Bluetooth 1.1

Prentice Hall
Jennifer Bray / Charles F. Sturman  
Prentice Hall
Total pages
December 2001
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Bluetooth 1.1: Connect Without Cables has been completed, updated and expanded to include the errata that produced Version 1.1 of the Bluetooth Standard. This book includes a clear explanation of the new Master Slave swith feature; a rewritten security section explaining how version 1.1 security works to protect your data; and an updated chapter on low power operation, showing how to save power without sacrificing reliabiity.

Table of Contents

(NOTE: Each chapter concludes with a Summary.).

Foreword to the Second Edition.

Foreword to the First Edition.

Preface to the Second Edition.

Preface to the First Edition.



1. Overview.

Bluetooths Origins. The Bluetooth SIG. Aims. The Protocol Stack. Security. Applications and Profiles. Using Bluetooth. Management. Test and Qualification. Bluetooth in Context.


2. Antennas.

Radiation Pattern. Gains and Losses. Types of Antennas. Ceramic Antennas. On-chip Antennas. Antenna Placement.

3. Radio.

Introduction. Frequency Hopping. Modulation. Symbol Timing. Power Emission and Control. Radio Performance Parameters. Simple RF Architecture. RF System Timing. Blue RF.

4. Baseband.

Introduction. Bluetooth Device Address. Masters, Slaves, and Piconets. System Timing. Physical Links: SCO and ACL. Bluetooth Packet Structure. Packet Types and Packet Construction. Logical Channels. Channel Coding and Bitstream Processing. Timebase Synchronisation and Receive Correlation. Frequency Hopping.

5. The Link Controller.

Introduction. Link Control Protocol. Link Controller States. Link Controller Operation. Piconet Operation. Scatternet Operation. Master / Slave Role Switching. Low-Power Operation. Baseband / Link Controller Architectural Overview.

6. Audio.

Introduction. Audio Transports in the Protocol Stack. Quality and Bandwidth. SCO Links. Audio CODECs. Audio Subsystem. Audio Data Formats and HCI. Implementation.

7. The Link Manager.

LMP Protocol Data Units (PDUs). The Link Management Channel. Link Setup. LMP Link Shutdown. Role Change. Control of Multi-Slot Packets. Security. Low-Power Modes. Power Control. Quality of Service. Information Messages. Supported Features. LMP Version. Name Request. Test Mode.

8. The Host Controller Interface.

HCI Packet Types. The HCI Transport Layer. Flow Control. Configuring Modules. Inquiring: Discovering Other Bluetooth Devices. Inquiry Scan: Becoming Discoverable. Paging: Initiating Connections. Page Scan: Receiving Connections. Sending and Receiving Data. Switching Roles. Power Control.


9. Logical Link Control and Adaptation Protocol.

Multiplexing Using Channels. L2CAP Signalling. Establishing a Connection. Configuring a Connection. Transferring Data. Disconnecting and Timeouts. Connectionless Data Channels. Enabling and Disabling Incoming Connectionless Traffic. Handling Groups. Echo and Ping. Get Information. L2CAP State Machine. Implementation-Dependent Issues.


Serial Ports and UARTs. Types of RFCOMM Devices. RFCOMM Frame Types. Connecting and Disconnecting. Structure of RFCOMM Frames. Multiplexer Frames. Service Records.

11. The Service Discovery Protocol.

SDP Client/Server Model. The SDP Database. Browsing SDP Records. Universally Unique Identifiers (UUIDs). SDP Messages. Service Discovery Profile.

12. The Wireless Application Protocol.

The WAP Forum. The WAP Stack. PPP Links. WAP Clients and Servers. Suspend and Resume. Service Discovery. WAP Interoperability. Using WAP.

13. OBEX and IrDA.

OBEX in the Bluetooth Stack. Object Model. Session Protocol.

14. Telephony Control Protocol.

TCS Signalling. Call Establishment Signalling. Call Clearing Signalling. DTMF Signalling. Wireless User Group (WUG) Signalling. Connectionless Signalling. TCS Call States.


15. Encryption and Security.

Key Generation and the Encryption Engine. Secret Keys and PINs. Pairing and Bonding. Starting Encryption. Security Modes. Security Architecture.

16. Low-Power Operation.

Controlling Low-Power Modes. Hold Mode. Sniff Mode. Park Mode. Low-Power Oscillator.

17. Quality of Service.

Requesting QOS. QOS Violations. Flushing and Delays. Link Supervision. Broadcast Channel Reliability. Data Rates and Packet Types.

18. Managing Bluetooth Devices.

Link Configuration and Management. Device Manager Architecture. Security Management. Integrating Applications. Accounting Management. Capacity. User Interface Design.


19. Foundation Profiles.

Structure of Profiles. The Generic Access Profile. The Serial Port Profile. Dial Up Networking. FAX Profile. Headset Profile. LAN Access Point Profile. Generic Object Exchange Profile. Object Push Profile. File Transfer. Synchronisation Profile. Intercom Profile. The Cordless Telephony Profile. Benefits of Profiles.

20. Draft Post Foundation Profiles.

The Human Interface Device Profile. The Hands-Free Profile. The Basic Imaging Profile. The Basic Printing Profile. The Hard Copy Cable Replacement Profile.

21. Personal Area Networking.

The PAN Profile. Bluetooth Network Encapsulation Profile.

22. ESDP for UPnP.

Universal Plug and Play Device Architecture. L2CAP Based Solutions. IP Based Solutions.


23. Test Mode.

Activating Test Mode. Controlling Test Mode. Radio Transmitter Test. Loopback Test.

24. Qualification and Type Approval.

Bluetooth Qualification. Bluetooth Interoperability Testing. Regulatory Type Approval.


25. Implementation.

Introduction. System Partitioning. Hardware Integration Options. Bluetooth as an IP Core. ASIC Prototyping and FPGAs. Making the Right Design Choices. Radio Implementation.

26. Related Standards and Technologies.

Introduction. What Are the Requirements? Infrared Data Association (IrDA). Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications (DECT). IEEE 802.11. The HomeRF™ Working Group (HRFWG). IEEE 802.15 and the Wireless Personal Area Network (WPAN). HIPERLAN. MMAC. The Future. Useful Web Addresses.

27. The Bluetooth Market.

Introduction. Market Pull and Technology Push. Market Segments. Success in the Marketplace. Enabling Technologies and Components. Consumer Products. The Bluetooth Brand.

28. Future Developments.

Working Groups and New Bluetooth Profiles. Profile Working Groups. Future Bluetooth Core Specifications.



Back Cover

  • The authoritative, in-depth guide to the new Bluetooth 1.1 specification
  • Bluetooth 1.1's dramatic improvements in interoperability and reliability
  • Includes thoroughly revised coverage of Bluetooth security and power conservation
  • New Bluetooth profiles-including the long-awaited Personal Area Networking profile!

The first complete guide to the new Bluetooth 1.1 wireless specification!

The Bluetooth specification has been updated to deliver dramatic improvements in both reliability and interoperability. Bluetooth 1.1: Connect Without Cables, Second Edition updates the industry's #1 Bluetooth guide to cover these critical new enhancements-and to offer detailed guidance on every aspect of Bluetooth 1.1 development.

Bluetooth SIG committee members Jennifer Bray and Charles Sturman place Bluetooth 1.1 in context, covering markets, applications, complementary technologies, key development issues, and explaining every goal of the new release. They review the components of a Bluetooth system, explain how Bluetooth connections work, introduce essential concepts such as piconets and scatternets, and cover the Bluetooth protocol stack in detail from top to bottom.

  • Interoperability between 1.0b and 1.1
  • Details of 1.1 improvements with explanations of the reasons behind each change
  • Important changes to Bluetooth low-power modes, encryption, and authentication
  • Bridging Ethernet and Bluetooth with Bluetooth Network Encapsulation Protocol
  • How to use Universal Plug and Play with the Bluetooth protocol stack
  • Profiles which will bring new products including: Human Interface Devices, Hands-Free Phone usage, Basic Printing, Basic Imaging, and Hard Copy Cable Replacement
  • Technologies used by Bluetooth: OBEX, WAP, GSM TS07.10, UPnP, Q.931, and UUIDs
  • Comparison of related technologies: DECT, IrDA, Home RF, HiperLAN, and 802.11

Whether you're experienced with V.1.0 or working with Bluetooth for the first time, Bluetooth 1.1: Connect Without Cables, Second Edition is your definitive resource for building interoperable, reliable wireless applications-right now!


JENNIFER BRAY is a consultant at Cambridge Silicon Radio. She is a Councillor on the Bluetooth Architectural Review Board of the Bluetooth Special Interest Group. She holds a doctorate in wireless communications and has extensive experience in communications product development, including secure Ethernet, wireless ATM, ADSL, DAB, CDMA, GSM, and Bluetooth systems.


CHARLES STURMAN is Bluetooth Program Manager for TTPCom, responsible for Bluetooth product development and business development strategy. He is a member of the Radio1 Improvements Subgroup, chartered by the Bluetooth Specification Improvements Group to enhance the Bluetooth specification. He has ten years of experience in designing low-cost, low-power communications and computer systems.