How to Cite, Reference & Avoid Plagiarism at University

Prentice Hall
Kathleen McMillan / Jonathan Weyers  
Total pages
September 2012
Related Titles


This easy-to-use guide identifies and addresses the key areas where most students need help in searching for literature and referencing their sources in a correct academic manner and provides practical tips and solutions to help avoid plagiarism. It provides solid advice on integrating and referencing sources and research and on all of the major referencing styles currently in use.


  • Tips, examples, checklists, ‘Try This’ boxes, 2 colour design.
  • A common sense, no-nonsense approach that gives students immediate access to the information they need. Relevant content with a focus on key issues and instant solutions.
  • Each topic is matched to an issue, event or assignment that the student will want to read up on at a time of need.
  • Annotated table of contents to help readers find exactly what they need.

Table of Contents

  • Introduction
  • 1. The importance of correct citation and referencing – how to understand the conventions of academic writing
  • Key concepts of citation, referencing and plagiarism
  • 2. Facts about plagiarism – how this form of academic dishonesty occurs and how it can be identified.
  • 3. Misconceptions about plagiarism – how this form of academic dishonesty occurs and how it can be identified.
  • 4. Basics of literature searching – how to be aware of the sources of literature.
  • 5. Understanding the structure of text – how to elicit meaning in material for potential citation.
  • 6. Principles and techniques for reporting source material – how to introduce the work of others into your own text.
  • 7. Quoting from source material – how to use extracts from other texts correctly.
  • 8. Summarising and paraphrasing – how to use your own words to express the work of others.
  • A case study of citing and referencing
  • 9. A sample text to demonstrate the conventions in practice – how to complete the process from initial brainstorm to final text.
  • Conventions and terminology of citation and referencing
  • 10. Different practices in citation and referencing – how to observe linguistic, grammatical and notational forms.
  • Five referencing styles
  • 11. American Psychological Association (APA) Style
  • 12. ChicagoStyle
  • 13. Harvard Style
  • 14. Modern Languages Association (MLA) Style
  • 15. VancouverStyle
  • References and further reading
  • Glossary
  • Grammar Toolkit
  • Rules of punctuation
  • Rules of spelling
  • Index

Back Cover

How to cite, reference & avoid plagiarising at university

Is there a secret to successful study? The answer is ‘yes’! There are some essential skills and smart strategies that will help you to improve your results at university.


This easy-to-use guide helps to develop the essential academic skills of writing and thinking needed to cite and reference with confidence in your academic studies. Plagiarism and the most common methods of quoting, summarising and paraphrasing are explained and modelled throughout the book.


HOW TO CITE, REFERENCE & AVOID PLAGIARISM AT UNIVERSITY provides tips, tools and techniques you will need to perform with excellence, including how to:

·   understand the importance of correct citation and referencing in academic writing

·   be aware of the facts about plagiarism and how it can be identified and avoided

·   search for and evaluate sources from the literature

·   introduce the work of others into your own text

·   understand and use the five most common citation and referencing styles.


Visit to access a wealth of useful information, tips, templates and interactive activities that will support your skills development.


Jonathan Weyers and Kathleen McMillan both work at the University of Dundee. Both have been teaching and lecturing for over 25 years and latterly have specialised in the transferable skills area. They have a track record of collaborative writing and achievement in this area.

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