Fundamentals of Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics

Series
Prentice Hall
Author
Themis Matsoukas  
Publisher
Pearson
Cover
Softcover
Edition
1
Language
English
Total pages
720
Pub.-date
October 2012
ISBN13
9780132693066
ISBN
0132693062
Related Titles


Product detail

Product Price CHF Available  
9780132693066
Fundamentals of Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics
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Description

Fundamentals of Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics is the clearest and most well-organized introduction to thermodynamics theory and calculations for all chemical engineering undergraduates. This brand-new text makes thermodynamics far easier to teach and learn. Drawing on his award-winning courses at Penn State, Dr. Themis Matsoukas organizes the text for more effective learning, focuses on "why" as well as "how," offers imagery that helps students conceptualize the equations, and illuminates thermodynamics with relevant examples from within and beyond the chemical engineering discipline. Matsoukas presents solved problems in every chapter, ranging from basic calculations to realistic safety and environmental applications.

Features

  • Ease of use: designed from the ground up by an award-winning professor to make thermodynamics easier to teach and learn
  • Flexibility: while many problems require mathematical software, instructors can use any software package they prefer
  • Course-tested: draws on the author's experience teaching more than 1000 thermodynamics students at Penn State
  • Rich with examples: offers imagery that helps students conceptualize the equations, and illuminates the topics with relevant examples from within and beyond the chemical engineering discipline

Table of Contents

 Preface    xiii

Acknowledgments    xvii

About the Author    xix

Nomenclature    xxi

 

Part I: Pure Fluids    1

Chapter 1: Scope and Language of Thermodynamics    3

1.1 Molecular Basis of Thermodynamics   5

1.2 Statistical versus Classical Thermodynamics   11

1.3 Definitions   13

1.4 Units   22

1.5 Summary   26

1.6 Problems   26

 

Chapter 2: Phase Diagrams of Pure Fluids    29

2.1   The PVT Behavior of Pure Fluid   29

2.2   Tabulation of Properties   40

2.3   Compressibility Factor and the ZP Graph   43

2.4   Corresponding States   45

2.5   Virial Equation   53

2.6   Cubic Equations of State   57

2.7   PVT Behavior of Cubic Equations of State   61

2.8   Working with Cubic Equations   64

2.9   Other Equations of State   67

2.10 Thermal Expansion and Isothermal Compression   71

2.11 Empirical Equations for Density   72

2.12 Summary   77

2.13 Problems   78

 

Chapter 3: Energy and the First Law    87

3.1   Energy and Mechanical Work   88

3.2   Shaft Work and PV Work   90

3.3   Internal Energy and Heat   96

3.4   First Law for a Closed System   98

3.5   Elementary Paths   101

3.6   Sensible Heat–Heat Capacities   109

3.7   Heat of Vaporization   119

3.8   Ideal-Gas State   124

3.9   Energy Balances and Irreversible Processes   133

3.10 Summary   139

3.11 Problems   140

 

Chapter 4: Entropy and the Second Law    149

4.1   The Second Law in a Closed System   150

4.2   Calculation of Entropy   153

4.3   Energy Balances Using Entropy   163

4.4   Entropy Generation   167

4.5   Carnot Cycle   168

4.6   Alternative Statements of the Second Law   177

4.7   Ideal and Lost Work   183

4.8   Ambient Surroundings as a Default Bath–Exergy   189

4.9   Equilibrium and Stability   191

4.10 Molecular View of Entropy   195

4.11 Summary   199

4.12 Problems   201

 

Chapter 5: Calculation of Properties    205

5.1   Calculus of Thermodynamics   205

5.2   Integration of Differentials   213

5.3   Fundamental Relationships   214

5.4   Equations for Enthalpy and Entropy   217

5.5   Ideal-Gas State   219

5.6   Incompressible Phases   220

5.7   Residual Properties   222

5.8   Pressure-Explicit Relations   228

5.9   Application to Cubic Equations   230

5.10 Generalized Correlations   235

5.11 Reference States   236

5.12 Thermodynamic Charts   242

5.13 Summary   245

5.14 Problems   246

 

Chapter 6: Balances in Open Systems    251

6.1 Flow Streams   252

6.2 Mass Balance   253

6.3 Energy Balance in Open System   255

6.4 Entropy Balance   258

6.5 Ideal and Lost Work 266

6.6 Thermodynamics of Steady-State Processes   272

6.7 Power Generation   295

6.8 Refrigeration   301

6.9 Liquefaction   309

6.10 Unsteady-State Balances   315

6.11 Summary   323

6.12 Problems   324

 

Chapter 7: VLE of Pure Fluid    337

7.1 Two-Phase Systems   337

7.2 Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium   340

7.3 Fugacity   343

7.4 Calculation of Fugacity   345

7.5 Saturation Pressure from Equations of State   353

7.6 Phase Diagrams from Equations of State   356

7.7 Summary   358

7.8 Problems   360

 

Part II: Mixtures    367

Chapter 8: Phase Behavior of Mixtures   369

8.1 The Txy Graph  370

8.2 The Pxy Graph   373

8.3 Azeotropes   380

8.4 The xy Graph   381

8.5 VLE at Elevated Pressures and Temperatures   383

8.6 Partially Miscible Liquids   384

8.7 Ternary Systems   390

8.8 Summary   393

8.9 Problems   394

 

Chapter 9: Properties of Mixtures   401

9.1 Composition   402

9.2 Mathematical Treatment of Mixtures   404

9.3 Properties of Mixing   409

9.4 Mixing and Separation   411

9.5 Mixtures in the Ideal-Gas State   413

9.6 Equations of State for Mixtures   419

9.7 Mixture Properties from Equations of State   421

9.8 Summary   428

9.9 Problems   428

 

Chapter 10: Theory of Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium   435

10.1 Gibbs Free Energy of Mixture   435

10.2 Chemical Potential   439

10.3 Fugacity in a Mixture   443

10.4 Fugacity from Equations of State   446

10.5 VLE of Mixture Using Equations of State   448

10.6 Summary   453

10.7 Problems   454

 

Chapter 11: Ideal Solution   461

11.1 Ideality in Solution   461

11.2 Fugacity in Ideal Solution   464

11.3 VLE in Ideal Solution—Raoult’s Law   466

11.4 Energy Balances   475

11.5 Noncondensable Gases   480

11.6 Summary   484

11.7 Problems   484

 

Chapter 12: Nonideal Solutions   489

12.1 Excess Properties   489

12.2 Heat Effects of Mixing   496

12.3 Activity Coefficient   504

12.4 Activity Coefficient and Phase Equilibrium   507

12.5 Data Reduction: Fitting Experimental Activity Coefficients   512

12.6 Models for the Activity Coefficient   515

12.7 Summary   531

12.8 Problems   533

 

Chapter 13: Miscibility, Solubility, and Other Phase Equilibria  545

13.1 Equilibrium between Partially Miscible Liquids   545

13.2 Gibbs Free Energy and Phase Splitting   548

13.3 Liquid Miscibility and Temperature   556

13.4 Completely Immiscible Liquids   558

13.5 Solubility of Gases in Liquids   563

13.6 Solubility of Solids in Liquids   575

13.7 Osmotic Equilibrium   580

13.8 Summary   586

13.9 Problems   586

 

Chapter 14: Reactions  593

14.1 Stoichiometry   593

14.2 Standard Enthalpy of Reaction   596

14.3 Energy Balances in Reacting Systems   601

14.4 Activity   606

14.5 Equilibrium Constant   614

14.6 Composition at Equilibrium   622

14.7 Reaction and Phase Equilibrium   624

14.8 Reaction Equilibrium Involving Solids   629

14.9 Multiple Reactions   632

14.10 Summary   636

14.11 Problems   637

 

Bibliography    647

 

Appendix A: Critical Properties of Selected Compounds   649

Appendix B: Ideal-Gas Heat Capacities   653

Appendix C: Standard Enthalpy and Gibbs Free Energy of Reaction   655

Appendix D: UNIFAC Tables   659

Appendix E: Steam Tables   663


Index   677

 

Author

 Themis Matsoukas has taught graduate and undergraduate thermodynamics, materials and energy balances, and various electives at Penn State–home to one of the world’s largest undergraduate programs in engineering–since 1991. He has taught thermodynamics more than twenty times, to more than a thousand undergraduate students. His honors at Penn State include the George W. Atherton Award for Excellence in Teaching (2009); the Outstanding Teaching Award, Penn State Engineering Society (2006); and the AXE: Outstanding Teacher Award (2005).