Polymer Science and Technology

Series
Prentice Hall
Author
Joel R. Fried  
Publisher
Prentice Hall
Cover
Softcover
Edition
3
Language
English
Total pages
688
Pub.-date
June 2014
ISBN13
9780137039555
ISBN
0137039557
Related Titles


Product detail

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9780137039555
Polymer Science and Technology
172.70 approx. 7-9 days

Description

This text describes how plastics, rubber, and fibers are synthesized, processed into useful materials, characterized, and compounded with fillers and other additives to improve performance for specific applications. Their use in a wide variety of technologies including membrane separations, electronics, and energy production and storage is described. A new chapter in the Third Edition shows how computer correlations and simulations can be used to predict properties of new plastics and to better understand how existing plastics perform.

Features

  • Comprehensive coverage of polymer synthesis including new coverage of controlled radical polymerization and the use of click chemistry
  • Expanded coverage on nanomaterials including POSS and graphene
  • Added coverage of biomedical engineering, drug delivery, polymeric solar cells
  • New coverage of the use of artificial neural networks and topological indices to predict polymer properties
  • The first coverage of the use of molecular molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo methods in the simulation of polymeric systems in any textbook

New to this Edition

  • Extensive new coverage includes advanced polymerization methods, bioapplications, and alternative energy applications
  • Applies molecular simulations, artificial neural networks, and other computational methods to predict polymer properties
  • Contains an extensively expanded set of example problems and homework exercise sections

Table of Contents

Preface    xv

Preface to Second Edition   xvii

Preface to First Edition   xix

Acknowledgments   xxi

About the Author   xxiii

 

Chapter 1: Introduction to Polymer Science 1

1.1 Classification of Polymers   3

1.2 Polymer Structure   8

1.3 Molecular Weight   15

1.4 Chemical Structure and Thermal Transitions   20

Suggested Reading   22

Problems   22

References   24

 

Chapter 2: Polymer Synthesis   25

2.1 Step-Growth Polymerization   26

2.2 Chain-Growth Polymerization   31

2.3 Polymerization Techniques   64

2.4 Polymer Reactivity   74

2.5 Special Topics in Polymer Synthesis   81

2.6 Chemical Structure Determination   86

Suggested Reading   92

Problems   95

References 98

 

Chapter 3: Conformation, Solutions, and Molecular Weight 101

3.1 Polymer Conformation and Chain Dimensions   102

3.2 Thermodynamics of Polymer Solutions   109

3.3 Measurement of Molecular Weight   129

Suggested Reading   146

Problems   146

References   150

 

Chapter 4: Solid-State Properties  153

4.1 The Amorphous State   154

4.2 The Crystalline State   159

4.3 Thermal Transitions and Properties   167

4.4 Mechanical Properties   183

Suggested Reading   202

Problems   203

References   204

 

Chapter 5: Viscoelasticity and Rubber Elasticity 207

5.1 Introduction to Viscoelasticity   208

5.2 Introduction to Rubber Elasticity   248

Suggested Reading   255

Problems   256

References   259

 

Chapter 6: Polymer Degradation and the Environment 261

6.1 Polymer Degradation and Stability   262

6.2 Management of Plastics in the Environment   272

Suggested Reading   279

References   279

 

Chapter 7: Additives, Blends, Block Copolymers, and Composites    281

7.1 Additives   282

7.2 Polymer Blends and Interpenetrating Networks   293

7.3 Block Copolymers   306

7.4 Composites   310

7.5 Nanocomposites   318

Suggested Reading   326

Problems   328

References   329

 

Chapter 8: Biopolymers, Natural Polymers, and Fibers   331

8.1 Biopolymers and Other Naturally Occuring Polymers   332

8.2 Fibers   346

Suggested Reading   358

Problems   359

References   359

 

Chapter 9: Thermoplastics, Elastomers, and Thermosets    361

9.1 Commodity Thermoplastics   362

9.2 Elastomers   374

9.3 Thermosets   386

Suggested Reading   393

Problems   394

References   395

 

Chapter 10: Engineering and Specialty Polymers   397

10.1 Engineering Plastics   399

10.2 Specialty Polymers   412

Suggested Reading   431

Problems 433

References 433

 

Chapter 11: Polymer Processing and Rheology     435

11.1 Basic Processing Operations   436

11.2 Introduction to Polymer Rheology   446

11.3 Analysis of Simple Flows   461

11.4 Rheometry 468

11.5 Modeling of Polymer-Processing Operations   476

Appendices   485

Suggested Reading   487

Problems   488

References   491

 

Chapter 12: Polymers for Advanced Technologies 493

12.1 Membrane Science and Technology   494

12.2 Biomedical Engineering and Drug Delivery   526

12.3 Applications in Electronics and Energy   533

12.4 Photonic Polymers  541

12.5 Sensor Applications  544

Suggested Reading   547

Problems   550

References 550

 

Chapter 13: Correlations and Simulations in Polymer Science 553

13.1 Group-Contribution Methods   554

13.2 Topological Indices   574

13.3 Artificial Neural Network   578

13.4 Molecular Simulations   581

13.5 Applications of Molecular Simulations   591

Suggested Reading   611

Problems   612

References   612

 

Appendix A: Polymer Abbreviations    617

 

Appendix B Representative Properties of Some Important Commercial Polymers   621

 

Appendix C ASTM Standards for Plastics and Rubber   623

 

Appendix D SI Units and Physical Constants   627

 

Appendix E Mathematical Relationships   629

 

Appendix F The Major Elements   635

 

Index   637

 

Author

Dr. Joel R. Fried is professor and chair of the department of chemical and biomedical engineering at Florida State University. Previously, he was professor and the Wright Brothers Endowed Chair in Nanomaterials at the University of Dayton. He is also professor emeritus of chemical engineering and fellow of the graduate school at the University of Cincinnati, where he directed the Polymer Research Center and led the department of chemical engineering. He holds B.S. degrees in biology and chemical engineering, and an M.E. degree in chemical engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. He also holds M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in polymer science and engineering from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst.