Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks

Prentice Hall
Chai K Toh  
Prentice Hall
Total pages
December 2001
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This book is about "non-infrastructured" wireless networks, which are referred to as "AD HOC" wireless networks. Wireless networks comprise both infrastructured and non-infrastructured systems. Infrastructured wireless networks refer to base station oriented WLANS. This book covers routing which is the most significant difference between Ad Hoc networks and base station networks. It covers in detail new routing protocols for Ad Hoc networks, such as Associativity Based routing (ABR) and other IETF MANET protocols. It also discusses implementation issues and presents prototype implementation.

Table of Contents

About The Author.



Quotes & Words of Wisdom.

1. Introduction to Wireless Networks.

Evolution of Mobile Cellular Networks. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM). General Packet Radio Service (GPRS). Personal Communications Services (PCSs). Wireless LANs (WLANS). Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS). IMT2000. IS-95, cdmaOne and cdma2000 Evolution. Organization of this Book.

2. Origins Of Ad Hoc: Packet Radio Networks.

Introduction. Technical Challenges. Architecture of PRNETs. Components of Packet Radios. Routing in PRNETs. Route Calculation. Pacing Techniques. Media Access in PRNETs. Flow Acknowledgments in PRNETs. Conclusions.

3. Ad Hoc Wireless Networks.

What Is an Ad Hoc Network? Heterogeneity in Mobile Devices. Wireless Sensor Networks. Traffic Profiles. Types of Ad Hoc Mobile Communications. Types of Mobile Host Movements. Challenges Facing Ad Hoc Mobile Networks. Conclusions.

4. Ad Hoc Wireless Media Access Protocols.

Introduction. Problems in Ad Hoc Channel Access. Receiver-Initiated MAC Protocols. Sender-Initiated MAC Protocols. Existing Ad Hoc MAC Protocols. MARCH: Media Access with Reduced Handshake. Conclusions.

5. Overview of Ad Hoc Routing Protocols.

Table-Driven Approaches. Destination Sequenced Distance Vector (DSDV). Wireless Routing Protocol (WRP). Cluster Switch Gateway Routing (CSGR). Source-Initiated On-Demand Approaches. Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing (AODV). Dynamic Source Routing (DSR). Temporally Ordered Routing Algorithm (TORA). Signal Stability Routing (SSR). Location-Aided Routing (LAR). Power-Aware Routing (PAR). Zone Routing Protocol (ZRP). Source Tree Adaptive Routing (STAR). Relative Distance Microdiversity Routing (RDMAR). Conclusions.

6. Associativity-Based Long-Lived Routing.

A New Routing Paradigm. Associativity-Based Long-Lived Routing. ABR Protocol Description. Conclusions.

7. Implementation Of Ad Hoc Mobile Networks.

Introduction. ABR Protocol Implementation in Linux. Experimentation and Protocol Performance. Important Deductions. Conclusions.

8. Communication Performance of Ad Hoc Networks.

Introduction. Performance Parameters of Interest. Route Discovery (RD) Time. End-to-End Delay (EED) Performance. Communication Throughput Performance. Packet Loss Performance. Route Reconfiguration/Repair Time. TCP/IP-Based Applications. Conclusions.

9. Energy Conservation: Power Life Issues.

Introduction. Power Management. Advances in Device Power Management. Advances in Protocol Power Management. Power Conservation by Mobile Applications. Periodic Beaconing On Battery Life. Standalone Beaconing. HF Beaconing with Neighboring Nodes. Comparison of HF Beaconing with and without Neighbors. LF Beaconing with Neighboring Nodes. Comparison of LF Beaconing with and without Neighbors. Deductions. Conclusions.

10. Ad Hoc Wireless Multicast Routing.

Multicasting in Wired Networks. Multicast Routing in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. Existing Ad Hoc Multicast Routing Protocols. ABAM: Associativity-Based Ad Hoc Multicast. Comparisons of Multicast Routing Protocols. Conclusions.

11. TCP Over Ad Hoc.

Introduction to TCP. Versions of TCP. Problems Facing TCP in Wireless Last-Hop. Problems Facing TCP in Wireless Ad Hoc. Approaches to TCP over Ad Hoc. Conclusion.

12. Internet & Ad Hoc Service Discovery.

Resource Discovery in the Internet. Service Location Protocol (SLP) Architecture. SLPv2 Packet Format. Jini. Salutation Protocol. Simple Service Discovery Protocol (SSDP). Service Discovery for Ad Hoc. Ad Hoc Service Location Architectures. Conclusions.


Bluetooth Specifications. Bluetooth Architectures. Bluetooth Protocols. Bluetooth Service Discovery. Bluetooth MAC. Bluetooth Packet Structure. Bluetooth Audio. Bluetooth Addressing. Bluetooth Limitations. Bluetooth Implementation. Conclusions.


The WAP Forum. The WAP Service Model. The WAP Protocol Architecture. The WWW Programming Model. The WAP Programming Model. Conclusions.

15. Ad Hoc Nomadic Mobile Applications.

In the Office. While Traveling. Arriving Home. In the Car. Shopping Malls. The Modern Battlefield. Car-to-Car Mobile Communications. Mobile Collaborative Applications. Location/Context Based Mobile Services. Conclusions.

16. Conclusions and The Future.

Pervasive Computing. Motorola PIANO Project. UC Berkeley Sensor Networks: Smart Dust. EPFL Terminodes/Large-Scale Networks. 802.15 PANs and 802.16 Wireless MANs. Ad Hoc Everywhere?

Glossary of Terms.



Back Cover

The authoritative guide to the state of the art in ad hoc wireless networking.

  • Reflects the field's latest breakthroughs
  • Covers media access, routing, service discovery, multicasting, power conservation, transport protocol, and much more
  • Includes a complete narration of prototype implementation with communication performance results from practical field trials
  • Introduces key applications for home, business, auto, and defense

"Ad hoc" wireless networks eliminate the complexities of infrastructure setup and administration, enabling devices to create and join networks "on the fly"-anywhere, anytime, for virtually any application. The field is rapidly coming of age, reflecting powerful advances in protocols, systems, and real-world implementation experience. In Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks, one of the field's leading researchers brings together these advances in a single consolidated and comprehensive archive. C.K. Toh covers all this, and more:

  • Key challenges: device heterogeneity, diverse traffic profiles, mobility, and power conservation
  • Routing protocols for ad hoc networks, including Associativity Based Routing (ABR) and other IETF MANET protocols
  • Real-world implementation issues-including a complete prototype implementation
  • Ad hoc wireless network performance: results obtained from the latest field trials
  • Leading approaches to service discovery
  • Addressing TCP over an ad hoc wireless network environment
  • Support for multicast communications
  • The role of Bluetooth and WAP

Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks introduces detailed application scenarios ranging from home and car to office and battlefield. C.K. Toh also introduces several of the field's leading projects, from Motorola's PIANO platform to UC Berkeley's "Smart Dust." Whether you're a researcher, scientist, implementer, consultant, technical manager, CTO, or student, you won't find a more authoritative and comprehensive guide to the new state of the art in ad hoc networking.


C.K. TOH chairs the IEEE Technical Subcommittee on Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks and is Director of the Ad Hoc Wireless Networking Consortium. He serves as an editor for the IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Networks, the Journal on Communications & Networks (JCN), and the Personal Technologies Journal. As a Senior Member of the IEEE and a Fellow of the Cambridge Philosophical Society, he has consulted for numerous organizations, including Hughes, Nortel, and TRW. C.K. holds a Ph.D. degree from the University of Cambridge and is a Chartered Electrical Engineer.