waves  

14.65   Interference  

14.76   Reflection and Refraction  

14.87   Standing Waves  

14.98   The Doppler Effect and Shock Waves  

15 Fluid Motion  

15.1 Density and Pressure  

15.2 Hydrostatic Equilibrium  

15.3 Archimedes’ Principle and Buoyancy  

15.4 Fluid Dynamics  

15.5 Applications of Fluid Dynamics  

15.6 Viscosity and Turbulence  

Part Three

Thermodynamics  

16 Temperature and Heat  

16.1 Heat, Temperature, and Thermodynamic Equilibrium  

16.2 Heat Capacity and Specific Heat  

16.3 Heat Transfer  

16.4 Thermal-Energy Balance  

17 The Thermal Behavior of Matter  

17.1 Gases  

17.2 Phase Changes  

17.3 Thermal Expansion  

18 Heat, Work, and the First Law of Thermodynamics  

18.1 The First Law of Thermodynamics  

18.2 Thermodynamic Processes  

18.3 Specific Heats of an Ideal Gas  

19 The Second Law of Thermodynamics  

19.1 Reversibility and Irreversibility  

19.2 The Second Law of Thermodynamics  

19.3 Applications of the Second Law  

19.4 Entropy and Energy Quality  

Part Four

Electromagnetism  

20 Electric Charge, Force, and Field  

20.1 Electric Charge  

20.2 Coulomb’s Law  

20.3 The Electric Field  

20.4 Fields of Charge Distributions  

20.5 Matter in Electric Fields  

21 Gauss’s Law  

21.1 Electric Field Lines  

21.2 Electric Field and Electric Flux  

21.3 Gauss’s Law  

21.4 Using Gauss’s Law  

21.5 Fields of Arbitrary Charge Distributions  

21.6 Gauss’s Law and Conductors  

22 Electric Potential  

22.1 Electric Potential Difference  

22.2 Calculating Potential Difference  

22.3 Potential Difference and the Electric Field  

22.4 Charged Conductors  

23 Electrostatic Energy and Capacitors  

23.1 Electrostatic Energy  

23.2 Capacitors  

23.3 Using Capacitors  

23.4 Energy in the Electric Field  

24 Electric Current  

24.1 Electric Current  

24.2 Conduction Mechanisms  

24.3 Resistance and Ohm’s Law  

24.4 Electric Power  

24.5 Electrical Safety  

25 Electric Circuits  

25.1 Circuits, Symbols, and Electromotive Force  

25.2 Series and Parallel Resistors  

25.3 Kirchhoff’s Laws and Multiloop Circuits  

25.4 Electrical Measurements  

25.5 Capacitors in Circuits  

26 Magnetism: Force and Field  

26.1 What Is Magnetism?  

26.2 Magnetic Force and Field  

26.3 Charged Particles in Magnetic Fields  

26.4 The Magnetic Force on a Current  

26.5 Origin of the Magnetic Field  

26.6 Magnetic Dipoles  

26.7 Magnetic Matter  

26.8 Ampère’s Law  

27 Electromagnetic Induction  

27.1 Induced Currents  

27.2 Faraday’s Law  

27.3 Induction and Energy  

27.4 Inductance  

27.5 Magnetic Energy  

27.6 Induced Electric Fields  

28 Alternating-Current Circuits  

28.1 Alternating Current  

28.2 Circuit Elements in AC Circuits  

28.3 LC Circuits  

28.4 Driven RLC Circuits and Resonance  

28.5 Power in AC Circuits  

28.6 Transformers and Power Supplies  

29 Maxwell’s Equations and Electromagnetic Waves  

29.1 The Four Laws of Electromagnetism  

29.2 Ambiguity in Ampère’s Law  

29.3 Maxwell’s Equations  

29.4 Electromagnetic Waves  

29.5 Properties of Electromagnetic Waves  

29.6 The Electromagnetic Spectrum  

29.7 Producing Electromagnetic Waves  

29.8 Energy and Momentum in Electromagnetic Waves  

Part Five

Optics  

30 Reflection and Refraction  

30.1 Reflection  

30.2 Refraction  

30.3 Total Internal Reflection  

30.4 Dispersion  

31 Images and Optical Instruments  

31.1 Images with Mirrors  

31.2 Images with Lenses  

31.3 Refraction in Lenses: The Details  

31.4 Optical Instruments  

32 Interference and Diffraction  

32.1 Coherence and Interference  

32.2 Double-Slit Interference  

32.3 Multiple-Slit Interference and Diffraction Gratings  

32.4 Interferometry  

32.5 Huygens’ Principle and Diffraction  

32.6 The Diffraction Limit  

Part Six

Modern Physics  648

33 Relativity  

33.1 Speed c Relative to What?  

33.2 Matter, Motion, and the Ether  

33.3 Special Relativity  

33.4 Space and Time in Relativity  

33.5 Simultaneity Is Relative  

33.6 The Lorentz Transformations  

33.7 Energy and Momentum in Relativity  

33.8 Electromagnetism and Relativity  

33.9 General Relativity  

34 Particles and Waves  

34.1 Toward Quantum Theory  

34.2 Blackbody Radiation  

34.3 Photons  

34.4 Atomic Spectra and the Bohr Atom  

34.5 Matter Waves  

34.6 The Uncertainty Principle  

34.7 Complementarity  

35 Quantum Mechanics  

35.1 Particles, Waves, and Probability  

35.2 The Schrödinger Equation  

35.3 Particles and Potentials  

35.4 Quantum Mechanics in Three Dimensions  

35.5 Relativistic Quantum Mechanics  

36 Atomic Physics  

36.1 The Hydrogen Atom  

36.2 Electron Spin  

36.3 The Exclusion Principle  

36.4 Multielectron Atoms and the Periodic Table  

36.5 Transitions and Atomic Spectra  

37 Molecules and Solids  

37.1 Molecular Bonding  

37.2 Molecular Energy Levels  

37.3 Solids  

37.4 Superconductivity  

38 Nuclear Physics  

38.1 Elements, Isotopes, and Nuclear Structure  

38.2 Radioactivity  

38.3 Binding Energy and Nucleosynthesis  

38.4 Nuclear Fission  

38.5 Nuclear Fusion  

39 From Quarks to the Cosmos  

39.1 Particles and Forces  

39.2 Particles and More Particles  

39.3 Quarks and the Standard Model  

39.4 Unification  

39.5 The Evolving Universe  

Appendices

Appendix A Mathematics  

Appendix B The International System of Units (SI)  

Appendix C Conversion Factors  

Appendix D The Elements  

Appendix E Astrophysical Data

Answers to Odd-Numbered Problems