Understanding Psychology: Pearson New International Edition

Series
Pearson
Author
Charles G. Morris / Albert A. Maisto  
Publisher
Pearson
Cover
Softcover
Edition
10
Language
English
Total pages
616
Pub.-date
November 2013
ISBN13
9781292039305
ISBN
1292039302
Related Titles


Product detail

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9781292039305
Understanding Psychology: Pearson New International Edition
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Description

Continuing Attention to Enduring Issues in Psychology

 

Understanding Psychology, 10th edition highlights the enduring issues that cut across and unite all subfields of psychology- Person-Situation, Nature-Nurture, Stability-Change, Diversity-Universality, and Mind-Body- to show students the surprising unity and coherence of the diverse and exciting science of psychology.

 

This 14-chapter program presents a scientific, accurate, and current overview of the fundamental concepts of psychology in a clear and accessible language, with significant emphasis on applications of psychology. It is current without being trendy.

 

A better teaching and learning experience

This program will provide a better teaching and learning experience– for you and your students. Here’s how:

  • Personalize Learning - The new MyPsychLab delivers proven results in helping students succeed, provides engaging experiences that personalize learning, and comes from a trusted partner with educational expertise and a deep commitment to helping students and instructors achieve their goals.
  • Improve Critical Thinking – Five enduring themes are woven throughout the text to help students connect ideas across chapters, while critical thinking questions within chapters push students to a deeper understanding of the material.
  • Engage Students Applying Psychology exercises in each chapter allow students to connect what they have learned to real-life problems and situations, such as how to use the principles of psychology to tackle environmental conservation.
  • Explore Research – This introductory book references relevant research reflecting how psychology is both rapidly evolving and remaining the same. Using the Experiment’s Tool in the new MyPsychLab, students participate in classic experiment simulations to experience the research process firsthand.
  • Support Instructors – This book is supported by Pearson’s unrivaled instructor resources for introductory psychology, including the new 17 episode MyPsychLab video series, an expansive class-tested Test Bank, interactive PowerPoints, an easy to use Instructor’s Manual, Clicker questions and support for a broad range of learning management systems.

Features

CONTINUING ATTENTION TO ENDURING ISSUES IN PSYCHOLOGY

  • The five Enduring Issues (Person-Situation, Nature-Nurture, Stability-Change, Diversity-Universality, and Mind-Body) are revisited several times within each chapter to highlight the unity and coherence of the diverse and exciting science of psychology.

PERSONALIZE LEARNING WITH MYPSYCHLAB

  • The new MyPsychLab delivers proven results in helping students succeed, provides engaging experiences that personalize learning, and comes from a trusted partner with educational expertise and a deep commitment to helping students and instructors achieve their goals.
  • The Pearson eText allows students to access their textbook anytime, anywhere, and any way they want–including listening online or downloading to their iPad.
  • A personalized study plan for each student, based on Bloom’s Taxonomy, arranges content from less complex thinking–like remembering and understanding–to more complex critical thinking–like applying and analyzing. This layered approach promotes better critical-thinking skills, and helps students succeed in the course and beyond.
  • Assessment tied to every video, application, and chapter enables both instructors and students to track progress and get immediate feedback. With results feeding into a powerful gradebook, the assessment program helps instructors identify student challenges early–and find the best resources with which to help students.
  • New MyPsychLab Video Series - This new video series offers the most current and cutting-edge introductory psychology video content. These exclusive half-hour videos take the viewer into today’s research laboratories, inside the body and brain, and onto the street to experience real-world applications.
  • An assignment calendar allows instructors to assign graded activities, with specific deadlines, and measure student progress.
  • Class Prep collects the very best class presentation resources in one convenient online destination, so instructors can keep students engaged throughout every class.
  • The New Experiments Tool, found in MyPsychLab, allows students to experience psychology through online experiment simulations that reinforce class lessons and get students closer to the scientific research process.
  • A 3D Virtual Brain enables students to better visualize the workings of the brain. This hands-on experience engages students and helps make course content and terminology relevant. This learning application has assessments tied to it in order to make parts of it assignable to students.

IMPROVE CRITICAL THINKING

  • Five Enduring Issues are highlighted in every chapter to show the unity and coherence of the diverse and exciting science of psychology.
    • Person-Situation
    • Nature-Nurture
    • Stability-Change
    • Diversity-Universality
    • Mind-Body
  • “Thinking Critically About” feature in every chapter allows students to analyze topics presented in the chapter.

ENGAGE STUDENTS

  • Opening vignettes in each chapter engage students and encourage them to think about underlying issues that apply to all fields of psychology.
  • Learning objectives after each section in the chapter highlight key content for students and serve as a study aide. This feature also helps instructors organize the supplementary materials.
  •  “Check Your Understanding” and “Apply your Understanding” questions appear at the end of each major section to help students review and retain concepts, as well as apply what they've learned to real-life situations.
  • “Applying Psychology” exercises woven into the narrative of every chapter allow students to apply the chapter concepts to real-life situations.
  • Fourteen chapters allow students and professors to quickly page through essential concepts of psychology.
  • Engaging language allows for accessibility by anyone and everyone.
  • Summary table and chapter review ends every chapter by reviewing key topics.

EXPLORE RESEARCH

  • Videos, podcasts, and simulations in the New MyPsychLab highlight the high-interest topics throughout the text.
  • 400 new references to recent research studies keep the readers up to date with the field of psychology.
  • The New Experiments Tool, found within the NEW MyPsychLab, allows students to experience psychology firsthand through online experiment simulations that collect data and interpret results for students.

SUPPORT INSTRUCTORS

  • ClassPrep is a fully searchable database with Pearson’s best instructor resources, including lecture launchers, discussion topics, in-class and out-of-class activities and assignments, handouts, video clips, photos, illustrations, charts, graphs and animations.
  • A hyper-linked Instructor’s Manual organizes many of the resources found in ClassPrep around a detailed Chapter Overview, and includes each chapter’s Objectives and Key Terms.
  • Class-tested Test Bank The Test Bank includes an extensive set (over 4500 questions) of multiple choice, true/false, and essay questions, all of which have been class tested in order to provide a more reliable test bank to adopters. Available for download on http://www.pearsonhighered.com/irc.
  • MyTest, a flexible online test-generating software, includes all questions found in the printed Test Bank. Instructors can quickly and easily create customized tests with MyTest. Available at http://www.pearsonmytest.com.
  • Interactive PowerPoint Slides base on the learning objectives, these slides draw students into the lecture and provide embedded interactive activities, visuals, and videos.
  • New MyPsychLab Video Series - This new comprehensive video series offers the most current and cutting-edge introductory psychology video content. These exclusive half-hour videos take the viewer into today’s research laboratories, inside the body and brain, and onto the street to experience real-world applications.
  • Create a Custom Text: For enrollments of at least 25, create your own textbook by combining chapters from best-selling Pearson textbooks and/or reading selections in the sequence you want. To begin building your custom text, visit www.pearsoncustomlibrary.com. You may also work with a dedicated Pearson Custom editor to create your ideal text–publishing your own original content or mixing and matching Pearson content. Contact your Pearson Publisher’s Representative to get started.

New to this Edition

 

In this Section:

 

1. Overview of Changes

2. Chapter-by-Chapter Changes

 

 

1. Overview of Changes

 

PERSONALIZE LEARNING WITH MYPSYCHLAB

  • The new MyPsychLab delivers proven results in helping students succeed, provides engaging experiences that personalize learning, and comes from a trusted partner with educational expertise and a deep commitment to helping students and instructors achieve their goals.
  • The Pearson eText allows students to access their textbook anytime, anywhere, and any way they want—including listening online or downloading to their iPad.
  • A personalized study plan for each student, based on Bloom’s Taxonomy, arranges content from less complex thinking—like remembering and understanding—to more complex critical thinking—like applying and analyzing. This layered approach promotes better critical-thinking skills, and helps students succeed in the course and beyond.
  • Assessment tied to every video, application, and chapter enables both instructors and students to track progress and get immediate feedback. With results feeding into a powerful gradebook, the assessment program helps instructors identify student challenges early—and find the best resources with which to help students.
  • An assignment calendar allows instructors to assign graded activities, with specific deadlines, and measure student progress.
  • Class Prep collects the very best class presentation resources in one convenient online destination, so instructors can keep students engaged throughout every class.
  • The New Experiments Tool allows students to experience psychology through online experiments that reinforce class lessons and textbook content.
  • New MyPsychLab Video Series - This new video series offers the most current and cutting-edge introductory psychology video content. These exclusive half-hour videos take the viewer into today’s research laboratories, inside the body and brain, and onto the street to experience real-world applications.
  • A 3D Virtual Brain enables students to better visualize the workings of the brain. This hands-on experience engages students and helps make course content and terminology relevant. This learning application has assessments tied to it in order to make parts of it assignable to students.

SUPPORT INSTRUCTORS

  • ClassPrep is a fully searchable database with hundreds of Pearson’s best teacher resources, including lecture launchers, discussion topics, in-class and out-of-class activities and assignments, handouts, video clips, photos, illustrations, charts, graphs and animations.
  • A Hyper-linked Instructor’s Manual contains organizes many of the resources found in ClassPrep around a detailed Chapter Overview, and includes each chapter’s Chapter Objectives and Key Terms.
  • Class-tested Test Bank The Test Bank includes an extensive set (over 4500 questions) of multiple choice, true/false, and essay questions. Available for download on http://www.pearsonhighered.com/irc.
  • MyTest, a flexible online test-generating software, includes all questions found in the printed Test Bank. Instructors can quickly and easily create customized tests with MyTest. Available at http://www.pearsonmytest.com.
  • Interactive PowerPoint Slides base on the learning objectives draw students into the lecture and provide interactive activities, visuals, and videos directly in the slides.
  • New MyPsychLab Video Series - This new video series offers the most current and cutting-edge introductory psychology video content. These exclusive half-hour videos take the viewer into today’s research laboratories, inside the body and brain, and onto the street to experience real-world applications.
  • Create a Custom Text: For enrollments of at least 25, create your own textbook by combining chapters from best-selling Pearson textbooks and/or reading selections in the sequence you want. To begin building your custom text, visit www.pearsoncustomlibrary.com. You may also work with a dedicated Pearson Custom editor to create your ideal text—publishing your own original content or mixing and matching Pearson content. Contact your Pearson Publisher’s Representative to get started.

 

2. Chapter-by-Chapter Changes

 

 

Chapter 1:  The Science of Psychology

  • New material on the standards that apply to the use of animals in research
  • New coverage of the history of psychology from the Greek philosophers to the 1880s
  • New resources provided for information on careers in psychology
  • Updated the complex relationship between genetics and environment
  • Updated and extensively revised the discussion of evolutionary psychology
  • 29 new references

Chapter 2:  The Biological Basis of Behavior

  • New coverage of the neurotransmitters GABA, Glutamate and Glycene
  • New information on neural plasticity
  • New information on the insula and the ways in which this brain structure may be involved in the conscious expression of emotion and desire
  • Expanded discussion of the role of testosterone in aggression and other behaviors
  • Expanded discussion of fetal nerve cell transplants
  • Expanded discussion of the ways in which handedness is expressed in nonhuman primates
  • 56 new references

Chapter 3:  Sensation and Perception

  • New material on the effect of colors on behavior
  • New discussion of hearing loss among teenagers
  • New material on touch and communication of emotions
  • New information on sensitivity to sound in people who are blind
  • Extensive editing of section on visual adaptation
  • Extensive editing of material on the gate control theory of pain perception
  • 19 new references

Chapter 4:  States of Consciousness

  • New information on the use of sleeping pills
  • New information on the impact of sleep deprivation on air traffic controllers
  • New material on the ways in which campus alcohol policies can reduce binge drinking
  • New information on caffeinated alcoholic beverages and energy drinks
  • New material on nicotine’s role as a potential "gateway" drug
  • New material on the association between marijuana usage and reductions in white matter of the frontal lobes
  • Updated all figures and references to the prevalence of using various drugs, alcohol consumption, fatalities in alcohol-related traffic accidents, as well as data on the consequences of drug use and abuse
  • Significant updating and expansion of the discussion on biological and environmental factors that contribute to addiction
  • 48 new sources

Chapter 5:  Learning

  • New material on superstitions and their effect on behavior
  • Updated information on the long-term effects of rewarding behavior
  • Significant updating, new material, and editing on cognitive learning in non-humans
  • 10 new references

Chapter 6:  Memory

  • New material on the role episodic memories play in anticipating and envisioning future possibilities
  • New material on how memories are stored in the brain
  • New material on the role of sleep in improving procedural and emotional memory
  • New material on how sleep deprivation may interfere with long-term potentiation
  • New information on how culture influences our memory for music and the ability to detect subtle variations in music
  • New material on the risk of fabricating false memories among individuals who spontaneously recover memories
  • 36 new references

Chapter 7:  Cognition and Mental Abilities

  • New discussion of neural mechanisms that underlie creative thinking
  • Updated discussion of cultural differences in ways of thinking
  • Updated coverage of animal cognition
  • Updated coverage of WAIS and WISC tests
  • Updated discussion of long-term effects of Head Start
  • Updated and revised discussion of gender differences in cognitive skills
  • 28 new references

Chapter 8:  Motivation and Emotion

  • New material on role of advertising as it contributes to the drive for sweetened beverages
  • New material on the brain structures involved in hunger drive.
  • New material on treatment for anorexia and bulimia
  • New material on gender differences in sexuality across cultures
  • New material on nature nurture issue as it applies to sexual orientation
  • New material on aggression and evolutionary psychology
  • New material on the influence of violent video games on aggressive behavior
  • New material on how oxytocin and dopamine are related to social bonding
  • New material on the facial expression of emotion across cultures
  • New material on mimicry in conversation and how it can diminish the ability to detect deception communication
  • Updated aggressive behavior statistics
  • 44 new references

Chapter 9:  Life-Span Development

  • New material on adolescent cognitive development and legal responsibility
  • New, up-to-date coverage of bilingualism
  • New material on technology’s effect on social relationships in adolescence
  • New information on the impact of divorce on children
  • New information on dramatic increases in well-being after age 50
  • New information on cultures that are death-affirming
  • Updated information about partnerships in adulthood
  • Updated information on women in the workplace
  • Updated information on life expectancy
  • 30 new references

Chapter 10:  Personality

  • New material on recent psychoanalytic theories and gender
  • New research on the relationship between components of the Big Five Personality traits and job performance
  • New subsection on how the Big Five are represented in the brain
  • New mention of MMPI-2 in forensic evaluations
  • Revised information on impact of Freud’s theory
  • 14 new references

Chapter 11:  Stress and Health Psychology

  • New chapter-opening vignette
  • New figure on sources of stress 2007-2010
  • New information on long-term effects of stress on families
  • New information on hardiness and resilience
  • New information about discrimination as a source of life-long stress
  • New information about the effectiveness of counseling Type A people to reduce CHD
  • New information about chronic stress and the immune system
  • New information about long-lasting effects of stress
  • Up-to-date information on stress in American families in 2010
  • Significant revision of and new information about gender differences in coping with stress
  • Up-to-date information on unemployment as a source of stress
  • 28 new references

Chapter 12:  Psychological Disorders

  • New information on the estimated rate of schizophrenia across cultures and gender
  • New material on the complex role of genetics in schizophrenia
  • New information on the estimated prevalence of ADHD among US children
  • New material on the role of the prefrontal cortex in ADHD
  • New material from neuroimaging on the role of the frontal lobes, the amygdala and the cerebellum in the development of autism
  • New material on the possible role of maternal antibodies contributing to the development of autism
  • 26 new references

Chapter 13:  Therapies

  • New information on telehealth
  • New information on insurance companies’ encouraging brief therapy
  • “Psychosurgery” renamed “Neurosurgery” and thoroughly updated to include newer techniques
  • New information on cost savings possible with early intervention with children
  • New information on the importance of client diversity and treatment
  • Additional information on varieties of person-centered therapy
  • 17 new references

Chapter 14:  Social Psychology

  • New material from neuroscience examining the brain mechanisms that underlie the formation of a first impression
  • New information on how repeated exposure enhances familiarity and liking
  • New material from social neuroscience examining the brain mechanisms underlying the perception of attractive people
  • New material on the role of the prefrontal cortex on the adaptive and self-monitoring aspects of attitudes
  • New material from social neuroscience examining the brain mechanisms involved in Asch’s classic conformity experiment
  • New material on the importance of recognizing diverse forms of leadership in a global economy
  • New Applying Psychology box on how principles learned from social psychology (i.e. social norms, persuasion, and social influence) can be used to enhance environmental sustainability
  • Updated material on factors influencing the bystander effect
  • Additional information on female leadership
  • 24 new references

Table of Contents

In this Section:

1. Brief Table of Contents

2. Full Table of Contents

 

1. BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Chapter 1   The Science of Psychology

Chapter 2   The Biological Basis of Behavior

Chapter 3     Sensation and Perception

Chapter 4  States of Consciousness

Chapter 5     Learning

Chapter 6  Memory

Chapter 7     Cognition and Mental Abilities

Chapter 8  Motivation and Emotion

Chapter 9  Life-Span Development

Chapter 10   Personality

Chapter 11   Stress and Health Psychology

Chapter 12   Psychological Disorders

Chapter 13      Therapies

Chapter 14 Social Psychology 

Appendix A   Measurement and Statistical Methods
Appendix B   Psychology Applied to Work

2. FULL TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Chapter 1: The Science of Psychology

What is Psychology?

The Growth of Psychology

Human Diversity

Research Methods in Psychology

Ethics and Psychology

Research on Humans and Animals

Careers in Psychology

 

Chapter 2: The Biological Basis of Behavior

Neurons: The Messengers

The Central Nervous System

The Peripheral Nervous System

The Endocrine System

Genes, Evolution, and Behavior

 

Chapter 3: Sensation and Perception

The Nature of Sensation

Vision

Hearing

The Other Senses

Perception

 

Chapter 4: States of Consciousness

Sleep

Dreams

Drug-altered Consciousness

Meditation and Hypnosis

 

Chapter 5: Learning

Classical Conditioning

Operant Conditioning

Factors Shared by Classical and Operant Conditioning

Cognitive Learning

 

Chapter 6: Memory

The Sensory Registers

Short Term Memory

Long Term Memory

The Biology of Memory

Forgetting

Special Topics in Memory

 

Chapter 7: Cognition and Mental Abilities

Building Blocks of Thought

Language, Thought, and Culture

Nonhuman Thought and Language

Problem Solving

Decision Making

Multitasking

Intelligence and Mental Abilities

Heredity, Environment, and Intelligence

Creativity

Answers to Problems in the Chapter

Answers to Intelligence Test Questions

 

Chapter 8: Motivation and Emotion

Perspectives on Motivation

Hunger and Thirst

Sex

Other Important Motives

Emotions

Communicating Emotion

 

Chapter 9: Life-Span Development

Methods in Development

Prenatal Development

The Newborn

Infancy and Childhood

Adolescence

Adulthood

Late Adulthood

 

Chapter 10: Personality

Studying Personality

Psychodynamic Theories

Humanistic Personality Theories

Trait Theories

Cognitive-Social Learning Theories

Personality Assessment

 

Chapter 11: Stress and Health Psychology

Sources of Stress

Coping with Stress

How Stress Affects Health

Staying Healthy

Extreme Stress

The Well-Adjusted Person

 

Chapter 12: Psychological Disorders

Perspectives on Psychological Disorders

Mood Disorders

Anxiety Disorders

Psychosomatic and Somatoform Disorders

Dissociative Disorders

Sexual and Gender-Identity Disorders

Personality Disorders

Schizophrenic Disorders

Childhood Disorders

Gender and Cultural Differences in Psychological Disorders

 

Chapter 13: Therapies

Insight Therapies

Behavior Therapies

Cognitive Therapies

Group Therapies

Effectiveness of Psychotherapy

Biological Treatments

Institutionalization and Its Alternatives

Client Diversity and Treatment

 

Chapter 14: Social Psychology

Social Cognition

Attitudes

Social Influence

Social Action

 

Appendix A: Measurement and Statistical Methods
Scales of Measurement
Measurements of Central Tendency
The Normal Curve
Measures of Correlation
Using Statistics to Make Predictions
Using Meta-Analysis in Psychological Research

Appendix B: Psychology Applied to Work
Matching People to Jobs
Measuring Performance on the Job
Issues of Fairness in Employment
Behavior within Organizations
Organizational Culture
Organizational Attitudes